10
votes
2answers
180 views

Applications of Algebra in Physics

Often I have heard about the link between Algebra (in particular Representations of Groups and Algebras) and some "indefinite" field of Physics. I have a good preparation in Algebra and ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Lie ideals of $gl_n(K)$

I am looking for some reference where I can find a detailed study of the Lie ideals of the general linear Lie algebra $gl_n(K)$ with the bracket $[A,B]=AB-BA$, where $K$ is a field (if there are ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Lie rings: reference request

Dear friends: I am looking for a modern reference for Lie rings (In particular, I would like to have nice references for the structure of Lie ideals), let it be lecture notes or a book, in the sense ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Quaternions, Lie Groups and Lie Algebras. Steps to realize a paper. [closed]

I have to realize a paper about quaternions and Lie Groups and Lie Algebras. How can I realize the links between quaternions and Lie Groups & Algebras. Which books do you recommend me? First, I ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Is every element of a complex semisimple Lie algebra a commutator?

Let $L$ be a (finite-dimensional) complex semisimple Lie algebra. Then we know that $L = [L,L]$. Is it true that every element of $L$ must be a commutator? Since a complex semisimple Lie algebra is ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Category , lie algebras …

I want a reference book about Lie algebras that have the definition of universal enveloping algebra by the categorical point of view. All references that i found use the construction by the quotient ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Inner automorphisms of Lie groups

I have a few questions about $Aut(G)$, when $G$ is a Lie group. It was proven by Hochschild that if $G/G_0$ is finitely generated, then $Aut(G)$ is a Lie group with at most countably many components. ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Can someone tell me books or papers on subalgebras of $\operatorname{SL}(3)$?

I hope to find the smallest subalgebra of $\operatorname{SL}(3)$ that contain the matrix $$\begin{pmatrix} 0 & a & 0\\0 & 0 & b\\c & d & 0 \end{pmatrix}$$ Are there any ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Real orthogonal Lie algebra isomorphic to Clifford bivectors

I'm studying Clifford algebras on this moment, and I frequently find the statement $$\left(\mathbb{R}_m^{(2)},[\cdot,\cdot]\right) \cong \mathfrak{so}_{\mathbb{R}}(m)$$ stating that the bivectors of a ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Reference request: exact sequences of Lie algebras

I have a reference request: where can I read more about the following? Consider the short exact sequence $0\rightarrow \mathfrak{n}^- \rightarrow \mathfrak{gl}_n\rightarrow \mathfrak{b}\rightarrow ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Reference for Weyl Character Formula

I am reading Lie algebra book by James E.Humphreys. This book giving enough discussion about Weyl Character Formula and its proof, still I would like to know what are the other books or lecture notes ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Models for Lie algebra E8 and octonions

I've heard that one can construct the exceptional Lie algebra $E_8$ as the Lie algebra of the group of isometries of projective plane over octonions, or something of this form. Unfortunately, I do not ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Does the exponential map respect module actions?

Setup: Let $k$ be a field and $G \subseteq \mathrm{GL}_n(k)$ an algebraic group, reductive if that makes a difference. Let $\mathfrak g \subseteq \mathfrak{gl}_n(k)$ be the Lie algebra of $G$ with ...
0
votes
2answers
100 views

What are the good textbooks on Kac-Moody groups?

While there is a number of good books on Kac-Moody algebras ("Infinite dimensional Lie algebras" by Kac is already enough), it seems to me there is lack of textbooks on Kac-Moody groups. nLab says ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Reducing size of ODE system by using symmetries: examples, references help request.

We know: A high order differential equation can be expressed as an ODE system. Knowledge of a symmetry allow one to reduce the order of a differential equation. So if we do $n$-order ODE ...
0
votes
1answer
71 views

Characterisation of Cartan subalgebras as maximal toral; redundant “abelian” in the definition of “toral”

Edit: The reasoning on which this question is based is wrong. See my own answer for a counterexample. Let $L$ be a (finite dimensional) semisimple Lie algebra over a field $k$ with $char(k) = 0$. ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

References request about exponentials in Lie algebras.

