Inverses include: multiplicative inverse of a number (reciprocal), inverse function, matrix inverse, etc. A subject tag such as (linear-algebra), (algebra-precalculus) or (arithmetic) should be added to clarify in which sense "inverse" is used. This tag should never be the only tag on a question.

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38 views

Find the inverse function of $y=x|x|e^x$

I am having problems finding the inverse function of a complicated function. In this case: $$y=x|x|e^x $$ I thought I could 'split' this function but I'm not sure if that's the right way. for $y=x$ ...
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1answer
17 views

Inverse of bounded linear transformation

I'm not in the mathematics field and not very comfortable with strict mathematical formalism. The information I find on the Internet includes so many technical terms that might take ages for me to ...
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0answers
41 views

Additive basis of order n: Sets which allow every integer to be expressed as the sum of at most n members of that set. [closed]

Every integer can be expressed as the sum of at most 3 triangular numbers. That is, the set of triangular numbers is an additive basis of order 3. The sum of the inverse triangular numbers is 2. (1/1 +...
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2answers
32 views

Higher derivatives of inverse functions (Multivariable Calculus)

Given the function $$ (u,v) = f(x,y) = (x + y, x^2 - y^2) $$ I would like to compute the second partial derivative of $x$ with respect to $v$, at the point $(u,v) = (2,0)$. To calculate the ...
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0answers
15 views

Inverse of a special matrix: controlabillability like matrix from control theory

Is there a way to find the first vector in the inverse of the following real matrix $$ M = \begin{bmatrix}B^{T} \\ B^{T} A^{-1} \\ \vdots \\B^{T}A^{-(n-1)} \end{bmatrix}$$ as a function of $B$, $A$ ...
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1answer
56 views

What is the value of $\cos(\tan^{-1}(\tan 2))$?

What is the value of $\cos(\tan^{-1}(\tan 2))$? Am I thinking correct? $\tan 2$ is negative so $\tan^{-1}$ and $-\tan 2$ cancel each other giving $\cos(-2)$ which finally gives the answer as $-\cos ...
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1answer
57 views

What is the inverse Laplace transform of $\lfloor s \rfloor$?

How can we find the inverse Laplace transform of: $[x]$ (floor function) ? My question isn't LLaplace transform of floor function i asked the "inverse" laplace transform of floor function $$\mathcal{...
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1answer
24 views

Continuous dependence of matrix elements

I've stumbled upon several solution of linear algebra problems which use notion of "continuous dependence" of matrix polynomials on matrix elements. For instance (translated, so any inaccuracies are ...
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0answers
87 views

Math notation to show two numbers in a range that added together get the max of the range [closed]

I am completely new to math notations, it's been about 30 years since high school, and I am writing a research paper (completely on my own, not for a degree). I basically want to show that two real ...
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0answers
39 views

Alternative view of matrix inversion (explanation required)

We were taught in linear algebra that in order to try to find the inverse of a matrix we can create an augmented matrix $[AI]$ where $A$ is the original matrix and $I$ is the identity matrix. Then we ...
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1answer
21 views

Relation between powers of inverse modulo n.

Recently, I was studying enchanced euclidean algorithm. I am wondering if there is some way to calculate inverse of $a^2$ (and higher powers) modulo $n$, knowing inverse of $a$ modulo $n$. For example:...
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3answers
43 views

Value of the given expression …

If $$y=\tan^{-1}\left(\sqrt{\dfrac{1+\cos x}{1-\cos x}}\right)$$ then value of $(2x+14y)^3-343$ is ? I reduced the equation as $y=\tan^{-1}\left(\dfrac{1+\cos x}{\sin x}\right)$ but I couldn't ...
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1answer
29 views

Using inverse of transpose matrix to cancel out terms?

I am trying to solve the matrix equation $A = B^TC$ for $C$, where $A$, $B$, and $C$ are all non-square matrices. I know that I need to utilize $M^TM$ in order to take the inverse. I'm just not sure ...
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1answer
53 views

Differentiation Involving Determinant.

