Inversion is the process of creating the opposite. Familiar examples include multiplicative inverse $2 \mapsto 1/2$, inverting functions $f(x) \mapsto f^{-1}(x)$, matrix inverse $M \mapsto M^{-1}$ etc. Please include an additional subject tag such as (linear-algebra) or (arithmetic) to help clarify ...

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The inverse of a Moment generating function

The moment generating function of $X$ is $M_X(t) = \mathbb{E}[e^{tX}] = \int e^{tu}f_X(u)du$ where t is a complex variable and $f_X$ is the density of X. The cumulant generating funtion of $X$ is ...
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Evaluating an inverse function by sketching a unit circle

Problem I'm working on: "Evaluate the inverse function by sketching a unit circle, locating the correct angle and evaluate the ordered pair on the circle." The function I got was $\cos^{-1}(0)$. ...
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32 views

Local inversion theorem (théorème d'inversion local)

I don't understand how to use the local inversion theorem to prove that a nondegerate critical point of a function $f\in C^2(U,\mathbb{R})$ is isolated Thank you.
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Inverting the infinite matrix $+\mathbf{I}$ with entries $\mathbf{P}_{ij}={i-1\choose j-1}$ [closed]

Let $ \mathbf{P}$ denote the "infinite matrix" $$ \left[ \begin{array}{ccccc} 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & \dots \\ 1 & 1 & 0 & 0 & \dots \\ 1 & 2 & 1 & 0 & \dots ...
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Inverse of $x(x+2)$ given $x\ge -1$

Consider the function: $y=x(x+2)$ . Consider its domain to be $x \geq -1$ . Graphically it makes sense that the inverse of this function is $-1 + \sqrt{x+1}$. But how to compute it analytically? ...
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How to show the surjectivity of $f(x)=x^5$ on $\mathbb R$?

Sasy $f:\mathbb R\to\mathbb R$ define by $f(x)=x^5$ This is definitely injective as $x_1^5=x_2^5 \implies x_1=x_2$ I say it is surjective because for all really $x$ there is all real $y$, $x \in ...
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How to find a modular multiplicative inverse when GCD is not 1

I am working on a problem that requires finding a multiplicative inverse of two numbers, but my algorithm is failing for a very simple reason: the GCD of the two numbers isn't 1. I figured I must've ...
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30 views

Looking for reference for the criterion of inveribility of a difference of two invertible matrices

It is pretty easy to show that $A-B$ is invertible if either $AB^{-1}$ or $BA^{-1}$ have all eigenvalues of absolute value less than $1$. But I am specifically looking for a handy reference of this ...
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56 views

If a one-to-one function's inverse is the same what must be true of the graph of f?

As a followup to this question. I'm trying to determine what must be true of the graph of $f$ in these cases. I've examined the two functions $f(x)= x$ and $f(x)= \frac{1}{x}$ and I'm not seeing any ...
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71 views

Can an Elementary Matrix's Inverse's Determinant = 0?

Can someone explain to me why an elementary matrix's inverse determinant cannot equal 0? Or can it? Is there some theorem to elementary matrix inverses? THANKS FOR YOUR INSIGHT! :)
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42 views

Finding the area bounded by two curves when in terms of $x = y^2$?

I can't seem to figure this problem out. Find the area bounded by the curves $x=2y-y^2$ and $x=4-y^2$, in the first quadrant. I am having difficulties with graphing the equations and coming up ...
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51 views

Solving a set of non-linear matrix equations

Consider the following set of equations $$\begin{cases}PAQ^{-1}&=T \\ QBR^{-1}&=T\\ RCP^{-1}&=T, \end{cases} $$ where A,B,C and T are known real-valued $3\times3$ matrices and P, Q, R are ...
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20 views

Show that a square matrix with linear transformation T(M) = A·M is bijective when A is inversible

Suppose $K$ is a body (a field), $n ≥ 1$ and $A ∈ M_n(K)$ a fixed matrix. Consider the linear transformation $T : M_n(K) → M_n(K)$ defined by $T(M) = A · M$ for $M ∈ M_n(K)$ The mark scheme says ...
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63 views

Why does the square root of an inverse function turn negative?

For example, $$f(x)=x^2$$ $$y=x^2$$ $$-\sqrt{x} = f^{-1}$$ Why does $\sqrt{x}$ become negative? Edit: Sorry for all the confusion, I will state the problem on my textbook and the solution. ...
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162 views

Determine the greatest interval where the function is invertible

The assingment is to determine the greatest interval around $x=0$ where the function: $$f(x)=x^5-5x+3$$ is invertible. After that, determine $(f^{-1})'(3)$ I have totally forgotten all about ...
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1answer
38 views

Proving that there is no invertible matrix with zero row sums using determinants

I have the following question which I know I should use the determinant to solve. Here it is: Determine if there exists an invertible $3\times3$ matrix $A$ such that $$\begin{align*} ...
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82 views

If a function $f$ is decreasing on its domain then would its inverse be increasing or decreasing?

