Inversion is the process of creating the opposite. Familiar examples include multiplicative inverse $2 \mapsto 1/2$, inverting functions $f(x) \mapsto f^{-1}(x)$, matrix inverse $M \mapsto M^{-1}$ etc. Please include an additional subject tag such as (linear-algebra) or (arithmetic) to help clarify ...

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Power series and their inverses (radius of convergence of each)

Suppose I have a power series approximation $y$ to an invertible function $f(x)$, and I know that $y$ convergences around $x$ on an interval $(-R,R)$, $R$ being the radius of convergence. How are the ...
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3k views

Why is $\frac{1}{\frac{1}{X}}=X$?

Can someone help me understand in basic terms why $$\frac{1}{\frac{1}{X}} = X$$ And my book says that "to simplify the reciprocal of a fraction, invert the fraction"...I don't get this because isn't ...
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39 views

Find a multiplicative inverse of an element in a field

Suppose we have an element $\sigma=p+qa\rho+rd\rho^{-1}\in K$ where $K=\mathbb{Q}(\rho)$ where $[K:\mathbb{Q}]=3$ I want to find a multiplicative inverse of $\sigma$ i .e ...
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23 views

Can anyone give the equation of the inverse of radial projection from a tetrahedron to sphere?

$(x,y,z) \mapsto \bigg(\frac{x}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}},\frac{y}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}},\frac{z}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}} \bigg)$ This is the equation of the radial projection. I need the inverse of this ...
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1answer
28 views

Express summation in terms of matrix norm

Express the following $$\sum _{ i=1 }^{ n }{ ({ \beta }_{ 1 }x_{ i }+{ \beta }_{ 0 }-y_{ i })^{ 2 } }$$ To become something of the form: $∥Ax−b∥^{ 2 }$ where $A$ is an $m$−by−$n$ matrix and $b$ is ...
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1answer
50 views

Fast way to inverse B'CB+D

$\mathbf {A = B'CB}$, where $\mathbf A$ is of dimension $n \times n$, $\mathbf C$ is m by m, positive definite and symmetric, $\mathbf B$ is of dimension $m \times n$, and $n >> m$. Inversion ...
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1answer
113 views

Normalization of a two-dimensional kernel function

I've got three two-dimensional kernel functions which look like this $$ k(r,h) = n \cdot \begin{cases} \ldots & 0 \le r \le h \\ 0 & otherwise \end{cases} $$ With ...
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1answer
69 views

It $f(x)=x+\sin x$, then can we find $f^{-1} (x)$?

We have a bijective function $f(x)=x+\sin x$. So what is $f^{-1} (x)$? Let $f^{-1}(x)$ be $g(x)$. Suppose we have to find $g\left(\dfrac{\pi}{6}+\dfrac{1}{2}\right)$ and ...
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2answers
44 views

Inverse of 2d function involving sine and cosine

I have the function $f: \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^2$ or more precisely $$f\left([0,\pi/2]^2\right)=\{(x,y) \in \mathbb R^2 : \Vert (x,y) \Vert \leq 1 \text{ and } y\geq0\}$$ which means it is a ...
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30 views

what is the name of this matrix? does it have any special characteristics?

does anyone know the name of this matrix or if it has any special characteristics or how to calculate its inverse efficiently e.g. in a closed-form? [ \begin{array}{llllll} ...
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1answer
19 views

Find the point of $f^{-1}$ corresponding to the value of x indicated

i am having problems understanding this problem. The given function $f$ is one-to-one. Find $f^{-1}$, find the point on the graph of $f^{-1}$ corresponding to the indicated value of $x$ in the ...
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1answer
77 views

What is the inverse function of $\int{ \frac{1}{{\sqrt{x+1}}{x^n}} dx}$?

I am trying to solve $$ \frac{dy}{dt} = \alpha ((y+1)^2 - \gamma)^n \hspace{2cm} y(0)=0 $$ Here $y$ is a real-valued, monotonically increasing, positive definite function of $t$ in the interval ...
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2answers
56 views

How to find Inverse function value at given point? [closed]

How to solve this, If $f(x)=x^5+x^3+x$, then find $f^{-1}(3)$
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1answer
37 views

Finding a matrix projecting vectors onto column space

I can't find $P$, for vectors you can do $P = A(A^{T}A)^{-1}A^T$. But here its not working because matrices have dimensions that can't multiply or divide. help
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Solving Toeplitz plus Diagonal System, how should I make use of the structure?

I learned that a Toeplitz system, $Ax = B$ where $A$ is Teoplitz, can be solved in $O(n \log n)$ time using Superfast method. or approximate $A$ similar to Approximation method. I am keep ...
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29 views

is this inverse or reciprocal? or…

at work i calculate a lot gross margin percentages. so margin percent is (sell-cost)/sell. but i usually simplify this by just calculating cost/sell then subtracting the result from 1 to get the ...
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24 views

Matrix inverses on matlab: are pinv and ./ related?

