Inverses include: multiplicative inverse of a number (reciprocal), inverse function, matrix inverse, etc. A subject tag such as (linear-algebra), (algebra-precalculus) or (arithmetic) should be added to clarify in which sense "inverse" is used. This tag should never be the only tag on a question.

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Which graphs do have invertible adjacency matrices?

I would like to know if there is any class of graphs for which the adjacency matrices are invertible. At this moment I am aware of only the class of graphs $n K_2$ which is the disjoint union of $n$ ...
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95 views

Inverse of $\frac{1-e^{-x}}{x}$ on $(0,1)$

I am trying to invert (or to estimate the inverse of) $$y=\frac{1-e^{-x}}{x}$$ for $y\in(0,1)$. The function 'looks' monotonically decreasing between $x=0$ and $x=\infty$, but I have not been able to ...
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3answers
1k views

Inverse of a Function exists iff Function is bijective

How to mathematically prove that inverse of a function, let's say, $f^{-1}$, exists, if and only if $f$ is bijective? I know how to prove it using diagrams but I'm looking for a rather mathematical ...
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1answer
58 views

Finding the inverse of a map from $CP^1$ to $S^2$

Given the map: $$f:CP^1 \to S^2\ ,\ f[z:w] = \left(\frac{2\mbox{Re}(w\bar{z})}{|w|^2+|z|^2},\frac{2\mbox{Im}(w\bar{z})}{|w|^2+|z|^2}, \frac{|w|^2-|z|^2}{|w|^2+|z|^2}\right)$$ How would I go about ...
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579 views

Super logarithmic inverse of tetration

What's the super logarithmic inverse of tetration for $\bf{^{2}{x}}$? Is it $slog^{x}_{2}$?
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150 views

Find Functions That Can Be Inverted from Their Sums

I have the following situation:$$ f_1(x_1) + f_1(x_2) + f_1(x_3) + \cdots + f_1(x_n) = c_1\\ f_2(x_1) + f_2(x_2) + f_2(x_3) + \cdots + f_2(x_n) = c_2\\ \vdots\\ f_n(x_1) + f_n(x_2) + f_n(x_3) + ...
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55 views

Using the Inverse Function Theorem prove that $(\sin^{-1}x)'$ = $\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}$.

Using the Inverse Function Theorem prove that $(\sin^{-1}x)'$ = $\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}$. Proof: Let $f(x) = \sin x$, for $x$ in $(-1,1)$. Then let $x_{0}$ be in (-1,1). Then $f'(x_{0})$ = ...
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3answers
366 views

Find inverse for the closed-form expression of linear recurrence relation

I am trying to find an inverse of the following formula: $$ a_n=\frac{2+\sqrt{6}}{4}(1+\sqrt{6})^n+\frac{2-\sqrt{6}}{4}(1-\sqrt{6})^n $$ This formula is a closed-form expression of a linear ...
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653 views

Inverse of elliptic integral of second kind

The Wikipedia articles on elliptic integral and elliptic functions state that “elliptic functions were discovered as inverse functions of elliptic integrals.” Some elliptic functions have names and ...
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122 views

Eigenvectors of difference of inverse matrices

I have two matrices $A$ and $B$, symmetric and positive semi-definite (in fact, they are covariance matrices), and I am interested in computing the eigenvectors of the matrix $A^{-1}-B^{-1}$. From ...
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199 views

How to find inverse of $\sin(x) + \sin(2x) = y$?

I was wondering if there were any way to solve the equation $$\sin(x) + \sin(2x) = y$$ in terms of $x$. This of course would allow us to express the inverse for this function on $-\frac{\pi}{4}$ to ...
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0answers
91 views

Explicit quasi-inverse of Künneth-isomorphism?

With $A_X$ the complex of $\mathbb{R}$-differential forms on $X$, the Künneth theorem states that \begin{align*} A_X \otimes A_Y &\to A_{X \times Y}, \\ (\omega,\eta) &\mapsto {\rm ...
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2answers
191 views

Is $a^{-1} + b^{-1} = (a + b)^{-1}$ always true for Abelian group?

I get the equation $a^{-1} + b^{-1} = (a + b)^{-1}$ from ordinary + operation. For ordinary + operation I mean $a^{-1} = -a$. It is also true for * of rational numbers $3^{-1}*4^{-1} = \frac{1}{3} * ...
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5answers
279 views

Is there a difference between $(x)^{\frac{1}{n}} $ and $\sqrt[n]{x}$?

