# Tagged Questions

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### An elliptic element of $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ conjugate to a rotation

Show that an elliptic element of $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ is conjugate to a rotation. An element $A$ of $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ is called an elliptic element if $|\text{tr}(A)|<2$ As $|\text{tr}(A)|<2$ ...
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### Linear algebra - Memorising proper definitions of homomorphism types

I am reading a book about linear algebra. On the basis of this book, I worked out the terminology below. Problem: To me, it looks like Wikipedia defines homomorphism differently. Apart from that: Do ...
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### Vector spaces - Non-uniqueness of element with property of scalar-multiplicative identity element?

I am dabbling in vector spaces, thinking about the axioms on Wikipedia. Notably, $$1 \mathbf{v} = \mathbf{v},$$ i.e. identity element of scalar multiplication (IEOSM), attracted my attention. I am ...
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### $\dim (U_1\cap U_2)\ge \dim U_1+\dim U_2-\dim V$

I'm reading the excellent and incredible well-written book: Algebraic Function Fields and Codes by Henning Stichtenoth. I don't remember this theorem in my linear algebra course, maybe this is a ...
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### When does $V/\operatorname{ker}(\phi)\simeq\phi(V)$ imply $V\simeq\operatorname{ker}(\phi)\oplus\phi(V)$?

When does $V/\operatorname{ker}(\phi)\simeq\phi(V)$ imply $V\simeq\operatorname{ker}(\phi)\oplus\phi(V)$? I wrote it down in an imprecise way on purpose. The notation above is the linear algebra one: ...
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### $\dim B/A=\dim B-\dim A$?

If $A,B$ are two vector spaces over $k$ such that $B\subseteq A$, can I say $\dim B/A=\dim B-\dim A$? I need of this result to prove a theorem I'm working on. Thanks in advance
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### A hyperplane in a $k$-algebra

Let there exist a nonsingular bilinear pairing $B:R×R→k$, where $R$ is a finite dimensional algebra over a field $k$, such that $B(xy,z)=B(x,yz)$ for all $x,y,z$ in $R$. Why the set $\{z∈R∶B(1,z)=0\}$ ...
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### Tensor product of Frobenius algebras

In proving the fact that the tensor product of any two finite-dimensional Frobenius algebras $R$ and $S$ over the same field $k$, it is usually defined a $k$-bilinear pairing $E: W×W→k$ where ...
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### Dimension of an algebra/vector space

Does the dimension of an algebra/vector space have any connection to Euclidian spacial dimensions, for all algebras/vector spaces? I know some algebras/vector spaces can be represented in ...
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### When is a non-trivial homomorphism injective?

I noticed that over the natural numers $(\mathbb{Z},+)$ any group homomorphism $f : \mathbb{Z} \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}$ that is not the trivial one, is automatically injective. Where exactly does ...
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### Some wedge product computation

I want to calculate $w\wedge w$ for $w=\sum a_{ij} e_i\wedge e_j$ where the sum is over all $1\leqslant i<j\leqslant 4$. Is there a neat way to do it without writing all the terms out? What about ...
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### Permutation as a product of transposition

I'm trying to figure out how the proof of the following theorem works: THEOREM: Every permutation is a product of transpositions. The proof is based on noetherian induction. I don't understand how it ...
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### Infinite dimensional Vector Spaces and Bases of Quotients

Given a basis $\mathcal{B}$ of an infinite dimensional vector space $V$, will a quotient of $V$ by a subspace $I$ necessarily have a basis? Is there a way of obtaining it using $\mathcal{B}$? My ...
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### Show that U subspace is supplementary to the kernel. How to find values of a b c d using intersection of two matrices.

I already found the kernel to be \begin{pmatrix} -2c&-2d\\c&d \end{pmatrix}. and U is a subspace of a $M_2$ matrix defined by \begin{pmatrix} a&b\\2a&2b \end{pmatrix}. So i have to ...
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### Jordan-Chevalley decomposition of $T$ acting on $k[T]/(\pi(T)^e)$

Given an algebraically closed field $K$, a f.d. vector space $V$ over $K$ and $A\in{\rm GL}(V)$, we can view the space $V$ as a $K[T]$-module, where $T$ acts by $A$. Using the fundamental theorem of ...
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### Is there a way to determine the matrix of $\Lambda^k(T)$ given the matrix of $T$?

Let $T$ be an endomorphism of a finite dimensional vector space $V$. Suppose that $(v_1,\ldots v_n)$ is an ordered basis of $V$. And let $[T]$ be the matrix of $T$ with respect to this basis. Is ...
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### A problem on matrices over a commutative ring

Let $M_{m,n}(R)$ denote an $m\times n$ matrix with each entry over a commutative ring $R$, $m\leq 2\leq n$, and there is a matrix $\mathbf{B} = M_{m,n}(R)$. $\mathbf{B}\mathbf{s} = \mathbf{a}$, where ...
### $m=17 \cdot 23 = 391$. With an exponent $e=3$ and encrypted word is $c=21$. Decrpyting exponent $d=235$. Find $w$.
Say $m=17 \cdot 23 = 391$. With an exponent $e=3$ and encrypted word is $c=21$. Decrpyting exponent $d=235$. Find $w$, when $w \equiv c^{d} \pmod{m}$. So far I have split it up like this: ...