For questions about Lie algebras, an algebraic structure whose main use is in studying geometric objects such as Lie groups and differentiable manifolds.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
0answers
39 views

Nil and nilpotent restricted lie algebras

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p$, and let $L$ be a restricted Lie algebra over $k$. Thus $L$ is a lie algebra together with a map $(-)^{[p]}:L\to L$ satisfying the three axioms found here. ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

Finding an orthonormal basis for a gl(3) module

I'm trying to find an orthonormal basis for gl(3)-module V(ε1-ε3), where ε1-ε3 is the weight (1,0,-1) of the highest-weight vector. Using Gelfand-Tsetlin (/Zetlin/Zeitlin) patterns, I'm at the point ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Casimir Invariants within the universal enveloping algebra

I've been asked to determine the eigenvalue of the Casimir invariant $I_2$ on any irreducible module with highest weight $\lambda = (\lambda_1, \lambda_2, ..., \lambda_n)$, where; $$I_m = \sum^{n}_{k=...
1
vote
0answers
160 views

Sources for learning Lie groups and symplectic geometry for Quantum optics

I am asking this question on behalf of my junior who has recently joined in the graduate programme. As suggested by my boss, the student wants to work on quantum optics from a symplectic geometric ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

Concrete example of a particular 3-dimensional Lie algebra

I'm reading over the classification of 3-dimensional complex Lie algebras, and have come to the classification of a particular Lie algebra spanned by $\{x,y,z\}$ satisfying the relations $$[x,y] = y, \...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

homomorphisms between $Gl(n, \mathbb{R})$ and $\mathbb{R}$

I'm tryng to find all differential homomorphism between $Gl(n, \mathbb{R})$ and $\mathbb{R}$ (viwed as Lie groups). My first thought was find the homomorphis between their the Lie algebras, and then ...
1
vote
0answers
148 views

Dimension of the root spaces of a semisimple complex Lie algebra

I have problems in understanding the proof that the root spaces of a semisimple Lie algebra are all 1-dimensional and that the only multiples of a root $\alpha \in \Phi$ which occur in $\Phi$ are $\pm ...
1
vote
0answers
128 views

Cartan subalgebra

Let $g$ be a real semisimple Lie algebra with Cartan decoposition $(l,p)$. How can we show that a Cartan subspace $a$ of $p$ (Cartan subspace of $p =$ maximal element in a set that consists of all Lie ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Lorentz group and eigenvalues

For generators of the Lorentz group ($\hat {R}_{k}$ corresponds to the generators of 3-rotations, $\hat {L}_{k}$ corresponds to the generators of the boosts) we have the following algebra: $$ [\hat {R}...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

writting a code for finding the Kostant partition function

How to write a code in sage for finding the Kostant partition function for the elements of root lattice of rank 1 affine lie algebra $A_{1}^{(1)}$ which is defined as follows: $K(\beta)$ = the co-...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Heisenberg algebra and other Lie algberas

Is there a sub Lie algebra $K$ such that for an ideal $M$ of a heisenberg algebra $H$, $H=K+M$ and $K\cap M=0$ ($M$ has a complement in $H$)? Is there a class of Lie algebras such every ideal $M$ ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

If Lie(H) preserves a subspace, must H also preserve that subspace?

Assume $H \subset G$ is a closed connected subgroup of a linear algebraic group over an arbitrary field (both assumed to be smooth). Assume $G$ acts linearly on the (finite dimensional) vector space $...
1
vote
0answers
175 views

A complex lie algebra is the direct sum of simple ideals iff it is semisimple

So I am wanting to show that a complex lie algebra is the direct sum of simple ideals iff it is semisimple. In fact I have already proved <= It remains for me to prove => $\textbf{Currently I ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Given $L$ a complex finite dimensional Lie algebra. Then suppose $L$ is solvable. Show $L^{(1)}$ is nilpotent.

Given $L$ a complex finite dimensional Lie algebra. Then suppose $L$ is solvable. Show $L^{(1)}$ is nilpotent. Okay, so I have the existence of a flag of ideas in $L$. Can I deduce from this that $L$...
1
vote
0answers
335 views

Lie algebra of Euclidean group

From the book "Spinning Tops" by Audin, she claims that $$\mathfrak{so}(3)[\epsilon]/\epsilon^2$$ with coefficientwise Lie bracket is a Lie algebra of a Lie group that is $TSO(3)$ (group action not ...
1
vote
0answers
94 views

Proof of Lie theorem on solvable Lie algebra

I am reading a book of Helgason. As you know, solvable Lie algebra $g \subset V= {\bf C}^n$ have a nonzero $v$ such that $v$ is an eigenvector of any element of $g$. I can follow the proof in ...
1
vote
0answers
166 views

