For questions about Lie algebras, an algebraic structure whose main use is in studying geometric objects such as Lie groups and differentiable manifolds.

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Abelian Cartan subalgebras

If a Lie algebra is semisimple or reductive, its Cartan subalgebras are Abelian, and their elements semisimple. Are there non-reductive algebras with Abelian Cartan subalgebras all of whose ...
11
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138 views

Why are parabolic subgroups called “parabolic” subgroups?

I used to think that things called "parabolic" must have something to do with parabolas or their defining quadratic equations. In fact, terms like parabolic coordinate, parabolic partial differential ...
9
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358 views

Campbell-Baker-Hausdorff formula for $\log(\exp(X+Y)\exp(X-Y))$

Given $X,Y\in \mathfrak g\mathfrak l_{\mathbb R}(n)$, and the CBH formula for $\log(\exp X\exp Y)$ (wiki), is it possible to derive the general term in the series of $\log(\exp(X+Y)\exp(X-Y))$ that ...
8
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116 views

Reference for l-adic Lie algebras

I don't know much at all about Lie algebras or representation theory, and I'm trying to read Ribet's `Review of Abelian l-adic Representations and Elliptic Curves'. Is there a standard reference for ...
7
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146 views

How to intuitively understand prolongations

This question is concerned with the algebraic side of the theory of prolongations as explained in this paper by V. Guillemin and S. Sternberg. Let me first introduce my notation. We're working with a ...
7
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172 views

Why the Steinberg idempotent is idempotent?

Consider the group $GL_n(\mathbb{F}_p)$. We have the following subgroups : -$\Sigma_n$ the symmetric group (permutation matrices) -$B_n$ the Borel subgroup (upper triangular matrices) -$U_n$ the ...
6
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105 views

Are there common inequivalent definitions of Cartan subalgebra of a real Lie algebra?

I'm confused about seemingly different notions of a Cartan subalgebra of a real semisimple Lie algebra, and I'm wondering if there are common inequivalent definitions. In the book Lie Groups: Beyond ...
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143 views

Non-degenerate bilinear forms of Lie algebra with a degenerate Killing form

Definition: A Lie algebra is defined by: $$ [e_a,e_b]={f_{ab}}^ce_c $$ The Killing form is $$ g_{ab}=-{f_{ac}}^d {f_{bd}}^c $$ Set-Up: The type of Lie algebra of our interests (found out during a ...
6
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158 views

Generating function for characters of representations

One example of such a generating function that I know how to derive is for $SU(2)$, $\frac{1}{(1-tx)(1-\frac{t}{x})}$. The coefficient of $t^n$ in the above function is the character in the $n+1$ ...
6
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199 views

An exercise in Serre's Lie algebra book

Let $k$ be a commutative ring. Prove that a Lie $k$-algebra $\mathfrak{g} = 0$ iff $U\mathfrak{g} = k$. Use the adjoint representaion. Here is my attempt at it: The only non-trivial statement is ...
6
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264 views

Root Systems of Lie Groups.

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group assumed to be a subgroup of $U(n)$. Also, let $T$ be a maximal torus of G. Then there exists a basis $\{v_1, \ldots ,v_d\}$ of the Lie algebra of $G$, $\mathfrak{g}$, ...
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54 views

Geodesics on Homogeneous Spaces

Consider a homogeneous space $G/\text{Stab}_p \cong M$ where $G$ is a compact Lie group active transitively on $M$ (a compact manifold). If $F$ is a Finsler Metric on $G$ which pushes forward ...
5
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61 views

Is every complex Lie algebra a complexification?

I'm wondering if every finite-dimensional complex Lie algebra can be written as a complexification of a real Lie algebra. At the vector space level, clearly every $\mathbb{C}^n$ is a complexification ...
5
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53 views

Borel subalgebras inside the grassmannian

This is probably something standard and I just don't know where to look (so a reference would be just as appreciated as an answer), but... Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite dimensional semisimple Lie ...
5
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81 views

duality for (co)homology of Lie algebras

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $\mathfrak{g}$ a Lie $R$-algebra that has an $R$-module basis with $n$ elements. What is the relationship between $H_k(\mathfrak{g};R)$, $H_{n-k}(\mathfrak{g};R)$, ...
5
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45 views

Existence of product $\ast$ in a Lie algebra so that $[X,Y]=X*Y-Y*X$

I've been studying particle physics, and studying Lie algebra using physics text book doesn't give me enough information, so I'm asking my question here. Given a Lie algeba $\mathcal{A}$ where ...
5
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73 views

Exponential of a polynomial of the differential operator

Given that $$\exp(aD)f(x)=f(x+a)$$ where $\exp(D)$ is the exponential of the differential operator $D$, is there a similar closed-form, general expression for $\exp(g(D))f(x)$, where $g(D)$ is a ...
5
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105 views

