# Tagged Questions

For questions about Lie algebras, an algebraic structure whose main use is in studying geometric objects such as Lie groups and differentiable manifolds.

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### Would the transformation of a differential equation obey the same algebra?

I've found that the algebra of this differential equation $$\frac{d^2y}{dz^2}-(3z^2+\gamma)\frac{dy}{dz}+(cz+\alpha)y=0$$ is in $sl(2)$ because it is possible to use the generators of the $sl(2)$ ...
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In a paper the author lists, without justification, generators for a Lie algebra. I would be grateful if someone could justify these choices and perhaps suggest how I might have found them for myself. ...
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### Lie groups with structure constant $f_{abc} \neq f_{bca}$.

The structure constant $f_{abc}$ of Lie group is defined by the commutators of generators, $$[T^a,T^b]=i f_{abc}T_c$$ automatically $f_{abc}=-f_{bac}$. Can someone give a list of explicit examples ...
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### Correspondence between unipotent and nilpotent elements

Let $G$ be a simple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p$. Let $\mathcal{U}(G)$ be the closed subvariety of unipotent elements of $G$, i.e., all elements whose ...
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### How do I find the Cartan subalgebra?

I know the definition of a Cartan subalgebra, but how do I actually find it explicitly for a particular Lie algebra over the complex numbers?
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### Computing the fundamental groups of simple algebraic groups of type $A$

I'm interested in seeing the computation for the fundamental groups of the simple algebraic groups of type $A$. Below is the definition of the fundamental group for a simple algebraic group $G$. Let ...
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### Connected subgroups of SU(2) and SU(3)

I am reading 'Lie groups, Lie Algebras, and Representations : An Introduction' by Brian Hall and am unable to do the problem 17 in chapter 3. It says Show that every connected Lie subgroup of SU(...
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### explicit realization of irreducible representations of simple lie algebras

I know explicit realization of irreducible representations of simple lie algebra $sl_n$ when the highest weight of that representation is a fundamental weight.Is there any explicit realization of any ...
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### Does the Lie Bracket automatically exist?

Let $g$ be a Matrix Lie Group. The Lie Algebra of $g := Lie(g)$ is defined as $Lie(g) = \{ \dot{\gamma}(0) | \gamma:(-\epsilon, \epsilon) \rightarrow g, \gamma \in C^1, \gamma(0) = \mathbb{I} \}$ ...
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### A Isomorphism between the extension group and cohomology group of Lie algebras

Within the book An introduction to homological algebra by Weibel, I am trying to prove the following isomorphism, but I am not sure this is true. But I really want to know how to prove or disprove it....
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### PBW theorem for restricted Lie algebras

I'm looking at the proof of the PBW theorem for restricted Lie algebras to be found in Ponto and May's "More Concise Algebraic Topology", page 361 (367 in linked file). I either see an error in their ...
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### Representation of Complexification of Lie Algebra

Is the following obvious? I think it is, but wanted to make sure before an exam tomorrow! "There is a bijection between the complex representations of a real Lie algebra and the complex ...
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### Question concerning semisimple Lie algebras

I'm currently solving a problem in Fulton's Representation Theory A first course and I'm not sure why a particular result is true. One part of the problem (exercise 14.15 if anyone is interested) ...
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### The Weyl Group of $F_4$

The Weyl Group of $F_4$ is of order $1152=2^{7} \cdot 3^{2}$. By Burnside's theorem the group is solvable. Is there a way to see solvability from the root system? Is it possible to see the order of ...
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### Is the commutator subgroup $[G,G]$ isomorphic to $G/Z_G$?

Let $G$ be a connected reductive Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. That means that $\mathfrak{g}=Z_\mathfrak{g}\oplus[\mathfrak{g},\mathfrak{g}]$, and $[\mathfrak{g},\mathfrak{g}]$ is ...
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### Involutions and Representation of Lie Algebras

In what follows I'm going to use $V_{\theta_s}$ for the little adjoint representation af a Lie algebra i.e. the representation associated with the highest short rooth $\theta_s$. Is easy to see that ...
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### Lagrangian densities, Lie Groups and Lie Algebras

I'm quite new to Physics and I was having a look for the first time to the Standard model. I'm not sure if the mechanism that I'm describing is directly from Weyl or from others but what I found quite ...
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### The cohomology of $\mathrm{GL}_n$ over an algebraically closed field

How does one go about computing the cohomology groups $H^*(\mathrm{GL}_{\kern{0.1em}{m}}(\overline{\mathbb{F}}_p),M)$? I am particularly interested in the case when $M$ is an algebraic representation. ...
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### Finite dimensional, irreducible representations of the Lie superalgebra gl(1|1)

