Questions on linear programming, the optimization of a linear function subject to linear constraints.

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5
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0answers
602 views

Maximum and minimum of an integral under integral constraints.

Find the maximum and minimum of the following integral in terms of $f(x),a,C$: \begin{align}I=\int_{0}^{a} \frac{x}{f(x)}p(x)dx \end{align} s.t.: 1) $\int_{0}^{a} p(x)dx=1$ 2) $\int_{0}^{a} ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

Primal- degenerate optimal, Dual - unique optimal

Simple question- Is it possible for a linear programming optimization problem possible to have a degenerate optimal solution whereas the dual has a unique optimal solution? I can't find a scenario ...
8
votes
6answers
5k views

Linear Programming Books

Do you know of a good book on linear programming? To be more specific, i am taking linear optimization class and my textbook sucks. Teacher is not too involved in this class so can't get too much help ...
4
votes
1answer
512 views

Duality. Is this the correct Dual to this Primal L.P.?

Given a problem: Find the dual: $$ Primal =\begin{Bmatrix} max \ \ \ \ 5x_1 - 6x_2 \\ s.t. \ \ \ \ 2x_1 -x_2 = 1\\ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ \ x_1 +3x_2 \leq9\\ ...
0
votes
1answer
535 views

Reduced cost vector in the phase I of the Two-phase simplex?

I am trying to understand the part in red. The left is the standard form problem and the right is the auxiliary problem. Now I can understand until the red i.e. $\bar c =(-1,-1,-3,-1,-2,0,0,0)$. The ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Prove optimal solution to dual is not unique if optimal solution to the primal is degenerate

How do I prove an optimal solution to dual is not unique if an optimal solution to the primal is degenerate? I have no idea how to start this. Anyone know any books with these kinds of questions (and ...
11
votes
3answers
11k views

Optimum solution to a Linear programming problem

If we have a feasible space for a given LPP (linear programming problem), how is it that its optimum solution lies on one of the corner points of the graphical solution? (I am here concerned only with ...
7
votes
2answers
8k views

Primal and dual solution to linear programming

Lets say we are given a primal linear programming problem: $\begin{array}{ccc} \text{minimize } & c^{T}x & &\\ \text{subject to: } & Ax & \ge & b \\ & x & \ge & ...
3
votes
1answer
287 views

Steps in the Simplex Method

I'm trying to look at how the Simplex method in standard form works. I understand the basics of how ti works, but I can't understand what happens between two steps. I'm using the example from chapter ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Understanding proof of Farkas Lemma

I've attached an image of my book (Theorem 4.4.1 is at the bottom of the image). I need help understanding what this book is saying. In the first sentence on p.113: "If (I) holds, then the ...
2
votes
1answer
267 views

Multiple solutions for both primal and dual

If matrix $A$ in an LP (or $A^T$ in its dual) has full row (column- in dual) rank, is it possible that both primal and dual have multiple solutions?
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vote
2answers
665 views

$\ell_0$ Minimization (Minimizing the support of a vector)

I have been looking into the problem $\min:\|x\|_0$ subject to:$Ax=b$. $\|x\|_0$ is not a linear function and can't be solved as a linear (or integer) program in its current form. Most of my time has ...
0
votes
1answer
308 views

Linear Programming formulate if then constraint

Consider an LP for which you want to add the restriction that Only if $x_1\geq 3$ then $x_2$ and $x_3$ are allowed to be larger than $0$; otherwise $x_2$ and $x_3$ are $0$. Demonstrate how to ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Simplex Method row operations help?

before programming an algorithm which implements the simplex method, I thought I'd solve an issue before the actual programming work begins. For some reason, I can NEVER get the correct answer. I've ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Linear Programming 3 decision variables (past exam paper question)

This is an exam question I was practising. I have the general understanding of Linear programming, but how would you go about finding the Decision Variables, Objective function and Constraints for ...
1
vote
1answer
511 views

travelling salesman understanding constraints

I am trying to program TSP problem in R. From wikipedia page section "Integer linear programming formulation", I was able to understand all the constraints except the last one. Need help to ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Optimality conditions and Directions in Simplex method

I am trying to understand the optimality conditions in Simplex -method, more in the chat here -- more precisely the terms such as "reduced cost" i.e. $\bar{c}_j=c_j-\bf{c}'_B \bf{B}^{-1} \bf{A}_j$ and ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

Linear Programming - Tableau Condition

The following tableau corresponds to an iteration of the simplex method: ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Optimum exists but not extreme point in Standard Form LP problem?