— Cartan matrix for an exotic type of Lie algebra --

(1) Is there a notion of Cartan matrix for non-semisimple Lie algebra? For example, consider this Lie algebra: $$ [X_i, X_j] = f_{ij}{}^k X_k \qquad\qquad [X_i,Y^j] = - f_{ik}{}^j Y^k \qquad\qquad ...
5
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82 views

Lie algebra associated to a linear form

Let $F$ be a finite dimensional vector space over a field $k$, if $f : F \to k$ is any linear form, I can define on $F$ a Lie algebra bracket by the following rule $$ [x,y]=f(x)y-f(y)x, $$ or in terms ...
5
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116 views

Motivation?: Lie algebra and algebraic group Cohomology

This is just an a-priori question to get a motivational heuristic idea: If an algebraic group G (more generally, G an affine group scheme), is connected over an algebraically closed base-field k. ...
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43 views

Does every element of $G_2 = \mathrm{Aut}(\mathbb{O})$ stabilize a quaternion subalgebra?

Has anyone heard of this result before? Let $\mathbb{O}$ denote the octonions and let $G_2$ denote its automorphism group (i.e. the 14 dimensional subgroup of $SO(7)$). Then any element of $G_2$ ...
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567 views

Discrete subgroups of SU(n) and SO(n).

Thank you very much for your concern. I am in physics background, any simpler but complete explanation would be helpful. I would like to know whether there is a complete understanding of discrete ...
5
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100 views

Quantum Adjoint Action of the Coordinate Algebra on the Enveloping Algebra

As is well known, any Lie group $G$ has a canonical action on its Lie algebra $\frak{g}$, namely the adjoint action $Ad$. Firstly, let me ask, does this extend to an action of $G$ on its enveloping ...
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78 views

Are there any infinite dimensional subalgebras of the Witt algebra?

The Lie bracket of elements of the Witt algebra is given by: $[L_m,L_n]=(m-n)L_{m+n}$ Are there any infinite dimensional subalgebras of the Witt algebra that are not isomorphic to the Witt algebra ...
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115 views

Pullback of a 3-form to SU2

I have a left invariant 3-form, $\sigma$ on an simply connected Lie group, $G$ whose value at the identity is $\sigma=\langle[x,y],z\rangle$, where $\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle$ denotes an invariant ...
5
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150 views

On the root systems

Let $\Phi$ be a root system of $E$. $\alpha,\beta\in \Phi$. Let $\lbrace \beta+i\alpha | i\in \mathbb{Z}\rbrace\cap \Phi$, $\alpha$-string through $\beta$, be $\beta-r\alpha,\ldots,\beta+q\alpha$, ...
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39 views

Ideals of Lie-algebras

I am wondering whether the following claim is true: Let $G$ be a Lie group, $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra and $V$ some vector subspace of $\mathfrak{g}$. Claim: $V$ is an ideal of $\mathfrak{g}$ ...
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53 views

Description of free Lie algebra in Weibel's book

In Exercise 7.3.2 in Weibel's book An Introduction to Homological algebra the following description of the free Lie algebra over some $k$-module $M$ is given (where $k$ is any commutative ring): ...
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Recipe to compute dimension and decompose product of $SO(N)$ group representations

As it is well known Young tableaux (YT) provide an efficient and very useful way to treat $SU(N)$ representation. This is principally based on these facts: There is a correspondence between irreps ...
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Are the two definitions of the BGG category equivalent?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite dimensional complex semisimple lie algebra, the BGG category $\mathcal{O}$ is defined as the set of $\mathfrak{g}-$ module $M$ such that $M$ is finitely generated; ...
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Highest weights of irreducible components of tensor product of irreducible sl(3)-module.

I am study the representation theory of $sl(3)$ and I have a question about the tensor representation of irreducible $sl(3)$-modules as follows: For each weight $\mu$, let $L(\mu)$ be the irreducible ...
4
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96 views

Weyl orbits of integral dominant weights and convex polytopes

Let $\xi$ be an integral dominant weight of a root system $\Delta$, and let $\mathcal{O}_{\xi}$ be its orbit under the action of the Weyl group. The elements of the orbit are the vertices of an ...
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55 views

Weyl's Dimension Formula

I'm trying to grasp how Weyl's Dimension Formula works, and I'm having a bit of trouble. As an example, I was trying to calculate the dimension of V($\varepsilon_1$) for gl(3). First, I set the ...
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169 views

How to write $SO(2n)$ characters in terms of rotation angles?

