The Laplace transform is a widely used integral transform, similar to the Fourier transform.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
0answers
31 views

Laplace transform on a finite interval $f(t)= \int_0^1 e^{-xt} f(x) \, dx$

What is the name of this transform? It's basically the Laplace transform where we integrate over a finite interval. $$ F(t)= \int_0^1 e^{-xt} f(x) \, dx$$ Is it still just the Laplace transform? ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

inverse laplace transform of $s/(s^2+6s+13)$

Hi can anyone help with this inverse Laplace transform $$s/(s^2+6s+13) $$ I tried to do partial fraction $s+3/(s+3)^2+4 - 2/(s+3)^2+4$, but then I don't know what to do next...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

hybrid function into one-line form

I came across a non-homogeneous ODE with the non-homogeneous term $g(t)$ defined by a few functions like this one below: $$g(t)=\left\{\begin{matrix} f_1(t), & 0\leq t<a\\ f_2(t), & a\leq ...
0
votes
3answers
60 views

Laplace transform of $\dfrac{\sin2t} t$

So I'm taking a look at my notes and the professor wrote this: ${\scr L}(\frac {\sin2t}{t}) = \arctan \frac 2s$ But I can't see this anywhere in the tables. So, where does this come from? Thanks in ...
10
votes
1answer
304 views

Contour integration with branch points inside the contour.

In my scientific research I ran into an unpleasant situation with specific type of contour integrals. Being more specific I have problems not with integrals themselves (I can use various numeric ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Are there “formal” versions of the Laplace transform?

I am reading on formal power series theory, which among other things appears to give autonomous existence to the recurrence solving techniques otherwise based on z-transform. Is there such a purely ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Laplace transform quick answer check :) using second shift theorem

I want to get $L((t-4)^2u(t-4))$ I say this is a second shift with $g(t)=(t^2-4t)$ and my friend says "NO you are wrong, you are dumb!!!!!! $g(t)$ is MOST CERTAINLY equal to $t^2$" Mine gives me ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Laplace transform convolution attempt

I can't seem to get this Laplace working using the convolution method. $H(s) = \frac{1}{s^2(s+2)}$ Which I can't get to work using convolution. So I am separating it into $\frac{1}{s^2} * ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Laplace transform on a non-standard sort of problem

I don't know where a laplace comes into play here: $\ddot{a}+2a=0,a(0)=b_1,\dot{a}(0)=b_2$ I am meant to solve the above using a Laplace transform, but I don't see how I would use it here? I ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Inverse Laplace Transform Table, Absolution of Form

Do I need to ensure I don't stray from the transform in the table? $\frac{-2}{s-1}$ this looks like $-2*\frac{a}{s^2-a^2},$ for $a=1$ Does this yield $-2\sinh(t)$, or should it fit perfectly to ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Laplace Transform assistance

Find the inverse laplace transform of: $\frac{25}{(s-1)^2(s^2+4)}$ $\frac{25}{(s-1)^2(s^2+4)}=\frac{A}{s-1}+\frac{B}{(s-1)^2}+\frac{C}{s^2 + 4}$ $$25=A(s^2+4)(s-1)+B(s^2+4)+C(s-1)^2$$ ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

What is the Laplace Transform for the next equation?

I have some doubts in the correct way to solve this part of a mathematical model using the Laplace transform: $8 y'(t) + 3 y'(t) - 6 y(t)$ = $4x'(t - 2) + 5x (t - 2)$ This is my solution: $Y(s) [8 ...
0
votes
0answers
151 views

Taylor series expansion and Laplace transform final value theorem

I cant figure out how some transformations are made in one article on physics. Here is expression in s-domain and they want to find its asymptotic value. $$ \xi(s) = \nu_1(s+1)=\frac{1}{(s+1)} ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Laplace transformation using second shifting theorem

$$f(t)=\begin{cases}t^2,&t\lt4\\t,&t\geqslant4\end{cases}.$$ can anyone tell me how to evaluate the solution? I really get stuck.
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Inverting weird Laplace transform

Solving a PDE gave me this expression: $U(x,s) = 2/((s+1)^2)+1) e^{-\sqrt{s}x} + sin x/(s+1)$ I suppose there's a trick involved since I can't find it in my table. How do I invert this thing?
2
votes
1answer
41 views

help in Laplace and partial fractions

Can any one teach me how to solve C2.(a) and (b) step by step? C2. (a) Resolve $\frac{1}{s^2(s^2+s+1)}$ into partial fractions of the form $\frac{A}{s}+\frac{B}{s^2}+\frac{Cs+D}{s^2+s+1}$. Hence, ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Using partial fraction for inverse Laplace transform of $1/[s(s+5)^2]$

my question is the last part $1/5(s+5)^2$, how is it become $-5te^{-5t}$ I thought is should be -$1/5 te^{-5t}$
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform, but what about…