Is there a difference between $(x)^{\frac{1}{n}}$ and $ \sqrt[n]{x}$ ? I'm confused with this topic. Any ideas or examples ? If $(x)^{\frac{1}{n}} = \sqrt[n]{x}$ Consider $x=\frac{-b \pm ...
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4answers
733 views

how to find inverse of a matrix in $\Bbb Z_5$

how to find inverse of a matrix in $\Bbb Z_5$ please help me explicitly how to find the inverse of matrix below, what I was thinking that to find inverses separately of the each term in $\Bbb Z_5$ and ...
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317 views

Definition of Inverse in Linear and Abstract Algebra

In a linear algebra text, the following is the definition of the inverse of a matrix An $n\times n$ matrix $A$ is invertible when there exists an $n \times n$ matrix $B$ such that $$AB = BA = ...
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133 views

Finding inverse of a function $h(x) = \frac{1-\sqrt{x}}{1+\sqrt{x}}$

I have a function: $$h(x) = \frac{1-\sqrt{x}}{1+\sqrt{x}}$$ With just pen and paper, how can I determine if there exists an inverse function? Am I supposed to sketch it on paper to see if it can ...
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7answers
178 views

How should I understand $f^{-1}(E):=\{x\in A:f(x)\in E\}$?

I understand the concept, but I still can't figure out how to read the notation: $$f^{-1}(E):=\{x\in A:f(x)\in E\}$$ I understood the concept due to the examples, not with the notation. Can someone ...
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502 views

Will inverse functions, and functions always meet at the line $y=X$?

If I have a function, the inverse function, by definition will be a reflection of the original function in the line $y=X$, so if I wanted to find the point of intersection, instead of solving it with ...
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1answer
417 views

Inverse of the sum of the inverse of two matrices

I need to compute $ (A^{-1} + B^{-1})^{-1} $. Both $A$ and $B$ are symmetric and $A$ is invertible and PSD. I already know $B^{-1}$ and $A$, but I don't have $A^{-1}$ and $B$. Is there a formula to ...
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2answers
96 views

Prove that if $AA^T=A$ then $A^3=A$

The approach I'd like to use to prove this particular property necessitates that $A$ be invertible, but I don't wish to assume this (though it would certainly make the task simpler). Is there some ...
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579 views

“Orthogonal” Rectangular Matrix

Is it possible to have a matrix $\mathbf B \in \mathbb R^{m\times n}$ such that it satisfies: $$\mathbf B^T\cdot\mathbf B = \mathbf I_n$$ Where $\mathbf I_n$ is the $n\times n$ identity matrix. Or ...
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184 views

$f \circ g =\operatorname{ id}$ and $g \circ f \neq \operatorname{id}$?

Are there two functions $f$ and $g$ s.t. $$f \circ g = \operatorname{id}$$ but $$g \circ f \neq \operatorname{id}?$$ Could someone give an example or a proof that this is impossible? This must be ...
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How to find inverse of the function $f(x)=\sin(x)\ln(x)$

My friend asked me to solve it, but I can't. If $f(x)=\sin(x)\ln(x)$, what is $f^{-1}(x)$? I have no idea how to find the solution. I try to find ...
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3answers
378 views

How to invert this function? (Inverse exponential function with arctan)

How to invert this function? $$ y = e^{\arctan(x^5)} $$
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3answers
14k views

The relation between an exponential function and a logarithmic function

I have been told multiple times that the logarithmic function is the inverse of the exponential function and vice versa. My question is; what are the implications of this? How can we see that they're ...
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2answers
2k views

An ill-conditioned matrix

If C is an ill-conditioned matrix and I want to get the inverse, one way is to take a pseudo-inverse of some sort. Instead, is the following, which uses the (normal) inverse, also a way to deal with ...
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149 views

Non-associative: set with a binary operation, but has inverses and identity

I've been thinking about an example of some set with a binary operation which would satisfy all axioms of groups except for associativity. I'm new to Group Theory, so I would appreciate your ...
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204 views

Calculate inverse of arbitrarily sized, lower triangle matrix with a specific pattern.

I have a matrix of the following form: $$A=\begin{bmatrix} 2 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\-1 & 2 & 0 & 0\\ 0 & -1 & 2 & 0\\ 0 & 0 & -1 & 2 \end{bmatrix}$$ which, in ...
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2answers
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Taylor series of the inverse of $x^4+x$

I would like to expand the inverse function of $$g(x) := x^4+x $$ in a taylor series at the point x = 0. I calculated the first and second derivate at x = 0 with the rule of the derivation of an ...
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1answer
2k views

mean and variance of reciprocal normal distribution

If $X$ is a normal distributed with mean $\mu$ and variance $\sigma^2$. What would be the mean and variance of $Y = \dfrac{1}{X}$
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Finding inverse of a matrix

This question is in my assignment. We are not allowed to use any symbol to represent any elementary row and column operations used in the solution. We must solve it step-by-step. Please help me to ...
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3answers
448 views

