The Laplace transform is a widely used integral transform (transformation of functions by integrals), similar to the Fourier transform.

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Laplace transform and inverse laplace transform

1- Find laplace transform for $4e^2t-3\cos^2(2t)+2\cosh(3t)$ My answer $L(4e^2t-3cos^2(2t)+2cosh(3t))=4L(e^2t)-3L(cos^2(2t))+2L(cosh(3t))$ $=\frac4 {s-2}-3L(\cos^2(2t))+\frac{2s}{s^2-9}$ But how ...
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Finding Laplace Transform of $te^{-t}$

I started with this integral: $$ \int_{0}^{\infty} e^{-st}\cdot te^{-t}dt$$ = $$\int_{0}^{\infty} te^{-(s+1)t}dt$$ let $dv=e^{-(s+1)t}dt, u=t$ and thus $v=-\frac{1}{s+1}e^{-(s+1)t}dt, du=dt$ ...
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Poissions Equation (Laplace)

$$\begin{align} u''_{xx}&+u_{yy}= x, \quad 0<x<1, \quad 0<y<1,\\ \\ u(x,0)&=u(x,1) = 0, \\ u(0,y)&=u(1,y) = 0,\\ \end{align}$$ Having some problems with Poissons Equation. ...
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Laplace transform of the square wave to solve PDE

Solve $$y'' + 3y' +2y = r(t)$$ given $y(0)=0$ and $y'(0) = 0$ where $r(t)$ is the square wave, $$r(t) = u(t-1) - u(t-2)$$ I'm just going to type out the answer as I read it and tell you which ...
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20 views

Laplace transform of $(3e)^t\sin^2 t$

The existence of Laplace Transform of $(3e)^t\sin^2 t$ exists but can you help me in finding the Laplace transform of this function?
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integral equation and laplace transform

Solve the following integral equation $ u(x)= \cos x - \int_{0}^{x} (x-y)cos(x-y)u(y) dy $ I applied Laplace transforms to the above integral equation and so the initial equation is written as: ...
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Writing a sum of unit step functions as a piecewise function

After taking the inverse Laplace transform of the following $$\mathcal{L}^{-1}\{G(s)\}=\mathcal{L}^{-1}\left\{\frac{e^{-2s}+e^{-3s}}{s^2-3s+2}\right\}$$ I have ...
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16 views

Compute Heaviside Laplace transform, then use this to solve initial value problem

I've been stuck on this problem for a while, and can't really seem to find where I should go with it, or where I went wrong if I made a mistake. Let $L(x)$ denote the Laplace transform of x. Q: ...
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22 views

Dirac Delta Function Problem

In my Differential Equations class, we had the following equation on a test today: $y''+6y'=2\delta(t)$, $y(0)=0$, $y'(0)=1$. I got the following using Laplace Transforms (the only way I know how to ...
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19 views

Laplace pairs - proof of summation transform

I am studying this question for my finals revision and I'm lost on how to start it, can anyone suggest something? Probably pretty simple but I've hit a dead end. Here's the question: If $F_i(t)$ ...
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Solving integral equation with Laplace transform.

The equation in question is: $ y(t)+\lambda \int_{0}^{t}y(\tau)d\tau=t $ My work so far is first to Laplace domain: $$ Y(s)+\frac{\lambda Y(S)}{s}=\frac{1}{s^2} \longrightarrow Y(S)=\frac{1}{s^2} ...
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22 views

Laplace Transforms Property

Please see image. I'm confused by how the went about to get d[exp(-st)] in the second line Thanks Laplace Transform
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37 views

Laplace transforms of powers of cosine

During the past several hours, while studying the Laplace transform, I've started wondering what \begin{equation} \mathcal{L} \{ \cos^n(at)\}(s) \end{equation} would look like – since it won't ...
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18 views

Find the Laplace transform of the function to show the following result

We have to show that $\mathcal{L}\{t^2e^{-3t}\cos{at}\}=-\frac{s^3-9s^2+(3a^2+9)s+5a^2+33}{(s^2+2s+a^2+9)^3}$. Steps : ...
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50 views

Laplace transform of $\sin(\sqrt t)$

How can I use this differential equation $$4tf''(t) +2 f'(t) + a^2 f(t)=0$$ to show that $$L(\sin(\sqrt{t}))=\frac{1}{2}\sqrt{\pi}\,\frac{1}{s^{\frac{3}{2}}}\,e^{\frac{-1}{4s}}$$
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Difficult Inverse Laplace Transform

I've had this question in my exam, which most of my batch mates couldn't solve it.The question by the way is the Laplace Transform inverse of $$\frac{\ln s}{(s+1)^2}$$ A Hint was also given, which ...
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37 views

Stability and characteristic roots of difference equations

I often hear "For a process to be stable its characteristic roots or poles must be outside the unit circle (for casual process)". All right, consider the recurrence relation: ...
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Inverse Laplace transform of a function

How do I obtain $f(t)$ such that $$\mathcal{L}(f(t))(s)=-\frac{\ln s}{(s+1)^2}$$ Given that $$\mathcal{L}(\ln t)(s)=\frac{\Gamma'(1)-\ln s}{s}$$
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2answers
19 views

Parseval like theorem for Laplace transform?