I have a question concerned the inverse of a function $f$ and the sign of its derivative. If we are given a function $f$ that is decreasing on its domain, would its inverse $f^{-1}$ be increasing or ...
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43 views

Existence of solution for matrix equation $ (I - \alpha A) \bar{x}=\bar{b}$

This is my first question in here and I would be really thankful if someone could help me with understanding the matter. I am solving a matrix equation $(I-\alpha A) \bar{x} = \bar{b}$ for a positive ...
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1answer
31 views

Finding an inverse laplace transform for $\displaystyle\frac{a}{\left(s^2 + a^2\right)^2}$

I am asked to show that $x'' + w^2x = f\sin(wt)$ has a solution given by $x = \frac{f}{2w^2}(\sin(wt) - wt\cos(wt))$ where $w$ and $f$ are constants, by means of Laplace transforms. By taking a ...
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How to show that a null potent linear transformation is invertible

V is a K vector space and $ψ : V → V$ is a null potent linear transformation i.e. $ψ^N = 0$ for a certain $N ∈ N$. Prove that $Id_V − ψ$ est an invertible element in the ring $L(V, V )$. My assistant ...
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Prove that $(a+b\sqrt[3]{2}+c\sqrt[3]{4})^{-1}$ with a,b,c∈Q is a number of the form $d+e\sqrt[3]{2}+f\sqrt[3]{4}$ with $d,e,f∈Q$ [duplicate]

Prove that $(a+b\sqrt[3]{2}+c\sqrt[3]{4})^{-1}$ with $a,b,c∈Q$ is a number of the form $d+e\sqrt[3]{2}+f\sqrt[3]{4}$ with $d,e,f \in Q$ I'd like to do this without using too much fancy ...
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How to find the inverse function in explicit form?

For a function below: $$f(x)=a\cdot e^{-k_1 x}+b\cdot e^{-k_2 x}$$ How can I obtain its inverse function in explicit form?
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68 views

Proof of the rank theorem in Rudin's PMA book

I am studying Rudin's proof of the rank theorem (theorem 9.32 in Principles of Mathematical Analysis.) We have an invertible function $H(x)$ defined on an open set. He claims we can "shrink" the open ...
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30 views

Pseudoinverse and orthogonal projection

Given the matrix $A= \begin {pmatrix} 1 & 1 &1 \\ -1 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 2 &1 \end{pmatrix}$. (i) Determine the orthogonal projection $p:\mathbb{R}^3 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3$ on ...
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45 views

Help to prove the existance of a function

Let $f:X \rightarrow Y$ be a function. Prove that there exists a function $g:Y \rightarrow X$ such that $f \circ g = I_Y$ if and only if $f$ is a surjection. I need help on proving the following: ...
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45 views

Which (approximative) methods are there to compute the inverse of a complicated function?

I have a complicated function $f(x)$ for which I want to compute the inverse $f^{-1}$ over a certain range $R(f): a \leq f(x) \leq b$. The only way to find the inverse I can think of is power series ...
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39 views

inverse of quadratic log functions

Can a Log function with a quadratic have an inverse function? The specific question is to find the inverse of $$f(x) = \log_2(x^2-3x-4)$$ The function already fails the horizontal line test, but ...
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74 views

Power series and their inverses (radius of convergence of each)

Suppose I have a power series approximation $y$ to an invertible function $f(x)$, and I know that $y$ convergences around $x$ on an interval $(-R,R)$, $R$ being the radius of convergence. How are the ...
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60 views

Find a multiplicative inverse of an element in a field

Suppose we have an element $\sigma=p+qa\rho+rd\rho^{-1}\in K$ where $K=\mathbb{Q}(\rho)$ where $[K:\mathbb{Q}]=3$ I want to find a multiplicative inverse of $\sigma$ i .e ...
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Can anyone give the equation of the inverse of radial projection from a tetrahedron to sphere?

$(x,y,z) \mapsto \bigg(\frac{x}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}},\frac{y}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}},\frac{z}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}} \bigg)$ This is the equation of the radial projection. I need the inverse of this ...
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1answer
32 views

Express summation in terms of matrix norm

Express the following $$\sum _{ i=1 }^{ n }{ ({ \beta }_{ 1 }x_{ i }+{ \beta }_{ 0 }-y_{ i })^{ 2 } }$$ To become something of the form: $∥Ax−b∥^{ 2 }$ where $A$ is an $m$−by−$n$ matrix and $b$ is ...
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56 views

Fast way to inverse B'CB+D

$\mathbf {A = B'CB}$, where $\mathbf A$ is of dimension $n \times n$, $\mathbf C$ is m by m, positive definite and symmetric, $\mathbf B$ is of dimension $m \times n$, and $n >> m$. Inversion ...
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116 views

Normalization of a two-dimensional kernel function

I've got three two-dimensional kernel functions which look like this $$ k(r,h) = n \cdot \begin{cases} \ldots & 0 \le r \le h \\ 0 & otherwise \end{cases} $$ With ...
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1answer
73 views

It $f(x)=x+\sin x$, then can we find $f^{-1} (x)$?

