Inversion is the process of creating the opposite. Familiar examples include multiplicative inverse $2 \mapsto 1/2$, inverting functions $f(x) \mapsto f^{-1}(x)$, matrix inverse $M \mapsto M^{-1}$ etc. Please include an additional subject tag such as (linear-algebra) or (arithmetic) to help clarify ...

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What is the adjoint of an inverse matrix? [duplicate]

What is the adjoint of an inverse matrix? Is $(T^{-1})^{*} = (T^{*})^{-1}$?
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4answers
38 views

Can we show that $K=\tan(\frac{\theta_B}{2} + 45^\circ)$, given $\theta_B = \arctan(K) - \arctan(\frac{1}{K})$?

I am studying two separate technical documents which are about the same topic. I would like to know if they are defining certain two variables exactly the same. In the first document, it defines a ...
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4answers
54 views

Let $T$ be a linear transformation on a vector space $V$ ($\textrm{dim}\ V = n$). If $\textrm{rank}\ (T^2) = n$, is $T$ invertible?

For a linear transformation $T$ on a finite dimensional vector space $V$ ($\textrm{dim}\ V = n$). If $\textrm{rank}\ (T^2) = n$, is $T$ invertible? Also, is it guaranteed to have an eigenvalue?
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1answer
27 views

Permutations, compositions and associativity properties

Let n be a postive integer, and let σ : {1, . . . , n} → {1, . . . , n} be a one-to-one and onto map. Then σ is called a permutation on n elements. The set of all permutations on n elements is denoted ...
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2answers
62 views

Kalman filter innovation residual inversion

I'm trying to implement a Kalman filter in a computationally efficient way. The main issue is the inversion of the innovation residual: $$S=HPH^T+R$$ $$K=PH^TS^{-1}$$ My question is, can one assume ...
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1answer
989 views

Proof of Vandermonde Matrix Inverse Formula

I'm working through Exercise 40 from section 1.2.3 of Knuth's The Art of Computer Programming volume 1, but am finding myself unable to produce a rigorous proof, and the one here is suspect and not ...
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1answer
53 views

Inverse of $f(x) = 3x + \cos(x)$

Was hoping someone could help me find the inverse of $f(x) = 3x + \cos(x)$ The steps I took were: $y = 3x + \cos(x)$ $x = 3y + \cos(y)$ $x - 3y = \cos(y)$ $\arccos(x-3y) = y $ But I still have a ...
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6answers
45 views

Finding the inverse of a number under a certain modulus

How does one get the inverse of 7 modulo 11? I know the answer is supposed to be 8, but have no idea how to reach or calculate that figure. Likewise, I have the same problem finding the inverse of 3 ...
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1answer
23 views

Find $f^{-1}(g(x))$ if $f(x) = 2x + 1$ and $g(x) = x^{2}$

Question: Let $f$ and $g$ be defined as: $$f(x) = 2x + 1, ~~~~x \in \mathbb{R}$$ $$g(x) = x^{2}, ~~~~~~~~~~~~x \in \mathbb{R}$$ Find a) $~~f^{-1}(x)$ b) $~~f(g(x))$ c) $~~g(f(x))$ d) ...
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94 views

Inverse of $f(x) = a \left(1 + \frac{c}{(1+x^b)^{-\frac{1}{b}} - c}\right) \cdot (1+x^{-b})^\frac{1}{b}$?

How can one find the inverse of $$ f(x) = \mathrm{a} \left(1 + \frac{\mathrm{c}}{(1+x^\mathrm{b})^{-\frac{1}{\mathrm{b}}} - \mathrm{c}}\right) \cdot (1+x^{-\mathrm{b}})^\frac{1}{\mathrm{b}} $$ with ...
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30 views

Why do the columns of the inverse of a matrix (defined as a linear operator) form an orthogonal basis in an inner product space?