Exterior and symmetric powers of $\mathfrak{sl}(4,\mathbb{C})$ representation

I am taking a course on representation theory, and going through Lecture 15 of Fulton and Harris's Representation Theory. One of the topics we're currently covering is the example of $\mathfrak{sl}(4,\...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Projection map $\text{Sym}^2(\text{Sym}^3V)\to \text{Sym}^2V$ viewed as a Hessian

Exercises 11.21 and 11.22 in Fulton's Representation Theory are the following: Let $V$ be the standard representation of $\mathfrak{sl}_2\mathbb{C}$. The projection map from $\text{Sym}^2(\text{...
1
vote
0answers
146 views

Conjugate Representations for $\mathfrak{sl}(2,\mathbb{C})$

Let $\mathfrak{sl}(2,\mathbb{C})$ be the complex Lie algebra of $SL(2,\mathbb{C})$ and $\mathfrak{sl}(2,\mathbb{C})_\mathbb{R}$ be its realification; that is $\mathfrak{sl}(2,\mathbb{C})_\mathbb{R}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
343 views

jacobian involving SO(3) exponential map: $\log(R \exp(m))$

I would like to compute the 3 × 3 Jacobian of $$ \log(R \exp(m)) $$ with respect to the 3-vector $m$, evaluated at $m=0$. In the above, $\exp$ is the exponential map from so(3) to SO(3), $\log$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
148 views

Root system of a Lie Algebra

Could anybody help me to solve this problem with roots system? Be $\Phi$ an irreducible root system. $\Phi^{+}$ a choice of positives roots in $\Phi$. Prove that if $(\alpha,\beta)\ge0$ $\forall \...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Invariants of representation theory of Lie groups

How to compute the determinant of a representation of an element of the special linear group? How do I argue that it doesn't change? (@Marek: @rschwieb: Yes well, given one represenation (with det=...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Lie Derivative in Projective Hilbert Space

In considering a projective Hilbert space, $P(H)$, for linear maps (tensors) of vectors in the space, $A^{a}_{b}v_{a}=u_b$, is there a natural definition for the Lie Derivative for such linear maps? ...
1
vote
0answers
125 views

Submanifold of a Lie group - tangent space

Let $G$ be a compact Lie group and $H, H' \leq G$ Lie subgroups. Consider the set $M = H' \cdot H = \{h\cdot h' \ \vert \ h \in H, h' \in H'\}$. Is it possible to describe explicitly the tangent space ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Is there any Lie algebra that is not constructed from an associative algebra

I see in Wikipeida that every Lie algebra is either constructed from an associative algebra by defining: $[x,y]=xy-yx$, or a subalgebra of a Lie algebra thus constructed. Where can I find a proof? ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Followup question in Brian Hall's Lie Groups and Algebras.

In ex 9, page 60, he writes down that in order to prove that each invertible matrix $A$ can be written as $A=e^X$, where $X\in M_{n\times n}$, one need to use the fact that if $A$ is unipotent then $\...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Basics of Lie 2-algebras?

Could somebody (simply) explain the basics foundations of Lie 2-algebras, and some basic practical applications ? For instance, does it exist a 3-map (equivalent to the 2-map commutator for Lie ...
1
vote
0answers
157 views

The universal enveloping algebra of a loop algebra as a quotient of the free associative algebra.

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a simple finite-dimensional complex Lie algebra and set by $\tilde{\mathfrak{g}}:=\mathfrak{g}\otimes_{\mathbb C} \mathbb{C}[t,t^{-1}]$ its loop algebra. How to express the ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

$1$-parameter subgroups in $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$

I came across this link on planetmath and a few facts on that link are confusing me. According to planetmath, any $1$-parameter subgroup in $GL_n(\mathbb{C})$ arises from the exponential map. That ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

The nonexistence of nontrivial solvable series in $M_n(k)$

I am a bit confused about semisimple Lie algebras. For the sake of simplicity, let's take $\mathfrak{g}=M_n(k)$ where $k=\bar{k}$. According to Wiki, $M_n(k)$ is solvable if the radical of $M_n(k)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Inverse boson operator realization of $\mathfrak{so}(3)$

This is actually a homework problem. The inverse boson operators $a^{-1}$ and $\left(a^\dagger\right)^{-1}$ are defined as $$a^{-1} |n\rangle = \frac{1}{\sqrt{n+1}} |n+1\rangle$$ $$\left(a^\dagger\...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

set of roots satisfying a minimal condition related to the induced Killing form

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ a finite-dimensional complex simple Lie algebra with Cartan subalgebra $\frak h$. Let denote $(\cdot,\cdot)$ the non-degenerate bilinear form on $\frak h^*$ induced by the Killing ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Question about root space

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Lie algebra and consider $\operatorname{Rad}(\mathfrak{g})$, the radical of $\mathfrak{g}$, that is, the sum of all solvable ideals in $\mathfrak{g}$. Suppose that we have the ...
1
vote
0answers
205 views

$SU(2)$ is a covering space of $SO(3)$.

