Inversion is the process of creating the opposite. Familiar examples include multiplicative inverse $2 \mapsto 1/2$, inverting functions $f(x) \mapsto f^{-1}(x)$, matrix inverse $M \mapsto M^{-1}$ etc. Please include an additional subject tag such as (linear-algebra) or (arithmetic) to help clarify ...

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Inverting the infinite matrix $+\mathbf{I}$ with entries $\mathbf{P}_{ij}={i-1\choose j-1}$

Let $ \mathbf{P}$ denote the "infinite matrix" $$ \left[ \begin{array}{ccccc} 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & \dots \\ 1 & 1 & 0 & 0 & \dots \\ 1 & 2 & 1 & 0 & \dots ...
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13 views

Local inversion theorem (théorème d'inversion local)

I don't understand how to use the local inversion theorem to prove that a nondegerate critical point of a function $f\in C^2(U,\mathbb{R})$ is isolated Thank you.
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2answers
37 views

Inverse of $x(x+2)$ given $x\ge -1$

Consider the function: $y=x(x+2)$ . Consider its domain to be $x \geq -1$ . Graphically it makes sense that the inverse of this function is $-1 + \sqrt{x+1}$. But how to compute it analytically? ...
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2answers
36 views

How to show the surjectivity of $f(x)=x^5$ on $\mathbb R$?

Sasy $f:\mathbb R\to\mathbb R$ define by $f(x)=x^5$ This is definitely injective as $x_1^5=x_2^5 \implies x_1=x_2$ I say it is surjective because for all really $x$ there is all real $y$, $x \in ...
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How to find a modular multiplicative inverse when GCD is not 1

I am working on a problem that requires finding a multiplicative inverse of two numbers, but my algorithm is failing for a very simple reason: the GCD of the two numbers isn't 1. I figured I must've ...
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1answer
49 views

Proof of the rank theorem in Rudin's PMA book

I am studying Rudin's proof of the rank theorem (theorem 9.32 in Principles of Mathematical Analysis.) We have an invertible function $H(x)$ defined on an open set. He claims we can "shrink" the open ...
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26 views

Looking for reference for the criterion of inveribility of a difference of two invertible matrices

It is pretty easy to show that $A-B$ is invertible if either $AB^{-1}$ or $BA^{-1}$ have all eigenvalues of absolute value less than $1$. But I am specifically looking for a handy reference of this ...
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54 views

If a one-to-one function's inverse is the same what must be true of the graph of f?

As a followup to this question. I'm trying to determine what must be true of the graph of $f$ in these cases. I've examined the two functions $f(x)= x$ and $f(x)= \frac{1}{x}$ and I'm not seeing any ...
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Equation Inverse vs Solution Domain [closed]

Is finding the solution in a domain of a equation the same as doing the inverse operation? Example: Domain of $x$: $[1,2,3]$ $5x - 1 = 9$ ? I would do the inverse operation, but my teacher tells ...
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55 views

How to find the inverse function of f(x)=x+sin(x)-a

The problem is how to find the inverse function of $$f(x)=x+\sin(x)-a$$ where $a$ is real parameter. I tried to write $\sin(x)$ as $\frac{i}{2}(e^{-ix}-e^{ix})$. Problem is how to solve this equation: ...
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1answer
67 views

Can an Elementary Matrix's Inverse's Determinant = 0?

Can someone explain to me why an elementary matrix's inverse determinant cannot equal 0? Or can it? Is there some theorem to elementary matrix inverses? THANKS FOR YOUR INSIGHT! :)
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1answer
42 views

Finding the area bounded by two curves when in terms of $x = y^2$?

I can't seem to figure this problem out. Find the area bounded by the curves $x=2y-y^2$ and $x=4-y^2$, in the first quadrant. I am having difficulties with graphing the equations and coming up ...
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1answer
50 views

Solving a set of non-linear matrix equations

Consider the following set of equations $$\begin{cases}PAQ^{-1}&=T \\ QBR^{-1}&=T\\ RCP^{-1}&=T, \end{cases} $$ where A,B,C and T are known real-valued $3\times3$ matrices and P, Q, R are ...
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1answer
19 views

Show that a square matrix with linear transformation T(M) = A·M is bijective when A is inversible

Suppose $K$ is a body (a field), $n ≥ 1$ and $A ∈ M_n(K)$ a fixed matrix. Consider the linear transformation $T : M_n(K) → M_n(K)$ defined by $T(M) = A · M$ for $M ∈ M_n(K)$ The mark scheme says ...
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2answers
54 views

Why does the square root of an inverse function turn negative?

