Inverses include: multiplicative inverse of a number (reciprocal), inverse function, matrix inverse, etc. A subject tag such as (linear-algebra), (algebra-precalculus) or (arithmetic) should be added to clarify in which sense "inverse" is used. This tag should never be the only tag on a question.

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Finding modular inverse of every number mod 26?

I am looking at cryptography, and need to find the inverse of every possible number mod 26. Is there a fast way of this, or am i headed to the algorithm every time?
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Formal Notation for Finding Inverses of Functions

Generally in most introductory university courses, finding the inverses of functions, is done in what seems to be to be a very haphazard way. Given any scalar function $f : \mathbb{R^n} \to \mathbb{R}...
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What is the Order of operations for finding the inverse of a function AND solving.

I have $y=4(x+2)^3$. So first part of taking the inverse is switching the variables $x$ and $y$ so you'd have $x=4(y+2)^3$. Why does the exponent $3$ get put in front of the square root symbol? The ...
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23 views

Proving facts about the inverse of a matrix

Let A and B be matrices. Show that: $(A^{-1})^{-1} = A$ $(A^{T})^{-1} = (A^{-1})^{T}$ $(AB)^{-1} = B^{-1}A^{-1}$ I think I'm supposed to use the inverse property (That $AA^{-1} = I$, where I is ...
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0answers
15 views

Band Matrix w/ real Diagonal and imaginary Off-Diagonal: Structure of Inverse

I am seeking an exact justification for the following property. Consider a symmetric band matrix with real diagonal and imaginary off-diagonal. $$\left(\begin{array}{ccccc} a_1 & ib_1 & 0 &...
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1answer
77 views

Inverse of 2 by 2 matrix verification

I have worked our the solution to a problem, but I want to explain the solution in a mathematical way. I have the following matrix: $$ \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 2 \\ 1 & 1 \\...
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1answer
86 views

Does the Gamma Function have an Inverse?

Does the Gamma Function have an Inverse? (Is there an "arc-gamma" function?) Where $\Gamma(x) = y... \Gamma^{-1}(y) = x\ (arc\Gamma(y)=x)$. I've searched and found something called DiGamma Function, ...
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0answers
21 views

Will this function be odd?

Question: If $f:R\to R$ is an invertible function such that $f(x)$ and $f^{-1}(x)$ are symmetric about the line $y = -x$, then: A) $f(x)$ is odd B) $f(x)$ and $f^{-1}(x)$ may not be ...
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4answers
66 views

Fermat's little theorem question: why isn't $a^p \equiv 1$?

Fermat's little theorem says that $a^p \equiv a \pmod p$. I have kind of a stupid question. Since $p \equiv 0\pmod p $, why isn't $a^p \equiv a^0 \equiv 1 \pmod p$ ?
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23 views

Inverse normal CDF formula

Why there is no formula for the inverse normal cumulative function? It has been a while since I studied math so any help would be appreciated.
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691 views

Will inverse functions, and functions always meet at the line $y=X$?

If I have a function, the inverse function, by definition will be a reflection of the original function in the line $y=X$, so if I wanted to find the point of intersection, instead of solving it with ...
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Invertibility of a linear transformation without knowing its matrix

Let $\mathbb{V}$ be a finite-dimensional inner product space, and let $\mathbb{W} \subset \mathbb{V}$ be a subspace. Define $T:\mathbb{V} \rightarrow \mathbb{V}$ by $$T(\overrightarrow v)=\...
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How to calculate the submatrix inverse with prior knowledge of matrix inverse?

Given $A\in \mathbb{N}^{n\times n}$, then $A(\mathcal{I})$ is defined by first deleting the those columns with index in $\mathcal{I}$ and then extracting the first $n-|\mathcal{I}|$ rows. Note that ...
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1answer
768 views

Simple formula for a sieries like 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, …

I'm looking for a simple formula that will give a series that looks like this: $1; 2; 5; 10; 20; 50; 100; ...$ That means a function that will give this output: $f(1) = 1$ $f(2) = 2$ $f(3) = 5$ $f(4) ...
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1answer
51 views

differentiation of a norm of matrix function

I need to differentiate the following function W.r.to $x$ $y=\|x (\mathbf{I-W}-x \mathbf{Diag(v_2)W})^{-1}\mathbf{v_1} - b\|_2$ where $0<x<\frac{2}{max_i{|{v_2}_i|}}$,$\mathbf{v_1}\in \mathscr{...
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56 views

If a function maps an input to its inverse, is it bijective?