The method of topology is very clear.Then there's a question asking to use adjoint representation of lie group $SU(2)$ $(\operatorname{adj}:SU(2)\to GL(su(2)))$to prove this. I can't solve this .
1
vote
0answers
57 views

$G_1$-Scalar factors for Clebsch-Gordan coefficients for $ U(n)$

when evaluating the $G_1$ scalar factors for CGC's of $U(n)$ it seems that some of the factors are undefined. The explicit formula for the evaluation of the scalar factors is Eq. (6) in 18.2.8 of N.J. ...
1
vote
0answers
127 views

First-order derivatives in differential forms calculus

Let $d$ denote the Cartan differential, and let $\delta$ denote the codifferential. The underlying domain is not important for what follows. The canonical generalization of the Laplace-operator $-\...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Subspace of a homogeneous space.

Given two homegenous spaces $\frac{G}{H}$, $\frac{A}{B}$ with $A\subset B$ is there a way to prove that $\frac{A}{B}\subset \frac{G}{H}$ ie that $B\subset A\cap H$? In particular I would like to ...
1
vote
0answers
132 views

PBW Theorem applied to graded Lie algebras

Fix a $\mathbb Z_+^n$-graded Lie algebra ${\frak a}=\oplus_{r \in\mathbb Z_+^n}^{} {\frak a}[r]$ such that ${\frak g}:={\frak a}[0]$ is a finite-dimensional semisimple Lie algebra over the complex ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Cartan subalgebras of a loop algebra.

For an algebraically closed field $\mathbb F$ of characteristic zero, a finite-dimensional Lie algebra $\frak G$ has a Cartan subalgebra and these subalgebras are conjugated in a certain sense. Let $...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

The form of a subgroup of $GL(n,K)$ when the derived group is of certain form

The famous Lie-Kolchin theorem in the theory of algebraic groups states: Let $G$ be a connected solvable subgroup of $GL(V)$, $0 \neq V$ finite dimensional. Then $G$ has a common eigenvector in $V$...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

When does $C_G(s) \times Cl_G(s)s^{-1}$ equal $G$

I have read on James E. Humphreys' Linear Algberaic Groups If $G$ is an algebraic subgroup contained in $GL(n,K)$, and $s$ is a semisimple element of $G$, then $\mathfrak{g}$ has the ...
1
vote
0answers
84 views

Does triality survive in product Lie groups?

Look at the following diagrams of Lie groups ...
1
vote
0answers
107 views

Finite order automorphisms of Lie algebras

Let $\Gamma$ be a Dynkin diagram automorphism of diagram type $A_{2n}$ and let $\sigma$ be a non-trivial finite order automorphism of $\Gamma$. Let $g$ the Lie algebra associated to $\Gamma$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
354 views

How to show that the structure constant of SU(3) is invariant?

So suppose $f_{ijk}$ is the antisymmetric structure constant of SU(3), and $D^8_{ij}(g)$ is the matrices of 8-dimensional adjoint representation of SU(3), then how to show that $f_{ijk}$=$D^8_{il}(g)$...
1
vote
0answers
146 views

Do the classical Lie algebras all satisfy $XM + MX^T = 0$?

I'm working on a homework assignment in which part of the question statement says that each of the classical Lie algebras can be described as the set of all matrices $X \in gl(n,\mathbb{C})$ ...
1
vote
0answers
370 views

Length of root strings

Let $a,b$ be roots ($a\ne \pm b$) of a Lie algebra $g$ of type $X$, where $X$ can be classic or exceptional $(A,B,C,D,E,F,G)$. It is well known that the length of an $a$-string through $b$ is at most ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Trace of the product of a Lie algebra and Lie group element

Take $U \in SU(n)$ and $X \in \mathfrak{su}(n)$. What can we learn about \begin{align} \text{Tr} (UX) \end{align} In particular Is there a closed form expression? When does $\text{Tr} (UX)$ vanish?...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Is it possible to study Lie algebras without knowing too much of representation theory?

There's a course on Lie Groups that I'd like to take, but it seems that for various reasons it's a good idea to take Lie algebras along with it. But after having a brief look at the contents of the ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Is a reductive subalgebra of a semisimplie Lie algebra semisimple?

I have the following doubt. Say that $\mathfrak g$ is a semisimple Lie algebra, $\mathfrak k$ a reductive subalgebra, and suppose further that any Cartan subalgebra in $\mathfrak k$ is a Cartan ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Limit of the commutator of two elements?

Given a Lie group $G$ such the $\mathfrak{g}$ denoted its Lie algebra. Let $[g,g']_{G}$ the commutator of two elements $g,g' \in G$ and denoted by $[X,X']_{\mathfrak{g}}$ the Lie bracket of two ...