I saw two formulas about Lie algebras. Let $G$ be an algebraic group over $k$ and $\mathfrak{g}$ its Lie algebra. For any $x \in \mathfrak{g}$, $a \in k$ and $g \in G$, we have $$ g \exp(ax) g^{-1} = ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

ODE system and single PDE “equivalence”, reference request

The answers to this question Replacing large-dimensional ODE systems with one PDE suggest that, in general, one can not hope for "replacing" an ODE system with a single PDE. On the other hand, this ...
2
votes
1answer
63 views

What is $\mathfrak{gl}(\infty)$

As title says, I know what is $\mathfrak{gl}(n,\mathbb{C})$, but what is $\mathfrak{gl}(\infty)$? Where can I find good reference for this?
1
vote
1answer
215 views

video lectures on Lie algebra

Is there any video lecture on first course on Lie algebra available online? , by the first course I mean, The complete book of Introduction of Lie algebra and its representation theory by James ...
3
votes
2answers
155 views

Reference request for studying Lie group & Lie algebra representations

I am learning representation theory of Lie groups & Lie algebras from the book by Brian Hall. Unfortunately, this does not discuss infinite dimensional representations. Which books should I study ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Sources for learning Lie groups and symplectic geometry for Quantum optics

I am asking this question on behalf of my junior who has recently joined in the graduate programme. As suggested by my boss, the student wants to work on quantum optics from a symplectic geometric ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Lie Algebra Book with Examples

Can any body suggest me some text books or Lecture notes on Lie algebra and its representation theory which explains the concepts through 'lots' of examples? Thanks in advance.
3
votes
3answers
686 views

Could you recommend some books on Lie algebra´╝č

I am a pure maths student, and want to go straight ahead, so I decide to study Lie algebra on my own, and try my best to understand it from various points of view´╝Üdifferential equation, Lie group, ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Clifford Algebra for understanding Atiyah Singer Index Theorem Reference Request

I am interested in studying Atiyah Singer Index Theorem and Spin Geometry and would like to study Clifford Algebras and their representations for this purpose. I have a book 'Clifford Algebras : An ...
8
votes
5answers
234 views

Getting started with Lie Groups

I am looking for some material (e.g. references, books, notes) to get started with Lie Groups and Lie Algebra. My motivation is that I (eventually) want to understand the theory underpinning papers ...
4
votes
3answers
108 views

What does boson-type realization mean?

I have seen several different contexts the expression "boson-type realization", for instance in the study of algebras growth and realization of affine algebras. To be or not be a boson-type ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Usage and determination of “rank” and “dimension” of groups & representations

Physicist here. I seem to see conflicting statements about the rank of some groups I've come across lately. A paper I'm reading states that $SO(6)$ is rank 3 and therefore its Cartan subalgebra ...
8
votes
2answers
345 views

Which Lie groups have Lie algebras admitting an Ad-invariant inner product?

I am trying to answer the following question: Which Lie groups have a Lie algebra admitting an $\text{Ad}$-invariant inner product? First of all, all compact Lie groups satisfy this condition ...
6
votes
1answer
311 views

Reference for Lie-algebra valued differential forms

I am learning about vector-valued differential forms, including forms taking values in a Lie algebra. On Wikipedia there is some explanation about these Lie algebra-valued forms, including the ...
9
votes
1answer
296 views

The center of a simply connected semisimple Lie group

I am learning about Lie groups, and I have the following basic question: Every Lie group $G$ has a (unique) universal covering group $ \bar G $ that is simply connected, and such that the covering ...
2
votes
1answer
349 views

Conjugate Representations

Are there any general results on when conjugate representations of a real Lie algebra are equivalent? I'm inclined to say that they are often not, but this is merely going on my case by case ...
5
votes
2answers
150 views

Classification of irreducible representations via Casimirs

Physicists almost always label irreducible representations via Casimirs (e.g., characterizing the irreducible representations of $SO(3)$ by spin). I've been looking far and wide to see the general ...
8
votes
0answers
108 views

