Inverses include: multiplicative inverse of a number (reciprocal), inverse function, matrix inverse, etc. A subject tag such as (linear-algebra), (algebra-precalculus) or (arithmetic) should be added to clarify in which sense "inverse" is used. This tag should never be the only tag on a question.

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Continuous dependence of matrix elements

I've stumbled upon several solution of linear algebra problems which use notion of "continuous dependence" of matrix polynomials on matrix elements. For instance (translated, so any inaccuracies are ...
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13 views

A hard problem on inverse laplace transform?

How can we find the inverse Laplace transform of: $[x]$ (floor function) ? \my question isn't laplace transform of floor function i asked the "inverse" laplace transform of floor function ...
3
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1answer
2k views

Find an inverse of $a$ modulo $m$ for each of these pairs of relatively prime integers

How would I find the inverse of a given number $a$ modulo $m$, given that $\gcd(a,m)=1$? a) $a = 2$, $m = 17$ $17 = 2 \cdot 8 + 1$ $2 = 1 \cdot 2 + 0$ $1 = 17 - 8 \cdot 2$ <-How do I know ...
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0answers
42 views

Math notation to show two numbers in a range that added together get the max of the range [on hold]

I am completely new to math notations, it's been about 30 years since high school, and I am writing a research paper (completely on my own, not for a degree). I basically want to show that two real ...
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0answers
33 views

Alternative view of matrix inversion (explanation required)

We were taught in linear algebra that in order to try to find the inverse of a matrix we can create an augmented matrix $[AI]$ where $A$ is the original matrix and $I$ is the identity matrix. Then we ...
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1answer
21 views

Relation between powers of inverse modulo n.

Recently, I was studying enchanced euclidean algorithm. I am wondering if there is some way to calculate inverse of $a^2$ (and higher powers) modulo $n$, knowing inverse of $a$ modulo $n$. For ...
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2answers
116 views

If $f^{-1}(x)=\frac{1}{f(x)}$ then find $f(1)$

For $a>1$ we have: $f:[\frac{1}{a},a]\to [\frac{1}{a},a]$ be a bijective function. Suppose $f^{-1}(x)=\frac{1}{f(x)}$ for all $x \in [\frac{1}{a},a]$ then find $f(1)$. Could someone give me ...
0
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3answers
40 views

Value of the given expression …

If $$y=\tan^{-1}\left(\sqrt{\dfrac{1+\cos x}{1-\cos x}}\right)$$ then value of $(2x+14y)^3-343$ is ? I reduced the equation as $y=\tan^{-1}\left(\dfrac{1+\cos x}{\sin x}\right)$ but I couldn't ...
1
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1answer
48 views

Differentiation Involving Determinant.

I have to compute the following differentiation : $$\frac{\partial}{\partial\sigma^2}\det[\mathbf X_{p\times n}'(\sigma^2 \mathbf I_{n}+\mathbf Z_{n\times q}\mathbf G_{q\times q}\mathbf Z_{q\times ...
2
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1answer
21 views

Using inverse of transpose matrix to cancel out terms?

I am trying to solve the matrix equation $A = B^TC$ for $C$, where $A$, $B$, and $C$ are all non-square matrices. I know that I need to utilize $M^TM$ in order to take the inverse. I'm just not sure ...
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1answer
29 views

If a linear eq. System has only a single solution, the matrix has always an inverse? [on hold]

If i have a 3x3 matrix of a linear eq. System and i archieve an upper triangular matrix (means unique solution) does this form always have inverse matrix? Thank you very much!
2
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1answer
61 views

Function inversion (analytical)

Can $t(x)$ be found from: $$A \, t + B\ln\frac{1-t}{t}=x \; ?$$ Here, $A>0, \; B < 0$ and $0 \lt t \lt 1$. The $t(x)$ should be given in analytical form (even if you use, say, Lambert's W - ...
4
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3answers
132 views

Finding the inverse of $f(x) = x^3 + x$

How can one find the inverse of functions like $f(x) = x^3 + x$? I know how to do it for explicit quadratic functions; how do I express $x$ as a function of $y$ here?
0
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1answer
50 views

Invertibility Proof for matrix

Suppose that A is a square matrix that satisfies $A^n=0$ for some positive integer n. Show that $I-A$ is invertible and $(I-A)^{-1}=I+A+A^2+...+A^{n-1}$. Not sure how to start the problem.
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0answers
36 views

discrete random variable with uniformely distributed random variable

I hope you can help me because I have no clue where to start: Let X be a discrete random variable with $ p_k=P_X[X=x_k]=p(x_k) $for all $1\le k\le N$ for $N\in \Bbb N$ and distribuition function: ...
5
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1answer
81 views

Can $A^{T}(AA^{T})^{-1}A$ be simplified?

