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83 views

Find all planes which are tangent to a surface

I'm given the surface $z=1-x^2-y^2$ and must find all planes tangent to the surface and contain the line passing through the points $(1, 0, 2)$ and $(0, 2, 2).$ I know how to calculate tangent planes ...
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2answers
59 views

Is best approximation from a linear subspace a linear map?

Let $X$ be a strictly convex Banach space, and $Y \subset X$ a closed subspace. Then for any $x \in X$ there exists a unique $y \in Y$ that minimizes the distance to $x$, i.e. a best approximation of ...
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1answer
47 views

Minimizing Area by Approximation

Suppose I have an increasing step function $E_c$ given by $$E_c(\phi) = \sum_{i=1}^n E_i \theta(\phi - \phi_i),$$ where $\theta$ is the Heaviside step function and $E_i$, $\phi$, and $\phi_i$ are all ...
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1answer
55 views

Determine the values of x for which the linear approximation is accurate to within 0.1.

So I've got a function: $$\frac{1}{(1+2x)^4}$$ with its linear approximation: $$1-8x$$ For all values of $x$ where the linear approximation is accurate within $0.1$, then surely we subtract the ...
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1answer
36 views

Linear approximation to find partial derivatives

If the equations $f(x, y, u, v) = 0$ and $g(x, y, u, v) = 0$ can be solved for $u$ and $v$ as differentiable functions of $x$ and $y$, compute their first partial derivatives. Pretty lost on this ...
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1answer
23 views

Second Order Approximation for a Polynomial

if I have an expression: $L=\frac{12a^3d^3-4wa^3d^2+16a^2d^2-4wa^2d+6ad+1}{12a^3d^3-4wa^3d^2-4a^2wd+16a^2d^2+7ad-aw+1}$ what is the second order approximation in $\frac{d}{w}$? I know that ...
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1answer
31 views

Write an equation that approximates this relationship. Y = Seconds of daylight in day, X = a range of days

Disclaimer: This is a project for a math class. (who does math for fun anyways? Jk I actually enjoy math when I understand it, and not so much when I feel lost, but I digress ) The problem roughly ...
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0answers
86 views

Reason for the name “Ring of dual numbers”

The ring of dual numbers over a field $k$ is defined as the quotient $$k[\varepsilon]/\varepsilon^2.$$ I was reading this question with an interesting answer about some of their basic properties ...
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0answers
81 views

Question about linearization

Given a data matrix $D\in\mathbb{R}^{N \times N}$ Can one construct another matrix $M$ that for all permutation matrices $Q^A$,$Q^B$, if $[\sum_i\sum_j (Q^A_{ij}D_{ij})]^2 \geq [\sum_i\sum_j ...
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0answers
23 views

Newton's method $f(x) = \frac{1}{2} x^8 + \frac{8}{5} x ^5+ 3 x +10$ near the point $x = 3.$

$\displaystyle f(x) = \frac{1}{2} x^8 + \frac{8}{5} x ^5+ 3 x +10$ near the point $x = 3.$ Use $x_1 = 3$ as the initial approximation. Find the next two approximations, $x_2$ and $x_3$, to four ...
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0answers
23 views

Linear approximation with different modifiers

The given function was $$f(x)=ln(\frac{2}{x})$$ and I had to compute the linear approximation at x = 2. I obtained the answer of $$L(x)=-\frac{1}{2}(x-2)$$ I am then supposed to use that ...
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0answers
71 views

Expanding in powers of $\epsilon$ and big O notation

I do not understand how to approach (D.1) equation Where did that big O notation come from?Is it using taylor series and linear approximation? Thanks in advance
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0answers
74 views

Questions About The Linear Algebra Behind Least Square Approximation

I am working on a few linear algebra problems, and I am stuck. I was hoping to get some directions on this site. Before I state my questions, here's the necessary context: Given a matrix $X$ ...
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0answers
29 views

Iterative approximation of non-constant values in linear equation

The issue regards an algorithm for iterative approximation of unknown transaction values. For each iteration (each day), we are give the total revenue of all transactions for that day, and we have the ...
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0answers
10 views

How do I linearize an equation in discrete “z” space

I have a discretized transfer function, shown below: $$\frac{az^{-1}(e^{-ak}-e^{-bk})}{{a e^{-a k-b k}}z^{-3} - {b e^{-a k-b k}}z^{-3} - {a e^{-b k}}z^{-2} - {a e^{-a k-b k}}z^{-2} + {b ...
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0answers
15 views

linear approximation of two variables function

Let $\displaystyle f(x,y)=\frac{\sin(x+y)}{\sin(x)}$. Find linear approximation of $f$ near $\displaystyle \left(\frac{\pi}{2},0\right)$. My try: The linear approximation of $f$ is ...
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0answers
18 views

Deriving Matlab Algorithms for Linear Approximation (LU factorization)

This is Question 3 from here For part 2 I got the matrix L and U to be (using LU factorization): $L=\left[\begin{array}{ccccc} 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ -1/2 & 1 & 0 & 0 & ...
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0answers
28 views

Log-linearization around the steady-state

I am doing log-linearization around the steady-state and currently stuck to the following two problems: $K_{t+1}= \frac{1}{u_{t}}[(a+q_{t})K_{t}-b_{t}]$ ...
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0answers
27 views

What conditions are required to approximate an unknown function with trapezoidal rule?

What conditions are required to approximate an unknown function with trapezoidal rule? I have been told that function should be linear, what does that mean? Does it mean for their graph to be a ...
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44 views

solve equation involving digamma function

I have the following equations that I need to solve. $$ \psi(\alpha)-\psi(\alpha+\beta)=X_0 \\ \psi(\beta)-\psi(\alpha+\beta)=Y_0 $$ $X_0$ and $Y_0$ are known constants. Is there a way to atleast ...
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0answers
42 views

Euler's method and its error

A student asked me how to approximate the error of Euler's method, and the book he is using said "If a value of a function is approximated with $n$ steps, the error is proportional to ...
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0answers
31 views

Correct terminology for polylines, their segments, knots, etc.

Background: piecewise-linear continuous functions $f(x_k)=y_k$ with fixed set of knots $x_k$ with restrictions on the angles between adjacent segments. The translator who dealt with my paper, ...