For example, $$f(x)=x^2$$ $$y=x^2$$ $$-\sqrt{x} = f^{-1}$$ Why does $\sqrt{x}$ become negative? Edit: Sorry for all the confusion, I will state the problem on my textbook and the solution. ...
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3answers
126 views

Determine the greatest interval where the function is invertible

The assingment is to determine the greatest interval around $x=0$ where the function: $$f(x)=x^5-5x+3$$ is invertible. After that, determine $(f^{-1})'(3)$ I have totally forgotten all about ...
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1answer
36 views

Proving that there is no invertible matrix with zero row sums using determinants

I have the following question which I know I should use the determinant to solve. Here it is: Determine if there exists an invertible $3\times3$ matrix $A$ such that $$\begin{align*} ...
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4answers
62 views

If a function $f$ is decreasing on its domain then would its inverse be increasing or decreasing?

I have a question concerned the inverse of a function $f$ and the sign of its derivative. If we are given a function $f$ that is decreasing on its domain, would its inverse $f^{-1}$ be increasing or ...
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1answer
35 views

Existence of solution for matrix equation $ (I - \alpha A) \bar{x}=\bar{b}$

This is my first question in here and I would be really thankful if someone could help me with understanding the matter. I am solving a matrix equation $(I-\alpha A) \bar{x} = \bar{b}$ for a positive ...
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2answers
157 views

What is the inverse function of $f(x)=x/(1-x^2)$

Can you give me a hint for how the inverse function of $f\colon (-1,1)\to \mathbb{R}\colon f(x)=\frac{x}{1-x^2}$ looks? I need to show a homeomorphism!
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1answer
27 views

Finding an inverse laplace transform for $\displaystyle\frac{a}{\left(s^2 + a^2\right)^2}$

I am asked to show that $x'' + w^2x = f\sin(wt)$ has a solution given by $x = \frac{f}{2w^2}(\sin(wt) - wt\cos(wt))$ where $w$ and $f$ are constants, by means of Laplace transforms. By taking a ...
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2answers
48 views

Prove that $(a+b\sqrt[3]{2}+c\sqrt[3]{4})^{-1}$ with a,b,c∈Q is a number of the form $d+e\sqrt[3]{2}+f\sqrt[3]{4}$ with $d,e,f∈Q$

Prove that $(a+b\sqrt[3]{2}+c\sqrt[3]{4})^{-1}$ with $a,b,c∈Q$ is a number of the form $d+e\sqrt[3]{2}+f\sqrt[3]{4}$ with $d,e,f \in Q$ I'd like to do this without using too much fancy ...
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2answers
26 views

How to show that a null potent linear transformation is invertible

V is a K vector space and $ψ : V → V$ is a null potent linear transformation i.e. $ψ^N = 0$ for a certain $N ∈ N$. Prove that $Id_V − ψ$ est an invertible element in the ring $L(V, V )$. My assistant ...
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1answer
248 views

relation between size of matrix and condition number

I have a matrix A of size NxM. Is there any relationship between size of a matrix A with the condition number ? I am computing the pseudo inverse (pinv in matlab ) ...
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43 views

Which (approximative) methods are there to compute the inverse of a complicated function?

I have a complicated function $f(x)$ for which I want to compute the inverse $f^{-1}$ over a certain range $R(f): a \leq f(x) \leq b$. The only way to find the inverse I can think of is power series ...
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1answer
253 views

how to inverse a matrix step by step using following example

i m making a program for hill cipher encrytion and decryption. for that i am trying to understand the logic behind it. The best example I have been given is in the following link. ...
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1answer
3k views

Inverse of upper triangular matrix

I have an upper triangular matrix that I want to solve the inverse for. I have $[Ax_i e_i]$ where $x_i$ is the $i$th column from the inverse of $A$ and $e_i$ is the $i$th column of the identity ...
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105 views

How to find the inverse function in explicit form?

For a function below: $$f(x)=a\cdot e^{-k_1 x}+b\cdot e^{-k_2 x}$$ How can I obtain its inverse function in explicit form?
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1answer
21 views

Help inverting a non-linear system of equations

I have a set of two equations like this $$ \gamma_3=\left(\frac{1}{\sqrt{1+2c_3^2+6c_4^2}}\right)^3 \left( \alpha_1\,c_3^3 + \alpha_2\,c_3c_4^2 + \alpha_3\,c_3c_4 + \alpha_4\,c_4\right)\\ ...
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1answer
24 views

Pseudoinverse and orthogonal projection

Given the matrix $A= \begin {pmatrix} 1 & 1 &1 \\ -1 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 2 &1 \end{pmatrix}$. (i) Determine the orthogonal projection $p:\mathbb{R}^3 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ on ...
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1answer
28 views

Lipschitz continuity of inverse

Given a function f : $\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^m$, which is known to be Lipschitz continuous, can we say anything about the Lipschitz continuity of it's inverse function (in this case, the ...
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1answer
43 views

Help to prove the existance of a function

Let $f:X \rightarrow Y$ be a function. Prove that there exists a function $g:Y \rightarrow X$ such that $f \circ g = I_Y$ if and only if $f$ is a surjection. I need help on proving the following: ...
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38 views

inverse of quadratic log functions

Can a Log function with a quadratic have an inverse function? The specific question is to find the inverse of $$f(x) = \log_2(x^2-3x-4)$$ The function already fails the horizontal line test, but ...
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1answer
62 views

Power series and their inverses (radius of convergence of each)

Suppose I have a power series approximation $y$ to an invertible function $f(x)$, and I know that $y$ convergences around $x$ on an interval $(-R,R)$, $R$ being the radius of convergence. How are the ...
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Why is $\frac{1}{\frac{1}{X}}=X$?