I was wondering if there any parseval like theorem for Laplce transform? Some statement such as $\int f(x)g(x) dx=\int F(s)G(s) ds$ where $F(s)=\mathcal{L}\{f(t)\}$ and $G(s)=\mathcal{L}\{g(t)\}$?
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21 views

Complicated exponential function inverse laplace transform

The problem is from wave equations for describing flexural vibration of Euler-bernoulli beam. The equations are listed in the following pics. I. equations and 16 elements to be analyzed II.cF:wave ...
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30 views

Inverse Laplace transform of exp(-as)/s via an infinite series

It is known that: $$\mathscr L^{-1}[F_1(s)\,+\,F_2(s)\,+\,F_3(s)\, ...] = \mathscr L^{-1}[F_1(s)]\,+\,\mathscr L^{-1}[F_2(s)]\,+\,\mathscr L^{-1}[F_3(s)]\,+\;...$$ where $\mathscr L^{-1}$ is the ...
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15 views

Laplace transform of this problem

I'm a bit confused in finding the laplace transform of the following: $f(t) = e^{2t} u(t) $ I know how to solve it if it we're only $e^{2t}$ but the $u(t)$ is confusing.
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What does this “proof” tell us about the Laplace transformation?

An exercise in the book stated "Find $2$ functions $f_1 \not =f_2$ such that $L\{f_1\}=L\{f_2\}$. Now I think I know the answer ($f_1=f_2$ except at any number of discrete points) but previously I was ...
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36 views

Why is the Laplace Transformation defined the way it is?

I can see the many uses of Laplace Transformation, but why is it defined the way it is? What is its physical significance?
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25 views

Conditional expectation of a hitting time of a Brownian motion and Laplace transform

I am trying to solve the following problem: Suppose B is a 1-dim Brownian motion, let $\mathcal{T}_a = inf\{t: B_t = a\}, \mathcal{T}_{a,b}=min\{\mathcal{T}_a,\mathcal{T}_b\}$. For $a < 0 < b$ ...
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23 views

Inverse Laplace of a piecewise function

$$ F(s)=\frac{e^{-3s}-e^{-6s}}{s^8} $$ I've tried convolution, partial fractions, and guess and check. I know $t^7$ is involved somehow. Help!
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25 views

How do I find the Laplace transform of the function $f(t)=3t$ if $t\le 6$ and $f(t)=18$ if $t>6$?

I found the step function: $u(6-t)\times 3(t-6)+18$ where $u(t)$ is the step function, but I do not know how to find the inverse laplace of this. Do I need to change the form of the step function?
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Show that $\int_{0}^{\infty} \int_{0}^{\infty} e^{-s(x+y)}f(x)g(y) \ dx \ dy = \int_{0}^{\infty} \int_{0}^{t} e^{-st}f(t-u)g(u) \ du \ dt$.

While learning how to compute the product of two Laplace transform and the inverse transform, I faced with this equality : $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \int_{0}^{\infty} e^{-s(x+y)}f(x)g(y) \ dx \ dy = ...
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Finding the inverse Laplace of this function

Finding the inverse Laplace transform of $L^{-1}\left( \dfrac {1}{\left( x+1\right) ^{2}}\right)$ I understnd that the inverse laplace of $L^{-1}\left(\dfrac {1}{\left( x+1\right) }\right)$ Is ...
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28 views

What is the quickest method of finding the inverse laplace transform of $ 7e^{-6}/(s^2+6)^4 $

Solving for a differential equation, I found this which I need to obtain the inverse laplace of. What method should I use to solve this as quick as possible? Partial fractions and convolution seem to ...
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26 views

Solve integral equation using Laplace transform and convolution

Solve $$y(x)=e^x(1+\int_{0}^{x}e^{-t}y(t) dt)$$ Here's what I did: take derivative on both sides, $y'(x)=e^x+e^x \int_{0}^{x}e^{-t}y(t)dt +e^xe^{-x}y(x) \Rightarrow y'(x)=e^x+y(x)-e^x+y(x) ...
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On the relation between Laplace transform of a function and its derivative

Suppose that $s>s_0$. Through integration by parts we can write $$\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-st} f'(t)~\mathrm dt= \Big[ e^{-st} f(t)\Big]_0^\infty + s \int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-st} f(t)~\mathrm dt. $$ Book ...
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Convolution of Gaussian and parabolic function.

