1
vote
0answers
74 views

Sources for learning Lie groups and symplectic geometry for Quantum optics

I am asking this question on behalf of my junior who has recently joined in the graduate programme. As suggested by my boss, the student wants to work on quantum optics from a symplectic geometric ...
2
votes
1answer
207 views

Lie algebras and physics

I often hear physicists talk about Lie algebras and their representation theory, but most of the time hardly understand them because my knowledge of physics is very limited. Does anyone know of any ...
4
votes
0answers
147 views

How to write $SO(2n)$ characters in terms of rotation angles?

Say one is working in a representation of $SO(2n)$ such that it has the highest weights $(h_1,...,h_n)$. And let $\{H_i\}_{i=1}^{n}$ be a basis in the Cartan of $so(2n) = Lie(SO(2n))$. Now one says ...
6
votes
1answer
185 views

What are spinors mathematically?

In the wikipedia article on spinors a number of mathematical definitions are given of spinors which I find slightly confusing. There are essentially two frameworks for viewing the notion of a ...
5
votes
1answer
353 views

What are defining & fundamental representations?

In physics terminology, one hears of the fundamental & defining representations of lie algebras or groups - are these the same as irreducible representations?
4
votes
3answers
106 views

What does boson-type realization mean?

I have seen several different contexts the expression "boson-type realization", for instance in the study of algebras growth and realization of affine algebras. To be or not be a boson-type ...
-1
votes
2answers
103 views

Questions about $su(2)$. [closed]

Edit: In physics, it seems that people usually study $su(2)$ but not only $sl(2)$? Why people study $su(2)$ but not only $sl(2)$?
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Question about Lie superalgebra.

What are the generators and relations for the Lie superalgebra $\mathfrak{psu}(2, 2 | 4)$? Thank you very much.
2
votes
0answers
188 views

Decomposing products of spinor representations into anti-symmetric tensors

There is always a natural $2^{[\frac{d}{2}]}$ dimensional spinorial representation of $SO(d-1,1)$ (..induced from a representation of the related Clifford algebra..) and if $[m]$ denote the space of ...
4
votes
3answers
534 views

Physical interpretation of the Lie Bracket

I've come accross this physical interpretation for $ [X,Y] $ which I don't understand : Follow $X$ for some time $\epsilon$; Follow $Y$ for $\epsilon$; Follow -X for $\epsilon$; Follow -Y for ...
6
votes
3answers
199 views

A general pattern to find the roots of the classical lie algebras

Is there any general pattern for the roots of each of the classical lie algebras? So, can I tell all the roots of each of the $nth$ rank classical lie algebras $A_n, B_n, C_n, D_n$, as a linear ...
5
votes
4answers
540 views

What does the symbol $\operatorname{Tr}$ in the Yang-Mills action mean?

I find that many authors write the Yang-Mills action as follows: $$\mathcal{J}= \int \operatorname{Tr}(F \wedge \star F).$$ I have yet to find a formal description of the symbol $\operatorname{Tr}$ ...
2
votes
1answer
229 views

What physical meaning do the dimension of Wigner d-matrices have?

Wigner's D-matrices is defined as $D_{m'm}^j(\phi,\theta,\psi)=\langle jm'|R(\phi,\theta,\psi)|jm\rangle$; it produces a square matrix (indices $m$ and $m'$) of dimension $2j+1$. It is also ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Does triality survive in product Lie groups?

Look at the following diagrams of Lie groups ...
7
votes
1answer
639 views

The mathematics behind Clebsch-Gordan Coefficients

In quantum physics we have to work a lot with Clebsch-Gordan coefficients and generalizations like the Wigner 3j,6j, and 9j symbols. In our coursework we are taught that the coefficients are coupling ...
1
vote
1answer
354 views

Complexifying representations

Let me try to split the question in a few parts, I would like to understand the claim that all non-degenerate bilinear symmetric forms are equivalent over the complex while for the reals they can be ...
6
votes
2answers
388 views

sl(2,C) and the harmonic oscillator

I've been studying the finite-dimensional representations of the lie algebra sl(2,C). I've read that these representations are related to the harmonic oscillator and the associated raising and ...