I have to compute the following differentiation : $$\frac{\partial}{\partial\sigma^2}\det[\mathbf X_{p\times n}'(\sigma^2 \mathbf I_{n}+\mathbf Z_{n\times q}\mathbf G_{q\times q}\mathbf Z_{q\times n}'...
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1answer
29 views

If a linear eq. System has only a single solution, the matrix has always an inverse? [closed]

If i have a 3x3 matrix of a linear eq. System and i archieve an upper triangular matrix (means unique solution) does this form always have inverse matrix? Thank you very much!
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1answer
121 views

If $f^{-1}(x)=\frac{1}{f(x)}$ then find $f(1)$

For $a>1$ we have: $f:[\frac{1}{a},a]\to [\frac{1}{a},a]$ be a bijective function. Suppose $f^{-1}(x)=\frac{1}{f(x)}$ for all $x \in [\frac{1}{a},a]$ then find $f(1)$. Could someone give me ...
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0answers
36 views

discrete random variable with uniformely distributed random variable

I hope you can help me because I have no clue where to start: Let X be a discrete random variable with $ p_k=P_X[X=x_k]=p(x_k) $for all $1\le k\le N$ for $N\in \Bbb N$ and distribuition function: $$...
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1answer
64 views

Function inversion (analytical)

Can $t(x)$ be found from: $$A \, t + B\ln\frac{1-t}{t}=x \; ?$$ Here, $A>0, \; B < 0$ and $0 \lt t \lt 1$. The $t(x)$ should be given in analytical form (even if you use, say, Lambert's W - ...
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1answer
22 views

Using the Affine cipher, do we need $a^{-1}$ if we know gcd(a,26)=1?

I have just attempted the affine cipher with the word "code" $CODE = 02140304$ Lets choose our key as $(5,3)$, so our encryption is $y=5x+3$ $13211823=NVSX$ Now, to undo the code, I would have to ...
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1answer
83 views

Can $A^{T}(AA^{T})^{-1}A$ be simplified?

Let $A$ is an $m\times n$ ($m<n$) real matrix with full positive entries and $\text{Rank}(A)=m$. Thus $(AA^{T})^{-1}$ is an $m\times m$ symmetric $M$-matrix since $AA^{T}$ is nonnegtive and ...
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1answer
64 views

Inverting an $n \times n$ matrix using determinant

We're asked to invert the following matrix with the help of guided questions. $$\begin{pmatrix} 1 + a_1 & 1 & \cdots & 1 \\ 1 & 1+a_2 & \ddots & \vdots \\ \vdots & \ddots &...
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2answers
100 views

Why can't the inverse of $F(x)= x+\sin(x)$ have a formula algebraically?

I'm only curious why the inverse of $f(x)$ can not be determined algebraically. Is it because the inverse of $\sin(x)$ cannot be converted into a formula?
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1answer
41 views

Finding the inverse Laplace transform of this function

Find the inverse Laplace transform of this function (related to my question earlier): $$f(t)=\mathcal{L}_s^{-1}\left[\frac{s}{s+\frac{1}{\tau}}\cdot\frac{A}{s}\left(1-\mathrm e^{-\frac{Ts}{2}}\right)^...
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2answers
54 views

When A and B are of different order given the $\det(AB)$,then calculate $\det(BA)$

Let 'A' be a $2 \times 3$ matrix where as B be a $3 \times 2$ matrix if $\det(AB) = 4$ the find value of the $\det(BA)$ My attempt: I took A = $$ \begin{bmatrix} 2 & 0 &0\\ ...
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3answers
20 views

Inverse of a function on two sets.

I understand that $f^{-1}(A\cup B) = f^{-1}(A)\cup f^{-1}(B)$, but what is $f^{-1}(A\cap B)$? Is it necessarily $f^{-1}(A)\cap f^{-1}(B)$?
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0answers
25 views

Perturbations to a matrix causing drastic changes to matrix inverse.

I'm reading this article about matrix norms because I want to understanding the math behind SVD. One of the interesting issues it brings up quite soon is the effect of perturbations to a matrix on ...
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2answers
50 views

Finding modular inverse of every number mod 26?

I am looking at cryptography, and need to find the inverse of every possible number mod 26. Is there a fast way of this, or am i headed to the algorithm every time?
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1answer
41 views

Formal Notation for Finding Inverses of Functions

Generally in most introductory university courses, finding the inverses of functions, is done in what seems to be to be a very haphazard way. Given any scalar function $f : \mathbb{R^n} \to \mathbb{R}...
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3answers
21 views

What is the Order of operations for finding the inverse of a function AND solving.