What is convolution of $\exp(-x^2)$ i.e Gaussian function and $2x^2$? I don't have any idea,as I have found that Laplace transform of Gaussian function involves complementary error function,so inverse ...
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Laplace transform

Hello how can I solve this problem $ty''-y'=t^2$, $y (0)=0 $ I though about several ways like $y''-y'/t =t$ but I did not know how to solve the integral of $( y'/t) $. Then I thought about ...
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32 views

Inverse Laplace transform

Using partial fractions, find the inverse laplace transform of the function $f(s)$ = $\frac{s^2+2}{s^2(s^2+3)}$ I have tried to seperate the whole function using a partial fraction via ...
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47 views

Contradiction between Fourier and Laplace transforms?

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be a function that has both Fourier and Laplace transforms. Also let $f(t)=0$ for all $t<0$. The Fourier transform of $f$ is ...
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Inverse Laplace transform with an arbitrary parameter

I am trying to find this: \begin{equation} \mathcal{L}^{-1}(s^nF(s))=?, \end{equation} where the parameter $n$ can be an arbitrary value. I know when $n$ is a positive integer, it can be written as a ...
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20 views

Prove that L{t*y'(t)}(s) = Y(s) - s*Y'(s) and show that L{t*y(t)}(s) = -d/ds(Y'(s))

I believe that both these questions should be solved using integration by parts and definitions of the Laplace transform. Prove that$$\displaystyle{\mathcal{L} \{ t*y'(t) \}(s) = Y(s) - s*Y'(s)}$$ ...
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How do I find the laplace transform of a product? [closed]

How do I find the laplace transform of a product? Specifically $e^{5t}\cos{t}$?
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Differentiating Laplace transform of random variable

Let $Y$ be a random variable and $A$ an event, such that $g(q):= E(e^{-qY} ; A)$ exists for all $q \geq 0$. (Here $E(X ; A) := \int_{A} X \hspace{3pt} dP$ for a random variable $X$). I want to check ...
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Use Laplace Transformations to solve $y''+2y'+5y=3e^{-x}sin(x)$, with $y(0)=0$, $y'(0)=3$

I've gotten this far and I cannot proceed: $L[y]=\frac{L[3e^{-x}sin(x)]+3}{p^2+2p+5}= \frac{3}{((p+1)^2+1)(p^2+2p+5)}+\frac{3}{p^2+2p+5}$ I'm finding it impossible to find the inverse to solve for ...
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What am I doing wrong when I try to deduce the Laplace transform formula?

The Laplace transform of a function $f(t)$ is the projection of $f(t)$ vector (indexed with $t$) onto the linearly independent set of vectors $e^{st}$. The projection of a vector $\vec{v}$ onto ...
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Solve the PDE $\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}+\frac{\partial u}{\partial x}=x$ using Laplace transform in $t$

Using Laplace transform in $t$, or otherwise, solve the equation for $u$: $$\frac{\partial u}{\partial t}+\frac{\partial u}{\partial x}=x$$ in the region: $x$ > 0, $t$ > 0, subject to the boundary ...
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inverse laplace of {5e^(-ts)}/{s+5} with a unit step input and how to matlab plot?

I multiplied the equation with a unit step to give {5e^(-ts)}/{s(s+5)}. then I did a PFA on {5}/{s(s+5)} to get (1/s)-(1/(s+5))e^(-ts) I then used the inverse laplace transform to get ...
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38 views

laplace transform of $t^nf(t)$

I have: $$\mathcal{L}(t^nf(t)) = \int_0^\infty t^nf(t)e^{-st}\ dt = \left(-\dfrac{d}{ds}\right)^n \int_0^\infty f(t) e^{-st}$$ I don't understand where the derivative came from
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34 views

Finding a function given as a part of a convolution integral

I am trying to solve the following equation for the function $f$. $$t^{-\alpha} \exp{ \left(- \beta x^2 t^{-2 \alpha} \right)} = \int_0^t \frac{f\left(x, s\right)}{t - s}ds$$ where $\alpha$ and ...
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65 views

(Laplace Method) $y'' - 4y' = 6e^{3t} - 3e^{-t}$

For this problem $y(0) = 1$ and $y'(0) = -1$ I need to solve this problem using this: \begin{align*} y(t) &\longrightarrow Y(s)\\ y'(t) &\longrightarrow sY(s) - y(0)\\ y''(t) ...
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24 views

Which rules are used to make function like one in Laplace Transformations table?

I have function like this: $$\frac{s^2+3s+3}{(2s^2+7s+7)} $$ It needs to be brought to the level of Laplace Transformations from table, like these two: $$\frac{a}{(s-b)^2 + a^2} $$ ...
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1answer
82 views

Inverse Laplace Transform With Dead Time

Here is the transfer function that needs to be transformed back into the time domain: $$Y(s)=\frac{K_{2}e^{-\theta s}}{s(\tau_{1} s + 1)(\tau_{2} s + 1)}$$ Then would the response be: $$y(t) = ...
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69 views

Non-Linear Regression for Parameter Estimation

I have a second order system, it's response to a step change can be expressed in the s-space as: $$Y(s)=\frac{K_{2}e^{-\theta s}}{s(\tau_{1} s + 1)(\tau_{2} s + 1)}$$ Which can be inverse ...