I have a question regarding the fourier and laplace transform. First, the Fourier transform essentially takes a function, divides it by a frequency (imaginary exponential), and then sees how much of ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

the jump in $\ddot y$, Laplace transform

Given the following IVP: $$\ddot y+4y=\cos t-\cos t \cdot \theta(t-2\pi), y(0)=0, \dot y(0)=1$$ Check that $y(t)$ is continuous at $t=2\pi$. Find the jump in $\ddot y(t)$ at $t=2\pi$ i.e find $\lim ...
5
votes
1answer
79 views

What is the Laplace transform of $\frac{1}{1+t}$

In a table and also on WolframAlpha, I stumbled upon this http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=laplace+transform+1%2F%281%2Bt%29 So the Laplace transform of $1/(1+t)$ is apparently $-e^s ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

linear time-constant causal system

I have a linear time-constant causal system with the transfer function: And I have the insignal How do I get the output signal? I thought of Laplace transform the insignal and then get Y and ...
4
votes
1answer
67 views

Laplace transform of $f'(t)/t$

A question regarding the computation of $\mathcal{L}_s[f'(t)/t]$, where $f(t)$ is a differentiable function, was asked few hours ago. Unfortunately, this question was voluntarily deleted by the OP. I ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Fourier transform of a Laplace transform

Is there an easy way to find the Fourier transform of a Laplace transform of function? $$ F[L[f(t)]_{s}] $$ Where my $f(t)$ is $\sqrt{t}$. However, Before finding the Fourier transform I do the ...
4
votes
1answer
45 views

Deriving Laplace Transform of Laguerre polynomial

I'm given this definition for the Laguerre polynomials: $$L_n(t)=\frac{e^t}{n!}\frac{d^n}{dt^n}\left[t^ne^{-t}\right],~\text{for }n=0,1,2...$$ and I have to show that the Laplace transform is ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Laplace transform of a product of two functions

I have read questions and answers about this topic and i am still confused, using this formula we can calculate the Laplace transform of a product of two functions: $$ L[a_{(t)} b_{(t)}]={{1}\over{2 ...
4
votes
1answer
104 views

'Deriving' the Laplace Transform from the $z$ Transform: Missing a $\Delta t$

Textbooks normally give the following 'derivation' (or justification, if you prefer) of the z-Transform from the Laplace Transform. Let $x(t)$ be a signal defined on $t\geq 0$, and write a discretized ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Convolution and Total Response Differential Equations

Convolution with differential equations is extremely confusing to me. The two following questions were asked in class and we were asked to think about them. I want to work them out but I don't know ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

ODE with Laplace transform: the jump of $\dot y$

I solved this eq. using the Laplace Transform: $\ddot y+4\dot y+13 y=\delta(t-2\pi)-\delta(t-7\pi)$ The sol. is: $y(t)=\frac{1}{3} e^{2 t} (-e^{14 \pi} \theta(t-7\pi) sin(3 t)+e^{4 \pi} \theta(t-2 ...
4
votes
2answers
107 views

Differential Equations with Discontinuous Forcing Functions

$$ y''+y'+1.25y = g(t), \quad t > 0, $$ $$y(0) = 0, \quad y'(0) = 0 $$ $$g(t) = \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} \sin{t} & 0 \le t < \pi \\ 0 & t \ge \pi \end{array}\right.$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Inverse Laplace transform (using table) when denominator cannot be factored

Usually when performing inverse Laplace transforms, I decompose the function into partial fractions, and then look up standard transforms in a table. For example: $$Y(s) = ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Finding an inverse laplace transform for $\displaystyle\frac{a}{\left(s^2 + a^2\right)^2}$

I am asked to show that $x'' + w^2x = f\sin(wt)$ has a solution given by $x = \frac{f}{2w^2}(\sin(wt) - wt\cos(wt))$ where $w$ and $f$ are constants, by means of Laplace transforms. By taking a ...
-1
votes
1answer
63 views

Initial values are lost (diff eq to Transfer function)?