Let V be a vector space over C and W be an inner product space over C with inner product <., .> and T:V --> W be a linear transformation. Find an orthogonal basis for V = R^3 with the inner product ...
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2answers
35 views

How to show $\text{rref }[\left.A\right|AB]=[\left.I_n\right|B]$?

For invertible $A^{n\times n}, B^{n\times n}$, how do I show that $\text{rref }[\left.A\right|AB]=[\left.I_n\right|B]?$ Tentatively: $\text{rref ...
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2answers
30 views

$\frac{d\Phi^{-1}(y)}{dy} = \frac{1}{\frac{d}{dy}[\Phi(\Phi^{-1}(y))]}$?

If $\Phi(y)$ is a monotonic decreasing function is true that $$\frac{d\Phi^{-1}(y)}{dy} = \frac{1}{\Phi'(\Phi^{-1}(y))}$$ If so, how? It works for $y = \Phi(x) = e^{-x}, \quad \Phi^{-1}(y) = ...
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1answer
23 views

how to do inverse laplace of $(s^2+1)/s^4$?

how to do the inverse laplace of $(s^2+1)/s^4$? the answer is $(t^3/6)+t$ but I do not know how to derive it.
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3answers
57 views

Find the inverse of $f(x,y) = (x+3y,3x+y)$

Given the function $f : \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}^2$ as $f(x,y) = (x+3y,3x+y)$. Find $f^{-1}$ .( Assume $f$ is a bijection) I know how to find $f^{-1} (x) = (3x+2)$ or anything with one ...
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1answer
23 views

Functions problem: surjectivity and direct and inverse image theory

I need some help with this problem, if sombody could give me any idea of how to solve it (not the solution itself, but it would be better) I will appreciate it: for a function $f: A → B$, prove $ ∀ Z ...
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1answer
20 views

Inverse function table

I am required to create a table of values (like the one above) for h-1(x). Because x is ordered, i am just wondering, would the two tables would be identical? I just feel a little insulted that's ...
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16 views

inverse fourier transform of unit impulse function of omega

What is the inverse fourier transform of the unit impulse function of omega. Sorry I've not got the symbol in my phone. It Should looks like §(W).. Sorry for the special symbols.
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1answer
26 views

Inverse of elementary functions

which may be two right inverse of: 1) $h:\Re \rightarrow [0,\infty) $ defined by $h(x)=|x|$ 2) $k:\Re \rightarrow [1,\infty)$ defined by $k(x)= e^{x^2}$
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2answers
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$\sqrt{4x -3}$ injective? Bijective? Inverse?

I'm shown part of the function $g(x) = \sqrt{4x-3}$. Is it injective? I said yes as per definition if $f(x) = f(y)$, then $x =y$. Is this right? Under what criteria is $g(x)$ bijective? For what ...
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94 views

Analytic inverse of $f(z) \neq 0, f(0) = 0, f'(z) \neq 0 $ within minimum modulus on boundary.

Suppose $f(z)$ is analytic on closed disk of radius $r$ and $f(0)=0$, $f'(z) \neq 0$. Show that $f$ has an analytic inverse on $\{|z| \leq m\}$ where $m$ is the minimum of $|f(z)|$ on $\{|z| = r\}$. ...
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Verify matrix identity

The question: Show that if $A$, $B$, and $A+B$ are invertible matrices with the same size, then: $$A(A^{-1}+B^{-1})B(A+B)^{-1} = I$$ I began by multiplying the first $A$: ...
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1answer
64 views

Integration.Matrix.Determinant.Inverse.Trace.