We have a bijective function $f(x)=x+\sin x$. So what is $f^{-1} (x)$? Let $f^{-1}(x)$ be $g(x)$. Suppose we have to find $g\left(\dfrac{\pi}{6}+\dfrac{1}{2}\right)$ and ...
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61 views

How to find the inverse function of f(x)=x+sin(x)-a

The problem is how to find the inverse function of $$f(x)=x+\sin(x)-a$$ where $a$ is real parameter. I tried to write $\sin(x)$ as $\frac{i}{2}(e^{-ix}-e^{ix})$. Problem is how to solve this equation: ...
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Inverse of 2d function involving sine and cosine

I have the function $f: \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^2$ or more precisely $$f\left([0,\pi/2]^2\right)=\{(x,y) \in \mathbb R^2 : \Vert (x,y) \Vert \leq 1 \text{ and } y\geq0\}$$ which means it is a ...
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1answer
22 views

Find the point of $f^{-1}$ corresponding to the value of x indicated

i am having problems understanding this problem. The given function $f$ is one-to-one. Find $f^{-1}$, find the point on the graph of $f^{-1}$ corresponding to the indicated value of $x$ in the ...
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73 views

How to find Inverse function value at given point? [closed]

How to solve this, If $f(x)=x^5+x^3+x$, then find $f^{-1}(3)$
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40 views

Finding a matrix projecting vectors onto column space

I can't find $P$, for vectors you can do $P = A(A^{T}A)^{-1}A^T$. But here its not working because matrices have dimensions that can't multiply or divide. help
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Solving Toeplitz plus Diagonal System, how should I make use of the structure?

I learned that a Toeplitz system, $Ax = B$ where $A$ is Teoplitz, can be solved in $O(n \log n)$ time using Superfast method. or approximate $A$ similar to Approximation method. I am keep ...
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86 views

Matrix inverses on matlab: are pinv and ./ related?

I faced with two actual implementations of the same problem, and need some help to find which one is correct. Let K be an non-square $m \times n$ matrix (a product of two eigenvalues vectors), B an ...
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137 views

2x2 inverse of a complex matrix with complex determinant

Firstly, my question may be related to a similar question here: Are complex determinants for matrices possible and if so, how can they be interpreted? I am using: $$ \left(\begin{array}{cc} a&b\\ ...
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Clarification on the domain of $\arcsin(\sqrt{1-x^2})$

As the title says, I don't understand how to find the domain of $\arcsin(\sqrt{1-x^2})$. I kinda understand how it would equate to it would be -1 < x < 1 (inclusive of 1 and -1) by definition of ...
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1answer
50 views

Show that a linear mapping is invertible over all $\Bbb R^{2}$

Show that (under appropriate assumptions) a general linear mapping $F(x,y) = (ax+by,cx+dy)$ is invertible over all of $\Bbb R^2$ (i.e. there is a single inverse for all of $\Bbb R^2$). What ...
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42 views

Is the inverse of this function unique

Let $f$ be a function from any set(Say $K$) to any set (say $P$) Now: $f(x)=2x+1$ My question:Is it necessary that the inverse of the function is $\frac{x-1}{2}$? This is a problem given in my ...
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30 views

what is the name of this matrix? does it have any special characteristics?

does anyone know the name of this matrix or if it has any special characteristics or how to calculate its inverse efficiently e.g. in a closed-form? [ \begin{array}{llllll} ...
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83 views

What is the inverse function of $\int{ \frac{1}{{\sqrt{x+1}}{x^n}} dx}$?

I am trying to solve $$ \frac{dy}{dt} = \alpha ((y+1)^2 - \gamma)^n \hspace{2cm} y(0)=0 $$ Here $y$ is a real-valued, monotonically increasing, positive definite function of $t$ in the interval ...
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1answer
23 views

Help inverting a non-linear system of equations

I have a set of two equations like this $$ \gamma_3=\left(\frac{1}{\sqrt{1+2c_3^2+6c_4^2}}\right)^3 \left( \alpha_1\,c_3^3 + \alpha_2\,c_3c_4^2 + \alpha_3\,c_3c_4 + \alpha_4\,c_4\right)\\ ...
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1answer
47 views

Explanation on how is simplified expression $\frac{s^2+3s+3}{2s^2+7s+7}$

This is done in the solution of exercise in order to make it possible to do inverse Laplace transform. Though I am not sure how is that done, so here it is: ...
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1answer
79 views

Some questions about the pseudoinverse of a matrix

For every mxn-matrix A with real entries, there exist a unique nxm-matrix B, also with real entries, such that $$ABA = A$$ $$BAB = B$$ $$AB = (AB)^T$$ $$BA = (BA)^T$$ B is called the pseudoinverse ...