# Tagged Questions

Questions about real numbers not expressible as the quotient of two integers. For questions on determining whether a number is irrational, use the (rationality-testing) tag instead.

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### Irrationality of $x$ if $x > 1$ and $x^x = 2$

Show that if $x>1$ and $x^x=2$, then $x$ must be irrational. I know you have to show that it cannot be reduced into a form $\frac pq$, but get stuck with quite ugly algebra.
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### For integers $n \neq 0$ is $\sin n$ irrational or transcendental?

For integers $n \neq 0$ is $\sin n$ irrational or transcendental? This arose from another question. I would hypothesize yes and yes, possibly with proof for irrationality existing and but not for ...
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### Is $|\sin(n)|\leq1$ or $|\sin(n)|<1$ for integer $n$?

$\pi$ is irrational, therefore there exist no finite integers $m,n$ such that $n=(m+\frac{1}{2})\pi$, therefore there is no $\sin(n)=\pm1$. So if n defined to be a finite integer, I am comfortable ...
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### How do we know $\pi$ cannot be expressed a root [duplicate]

In other words, is there a proof that $\pi^a\neq b$ where $a,b\in \mathbb{Z}$?
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### What are irrational real numbers?

I was given a question saying: "One can show that the union of two countable sets is countable. Is the set of irrational real numbers countable?" I don't know what irrational real numbers are....
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### Sum of square root of non perfect square positive integers is always irrational?

Let $S$ be a set of positive integers such that no element of $S$ is a perfect square. Is it true that $\sum_{s_i \in S} \sqrt{s_i}$ is always irrational? Motivation. Suppose the length of the ...
Is there a polynomial $f \in \mathbb{R}[X]$ such that for every $x \in \mathbb Z,\>\> f(x)$ is rational but at least one of the coefficients of $f$ is irrational?
Problem Suppose $\theta>1$ is an irrational algebraic integer, i.e. $\theta\not\in\mathbb Z$ but satisfies a monic polynomial with integer coefficients, and $\{a_n\}_{n\ge0}$ is a sequence of ...