I faced with two actual implementations of the same problem, and need some help to find which one is correct. Let K be an non-square $m \times n$ matrix (a product of two eigenvalues vectors), B an ...
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2answers
29 views

2x2 inverse of a complex matrix with complex determinant

Firstly, my question may be related to a similar question here: Are complex determinants for matrices possible and if so, how can they be interpreted? I am using: $$ \left(\begin{array}{cc} a&b\\ ...
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2answers
20 views

Clarification on the domain of $\arcsin(\sqrt{1-x^2})$

As the title says, I don't understand how to find the domain of $\arcsin(\sqrt{1-x^2})$. I kinda understand how it would equate to it would be -1 < x < 1 (inclusive of 1 and -1) by definition of ...
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1answer
23 views

Kalman filter innovation residual inversion

I'm trying to implement a Kalman filter in a computationally efficient way. The main issue is the inversion of the innovation residual: $$S=HPH^T+R$$ $$K=PH^TS^{-1}$$ My question is, can one assume ...
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1answer
47 views

Show that a linear mapping is invertible over all $\Bbb R^{2}$

Show that (under appropriate assumptions) a general linear mapping $F(x,y) = (ax+by,cx+dy)$ is invertible over all of $\Bbb R^2$ (i.e. there is a single inverse for all of $\Bbb R^2$). What ...
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3answers
38 views

Is the inverse of this function unique

Let $f$ be a function from any set(Say $K$) to any set (say $P$) Now: $f(x)=2x+1$ My question:Is it necessary that the inverse of the function is $\frac{x-1}{2}$? This is a problem given in my ...
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1answer
16 views

Help inverting a non-linear polynomial system of equations

I have a set of two equations like this $$ \gamma_3=\left(\frac{1}{\sqrt{1+2c_3^2+6c_4^2}}\right)^3 \left( \alpha_1\,c_3^3 + \alpha_2\,c_3c_4^2 + \alpha_3\,c_3c_4 + \alpha_4\,c_4\right)\\ ...
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1answer
853 views

Functions whose derivative is the inverse of that function

Everyone knows that there are at least three functions whose derivative is the function itself, namely $e^x, \ 0$ and $-e^{x}$. ( are there more?) I was drawing some polynomials and their ...
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1answer
40 views

Explanation on how is simplified expression $\frac{s^2+3s+3}{2s^2+7s+7}$

This is done in the solution of exercise in order to make it possible to do inverse Laplace transform. Though I am not sure how is that done, so here it is: ...
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1answer
239 views

how to inverse a matrix step by step using following example

i m making a program for hill cipher encrytion and decryption. for that i am trying to understand the logic behind it. The best example I have been given is in the following link. ...
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1answer
61 views

Some questions about the pseudoinverse of a matrix

For every mxn-matrix A with real entries, there exist a unique nxm-matrix B, also with real entries, such that $$ABA = A$$ $$BAB = B$$ $$AB = (AB)^T$$ $$BA = (BA)^T$$ B is called the pseudoinverse ...
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1answer
238 views

relation between size of matrix and condition number

I have a matrix A of size NxM. Is there any relationship between size of a matrix A with the condition number ? I am computing the pseudo inverse (pinv in matlab ) ...
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31 views

Find Inverse Laplace Transform

I'm trying to calculate $$L_s^{-1}\left({\cfrac{2s+12}{s^2+9}}\right)=2L_s^{-1}\left({\cfrac{s+6}{s^2+9}}\right)$$ But I do not know how to go from here. I have noticed that the bottom does look ...
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1answer
26 views

Plotting the inverse of a function

The inverse of the function $y=2^x$ is $\bf (A)$ $y=\log_2x\quad{\bf (B)}\, y=-2^x\quad{\bf (C)}\,y=2^{-x}\quad{\bf (D)}\,y=x^2.$ Need help solving this problem and plotting it on a graph.
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43 views

How do I go about solving this derivative of inverse tangent?

Okay so I have $$f(x)=8\tan^{-1}\left(\frac{y}{x}\right)-\ln \left(\sqrt{x^2+y^2}\right)$$ since $$8\frac{\mathrm{d}}{\mathrm{d}x}\tan^{-1}(x)=8\frac{1}{1+x^2}$$would ...
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1answer
31 views

How do I solve this trig derivative in respect to $x$?

Okay so I have $$f(x)=8\tan^{-1}\left(\frac{y}{x}\right)-\ln \left(\sqrt{x^2+y^2}\right)$$ since $$\frac{\mathrm{d}}{\mathrm{d}x}\tan^{-1}(x)=\frac{1}{1+x^2}$$would ...
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2answers
42 views

Working with groups. Finding the inverse of some $S_9$

I want to compute the inverse of: $\begin{pmatrix} 1&2&3&4&5&6&7&8&9\\3&2&1&6&5&9&4&8&7 \end{pmatrix}$ Sorry about alignment(they are ...
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207 views

nonegative inverse eigenvalue problem

I need to construct a non-negative matrix with desired eigenvalues. To that end, I came up with a block matrix of the following form: $$ \mathbf{M} = \begin{vmatrix} \mathbf{A} & \mathbf{b} \\ ...
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1answer
21 views

Solving polynomial equation with 2 unknowns with Euclid (inverse of element in field)

Let $p(x) \in \mathbb Z_{5}[x]$, given by $p(x) = x^{3}+2x^{2}+1$ and let $I = <p(x)>$ be the ideal in $\mathbb Z_{5}[x]$ constructed by $p(x)$. Determine the inverse of $2x+3+I$ in $\mathbb F$ ...
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I need help finding the derivative of the inverse function.