Say one is working in a representation of $SO(2n)$ such that it has the highest weights $(h_1,...,h_n)$. And let $\{H_i\}_{i=1}^{n}$ be a basis in the Cartan of $so(2n) = Lie(SO(2n))$. Now one says ...
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87 views

Weyl group of a non-symmetrizable Generalized Cartan Matrix

Let $A$ be a generalized Cartan matrix on the index set $I$. Define the Weyl group of $A$ as the Coxeter group on the basis $I$ with $m(i,j)=2,3,4,6,\infty$ according to whether $A_{ij} A_{ji}$ is ...
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93 views

Cartan Subalgebra and regular elements

Let $L$ be semisimple Lie algebra, $x\in L$ semisimple. Prove that if $x$ lies in exactly one Cartan subalgebra, then $x$ is regular.
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41 views

Relationship between representations of $\mathfrak{sl}_{2n}\mathbb{C}$ and $\mathfrak{sp}_{2n}\mathbb{C}$

If $V=\mathbb{C}^{2n}$ denotes the standard representation of $\mathfrak{sl}_{2n}\mathbb{C}$, what can we say about $\wedge^kV$ in terms of the standard representation $W$ of ...
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228 views

Centralizer of an element in a Cartan subalgebra is reductive.

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Lie algebra with Cartan subalgebra $\mathfrak{h}$ and root system $\Phi$. Show that $C_\mathfrak{g}(h)$ is reductive, that is $Z(C_\mathfrak{g}(h))=Rad(C_\mathfrak{g}(h))$, ...
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154 views

Irreducible representations of $\mathfrak{sl}_3\mathbb{C}$

I am working through the exercises in Fulton and Harris's Representation Theory, and am stuck on two on page 189. Let $\text{Sym}^2V$ denote the second symmetric power of the standard 3-dimensional ...
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215 views

Representations of non-semisimple Lie algebras

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, and suppose $\mathfrak{g}$ is semisimple. An integral weight for $G$ is an element $\lambda \in \mathfrak{t}^*$ with ...
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43 views

Is it possible to further simplify the product of three exponentials $e^A e^B e^C$ when $[A,C]=kB$ (k is a scalar)

The background is calculation of the little group elements of Poincare group for massless particles. I start with a bunch of exponentials of operators, and the end goal is to crunch them into the ...
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183 views

When is the adjoint representation self-dual?

Let $G$ be an algebraic group (say, connected). Given a rep. $\rho:G\to GL(V)$ there is a dual rep. $\rho^{\vee}:G\to GL(V^{\vee})$ defined by $\rho^{\vee}(g)\phi =\phi\circ \rho(g^{-1})$. My question ...
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434 views

Weyl Character formula applied to Sp$(4,\mathbb{C})\cap$ U$(4)$.

I posted a question a short while ago on this but got no response. I have worked on this more and so now have a more specific question. To start with we work with the $\mathbb{Q}$ version of ...
4
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0answers
105 views

The Nambu bracket

Does anybody know how to show the Jacobi identity for the Nambu bracket in $\mathbb{R}^3$? The Nambu bracket with respect to $c \in \mathcal{F}(\mathbb{R}^3)$ is defined as $$\{F,G\}_c = \langle\nabla ...
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172 views

internal direct product of lie groups

If $G$ is a (edit: simply connected)Lie group, when does a direct sum decomposition of its Lie algebra (into a direct sum of subalgebras) correspond to a (semi)direct product decomposition of $G$? ...
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59 views

Proving $\mathscr L(C_G(H)) \subseteq \mathfrak c_{\mathfrak g}(\mathfrak h) = \{ \mathrm x \in \mathfrak g \mid [\mathrm x, \mathfrak h] = 0\}$

Let $H$ be a closed subgroup of the algebraic group $G$, $C = C_G(H)$. Prove that $\mathfrak{c} = \mathscr{L}(C_G(H)) \subseteq \mathfrak{c}_{\mathfrak{g}}(\mathfrak{h}) = \{ \mathrm{x} \in ...
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104 views

Why are root systems presented in this confusing way?

I quote Bjorner and Brenti, "Combinatorics of Coxeter Groups." We begin with a simple geometric lemma. Let $m \geq 3$ be an integer, let $\gamma = \pi/m$, and let $k, k'$ be real numbers ...
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363 views

Elementary proof of the third Lie theorem

I would like to understand a (not well known) proof due to G.M; Tuynman, of the third Lie theorem, which asserts that for any given finite dimensional Lie algebra $\mathcal{G}$ there exists a (simply ...
3
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106 views

Humphreys Introduction to Lie Algebras - Conjugate Borel subalgebras sl(2,F)

Let $L$ be a Lie Algebra and let $E(L)$ denote the subgroup of the inner automorphisms, generated by all $\exp(\operatorname{ad}(z))$ for $z\in L$ being strongly ad-nilpotent. Let ...
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76 views

How to understand Weyl chambers?

Recall the definition of the Weyl Chambers: A Weyl Chamber is a region of $V \setminus \bigcup_{\alpha \in \Phi} H_{\alpha}$, where $V$ is underlying Euclidean space, and $H_\alpha$ the hyperplane ...