I read in my textbook that a function is a bijection if and only if it has an inverse. Is it the same thing to say a function $f: X → X$ is a bijection if $f(x) = x^{-1}$? If $a = x$ and $b = x^{-1}$, ...
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1answer
18 views

Knwing when the inverting operation were wrong with $A^{-1}A$ result

I don't know why but I'm really really weak in inverting matrices since years... I always do some mistakes. I'm asking you how could I cope with that problem and be able to invert matrix easily in the ...
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2answers
47 views

AP Calculus BC - Derivative of inverse problem

Let $g(x)$ be the inverse of the function $f(x)$. Given the following values on the table below, at which value $x=a$ will $g'(a)=1/6$? (No calculator allowed) ...
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2answers
133 views

Kalman filter innovation residual inversion

I'm trying to implement a Kalman filter in a computationally efficient way. The main issue is the inversion of the innovation residual: $$S=HPH^T+R$$ $$K=PH^TS^{-1}$$ My question is, can one assume ...
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25 views

Inverse of a function and Inverse function theorem.

Apologies if this question is too primitive for professionals here. I understand the inverse of a function, in terms of domain, co-domain and bijections. Let's say $f,g:[0,\infty)\rightarrow [0,\...
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1answer
47 views

Inverse of a “Vandermonde-like” matrix composed of power series

Is there an analytical formula for the inverse of a complex matrix whose elements are sets of "power series" except the last term is scaled? Let $0<x_1<x_2<...<x_n$ be monotonically ...
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1answer
25 views

When diagonalizing a matrix, in what order should you arrange the the eigenvectors to form the invertible matrix $P$?

I was following this example online to diagonalize a matrix. It lists the eigenvectors as $\lambda =3,2,4$ (note the order). It then arranges each eigenvalue's corresponding eigenvector (3 column ...
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2answers
81 views

When does $A^TAX = A^TB$?

The original question is a true-or-false question: Assume $A$ is a $m\times n$ matrix and $B$ is a $m\times p$ matrix. If $X$ is an $n\times p$ unkwown matrix, then the system $A^TAX = A^TB$ always ...
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how to calculate cumulative distribution function inverted exponential in this pic

how to calculate cumulative distribution function inverted exponential in this pic enter image description here
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1answer
1k views

Prove that a matrix with a trivial nullspace must always be invertible

I'm proving that $A^tA$ will be positive definite iff $A$ is invertible. I guess that there are ways to show this with determinants, eigenvectors. But I've just gone with Positive definites must ...
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2answers
38 views

Inverse of a square block matrix

I am trying to understand how to compute the inverse of a square block matrix defined as follow: $\begin{bmatrix}2{\bf I}&-{\bf X}\\{\bf X}'&{\bf 0}\end{bmatrix}$, where ${\bf I}$ is a $T\...
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2answers
72 views

Prove that if $\|A\|<1$, then $(I+A)^{-1}=I-A+A^2-A^3+\cdots$. [closed]

Prove that if $\|A\|<1$, then $(I+A)^{-1}=I-A+A^2-A^3+\cdots$. I'm not sure how to do this. I know the result for $(I-A)^{-1}$, but that won't help me.
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2answers
23 views

Inverse of a matrix with uniform off diagonals

Suppose that we have an all positive matrix where the off diagonal elements are all identical. Can one calculate the inverse of the matrix analytically, or more efficiently than the general case? For ...
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3answers
71 views

If $f$ function then $f^{-1}$ function iff $f$ function injective (one-to-one).

During the lecture we learned this phrase: "If $f$ is a function then $f^{-1}$ is a function iff $f$ is injective (one-to-one)." But why? What with onto? $f$ doesn't need to be Surjective (...
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5answers
82 views

Solving $\arcsin\left(2x\sqrt{1-x^2}\right) = 2 \arcsin x$

If we have $$\arcsin\left(2x\sqrt{1-x^2}\right) = 2 \arcsin x$$ we have to find the set of $x$ for which this is true. I tried to solve it by putting $x = \sin a$ or $\cos a, but got no ...
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55 views

Solving $\arcsin(\sqrt{1-x^2}) +\arccos(x) = \text{arccot} \left(\frac{\sqrt{1-x^2}}{x}\right) - \arcsin( x)$

If we have to find the solutions of equation $$\arcsin(\sqrt{1-x^2}) +\arccos(x) = \text{arccot} \left(\frac{\sqrt{1-x^2}}{x}\right) - \arcsin( x)$$ Using a triangle I rewrite it as $$2 \arctan ...
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0answers
41 views

Let A=$\tiny\begin{pmatrix}1&1&1\\1&2&2\\ 1 & 2 &3 \end{pmatrix}$ and B=$\tiny\begin{pmatrix} 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 1 & 1 &0 \\ 1 & 1 &1 \end{pmatrix}$

Then (A) there exists a matrix C such that A = BC = CB (B) there is no matrix C such that A = BC (C) there exists a matrix C such that A = BC, but A $\neq$ CB (D) there is no matrix C such that A =...
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1answer
26 views

Laplace transform and inverse laplace transform

1- Find laplace transform for $4e^2t-3\cos^2(2t)+2\cosh(3t)$ My answer $L(4e^2t-3cos^2(2t)+2cosh(3t))=4L(e^2t)-3L(cos^2(2t))+2L(cosh(3t))$ $=\frac4 {s-2}-3L(\cos^2(2t))+\frac{2s}{s^2-9}$ But how ...
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1answer
30 views

