The Laplace transform is a widely used integral transform (transformation of functions by integrals), similar to the Fourier transform.

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Unilateral Laplace transform

I tried to do the same unilateral Laplace transform in two ways, but I got different results. I have to calculate: $\mathcal{L}[r(t-1)]$, where $r(t)$ is the ramp function, that is $r(t)=t, t\ge0$. $...
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50 views

Find the Laplace Transform

Could anyone enlighten me on how to find the Laplace Transform of $$\frac{1-\cos (t)}{t}$$
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49 views

Inverse Laplace Transform of $1/(s+1)$ without table

The pole is on the left half plane, so $\gamma =0$ $$\frac{1}{2i\pi}\int ^{i\infty}_{-i\infty}\frac {e^{st}}{s+1}ds$$ substituting $iu=s$ $$\frac{1}{2i\pi}\int ^{\infty}_{-\infty}\frac {e^{iut}}{iu+...
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61 views

How do you find the inverse Laplace transform of $\frac{1}{\sqrt{s}(s-a)} $

When I use the convolution method, I can't avoid getting a divergent integral.
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79 views

Laplace of $\int_0^t \frac{sinx}{x}dx$

What is the Laplace transform of $\int_0^t \frac{\sin x}{x}dx$ I'm thinking about approaching it as a convolution but I am not sure how. Could I define it as the convolution of $1$ and $\frac{\sin ...
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1answer
79 views

System of differential equations using Laplace transform

Using Laplace transform, solve the system: $w'+y=\sin(x)$ $y'-z=e^x$ $z'+w+y=1$ where $w(0)=0$ and $z(0)=y(0)=1$.
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Integration Around Part of a Branch Cut

I am studying the integral, given by a Laplace transform, $$\int_0^\infty\!e^{-\alpha x}\sinh^{-2/3}x\left(1+\frac 12\sinh^2x\right)^{-1/6}\left(1-\beta\sinh^{4/3}x\right)^{1/2}\,\mathrm dx$$ From ...
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1answer
110 views

Relationship between Inverse Fourier and Inverse Laplace Transform?

Suppose we are given a fourier transform $$ F(\omega) = \frac{1}{\omega^2+4} $$ Can we use inverse laplace tranform by taking $i\omega = p$ to find the inverse fourier transform? I did this and got ...
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49 views

Laplace transform, Bochner integral

I have a quesition about linear operators on a Banach space. Let $B$ be a real Banach space. $(T_{t})_{t>0}$ is called strongly continuous contraction semigroup on $B$ if For all $t>0$, $D(T_{...
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Inverse Laplace transform of s/s-1

Finding the inverse laplace transform: $$L^{-1}\left\{\frac{s}{s-1}\right\}$$ I wrote: $$L^{-1}\left\{\frac{s}{s-1}\right\}=L^{-1}\left\{\frac{1}{s-1}\right\} + L^{-1}\{1\}=L^{-1}\{1\} + e^{t}$$ And ...
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132 views

A proof which results in Gamma (or Erlang) distribution-From Karlin & Taylor's “A First Course in Stochastic Processes”

The random variables X and Y have the following properties: X is positive, i.e., $P\{X > 0\} = 1$, with continuous density function $f_X(x)$, and $Y\mid X$ has a uniform distribution on $\{0,X\}$. ...
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40 views

laplace step function $H(π-t)(\sin(t))^2$

How to calculate the laplace transformation of $H(π-t)(\sin(t))^2$ ? I know that I have to use $\sin^2(t)= 1/2(1-2\cos(2t))$ but i am stuck of how to proceed``
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28 views

Find the Laplace Transformation of $H(\pi-t)$.

I know how to find the Laplace Transformation of $H(t-\pi)$, but what about if the $t$ is negative. Any help is much appreciated.
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1answer
289 views

When does Fourier Transform be the same as Laplace's?

I have the TI nspire CX CAS... it can perform Laplace Transform but can't perform Fourier Transform. They are equal in some problems, but not all the time! So, when does both of them be equal so that ...
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59 views

Laplace transform (Simple factorization)

The question require me to find the inverse of Laplace transform. In the first line of solution, how does it go from LHS to RHS? Does it simply apply partial fractions?
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45 views

Solving initial value problem using Laplace transforms, one other method, and comparing results

So for my solution using characteristic equations I get (fixed a typo for first coefficient) $$\frac{11}{30} e^{-3t} - \frac{21}{20} e^{-2t} + \frac{21}{20} e^{2t} - \frac{11}{30} e^{3t}$$ For the ...
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Evaluating the inverse Laplace transform of $1/(s^2-\sum_{n=1}^\infty{n!s^{3-n}x^n})$

I want to evaluate at $t=1$ the inverse Laplace Transform $\mathcal{L}^{-1}\{F(s)\}\vert_{t=1}$ of $$ F(s) = \frac{1}{s^2-\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty{n!s^{3-n}x^n}} $$ and find out the $x^n$ ...
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203 views

Are there functions that are not of exponential order for which you can define a Laplace transform?