Matrix Inverses

So in class we have been discussing matrix inverses and the quickest way that I know of is to get a matrix A, and put it side by side with the identity matrix, like $[A|I_{n}]$ and apply the ...
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1answer
332 views

Inverse function notation

Suppose $f$ and $g$ are functions that fail to be one-to-one, but $f+g$ is one-to-one. Has anyone ever seen the notation $(f+g)^{-1}$ for the inverse function in that situation? (I find myself ...
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51 views

Tool for expressing $x=f^{-1}(y)$ if $y=f(x)$ is given

I have many equations of nature - $y=ax^{12}+bx^5+5x^4+1$ For all these equations, I need to express x in terms of y. What tool or software would you recommend for this? I would much prefer to ...
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1answer
63 views

Looking for a commutative ring satisfying certain conditions

I'm looking for a commutative ring $R$ (with unit) which is of characteristic 2 and which possesses elements $x$ and $y$ such that the following holds $x^2$ and $y^2$ are inverses of one another but ...
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1answer
156 views

Inverse of $f(x)=\sin(x)+x$

What is the inverse of $$f(x)=\sin(x)+x.$$ I thought about it for a while but I couldn't figure it out and I couldn't find the answer on the internet. What about $$f(x)=\sin(a \cdot x)+x$$ where ...
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1answer
165 views

If matrix A is invertible, is it diagonalizable as well?

If a matrix A is invertible, then it is diagonalizable. Is it true or false?
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450 views

Prove the inverse of the Hilbert matrix has integer entries [duplicate]

$1 \frac{1}{2} ... \frac{1}{n}$ $\frac{1}{2} \frac{1}{3} ... \frac{1}{n+1}$ $.$ $.$ $.$ $\frac{1}{n} \frac{1}{n+1} ... \frac{1}{2n-1}$ Does the inverse of this matrix ...
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2answers
164 views

Solve equation $\tfrac 1x (e^x-1) = \alpha$

I have the equation $\tfrac 1x (e^x-1) = \alpha$ for an positive $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}^+$ which I want to solve for $x\in \mathbb R$ (most of all I am interested in the solution $x > 0$ for ...
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To invert a Matrix, Condition number should be less than what?

I see that there is a matlab tag in this site, so I ask my question here and not in stackoverflow although it is also related to programming in matlab. I am going to invert a positive definite matrix ...
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521 views

Invertible Derivative

I'm trying to brush up on some differential geometry, but there's a subtle point I don't understand. Suppose $h$ is a diffeomorphism. Then the lecture notes here suggest that it's derivative $df_x$ is ...
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102 views

Invertible matrix of non-square matrix?

Is a matrix invertible only when it is a square matrix? What about a matrix of the order $m \cdot n$ with $m \gt n$ and such that it is row-equivalent to a row-reduced echelon matrix with more ...
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125 views

$\ln(x)$, $e^{x}$ and $\int \frac{1}{x}dx$ relationship

My math professor told me that $\int_1^x \frac{1}{t} dt$ is $\ln(x)$ by the definition; so far so good. But how/why does $\ln(x)$ ($\int_1^x\frac{1}{t} dt$: by defintion) coincide with the inverse of ...
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486 views

How to find the Frechet derivative at $A\rightarrow A^{-1}$ mapping?

I am reading on my own the Lectures on the Geometry of Manifolds (http://nd.edu/~lnicolae/Lectures.pdf ) , and got stuck in solving the exercise 1.1.3 (b) . The 1.1.3 (b) is : Let F: $U\rightarrow ...
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222 views

Dense pre-images implies continuous right inverse?

Suppose $f : \mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ is such that pre-image of every point under $f$ is dense in $\mathbb R$. This, of course, implies that $f$ is surjective, and hence has a right inverse ...
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126 views

Inverse of $f(x)=3^x+2^x$

I'm tring to find inverse of $f(x)=3^x+2^x$ but I don't have any clue. I tried to $$y=2^x((3/2)^x+1)$$ $$\ln y=\ln2^x+\ln((3/2)^x+1)$$ $$\ln y= x \ln2+\ln((3/2)^x+1)$$ but I can't continue
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1answer
64 views

How to estimate the size of the neighborhoods in the Inverse Function Theorem

Given a function $f:U \subset V\to W$ such that $\textbf{D}f(x_0)\neq 0$ for some $x_0$. How to estimate the neighborhood for which it's invertible? Assuming the second derivative exists and is ...
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Is this matrix invertible?

I have been working on a proof and am stuck with showing that the below matrix is invertible. I am not interested in the explicit inverse, only showing it has a nonzero determinant as the existence of ...
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How to find the inverse cosine without a calculator

How to find the inverse of: $$\cos(c)=\frac{1}{3}$$ In other words, i'm trying to solve for c and without a calculator. If it's hard or not possible, then how would you go about solving inverses in ...