So $$f(x)=\frac{x+1}{2x-1}$$ and $$g(x)$$ is an inverse of $$f(x)$$ I have the points on $f(x)$ of (2,1). So I know that $f(2)=1$, $g(1)=2$ and $g'(1)=\frac{1}{f'[g(1)]}$ so $g'(1)=\frac{1}{f'(2)}$ ...
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1answer
57 views

finding exact value of $\sec^{-1} 5$

Find the exact value of $\sec^{-1} 5$ (decimal answer). I know that $\sec^{-1}5=\cos^{-1}\dfrac{1}{5}$, but I don't know how to proceed from here. I drew a right triangle with sides $1$ and $5$ ...
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1answer
3k views

Inverse of upper triangular matrix

I have an upper triangular matrix that I want to solve the inverse for. I have $[Ax_i e_i]$ where $x_i$ is the $i$th column from the inverse of $A$ and $e_i$ is the $i$th column of the identity ...
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4answers
95 views

Finding $\sin^{-1}(x)$ without using a calculator

I don't understand how to compute $\sin^{-1} (0.6293)$, to figure out the angle without using a calculator. I understand how to find the answer if I use a calculator but I don't understand the ...
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1answer
48 views

Matrix inverse and Change of basis

I have 2 Change of Basis Matrices $ S_{A,B} $ and $ S_{A,C}$ I want determinate $ S_{C,B} $ We know that $$ S_{A,B} S_{B,C} = S_{A,C} $$ $$ S_{B,C} = S_{A,B}^{-1} S_{A,C} $$ Now i'm quite not ...
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28 views

Inverse of a block 2x2 matrix

How to solve this type of problem: We've got a block 2x2 matrix : $$A=\begin{bmatrix}A_{11}&A_{12}\\A_{21}&A_{22}\\\end{bmatrix}$$ If matrices $A$ and $A_{22}$ are invertible, show that a ...
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22 views

Lipschitz continuity of inverse

Given a function f : $\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^m$, which is known to be Lipschitz continuous, can we say anything about the Lipschitz continuity of it's inverse function (in this case, the ...
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1answer
30 views

Blind deconvolution of a function convolved with itself

I have a function/vector $f$ that I know is the result of an unknown function $g$ convolved with itself: $f = g \ast g$ Is there any way to do a blind deconvolution on $f$ with this constraint?
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98 views

If $B$ the inverse matrix of $A^2$ show that the inverse of $A$ is $AB$

How do I continue from $A(AB) = (BA)A = I$ and how can we justify it if we don't know that $AB=BA$? EDIT: Also, how can we prove that if $AB=I$ then $ BA = I$? This is seperate from the question ...
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4answers
541 views

Is every self-inverse matrix diagonalizable?

If $A=A^{-1}$, is there always a matrix C such that $C^{-1}AC$ is a diagonal matrix (containing only -1 and 1 in the main diagonal) ? How can I check with PARI/GP, if a given matrix is ...
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1answer
919 views

Prove that if A is an invertible matrix, then A*A is Hermitian and positive definite.

If I'm not mistaken, if a matrix $M$ has its conjugate $M^*=M$, then $M$ is Hermitian. In this case then, am I asked to show that $(A^*A)^*=A^*A$? What does it have to do with $A$ being invertible ...
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0answers
42 views

Self-inverse matrices with integers with pairwise different absolut values.

Let A be a self-inverse matrix ($A=A^{-1}$) with integer values such that no two integers have the same absolut value. Let M be the maximum of the absolut values (maximum-norm) of A. Which M is the ...
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2answers
350 views

What can be said about a matrix which is both symmetric and orthogonal?

I tried to find matrices A, which are both orthogonal and symmetric, this means $A=A^{-1}=A^T$. I only found very special examples like I, -I or the matrix $$\begin{pmatrix} 0 &0& -1\\ ...
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2answers
27 views

Inverse of a special function

I have a function as follows, I would like to get the inverse of this function. What is the inverse of $f(x)$? $$ y = f(x) = - \log(1-[1-e^{-x^\alpha}]^\beta)$$ Is my answer correct? $$ f^{-1}(x) = ...
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1answer
38 views

Why is this finding inverse of a matrix by row operation not working?

the correct answer is $\begin{pmatrix} -5&3&-6\\-6&3&-7\\-2&1&-2 \end{pmatrix}$ So I think the mistake might be in the first two row operations but I see nothing?