I'am in a course of Introduction to Linear Differential Equations and teacher made us this question in class. we work in $\mathbb{R}$, and any help to answer this is welcome
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47 views

Find the roots of the corresponding characteristic equation

The equation is $${Y_s\over F_s}={1\over s^2+2s+2}$$ I have got to $$r^2+2r+2=0$$ what do i need to do next?
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1answer
79 views

Relation between Laplace and Fourier transform

I have a function that has the property $\tilde f(s) = \tilde{f}(abs(s))$. For this function, I need the inverse Fourier transform. I actually know the inverse Laplace transform of $\tilde f$ and I ...
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42 views

solving second order linear differential equation

Can somebody please show me how to solve the following differential equation: $$ a\ddot{x} + b\dot{x} = c $$ given these initial conditions $x(0) = 2$, $\dot{x}(0) = 0.5$ and $a = 4, b = 1.5$ First ...
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73 views

Laplace transform and “imaginary infinity”

I was recently studying Laplace transform for the first time, and I'd like to ask the following thing: there was an integral with limit of integration, something like that: a+j×infinity, j the ...
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239 views

Laplace transform involving the gamma function.

Does anyone know how to evaluate the following integral $$ \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{e^{-qs}\alpha^{s}}{\Gamma(s)\Gamma(s)}\text{d}s $$ where $q,\,\alpha > 0$? I've done some digging in usual ...
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How can we make sure result of Laplace Transformation has no pole using lhopital's rule?

If there is $x(t) = rect(\frac{t}{2})$, then its L.T will be $X(s) = 1/s(e^s - e^{-s})$. right? and after that i tried to draw them on S-Plane to check if poles exist. In the L.T result, it looks like ...
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40 views

Solving IVP by Laplace transform

I'm trying to solve an IVP with non-constant coefficients $$ y'' + 3ty' - 6y = 1, \quad y(0) = 0, \; y'(0) = 0 $$ Taking the Laplace yields $$ s^2Y + 3(Y + sY') - 6Y = \frac{1}{s}$$ $$ Y' + \left(\...
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52 views

Inverse Laplace Transform with time delay and extra factor

I am attempting to solve a PDE $$y_{tt} = y_{xx}, -\infty < x < 0,\ t > 0$$ with boundary conditions $$ y_x(0,t) = k(t),\ y(x,t) \rightarrow 0\ \mbox{as}\ x \rightarrow -\infty,\ y(x,0) = 0,\ ...
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194 views

Find the solution for the spring-mass problem $y′′+9y=\cos(3t)$. Solve with initial conditions $y(0) = 0$, $y′ (0) = 0$. Using Laplace transform

I first took the Laplace transform of each part then getting $s^{2}Y+9Y=\frac{s}{s^{2}+9}$ then solving for Y, I got $Y=\frac{s}{(s^{2}+9)^{2}}$ but don't know how to simplify that to something that ...
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245 views

Help With Bromwich Inversion Formula Proof

To prove(copied from handwritten notes so possibly wrong): Bromwich Inversion Formula. Fix $x_0∈ℝ $. If $F$ is complex analytic on $\{z:\Re z > x_0\} $ and for every $x>x_0$, $y↦ F(x + iy )$ ...
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114 views

A difficult integral: Laplace transform of Gaussian*Erfi

$$\sqrt{\frac{\pi }{2}} e^{-\frac{t^2}{2}} \text{erfi}\left(\frac{t}{\sqrt{2}}\right) \rightarrow -\frac{1}{2} e^{\frac{s^2}{2}} \text{Ei}\left(-\frac{s^2}{2}\right)$$ or $$ e^{-\frac{t^2}{2}}\int^...
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y''+xy'+y=0, y(0)=1, y'(0)=-1

I have used laplace transform to get $Y'(s)-sY'(s)=-1+\frac{1}{s}$ $Y(s)=-e^\frac{s^2}{2}\int e^\frac{-s^2}{2}ds + e^\frac{s^2}{2}\int \frac{ e^\frac{-s^2}{2}}{s}ds +Ce^\frac{s^2}{2}$ what should ...
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How to prove that $\int_{a}^{+\infty}\int_{0}^{+\infty}e^{-xt}\sin t\,dx\,dt = \int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\cos a+x\sin a}{1+x^2}e^{-ax}\,dx$

I want to prove $\int_{a}^{+\infty}\int_{0}^{+\infty}e^{-xt}\sin t\,dx\,dt = \int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\cos a+x\sin a}{1+x^2}e^{-ax}\,dx$. Should the proof be done using some kinds of Laplace transform ...
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Fourier transform from Laplace transform

So what I did was Laplace transform $f(t)$ to $F(s)$ and then plug in $s=jw$. However, when I tried this for $cos(3t)$, $$F(jw)={jw\over9-w^2}$$ was the answer. I don't know if this is correct, and I'...
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56 views

How to solve this Inverse Laplace Transform

How would I solve this Inverse Laplace transform? $$\mathscr{L}_s^{-1} \left\{ \frac{s}{s^2-s+\frac{17}{4}} \right\}$$ The solution is $$f(t) = (1/4 )e^{t/2} (\sin(2 t)+4 \cos(2 t))$$ I know I need ...
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51 views

Is the Laplace Transform of the convolution power the product of the Laplace Transformed convolution?

