The Laplace transform is a widely used integral transform (transformation of functions by integrals), similar to the Fourier transform.

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What exactly is Laplace transform?

I've been working on Laplace transform for a while. I can carry it out on calculation and it's amazingly helpful. But I don't understand what exactly is it and how it works. I google and found out ...
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Connection between the Laplace transform and generating functions

As I was sitting through a boring lecture rehashing basic techniques to solve ordinary differential equations, I began thinking about the Laplace transform and scribbled down a few ideas that I've ...
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Differential equations and Fourier and Laplace transforms

Why do both the Fourier transform and the Laplace transform appear in the study of differential equations? I've never understood why there are some situations where the Fourier transform is used and ...
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Compute the inverse Laplace transform of $e^{-\sqrt{z}}$

I want to compute the inverse Laplace transform of a function $$ F(z) = e^{-\sqrt{z}}. $$ This problem seems very nontrivial to me. Here one can find the answer: the inverse Laplace transform of ...
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Laplace transform identity

Is there a function equal to its Laplace transform? I mean $$ \int_{0}^{\infty}dt\exp(-st)f(t)= f(s).$$ Of course I know $f(t)=0 $ satisfy the equation. For the case of the Fourier transform, I ...
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The Laplace transform of $\frac{\ln(1+at)}{1+t}$

By expressing the square of the exponential integral as a double integral and then making a change of variables, one can show $$ \int_{0}^{\infty} e^{-2zt} \ \frac{\ln(1+2t)}{1+t} \, dt = \frac{e^{2z} ...
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Physical interpretation of Laplace transforms

One may define the derivative of $f$ at $x$ as $\lim\limits_{h\to0}\cdots\cdots\cdots$ etc., and show that that has certain properties, but it also has a "physical" interpretation: it is an ...
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Why the Fourier and Laplace transforms of the Heaviside (unit) step function do not match?

The Fourier transform of the Heaviside step function $u(t)$ is $\dfrac{1}{iω} + π δ(ω)$. The Laplace transform of the same function is $\dfrac{1}{s}$. I remember the proof came from derivatives and ...
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Moving a limit inside an integral

Under what conditions does $$ \lim_{a \to 0^{+}} \int_{0}^{\infty} f(x) e^{-ax} \, dx = \int_{0}^{\infty} f(x) \, dx \ ?$$ For example, for $a>0$, $$ \int_{0}^{\infty} J_{0}(x) e^{-ax} \, dx = ...
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Is the Laplace transform a functor?

I may be oversimplifying, as I know very little about category theory, but: Does the Laplace transform, which—to my limited recollection—is a morphism between differential equations and algebraic ...
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Contour integration with branch points inside the contour.

In my scientific research I ran into an unpleasant situation with specific type of contour integrals. Being more specific I have problems not with integrals themselves (I can use various numeric ...
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Creating intuition about Laplace & Fourier transforms

I've been reading up a bit on control systems theory, and needed to brush up a bit on my Laplace transforms. I know how to transform and invert the transform for pretty much every reasonable function, ...
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Evaluate $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{1-e^{-t}}{t}e^{-st}\;dt$

This is laplace transform of $\dfrac{1-e^{-t}}{t}$ and the integral exists according to wolfram Do i get any help/hints about how to work this ? I have been trying integration by parts with different ...
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How to find the Laplace transform of $\frac{1-\cos(t)}{t^2}$?

$$ f(t)=\frac{1-\cos(t)}{t^2} $$ $$ F(S)= ? $$
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Find $\mathcal{L}\left\{\cos^3\left(t\right)\right\}$

I began by breaking the problem up as follows: \begin{align} \mathcal{L}\left\{\cos^3\left(t\right)\right\}=\int_0^\infty e^{-st}\cos^3\left(t\right)\:dt & = \int_0^\infty ...
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Partial fraction expansion for non-rational functions

With regard to this answer to an inverse Laplace transform question, I derived the following result: $$\frac1{i 2 \pi} \int_{c-i \infty}^{c+i \infty} ds \, e^{s t} \Gamma(s)^2 = 2 K_0 \left ( 2 ...
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The inverse Laplace transform of $ s^{3/2}-a-bs \over s^{3/2}+a+bs$

How can I solve the inverse Laplace transform as below: $$\mathscr{L}^{-1}\left( s^{3/2}-a-bs \over s^{3/2}+a+bs \right) $$ where a and b are constants. Hint: we can consider $${ s^{3/2}-a-bs ...
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Inverse Laplace Transform of $\bar p_D = \frac{K_0(\sqrt[]s r_D)}{sK_0(\sqrt[]s)}$