Can someone help me understand in basic terms why $$\frac{1}{\frac{1}{X}} = X$$ And my book says that "to simplify the reciprocal of a fraction, invert the fraction"...I don't get this because isn't ...
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0answers
44 views

Find a multiplicative inverse of an element in a field

Suppose we have an element $\sigma=p+qa\rho+rd\rho^{-1}\in K$ where $K=\mathbb{Q}(\rho)$ where $[K:\mathbb{Q}]=3$ I want to find a multiplicative inverse of $\sigma$ i .e ...
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23 views

Can anyone give the equation of the inverse of radial projection from a tetrahedron to sphere?

$(x,y,z) \mapsto \bigg(\frac{x}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}},\frac{y}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}},\frac{z}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}} \bigg)$ This is the equation of the radial projection. I need the inverse of this ...
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1answer
29 views

Express summation in terms of matrix norm

Express the following $$\sum _{ i=1 }^{ n }{ ({ \beta }_{ 1 }x_{ i }+{ \beta }_{ 0 }-y_{ i })^{ 2 } }$$ To become something of the form: $∥Ax−b∥^{ 2 }$ where $A$ is an $m$−by−$n$ matrix and $b$ is ...
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1answer
51 views

Fast way to inverse B'CB+D

$\mathbf {A = B'CB}$, where $\mathbf A$ is of dimension $n \times n$, $\mathbf C$ is m by m, positive definite and symmetric, $\mathbf B$ is of dimension $m \times n$, and $n >> m$. Inversion ...
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1answer
113 views

Normalization of a two-dimensional kernel function

I've got three two-dimensional kernel functions which look like this $$ k(r,h) = n \cdot \begin{cases} \ldots & 0 \le r \le h \\ 0 & otherwise \end{cases} $$ With ...
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1answer
72 views

It $f(x)=x+\sin x$, then can we find $f^{-1} (x)$?

We have a bijective function $f(x)=x+\sin x$. So what is $f^{-1} (x)$? Let $f^{-1}(x)$ be $g(x)$. Suppose we have to find $g\left(\dfrac{\pi}{6}+\dfrac{1}{2}\right)$ and ...
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2answers
49 views

Inverse of 2d function involving sine and cosine

I have the function $f: \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^2$ or more precisely $$f\left([0,\pi/2]^2\right)=\{(x,y) \in \mathbb R^2 : \Vert (x,y) \Vert \leq 1 \text{ and } y\geq0\}$$ which means it is a ...
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1answer
30 views

what is the name of this matrix? does it have any special characteristics?

does anyone know the name of this matrix or if it has any special characteristics or how to calculate its inverse efficiently e.g. in a closed-form? [ \begin{array}{llllll} ...
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1answer
20 views

Find the point of $f^{-1}$ corresponding to the value of x indicated

i am having problems understanding this problem. The given function $f$ is one-to-one. Find $f^{-1}$, find the point on the graph of $f^{-1}$ corresponding to the indicated value of $x$ in the ...
2
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1answer
80 views

What is the inverse function of $\int{ \frac{1}{{\sqrt{x+1}}{x^n}} dx}$?

I am trying to solve $$ \frac{dy}{dt} = \alpha ((y+1)^2 - \gamma)^n \hspace{2cm} y(0)=0 $$ Here $y$ is a real-valued, monotonically increasing, positive definite function of $t$ in the interval ...
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2answers
57 views

How to find Inverse function value at given point? [closed]

How to solve this, If $f(x)=x^5+x^3+x$, then find $f^{-1}(3)$
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1answer
37 views

Finding a matrix projecting vectors onto column space

I can't find $P$, for vectors you can do $P = A(A^{T}A)^{-1}A^T$. But here its not working because matrices have dimensions that can't multiply or divide. help
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9 views

Solving Toeplitz plus Diagonal System, how should I make use of the structure?

I learned that a Toeplitz system, $Ax = B$ where $A$ is Teoplitz, can be solved in $O(n \log n)$ time using Superfast method. or approximate $A$ similar to Approximation method. I am keep ...
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38 views

Matrix inverses on matlab: are pinv and ./ related?

I faced with two actual implementations of the same problem, and need some help to find which one is correct. Let K be an non-square $m \times n$ matrix (a product of two eigenvalues vectors), B an ...