I am wondering how the finite dimensional, irreducible representations of the Lie superalgebra gl(1|1) are parametrized. I understand that they are all highest weight, and that the only non-trivial ...
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### Lie algebra associated to Leibniz algebra

We know that for any Leibniz algebra $L$ we can associated its Lie algebra denoted by $L_{Lie}$. for example the ideal generated by $\{[x,x] | x\in L\}$ determines the non-Lie character of $L$. Is it ...
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### Properties of the complexification functor for Lie algebras

The complexification of Lie algebras determines a functor from real Lie algebras to complex Lie algebras, whose right adjoint is the restriction of scalars functor. Thus, we know that complexification ...
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### Weyl group of complex Lie group

Let $G$ be a compact connected Lie group with maximal torus $T$. The Weyl group is defined by $$W:=N_G(T)/T.$$ Now, $G$ has a complexification $G_{\Bbb C}$ with maximal torus $T_{\Bbb C}$ which is the ...
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### Differential of a representation of a linear algebraic group

I asked a question if a representation of the lie algebra of a simply connected algebraic group G induces a representation of the group itself here: \link {Representation of the lie algebra of a ...
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### Find basis $\beta$ of $M$ such that $\phi(H)$ sits inside diagonal matrices, $\phi(S)$ sits inside upper triangular matrices w.r.t. basis $\beta$

Following question appeared in my Lie Algebra exam,but unfortunately i could not solve this question. Let $L$ be a semi simple complex Lie Algebra and $\phi:L \to gl(M)$ be a finite dimensional ...
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### Taylor series identity for polynomial using Lie group

The following question is from Kirillov's Introduction to Lie Groups and Lie Algebras, and my attempt is the following: \sum_{n\geq 0}\frac{(t\partial_x)^n}{n!}f=(\exp{t\partial_x})f=\exp(\rho(t))f=\...
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### Why are $\mathfrak{pgl}_n\simeq\mathfrak{sl}_n$ when characteristic does not divide $n$?

Suppose $k$ is some algebraically closed field whose characteristic does not divide $n$. Why can we identify the lie algebras $\mathfrak{pgl}_n\simeq\mathfrak{sl_n}$ of the projective linear group and ...
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### The simplest way to present a Lie algebra to a wide audience?

I would like to get suggestions from you as to the best way to present the idea and contents of Lie algebras to a wide public of people with no detailed background in maths. What wlould you explain to ...
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### Can the parameter $t$ in the exponential map $e^{tX}$ be complex?

From a Lie algebra to a Lie group, can the parameter $t$ in the exponential map $t\rightarrow e^{tX}$ be complex? If the Lie algebra is a complex one, this is legal, right?
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### Action of $sl(2,\mathbb{C})$ on Dual of Polynomials does not Exponentiate

Let $V$ be the space of holomorphic polynomial functions in two complex variables $\xi,\eta$ and let $V^\ast$ be its dual space with subspace $W$ of linear functionals of the form $Df(1,0)$ where $D$ ...
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### Is the exponential map of complex spin group surjective?

The complex spin group $Spin(n,C)$ is defined as the double cover of $SO(n,C)$. If the the exponential map is surjective, it will give a parametrization of this Lie group. Is it true for this non-...
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### Quotient of the abelian Lie group $(\mathbb{C}, +)$ by a full rank lattice

How can I show that a quotient of the abelian Lie group $(\mathbb{C}, +)$ by a full rank lattice has no faithful finite-dimensional linear representation as a complex Lie group? I was thinking of ...
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### Prove that a subgroup in a Lie group is homogeneous

Let $\mathbb E:=(\mathbb R^4, \cdot)$ be a Carnot group whose Lie algebra is given by $\mathfrak g=V_1\oplus V_2 \oplus V_3$, where $V_1=span\{X_1,X_2\},$ $V_2=span\{X_3\},$ $V_3=span\{X_4\}$, the ...
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### Nonstandard analysis, Lie groups and universal enveloping algebras

The idea of nonstandard analysis is to combine finite quantities with infinitesimals. And, back in the day, Lie algebras were roughly considered the "infinitesimal elements" of Lie groups. Say we want ...
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### Root system of an abelian lie subalgebra.

Let $L$ be a lie algebra and $H$ an abelian subalgebra of $L$ such that each element of $h \in H$ is diagonalizable under the adjoint representation. So there exists a basis of common eigenvectors for ...
An isometry of a Riemannian manifold is an infinitesimal displacement generated by a Killing vector field $V=\zeta^aV_a=\zeta^aV_a^i\frac{\partial}{\partial x^i}$. If the isometry corresponds to the ...