In statistics, the definition of $F^k$ is the k-fold convolution of $F$ with itself, where $F$ is some common distribution. I am wondering if the following holds, if: $$ L_{F^{k}(x)} = \left(L_{F(x)}...
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37 views

Solve pde using laplace?

I have to solve the following pde using Laplace transforms: $xw_x + w_t= xt$ i.c: w(x,0)= 0 Firstly, transforming the above wrt t, i get: $\bar{w_x} + s\bar{w}/x = 1/s^2$ But, in the textbook, the ...
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27 views

How to solve for the inverse Laplace Transform

How would one solve the following inverse Laplace transform? $$\mathscr{L}_s^{-1}\left\{\frac{2s}{\left(s-1\right)^2+7}\right\}$$ I know from WolframAlpha that the answer is: $$\frac{2 e^t \left[\...
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43 views

Asymptotics of Laplace transform at minus infinity

I am interested in relating the asymptotic behavior of a function $f(t)$ for large values of $t$ with the asymptotic behavior of its Laplace transform $\hat{f}(s)$ for small values of $s$. In practice ...
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How to apply the laplace transform to this second order ODE?

Can I apply the Laplace transform on a the following second order nonlinear PDE? $$ \frac{\partial y}{\partial t}=\frac{\partial^2 y^n}{\partial x^2}$$ where $n$ is a natural number? I mean apply the ...
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Utility of the Derivative of Laplace Transforms for ODE's

Many texts discuss the derivative of Laplace transform $dF(s)/ds$. In general, differentiation of a Laplace is equivalent to multiplying the original function by $t$, and vice versa. So, if $\mathscr{...
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For what types of differential equations is the Laplace transform most effective?

I'm reviewing for a final exam and want to make sure I know what tools to use for what situations, and was just wondering if there were situations where the Laplace transform is unusable or less ...
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144 views

Heaviside function & Integral Limits

When considering integration, how does one use the Heaviside function in order to alter the limits of integration. For example If i have $$ \int_a^b f(x) dx $$ But want to change this integral to be ...
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Is the Laplace transform a vector space isomorphism? And what space is it isomorphic to?

The laplace transform is a linear transformation, $\mathcal{L}: \mathcal{M} \rightarrow?$, where $\mathcal{M}$ is the set of exponentially bounded functions on $\mathbb{R},$since $\mathcal{L}(af(x)+bg(...
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Trouble with Laplace Tranform [closed]

Can anyone help me with this Laplace Transform $$\mathcal{L}[(1-\cos(u))/u] ?$$ Thanks in advance
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256 views

Chemical kinetics using Laplace transformation

I have a simple chemical reaction $A\leftrightarrow B$ with forward rate $k_1$ and backward rate $k_2$. I can now write the differential equation of this system as following. $ \frac{dA}{dt} = -k_1A +...
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How to find the inverse Laplace transform and solve for a?

The equation $\dfrac{Y(s)}{s^2} + \dfrac{Y'(s)}{s} = \dfrac{-a}{s^4}$ is in the Laplace transform. How can I take the inverse i.e transform back to time domain and solve for a?
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483 views

Finding the inverse Laplace transform of $ \ln \! \left( 1 + \frac{1}{s^{2}} \right) $.

Can someone help me find the inverse Laplace transform of $ \ln \! \left( 1 + \dfrac{1}{s^{2}} \right) $? I have no idea where to start.
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$\int^\infty_0 e^{-\alpha x}\sin(\beta x)\,dx = \frac{B}{\alpha^2+\beta^2}$ Laplace [closed]

$$ \int^\infty_0 \! e^{-\alpha x} \sin(\beta x)\,dx = \frac{\beta}{\alpha^2+\beta^2} $$ Can someone start this for me? I don't know where to begin.
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Show that $\forall n\in \mathbb{N}$, the funtion $e^{-x^n}$ is of exponential order and its Laplace transform exists on $[0,\infty)$

Show that $\forall n\in \mathbb{N}$, the funtion $e^{-x^n}$ is of exponential order and its Laplace transform exists on $[0,\infty)$ So we need to show that $e^{-sx} |f(x)|$ converges to show that it ...
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46 views

$\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{\gamma-i\infty}^{\gamma+i\infty}\frac{1}{s^2}e^{s(t - \frac{1}{2}x^2)}ds$ - different answers depending on value of $t$?

After taking an inverse Laplace transform I have the following - $$y = \frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{\gamma-i\infty}^{\gamma+i\infty}\frac{1}{s^2}e^{s(t - \frac{1}{2}x^2)}ds$$ In my notes it says if $t &...
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192 views

Absolutely integrable function not of exponential order

Construct an example of a continuous function $y=f(x)$ defined on $[0,\infty)$, such that it is absolutely integrable, i.e., $\int^\infty_0 |f(x)|dx<\infty$, but not of exponential order. What ...