Given $$ I_n=\int_0^1\frac{x^n}{x^{2012}-1}{\rm d}x\text{ and }J_n=\int_0^1\frac{x^n}{x^{2013}+1}{\rm d}x\quad\forall n>2012, n\in\mathbb N$$ If the matrix $$\rm A=[a_{ij}]_{3\times3}\text{ where ...
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1answer
31 views

Inverse Laplace Transform with time delay and extra factor

I am attempting to solve a PDE $$y_{tt} = y_{xx}, -\infty < x < 0,\ t > 0$$ with boundary conditions $$ y_x(0,t) = k(t),\ y(x,t) \rightarrow 0\ \mbox{as}\ x \rightarrow -\infty,\ y(x,0) = 0,\ ...
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0answers
15 views

Closed form expression for the S-transform of a random variable?

I'm trying to compute the S-transform as described in this review article on random matrix theory (section 2.2.6). They define it as $\Sigma_X(\gamma) = -\frac{\gamma+1}{\gamma}\eta_X^{-1}(1+\gamma)$ ...
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2answers
38 views

Computing $\arctan x$ in terms of a certain collection of other functions

I know that $$\tan(x) = \frac{\sin(x)}{\cos(x)}.$$ Does this relationship hold in the inverse in any form? For example: atan(x) = asin(x) / acos(x), or atan(x) = acos(x) / asin(x), or atan(x) = ...
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50 views

Inverse function of $x^x$

How can I find the inverse function of $f(x) = x^x$? I cannot seem to find the inverse of this function, or any function in which there is both an $x$ in the exponent as well as the base. I have tried ...
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1answer
142 views

Find Functions That Can Be Inverted from Their Sums

I have the following situation:$$ f_1(x_1) + f_1(x_2) + f_1(x_3) + \cdots + f_1(x_n) = c_1\\ f_2(x_1) + f_2(x_2) + f_2(x_3) + \cdots + f_2(x_n) = c_2\\ \vdots\\ f_n(x_1) + f_n(x_2) + f_n(x_3) + ...
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1answer
24 views

Showing topological properties of a function

Let $f$ be a function from a set $X$ into a set $Y$. prove: i) the function $f$ has an inverse if and only if $f$ is bijective ii) let $g_1$ and $g_2$ be functions from Y into X. If $g_1$ and $g_2$ ...
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133 views

Is it possible that $(f\circ g)(x)=x$ and $(g\circ f)(x)\ne x$?

Is it possible that $(f\circ g)(x)=x$ and $(g\circ f)(x)\ne x$ In other words, To show $f$ and $g$ are inverse, is it enough to show $(f\text{ o }g)(x)=x$? I have never witnessed a case in which the ...
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93 views

Find the inverse of a piece-wise continuous function

I have the following piecewise continuous function: $$f(x)=\begin{cases}3x+1,~x\gt 0\\2-x^2,~x\leq 0\end{cases}$$ and I need to find its right inverse. Thus far I got that ...
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0answers
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inverse of semi infinite toeplitz matrix

I have a semi infinite toeplitz matrix of the form $ A=\left(\begin{array}{ccccc} A_{0} & A_{1} & 0 & 0 & \cdots\\ A_{-1} & A_{0} & A_{1} & 0 & \cdots\\ 0 & A_{-1} ...
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“Fix” an Inaccurate Matrix Inverse

I have $A$, a poorly-conditioned (but not singular) matrix. The matrix $B\approx A^{-1}$ (currently computed using double-precision Gaussian elimination), is rather further from the true $A^{-1}$ ...
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28 views

Show if $(a,p)=1$ there is a unique inverse of $a$ modulo $p$

In a proof of Wilson's theorem, I read this identity and just wondered how to prove it: When $1\leq a\leq p-1$, we have $(a,p)=1$, so there exists a unique $\overline{a}$ with $a\overline{a}\equiv ...
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5answers
890 views

Modular Inverses

I'm doing a question that states to find the inverse of $19 \pmod {141}$. So far this is what I have: Since $\gcd(19,141) = 1$, an inverse exists to we can use the Euclidean algorithm to solve for ...
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3answers
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When does a function have an inverse?