Let $A$ is an $m\times n$ ($m<n$) real matrix with full positive entries and $\text{Rank}(A)=m$. Thus $(AA^{T})^{-1}$ is an $m\times m$ symmetric $M$-matrix since $AA^{T}$ is nonnegtive and ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Using the Affine cipher, do we need $a^{-1}$ if we know gcd(a,26)=1?

I have just attempted the affine cipher with the word "code" $CODE = 02140304$ Lets choose our key as $(5,3)$, so our encryption is $y=5x+3$ $13211823=NVSX$ Now, to undo the code, I would have to ...
5
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1answer
707 views

Inverse of elliptic integral of second kind

The Wikipedia articles on elliptic integral and elliptic functions state that “elliptic functions were discovered as inverse functions of elliptic integrals.” Some elliptic functions have names and ...
9
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4answers
25k views

Calculating the Modular Multiplicative Inverse without all those strange looking symbols

I am sure all those symbols are really easy for you guys to understand, but I would appreciate it if someone could bring it down to earth for me. How could I do this on a basic calculator? or with a ...
4
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1answer
59 views

Inverting an $n \times n$ matrix using determinant

We're asked to invert the following matrix with the help of guided questions. $$\begin{pmatrix} 1 + a_1 & 1 & \cdots & 1 \\ 1 & 1+a_2 & \ddots & \vdots \\ \vdots & \ddots ...
3
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2answers
94 views

Why can't the inverse of $F(x)= x+\sin(x)$ have a formula algebraically?

I'm only curious why the inverse of $f(x)$ can not be determined algebraically. Is it because the inverse of $\sin(x)$ cannot be converted into a formula?
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1answer
41 views

Finding the inverse Laplace transform of this function

Find the inverse Laplace transform of this function (related to my question earlier): $$f(t)=\mathcal{L}_s^{-1}\left[\frac{s}{s+\frac{1}{\tau}}\cdot\frac{A}{s}\left(1-\mathrm ...
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0answers
21 views

Inverse trig Function

Hi mathematicians some few questions regarding inverse trig functions I just want to know whether I'm on the right track since this topic is basically new to me 1.) $\arccos (\sin 12 \pi /11)$ ...
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2answers
49 views

When A and B are of different order given the $\det(AB)$,then calculate $\det(BA)$

Let 'A' be a $2 \times 3$ matrix where as B be a $3 \times 2$ matrix if $\det(AB) = 4$ the find value of the $\det(BA)$ My attempt: I took A = $$ \begin{bmatrix} 2 & 0 &0\\ ...
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3answers
20 views

Inverse of a function on two sets.

I understand that $f^{-1}(A\cup B) = f^{-1}(A)\cup f^{-1}(B)$, but what is $f^{-1}(A\cap B)$? Is it necessarily $f^{-1}(A)\cap f^{-1}(B)$?
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0answers
23 views

Perturbations to a matrix causing drastic changes to matrix inverse.

I'm reading this article about matrix norms because I want to understanding the math behind SVD. One of the interesting issues it brings up quite soon is the effect of perturbations to a matrix on ...
5
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1answer
89 views

Is the inverse of any elementary function asymptotic to some elementary function?

Is the functional inverse of any elementary function asymptotic to some elementary function ? For instance Lambert's $W(z)$ is asymptotic to $ln(z)$. See ...
0
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3answers
40 views

Consider $f : \mathbb{N} → \mathbb{Z}$ defined as $f (n) = \frac{(−1)^n (2n−1)+1}{4}$. Find its inverse.

I cannot find an inverse of this function for $f(n) = x$, where $x$ is an integer, that gives out a natural number. Some guidance would be very helpful... I already know the function is bijective so ...
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2answers
42 views

Finding modular inverse of every number mod 26?

I am looking at cryptography, and need to find the inverse of every possible number mod 26. Is there a fast way of this, or am i headed to the algorithm every time?
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1answer
41 views

Formal Notation for Finding Inverses of Functions

Generally in most introductory university courses, finding the inverses of functions, is done in what seems to be to be a very haphazard way. Given any scalar function $f : \mathbb{R^n} \to ...
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3answers
20 views

What is the Order of operations for finding the inverse of a function AND solving.

I have $y=4(x+2)^3$. So first part of taking the inverse is switching the variables $x$ and $y$ so you'd have $x=4(y+2)^3$. Why does the exponent $3$ get put in front of the square root symbol? The ...
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3answers
21 views

Proving facts about the inverse of a matrix

Let A and B be matrices. Show that: $(A^{-1})^{-1} = A$ $(A^{T})^{-1} = (A^{-1})^{T}$ $(AB)^{-1} = B^{-1}A^{-1}$ I think I'm supposed to use the inverse property (That $AA^{-1} = I$, where I is ...
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0answers
13 views

Band Matrix w/ real Diagonal and imaginary Off-Diagonal: Structure of Inverse

I am seeking an exact justification for the following property. Consider a symmetric band matrix with real diagonal and imaginary off-diagonal. $$\left(\begin{array}{ccccc} a_1 & ib_1 & 0 ...
2
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1answer
76 views

Inverse of 2 by 2 matrix verification

I have worked our the solution to a problem, but I want to explain the solution in a mathematical way. I have the following matrix: $$ \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 2 \\ 1 & 1 ...
0
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1answer
84 views

Does the Gamma Function have an Inverse?

