Tagged Questions

For question about integration, where the theory is based on measures. So it's almost always used together with the tag [measure-theory], and its aim is to specify questions about integral, not only properties of the measure.

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Norm of Fredholm integral operator equals norm of its kernel?

Let $T_k(f)(s):=\int_0^1 k(s,t) f(t) dt$, where $k \in L^2([0,1]^2)$ and $f \in L^2([0,1])$. Then it was fairly easy to see that $||T_k|| \le ||k||_{L^2}$, but now I was wondering how to show that ...
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Category Theory and Lebesgue Integration.

I'm wondering if there's any Category Theory floating around in the theory of Lebesgue Integration. To avoid things becoming too broad, let's keep this focused on the basics. Here's how I see the ...
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Helmholtz theorem

I have been told that the Helmholtz decomposition theorem says that every smooth vector field $\boldsymbol{F}$ [where I am not sure what precise assumptions are needed on $\boldsymbol{F}$] on an ...
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Yet another definition of Lebesgue integral

Let $[a, b]$ be a finite interval of the real line. A partition $P$ of $[a, b]$ is a finite sequence of numbers of the form $a = t_0 < t_1 <\cdots < t_{k-1} < t_k = b$ Let $(X, \mu)$ be ...
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Prove g is Lebesgue intergrable

Let $f$ be Lebesgue integrable on $(0, 1)$. For $0 < x < 1$ deﬁne g(x) = $\int_x^1t^{-1}f(t)dt$ Prove that $g$ is Lebesgue integrable on $(0, 1)$. $\int^1_0g(x)dx=\int^1_0f(x)dx.$ I am not ...
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Show $\lim\limits_{a \rightarrow + \infty} \int_0^{\infty} \frac{1}{1+y^2}e^{-ay} dy =0$

Need to prove $\lim\limits_{a \rightarrow + \infty} \int_0^{\infty} \frac{1}{1+y^2}e^{-ay} dy =0$ and $\lim\limits_{a \rightarrow + \infty} \int_0^{\infty} \frac{y}{1+y^2}e^{-ay} dy =0$ Can ...
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Exercise on measure theory

Let $X\neq \emptyset$ and $f:X \rightarrow [0, \infty]$ not identical infinity. Set $$\sum_{x \in X} f(x)= \sup \left\{ \sum_{x \in F}f(x), F \subseteq X, F \mbox{ finite} \right\}.$$ $(i)$ Show ...
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Physical interpretation of L1 Norm and L2 Norm

In signal analysis, students have no qualms about associating the L2 norm of a square integrable function f(t) as the energy associated with that signal. A good understanding of whether a function f(...
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$C_c^{\infty}(\mathbb R^n)$ is dense in $W^{k,p}(\mathbb R^n)$

As the title say, I want to prove that $C_c^{\infty}(\mathbb R^n)$ is dense in $W^{k,p}(\mathbb R^n)$ i.e. $\displaystyle{ W^{k,p} (\mathbb R^n) = W_0^{k,p}(\mathbb R^n) \quad (\star)}$. In a book ...
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How to find a measurable but not integrable function or a positive integrable function?

For an arbitrary interval $I$, how can we find a positive on $I$ integrable function? And how does one construct a measurable but not integrable function. If not all measurable functions are ...
Let $I$ be a special rectangle in $\mathbb{R}^n$, and denote $\lambda(A)$ the measure of $A$. Prove that the following conditions are equivalent: a) $\lambda(I)=0$ b) $I^{\circ}=\emptyset$ (i.e., ...
Let $f$ be a real-valued Lebesgue measurable function on $\mathbb{R}$. Prove that there exist Borel measurable functions $g$ and $h$ such that $g(x)=h(x)$ almost everywhere and $g(x)\le f(x) \le h(x)$ ...