I solved the following partial differential equation using Laplace Transform: $\LARGE \frac{1}{r_D}\frac{\partial}{\partial r_D}(r_D\frac{\partial p_D}{\partial r_D})=\frac{\partial p_D}{\partial ...
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Finding the inverse Laplace transform of $\frac{s^2-4s-4}{s^4+8s^2+16}$

$$F(s) = \frac{s^2-4s-4}{s^4+8s^2+16}$$ My work is as follows, $$\frac{s^2-4s-4}{(s^2+4)^2}=\frac{s^2+4}{(s^2+4)^2}-\frac{8}{(s^2+4)^2}-\frac{4s}{(s^2+4)^2}$$ The inverse laplace of the first term ...
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ODE Laplace Transforms: what impulse brings an oscillating system to rest?

$2y''+y'+2y=\delta(t-5)$ $y(0)=0, y'(0)=0$ Consider the system given by ODE above in which an oscillation is excited by a unit impulse at $t=5$. Suppose that it is desired to bring the system to ...
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Laplace transform of a random variable

My professor says that the Laplace transform of a nonnegative RV uniquely determines the RV up to distributional equality among all nonnegative RVs. He says one can argue this by appealing to a fact ...
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Interpretation of the Laplace transform

Here's my intuitive understanding of the Fourier transform of $f:{\mathbb R}\rightarrow{\mathbb C}$, defined by $$\mathcal{F}(f)(\omega) = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-2 \pi i \, \omega \,x}f(x)dx$$ I ...
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How can I evaluate $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{e^{-x^2}(2x^2-1)}{1+x^2}dx$?

How can I solve this integral: $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{e^{-x^2}(2x^2-1)}{1+x^2}dx.$$ Can I solve this problem using the Laplace transform? How can I do this?
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Inverse Laplace of $ \frac{1}{\sqrt{s} - 1} $?

please help with this. I found this in textbook. Not derived from any differential equation. Also found the answer $$ \frac{1}{\sqrt{\pi}\sqrt{t}} + e^t * erf(\sqrt{t}) $$ (but don't know how)
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Laplace transform:$\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^4 x}{x^3} \, dx $

I have a trouble with a integral: Using this Laplace trasform equation: $$\begin{align} \int_0^\infty F(u)g(u) \, du & = \int_0^\infty f(u)G(u) \, du \\[6pt] L[f(t)] & = F(s) \\[6pt] ...
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How to figure of the Laplace transform for $\log x$?

I was looking at a table of common Laplace transforms of functions when I came across the transform for $\log x$. Apparently, the transform is as follows: $$\mathcal{L} \left\{ \log ...
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Usage of inverse Laplace transform

At my current study level in college, use of inverse Laplace transform is not mentioned well - textbooks say "use tables." So, can anyone show me how to use inverse Lapalce transform? And also proof? ...
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Inverse Laplace Transform help

Is the information below correct? Find the inverse Laplace transform of $$ F(s) = \frac{s}{s^2 + 4s + 13}$$ Soln: a) Complete the squares to simplify our denominator $$ s^2 + 4s + 13 = (s+2)^2 + 9 ...
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Evaluate Integral with $e^{ut}\ \Gamma (u)^{2}$

I am trying to integrate this integral: $$f(x)=\frac{1}{2\pi j}\int_{c-j\infty}^{c+j\infty}x^{-s}\sigma ^{ms-m}\left [ \frac{\Gamma \left ( \frac{s}{\beta} \right )}{\Gamma \left ( \frac{1}{\beta} ...
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Inverse Laplace transform of exponentials and Incomplete gamma functions

I came to this final problem to be solved. I would like to understand a way to tackle this problem: Inverse Laplace transform of $$A(s)=\frac{1}{s}\exp{(s^{\beta}z)}\Gamma(0,s^{\beta}z)$$ ...
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How to find inverse laplace transform of $\frac{2\sqrt s}{2\sqrt s+1}$

How to find inverse laplace transform of $$\dfrac{2\sqrt s}{2\sqrt s+1}$$ I tried to solve it, but I couldn't.
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Find the Laplace transform of $f(t) = \begin{cases} 0, & \text{if $t<5$} \\ t^2−10t+31, & \text{if $t\ge 5$} \\ \end{cases} $

Find the Laplace transform of $$f(t) = \begin{cases} 0, & \text{if $t<5$} \\ t^2−10t+31, & \text{if $t\ge 5$} \\ \end{cases} $$ $F(s)=$ __________? Here is my work. I went wrong ...
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Laplace transform of integrated geometric Brownian motion