Reference for l-adic Lie algebras

I don't know much at all about Lie algebras or representation theory, and I'm trying to read Ribet's `Review of Abelian l-adic Representations and Elliptic Curves'. Is there a standard reference for ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Smallest dimensional irreps of semi-simple Lie algebras

I'm wondering if there is a reference that lists the first couple smallest dimensional irreducible representations of each semi-simple Lie algebra. I know these can be found using the Weyl dimension ...
5
votes
1answer
185 views

Methods of Multilinear Algebra in Representation Theory

I have been interested in representation theory lately in particular on that of Lie algebras. Now I have noticed that one way of building representations is to take tensor/exterior/symmetric powers. I ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

History of Lie algebra notation (in Fraktur)?

Does anyone know how it has become the standard to express Lie algebras in fraktur? I'd also like to know how it's established for each era and region, not only the origin. It doesn't seem that ...
11
votes
2answers
778 views

References on Linear Algebraic Groups/Lie Theory

I am currently doing a course on Lie groups, Lie Algebras and Representation theory based on Brian Hall's book of the same name. We should cover upto chapter 4/5 in this book by the end of the ...
2
votes
0answers
148 views

Standard parabolic Lie subalgebras and conjugacy

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a given semisimple Lie algebra with corresponding adjoint Lie group $G$. A parabolic subalgebra is any subalgebra containing a Borel subalgebra. We can pick a Borel ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Question about Lie superalgebra.

What are the generators and relations for the Lie superalgebra $\mathfrak{psu}(2, 2 | 4)$? Thank you very much.
8
votes
1answer
207 views

Ties between Lie algebras and ring theory

I would like to get a general understanding of the relationship between (noncommutative) ring theory and Lie algebra theory. All Lie algebras are finite dimensional and over a field $k$ of ...
7
votes
1answer
245 views

Dynkin diagram automorphisms and weights

Let $\sigma$ be a nontrivial Dynkin diagram automorphism of a finite-dimensional complex simple Lie algebra $\frak g$ (of type A, D or E) and let $\frak h$ be a Cartan subalgebra of $\frak g$. Let $I$ ...
9
votes
2answers
112 views

Isomorphism between $\mathfrak o(4,\mathbb R)$ and $\mathfrak o (3,\mathbb R) \oplus\mathfrak o (3,\mathbb R) $

I've been trying to find a Lie algebra isomorphism $$\mathfrak o(4,\mathbb R)\cong\mathfrak o (3,\mathbb R) \oplus\mathfrak o (3,\mathbb R) $$ but haven't managed so far. I have written down the ...
2
votes
2answers
250 views

Reference request: group theory

Currently I'm studying differential geometry and PDEs - so I often meet the use of groups. I also studied symmetries methods for solutions of differential equations but the connection between Lie ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Reference to a list of affine Cartan matrices

I can find a list of affine Dynkin diagrams in some books but cannot find a list of affine Cartan matrices. We can write down affine Cartan matrices using affine Dynkin diagrams. But are there a list ...
2
votes
2answers
175 views

Direct sum of an algebra and its opposite

I hate to do this, but I cannot seem to remember/find a particular result that I thought was true. Forgive me if I have some points wrong, since this is the point of my asking. I thought I remembered ...
8
votes
1answer
382 views

Osp, USp, SU(,) and PSU

I would be glad if someone can give me some (hopefully easy to understand!) references for learning about these groups Osp, USp and PSU and their representations. I run into these mostly while ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

How to compute the Gel'fand Models for a (quantum) Lie Algebra

Given a lie algebra $g$, how does one approach finding the Gel'fand models? For clarity, by this I mean $\bigoplus_{\lambda\in P^+}V(\lambda)$ where $P^+$ are the dominant weights, and ...
4
votes
1answer
938 views

Representation theory of $SO(n)$

This is probably not a very ethical question to ask but I need to have a fast introduction to a range of concepts about the representation theory of the $SO(n)$ and I would be happy to see some online ...
6
votes
2answers
413 views

sl(2,C) and the harmonic oscillator

I've been studying the finite-dimensional representations of the lie algebra sl(2,C). I've read that these representations are related to the harmonic oscillator and the associated raising and ...