Does the Gamma Function have an Inverse? (Is there an "arc-gamma" function?) Where $\Gamma(x) = y... \Gamma^{-1}(y) = x\ (arc\Gamma(y)=x)$. I've searched and found something called DiGamma Function, ...
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0answers
21 views

Will this function be odd?

Question: If $f:R\to R$ is an invertible function such that $f(x)$ and $f^{-1}(x)$ are symmetric about the line $y = -x$, then: A) $f(x)$ is odd B) $f(x)$ and $f^{-1}(x)$ may not be ...
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4answers
65 views

Fermat's little theorem question: why isn't $a^p \equiv 1$?

Fermat's little theorem says that $a^p \equiv a \pmod p$. I have kind of a stupid question. Since $p \equiv 0\pmod p $, why isn't $a^p \equiv a^0 \equiv 1 \pmod p$ ?
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0answers
10 views

Inverse normal CDF formula

Why there is no formula for the inverse normal cumulative function? It has been a while since I studied math so any help would be appreciated.
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5answers
592 views

Will inverse functions, and functions always meet at the line $y=X$?

If I have a function, the inverse function, by definition will be a reflection of the original function in the line $y=X$, so if I wanted to find the point of intersection, instead of solving it with ...
5
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2answers
43 views

Invertibility of a linear transformation without knowing its matrix

Let $\mathbb{V}$ be a finite-dimensional inner product space, and let $\mathbb{W} \subset \mathbb{V}$ be a subspace. Define $T:\mathbb{V} \rightarrow \mathbb{V}$ by $$T(\overrightarrow ...
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0answers
1k views

How to calculate the submatrix inverse with prior knowledge of matrix inverse?

Given $A\in \mathbb{N}^{n\times n}$, then $A(\mathcal{I})$ is defined by first deleting the those columns with index in $\mathcal{I}$ and then extracting the first $n-|\mathcal{I}|$ rows. Note that ...
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1answer
633 views

Simple formula for a sieries like 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, …

I'm looking for a simple formula that will give a series that looks like this: $1; 2; 5; 10; 20; 50; 100; ...$ That means a function that will give this output: $f(1) = 1$ $f(2) = 2$ $f(3) = 5$ $f(4) ...
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1answer
44 views

differentiation of a norm of matrix function

I need to differentiate the following function W.r.to $x$ $y=\|x (\mathbf{I-W}-x \mathbf{Diag(v_2)W})^{-1}\mathbf{v_1} - b\|_2$ where $0<x<\frac{2}{max_i{|{v_2}_i|}}$,$\mathbf{v_1}\in ...
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0answers
22 views

solution of matrix equation

I was trying to solve the problem I have posted previously (here). and stuck up at the point where I need to find a simplified expression for $(\mathbf{I-DW})^{-1}$ Where $\mathbf{W}$ is a doubly ...
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3answers
53 views

If a function maps an input to its inverse, is it bijective?

I read in my textbook that a function is a bijection if and only if it has an inverse. Is it the same thing to say a function $f: X → X$ is a bijection if $f(x) = x^{-1}$? If $a = x$ and $b = x^{-1}$, ...
0
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1answer
18 views

Knwing when the inverting operation were wrong with $A^{-1}A$ result

I don't know why but I'm really really weak in inverting matrices since years... I always do some mistakes. I'm asking you how could I cope with that problem and be able to invert matrix easily in the ...
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2answers
748 views

Inverse functions and tangent line

Let $f(x) = \frac14x^3 + 12x + 6$ and let $y = f^{-1}(x)$ be the inverse function of $f$. Determine the $x$-coordinates of the two points on the graph of the inverse function where the tangent line is ...
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2answers
43 views

AP Calculus BC - Derivative of inverse problem

Let $g(x)$ be the inverse of the function $f(x)$. Given the following values on the table below, at which value $x=a$ will $g'(a)=1/6$? (No calculator allowed) ...
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2answers
121 views

Kalman filter innovation residual inversion

I'm trying to implement a Kalman filter in a computationally efficient way. The main issue is the inversion of the innovation residual: $$S=HPH^T+R$$ $$K=PH^TS^{-1}$$ My question is, can one assume ...
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0answers
22 views

Inverse of a function and Inverse function theorem.

Apologies if this question is too primitive for professionals here. I understand the inverse of a function, in terms of domain, co-domain and bijections. Let's say $f,g:[0,\infty)\rightarrow ...