Verifying multiplicative inverses of modulo n are the elements that are relatively prime to n

A proposition in my book states: $(\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z})^{\times} = \{a \in \mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}~|(a,n) = 1\}$ which I want to prove. I start by defining $a$ in terms of prime factors $$a = p_1^{\...
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1answer
24 views

symetric matrix inverse

Is there an easy way to invert a 3x3 symmetric matrix? for example A = $\begin{pmatrix} -1& 2& 0\\ 2& -5& 0\\ 0& 0& ...
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1answer
14 views

Find the inverse of $θ:P(\Bbb{Z})→P(\Bbb{Z})$ defined as $θ(X) = \bar X$

Find the inverse of $θ:P(\Bbb{Z})→P(\Bbb{Z})$ defined as $θ(X) = \bar X$ (the complement of $X$)? Would the inverse of the function just be the function itself?
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28 views

Changed codomain of inverse trigonometric functions

If codomain of $\arcsin(x)$ is $(\pi/2 , 3\pi/2)$ and codomain of $\arccos(x)$ is $(\pi , 2\pi)$ then what should be $\arcsin + \arccos$ equal to ? I thought of putting $x = \sin \theta$ But then ...
0
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1answer
73 views

Prove $sgn(π) = sgn(π^{-1})$?

I'm pretty sure the inversion count of $π$ should be the opposite of the inversion count of $π^{-1}$. By this I mean if $π$ looks like this: $1 \to 1$, $2\to 2, \ldots, 10 \to 10$ and therefore the ...
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Why is $\frac{1}{\frac{1}{X}}=X$?

Can someone help me understand in basic terms why $$\frac{1}{\frac{1}{X}} = X$$ And my book says that "to simplify the reciprocal of a fraction, invert the fraction"...I don't get this because isn't ...
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1answer
50 views

Inverse function to $f(t)=3t+4ln(t+1)=y$

I have to invert the function $f(t)=3t+4\ln(t+1)=y$, so $f^{-1}(y)=t$. But I am struggling to invert this. Is there a solution?
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1answer
523 views

How to find the Frechet derivative at $A\rightarrow A^{-1}$ mapping?

I am reading on my own the Lectures on the Geometry of Manifolds (http://nd.edu/~lnicolae/Lectures.pdf ) , and got stuck in solving the exercise 1.1.3 (b) . The 1.1.3 (b) is : Let F: $U\rightarrow ...
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22 views

Simplifying Inverse Trig Function

I'm trying to figure out how to simplify this expression but I'm not quite sure on how to approach this question. How should I approach this question? Any help is greatly appreciated! $\tan(\sin^{-1}(...
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1answer
26 views

Show that a matrix satisfying certain conditions is non-singular

I have a square matrix $A$ satisfying the following conditions: The elements on the diagonal are negative; All other elements are non-negative; All row sums are less than or equal to $0$; There is ...
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1answer
27 views

I need someone to show me how to solve this input/output problem

Alright, so I have: $4y^3 = x$ And now I have to solve for $y$, where I can later use that equation to answer other questions I have. Can someone hint me out on how to solve for $y$ given the above ...
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1answer
24 views

Inverse of the sum of a invertible matrix with known Cholesky-decomposion and diagonal matrix

I want to ask a question about invertible matrix. Suppose there is a $n\times n$ symmetric and invertible matrix $M$, and we know its Cholesky decomposion as $M=LL'$. Then do we have an efficient way ...
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0answers
18 views

The existance of Schur Complement Inverse

A block matrix $\mathbf{M}=\left[ \begin{array}{ccc} \mathbf{A} & \mathbf{B} \\ \mathbf{B}^T & \mathbf{C} \end{array} \right]$ is invertible if $\mathbf{A}$ and $(\mathbf{C}-\mathbf{B}^T\...
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3answers
39 views

Is the inverse of a real, continuous “1-1” function necessarily continuous itself? [closed]

If so, please do provide me with an epsilon-delta proof, if possible. Thanks in advance.
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1answer
21 views

Related to symmetric, diagonal and invertible matrices

While solving a problem I came across a specific question: Given $A,B$ as $2$ real, symmetric, matrices with $B$ positive definite, does there exist a matrix (invertible) $P$ such that both $P^TAP$ ...
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0answers
14 views

Harmonic inversion of an eccentric circle.

Inverted here is a circle with respect to another circle not as the conventional reciprocal inversion $ r_1 = \dfrac{a^2}{r_2}, $ but by means of a Lens formula known from time of Gauss: $$ 1/r_1 + 1/...
2
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0answers
57 views

Derivative of $(\lambda I - A)^{-1}$ with respect to $\lambda$

Is need to work with $\frac{d}{d\lambda} (1 - v^{T}(\lambda I - A)^{-1}u)$. Is it true that: $$\frac{d}{d\lambda} (1 - v^{T}(\lambda I - A)^{-1}u) = -v^{T}\frac{d}{d\lambda}(\lambda I - A)^{-1}u$$ ...