Standard form problem $$\min \bar c^T \bar x \text{ so that } A \bar x=\bar b, \bar x\geq \bar 0$$ I am thinking the point II (Finnish) i.e. optimum exists but it is not extreme point, why it ...
0
votes
1answer
597 views

Linear Programming question

I am kind of lost on this problem and would like it if I can get help on this. Matching Pennies. In this simple two player game, the players (call them R and C) each choose an outcome, heads or ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

How the dual LP solves the primal LP

When I heard someone discussing LP the other day, I heard him say, "Well, we could just solve the dual." I know that both the primal LP and its dual must have the same optimal objective value ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

What are the advantages of dual of a problem

I am studying linear programming and I came across primal-dual algorithm in Linear Programming. I understood it but I am unable ...
4
votes
0answers
68 views

Mappings preserving convex polyhedra

It is known that linear mappings between euclidean spaces map convex polyhedra to convex polyhedra. Can you give a characterization of the class of mappings that preserve convex polyhedra?
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vote
2answers
483 views

Max and min value of $7x+8y$ in a given half-plane limited by straight lines?

So, there are four inequalities: $$\begin{eqnarray*} y &\geq &-3x+15; \\ y &\leq &-11/3x+56/3; \\ x &\geq &0; \\ y &\geq &0. \end{eqnarray*}$$ If we draw all those ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Which optimization class does the following problem falls into (LP, MIP, CP..) and which solver to use

I have the following optimization problem. I want to solve it using a computer solver. But I am not sure which problem class it falls into or which solver to use. Problem: There is a set of objects ...
5
votes
1answer
7k views

Degeneracy in Linear Programming

Consider the standard form polyhedron, and assume that the rows of the matrix A are linearly independent. $$ \left \{ x | Ax = b, x \geq 0 \right \} $$ (a) Suppose that two different bases lead to ...
4
votes
5answers
3k views

Why maximum/minimum of linear programming occurs at a vertex?

I'm in high-school and I'm told that the maximum/minimum of a linear programming occurs at the vertex.For more info see the chapter here. For convinience I'm putting relevant excerpt here: Now, we ...
3
votes
1answer
275 views

Pivoting and Simplex Algorithm

I would like to understand exactly how the pivoting works geometrically in Simplex algorithm. What is meant geometrically by moving a vector into BFS and moving out one. Also, what is the geometrical ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Example about the Reduced cost in the Big-M method?

I want to gather examples about the reduced cost in different cases, now for the Big-M method. I hope this makes the methods more accesible. So How does the Big-M method work with the below? ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Finding all basic feasible solutions in a linear program

Given the following constraints \begin{equation} \begin{split} x_1 &+&x_2&+&x_3&+&x_4&\le 10 \\ x_1&-&x_2&&&&&\le0\\ ...
4
votes
2answers
450 views

Linear programming for combinatorics/graph theory

I just went to a graph theory talk talking about various fractional graph parameters (but focusing on one). These were defined using linear programming. A question was asked, "How can we learn more ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

What needs to be linear for the problem to be considered linear?

Harry Altman presented an excellent question in a comment here: What needs to be linear for the problem to be considered linear? So is it enough to a have linear objective function or other ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Nash Equilibrium for the prisoners dilemma when using mixed strategies

Consider the following game matrix $$ \begin{array}{l|c|c} & \textbf{S} & \textbf{G} \\ \hline \textbf{S} & (-2,-2) & (-6, -1) \\ \hline \textbf{G} & (-1,-6) ...
2
votes
2answers
304 views

How to calculate volume given by inequalities?

I need to find the volume of the 3d space that is given by the following conditions: \begin{array}{c} 0 < x_1 < 1\\ 0 < x_2 < 1\\ 0 < x_3 < 1\\ x_1 + x_2 + x_3 < a. ...
1
vote
1answer
707 views

Reduced cost in the Phase II of the two-phase Simplex?