I read eternal Julius O. Smith III and he says that $$x_{n-m} = z^{-m}X(z)$$ Particularly, difference relation $$y_{n} = y_{n-1} + x_{n}$$ is solved by by $$Y = z^{-1}Y + X = {X \over ...
0
votes
0answers
78 views

Elliptical Coordinates PDE, wave equation and separation of variables

I need some help with this problem. I know how to use the method of separation of variables and that the constant lambda should give you trig functions with solutions at some interval of pi, which ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Intuition behind convolution identity for Laplace transforms

Convolutions, relatively speaking, are fairly straightforward for simple systems (from an applied perspective), but I cannot, at all, find the intuition behind the Laplace identity for convolutions. ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Why does s = z+1?

What exactly is Laplace transform? motivated me to ask why unit function is 1/s by Laplace transform and 1/(1-z) by Z-transform? Both seem to be integrals of delta-pulse and secondary integration ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

The Laplace transform of the delta function

$f(t) = 1$ must equal to delta function in the Laplace domain since "constant in one domain is delta in the other domain". On the other hand, table says that it must be $1/s$ in the Laplace domain. ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Laplace transform of noncentral chi-square distribution

I'm interested in non central chi-square distribution. More specifically, i want to derive the laplace transform of noncentral chi-sqruae disribution or density function. Let me know whether it ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Solving Differential equations with Laplace transform

$\displaystyle y''+4y'+3y=e^{-t}$, given $\displaystyle y(0)=y'(0)=1$ My Attempt: Taking Laplace transforms on both sides $\displaystyle $ $\displaystyle [s^2\bar y-sy(0)-y'(0)]+4[s\bar ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Solving simultaneous equations using Laplace transforms

$\displaystyle \frac{dx}{dt}+y=\sin t$ $\displaystyle \frac{dy}{dt}+x=\cos t$, given $\displaystyle x(0)=2, y(0)=0$ My Attempt: Taking Laplace transforms on both sides $\displaystyle $ ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Laplace transform - Heaviside algebra

I'm strugling with some algebra around a laplace transform with heaviside. The start function is $L(2tH(1-t)) + L(2H(t-1))$ so from this, I'm supposed to convert it to $L(2t) + L(2(1-t)H(t-1))$ ...
0
votes
2answers
27 views

Find the inverse laplace transform of $\displaystyle \frac{s}{a^2s^2+b^2}$.

Find the inverse laplace transform of $\displaystyle \frac{s}{a^2s^2+b^2}$ My Thoughts: Take $\displaystyle s^*=\frac{s}{a}$ and $b^*=\frac{b}{a}$ and divide numerator and denominator by $a^2$. ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

How to find the Direct Discrete Laplace Transform of ${2n \choose n}$

Some time ago I developed a discrete version of the Laplace transform for the purpose of calculating sums and solve finite difference equations with constant coefficients. The notes below are a ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Heaviside Expansion Theorem with matrices

Is the Heaviside Expansion Theorem (HE) for the determination of inverse Laplace Transforms true for matrix expressions such that $\mathscr{L}^{-1}[\mathbf{P}(s)\mathbf{Q}^{-1}(s)] = \sum_i^n ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Determine tha Laplace transform using Heaviside fucntion

I want to determine the Laplace transform of the following function: $$f(t):t \mapsto \begin{cases}0, \quad t< 0 \\t, \quad 0\leq t \leq2\\2,\quad t>2\end{cases}$$ I have done it using standard ...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

Confused by a Laplace transform of $f(t)=t^ne^{at}$

Having looked at my lecture notes I was confused by the following part of a derivation of a Laplace transform for the function $\;f(t)=t^ne^{at} ,\quad n\ge0,\; a \in \mathbb{C}, \; f(t)=0 \;\forall ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Inverse Laplace transform, none factorable denominator

I am really stumpted on this problem and can't seem to figure out where to go from where I am. Can anyone give me some advice or hint where I should do next? Here is the problem: ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Using Laplace transforms to solve a convolution of two functions

Hi I have this problem where I need to take the convolution of functions and I am not sure if I got the right answer or something close so any advice or help would be very appreciated. So here is the ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Laplace transform of Differential Equation with a piecewise function

Hi I have this question and I am horribly stuck at one part and I cant seem to figure out if i did something wrong so any advice or help would be greatly apprecaited. Here is the question: ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

$\lim_{s\to 0^+}\int_0^\infty a(t) e^{-st} dt $

$$\int_0^\infty a(t) e^{-st} dt = f(s)$$ What is the meaning of the limit of this integral as $s\to 0^+.$
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Origin of Laplace Transform

Is the Laplace transform the continuous version of the infinite power series? $$ \sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nx^n$$ becomes $$\int_0^\infty f(t)e^{-st}dt$$ I learned this by watching this video lecture: ...