Is there any closed form of the Laplace transform of an integrated geometric Brownian motion ? A geometric Brownian motion $X=(X_t)_{t \geq 0}$ satisifies $dX_t = \sigma X_t \, dW_t$ where ...
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Inverse Laplace transform of $\exp(-1/\sqrt{s})$

I'm looking for the inverse Laplace transform of: $$F(s) = \exp(-1/\sqrt{s}).$$ Does the inverse Laplace transform exist? Do you have a reference in which this transform is given?
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solving the PDE of a beam under a moving load using Laplace transform

Solve this PDE using Laplace transform : $$ EI {\partial^4 y(x,t)\over\partial x^4}+\mu {\partial^2y(x,t)\over\partial t^2}= F(x,t) $$ $$F(x,t)= P\delta(x-u) / ...
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Complex contour integral: How does the stationary point method used in this case?

I was reading a paper which has the following integral in order to do the inverse Laplace transformation: $$ I=\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{-i\infty+\gamma}^{i\infty+\gamma} ...
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Find the inverse Laplace Transform of the following

Find the inverse Laplace Transform: $$\mathcal L^{-1} \left\lbrace 1\over s^4\right\rbrace$$ I used the equation: $$\mathcal L\left\lbrace t^n\right\rbrace={n!\over s^{n+1}}$$ and played with some ...
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Inverse Laplace Transform as Bromwich Integral

I am seeking a references that provide a rigorous treatment of the inverse Laplace transform (Bromwich integrals), and how to compute them (beyond using tabled solutions - they don't cover my needs, ...
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Laplace transform of $x^a$

How to prove that the Laplace transform of $x^a$ is: $$\mathcal{L}\{x^a\}(s)=\frac{\Gamma(a+1)}{ s^{a+1}}$$ Also how to prove that the inverse Laplace transform of $\frac{\Gamma(a+1)}{ s^{a+1}}$ is ...
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Laplace transforms: Convolution

Find $$1*1*1*\cdots*1\quad n\,\,\text{ factors}$$ that is, a function $f(t)=1$ convolution with itself for a total of $n$ factors. Would anyone mind helping me? I have no idea what I should do. ...
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Does the Laplace transform biject?

Someone wrote on the Wikipedia article for the Laplace trasform that 'this transformation is essentially bijective for the majority of practical uses.' Can someone provide a proof or counterexample ...
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What kind of book would show where the inspiration for the Laplace transform came from?

I'm trying to find out where to learn about integral transforms and inversions like the Laplace transform and the Bromwich integral. I'm looking for a book that describes how you can find (derive) ...
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Laplace transform of $\sin(\sqrt{t})$

I'm tired and completely blank on how to find a solution of Laplace transformation of $\sin(\sqrt{t})$.Please specify the method used and if possible something other than using series method. thank ...
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integral transforms: why do roots in frequency domain correspond to eigenvalues in time domain (and how does it help solve differential equations)?

In Wikipedia you can read about integral transforms, esp. the Laplace transform which maps a differential equation in the time domain into a polynomial equation in the complex frequency domain: ...
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Discrepancy with the book's solution and mine of Laplace transform of a piecewise defined function

Determine the Laplace transform of $f(t)$ below: $$ f(t)= \begin{cases} 0, & \text{if } t < 2 \\ (t-2)^2, & \text{if } t \geqslant 2 \end{cases} $$ So my answer is $$ 2e^{-2s}/s^3 $$ ...
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Laplace Transform

How can one show that 1/$e^s$ is not the laplace transform of any function? Note that function here does not include distributions like dirac delta function.
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Physical meaning behind Frequency domain?

I understand its usage and why is it important because It transforms differential equations to algebraic ones.. But I can't get the physical meaning of the new form of the equation and the meaning of ...
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inverse Laplace Transform: $ L^{-1} \{\log \frac{s^2 - a^2}{s^2} \}$.

I am styding Laplace transforms and for some reason I have stuck in the followning exercise. Find the inverse Laplace Transform $ L^{-1} \{\log \frac{s^2 - a^2}{s^2} \}$. Any help? Thank's in ...
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Laplace transform. How to derive

I have this integral related to a Laplace transform and I was wondering if anyone knows of a clever way to derive it. I know we usually look these up in a table, but this form is not in a table I ...
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Initial Value Problem with Laplace Transform

How do you solve the following with Laplace Transform? $$ {\rm y}''\left(t\right) - 10\,{\rm y}'\left(t\right) + 25\,{\rm y}\left(t\right) = 24\,t\,{\rm e}^{-2t}\,; \qquad\qquad {\rm y}\left(0\right) ...