My lecture slides outline how the two-phase simplex works: this table shows the end result of the phase I for the standard-form problem and the auxliary table of the phase I here. I understood until ...
1
vote
3answers
186 views

Is an unit-cube polyhedron? What about other platonic solids?

Definitions According to my linear programming course and screenshot here (Finnish), a polyhedron is such that it can be constrained by a finite amount of inequalities such that $$P=\{\bar x\in ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Explain `All polyhedrons are convex sets´

My teacher in course in Mat-2.3140 of Aalto University claims that 'All polyhedrons are convex sets' here. This premise was in a false-or-not-problem 'The feasible set of linear integer problem is ...
1
vote
2answers
275 views

How can I infer a result using primal feasibility, dual feasibility, and complementary slackness?

I am trying to find the minimum of $-x_1$ with restrictions $\bar g\leq\bar 0$ so that $$\bar g=\begin{pmatrix} (x_1+2)^2+(x_2-4)^2-20\\ (x_1+2)^2+x_2^2-20\\ -x_1\end{pmatrix}\leq ...
1
vote
0answers
553 views

non-degeneracy in linear programming

How to do the sum? Consider the standard form polyhedron $P = \{\mathbf{x} | A\mathbf{x}=\mathbf{b}, \mathbf{x} \geq 0\}$. Suppose the matrix $A$, of dimensions $m \times n$,(m<=n) has linearly ...
4
votes
1answer
400 views

Is the inverse of an invertible totally unimodular matrix also totally unimodular?

My question is learned from here. Let me restate it as follows: A unimodular matrix $M$ is a square integer matrix having determinant $+1$ or $−1$. A totally unimodular matrix (TU matrix) is a matrix ...
4
votes
1answer
461 views

Determining quickly whether this Integer Linear Program has any solution at all

I've got an integer linear program of the form $$ \begin{aligned} \text{Minimize}&& c &= x_1 + \cdots + x_m \\ \text{subject to}&& A\mathbf{x} &\geq \mathbf{b} \\ \text{where} ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

A particular ILP where the existence of a relaxed solution implies the existence of an integer solution

This question emerged from a discussion on my previous question Determining quickly whether this Integer Linear Program has any solution at all, which I would like to elaborate separately. I am ...
3
votes
1answer
271 views

What is the complexity of computing the minimum distance between two convex polyhedra that both have $n$ faces?

EDIT: (in response to what deinst said) sometimes using a sledgehammer for some menial task is rather convenient - especially if it also has the complexity $O(n)$ (which is what my question is about) ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Find the minimum value of C subject to the given constraints.

C=2x+5y Constraints: x+y>=2 2x-3y<=-6 3x-2y>=6 A-42 B-4 C-49 D-10 I encountered this question while doing the Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities test at ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Previous table of simplex algorithm

I have this problem of simplex method which shows cycle . Problem : Maximize $Z=10x_1-57x_2-9x_3-24x_4$ Constraint to : $ 0.5x_1-5.5x_2-2.5x_3+9x_4<=0 $, $ ...
2
votes
0answers
312 views

Comparing two probability distributions

In my research I have to find two discrete probability distributions by solving two separate linear programs. The domain of optimization is the probability space of $m^n$ atomic events, where $n$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Real linear combinations of intervals

Given intervals at $i\in\{0,1\}$ $I_i=[-a_i,a_i]$ where $0<a_0<a_1<1$ and a third interval $I=[-a,a]$ where $0<a<{1}$, when is there an $\alpha,\beta\in\Bbb R$ such that $\alpha I_0 ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Proving that Unit Intersection is NP-complete

I am extremely stuck on how to go about this problem and any help would be so appreciated. We are told to consider the following combinatorial problem: Unit Intersection: Let X = {1, 2,...,n}. ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Computationally proving a linear programming solution is unique?

I have a simple linear programming problem min $c^{T}x$ subject to $Ax\leq b$. That gives me the solution I am looking for when solving in maple. My only problem is that I do not know how to check, ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

computing dual LP in graph matchings

I'm having a trouble converting the following LP to a dual LP. Help on some starting steps would be greatly appreciated!