I have been told that a function has an inverse if it is one-to-one or injective, but how can we rigorously prove this? I have been struggling to find a proof for days.
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Solve the triangle using the law of Cosine

$a = 20$, $c= 20$, $B = 30^\circ$, $\cos 30^\circ = \frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}$ Using the law of cosine: $b^2 = a^2 + c^2 - 2ac\cos(B)$ \begin{align*} b^2 & = 20^2 + 20^2 -2(20)(20)\frac{\sqrt{3}}{2}\\ ...
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Deriving the inverse of RGB to HSV transformation

Today we had the conversion from RGB to HSV coordinates and vice versa in a multimedia systems exam. And I was puzzled between the conversion. RGB and HSV are of course the color spaces. The ...
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If I have two functions defined from $\mathbb{R^3} \to \mathbb{R}$, can they be inverses?

I am taking an economics class and I am not getting some straight answers about the conditions under which I can say that a map from $$\Bbb{R}^3 \rightarrow \Bbb{R}$$ can be reduced to a map from ...
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Find an example of continuous but not increasing function whose inverse function doesn't satisfy the Inverse Function Theorem

I have to find an example of a function $f:[a,b]→R$ which is continuous, but not strictly increasing, such that no inverse function $f^{−1}$ satisfy the property of the Inverse Function Theorem.
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1answer
25 views

Finding possible inverses of a modulo function

I know how to find $one$ inverse via the euclidean algorithm, but I can't figure out how to find more of them. For example: Find an inverse $x$, of $57$ $modulo$ $100$ Or an $x$ such that $57x ≡ 1$ ...
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Proof of the Inverse of a Scalar times a Matrix

How would I prove that given a square matrix $A$ and non-zero scalar $c$ that $$(cA)^{-1}=c^{-1}A^{-1}$$
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Differentiating inverse hyperbolic function

I am trying to differentiate $\tanh^{−1}\left(x/(1 + x^2)\right)$, but am finding it difficult understanding what to do. I think you have to place the differential of the angle of the hyperbolic ...
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1answer
38 views

Different Inverse Approach

As it is known, we use inverse (Gauss Elm, Jordan...) or pseudo-inverse methods (LU, SVD, Chol, QR...) to solve linear equation namely $ A*x=b$ when $A$ is $[m,n]$ and $b$ is $[1,n]$ matrix. These all ...
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159 views

Fastest way to find modular multiplicative inverse

I am looking for a fast way to find the modular multiplicate inverse of an integer $a$ in mod $p$. I am mainly interested in ...
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3answers
38 views

Functions - Inverses of graphs.

The question reads: sketch the graph of y=-3-x along with its inverse. From calculating the equation of the inverse graph, I come to y=-3-x, using the swap method. I then tried to plot both graphs ...
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46 views

Inversion of a pairing function

I was reading this question on this site and I saw that the following pairing function was mentioned (a modified version of Cantor function): $$\langle x, y\rangle = x * y + ...
2
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1answer
36 views

Find the inverse fourier transform of simple function

Suppose that the fourier transform of a signal $x(t)$ is $\hat x(u)=\frac{1}{2u_m}(1+\cos (\frac{\pi u}{u_m}))$ where $u_m \geq |u|$.$t$ here stands for time so $t \geq 0$ We sample the original ...
4
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1answer
138 views

Inverse of $f(x) = xe^x-x$

I'm wondering if there is a way to obtain the inverse of the function $y=xe^x-x$. I am aware of the use of Lambert's W function in the inverse of $xe^x$ but as can be seen this is a different animal ...
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1answer
14 views

for $1 \geq x \geq 0: {2x^2\over{(2+x)}} \leq y \Rightarrow x \leq \left(\frac{3}{2} y \right)^{1/2}$

So what I did is prove that $f(x) := {2x^2\over{2+x}}$ is increasing and then invert $f$ on $[0,\infty]$ this yields $(f\restriction_{[0,\infty[})^{-1}(y) = \frac{1}{4}(y+\sqrt{y}\sqrt{y+16})$ and ...