I have $y=4(x+2)^3$. So first part of taking the inverse is switching the variables $x$ and $y$ so you'd have $x=4(y+2)^3$. Why does the exponent $3$ get put in front of the square root symbol? The ...
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3answers
23 views

Proving facts about the inverse of a matrix

Let A and B be matrices. Show that: $(A^{-1})^{-1} = A$ $(A^{T})^{-1} = (A^{-1})^{T}$ $(AB)^{-1} = B^{-1}A^{-1}$ I think I'm supposed to use the inverse property (That $AA^{-1} = I$, where I is ...
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0answers
15 views

Band Matrix w/ real Diagonal and imaginary Off-Diagonal: Structure of Inverse

I am seeking an exact justification for the following property. Consider a symmetric band matrix with real diagonal and imaginary off-diagonal. $$\left(\begin{array}{ccccc} a_1 & ib_1 & 0 &...
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1answer
77 views

Inverse of 2 by 2 matrix verification

I have worked our the solution to a problem, but I want to explain the solution in a mathematical way. I have the following matrix: $$ \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 2 \\ 1 & 1 \\...
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0answers
21 views

Will this function be odd?

Question: If $f:R\to R$ is an invertible function such that $f(x)$ and $f^{-1}(x)$ are symmetric about the line $y = -x$, then: A) $f(x)$ is odd B) $f(x)$ and $f^{-1}(x)$ may not be ...
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4answers
66 views

Fermat's little theorem question: why isn't $a^p \equiv 1$?

Fermat's little theorem says that $a^p \equiv a \pmod p$. I have kind of a stupid question. Since $p \equiv 0\pmod p $, why isn't $a^p \equiv a^0 \equiv 1 \pmod p$ ?
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23 views

Inverse normal CDF formula

Why there is no formula for the inverse normal cumulative function? It has been a while since I studied math so any help would be appreciated.
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2answers
45 views

Invertibility of a linear transformation without knowing its matrix

Let $\mathbb{V}$ be a finite-dimensional inner product space, and let $\mathbb{W} \subset \mathbb{V}$ be a subspace. Define $T:\mathbb{V} \rightarrow \mathbb{V}$ by $$T(\overrightarrow v)=\...
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1answer
18 views

Knwing when the inverting operation were wrong with $A^{-1}A$ result

I don't know why but I'm really really weak in inverting matrices since years... I always do some mistakes. I'm asking you how could I cope with that problem and be able to invert matrix easily in the ...
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1answer
51 views

differentiation of a norm of matrix function

I need to differentiate the following function W.r.to $x$ $y=\|x (\mathbf{I-W}-x \mathbf{Diag(v_2)W})^{-1}\mathbf{v_1} - b\|_2$ where $0<x<\frac{2}{max_i{|{v_2}_i|}}$,$\mathbf{v_1}\in \mathscr{...
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3answers
135 views

Finding the inverse of $f(x) = x^3 + x$

How can one find the inverse of functions like $f(x) = x^3 + x$? I know how to do it for explicit quadratic functions; how do I express $x$ as a function of $y$ here?
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2answers
47 views

AP Calculus BC - Derivative of inverse problem

Let $g(x)$ be the inverse of the function $f(x)$. Given the following values on the table below, at which value $x=a$ will $g'(a)=1/6$? (No calculator allowed) ...
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25 views

Inverse of a function and Inverse function theorem.

Apologies if this question is too primitive for professionals here. I understand the inverse of a function, in terms of domain, co-domain and bijections. Let's say $f,g:[0,\infty)\rightarrow [0,\...
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1answer
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When diagonalizing a matrix, in what order should you arrange the the eigenvectors to form the invertible matrix $P$?

I was following this example online to diagonalize a matrix. It lists the eigenvectors as $\lambda =3,2,4$ (note the order). It then arranges each eigenvalue's corresponding eigenvector (3 column ...
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3answers
56 views

If a function maps an input to its inverse, is it bijective?

I read in my textbook that a function is a bijection if and only if it has an inverse. Is it the same thing to say a function $f: X → X$ is a bijection if $f(x) = x^{-1}$? If $a = x$ and $b = x^{-1}$, ...
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12 views

how to calculate cumulative distribution function inverted exponential in this pic

how to calculate cumulative distribution function inverted exponential in this pic enter image description here
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2answers
81 views

When does $A^TAX = A^TB$?

The original question is a true-or-false question: Assume $A$ is a $m\times n$ matrix and $B$ is a $m\times p$ matrix. If $X$ is an $n\times p$ unkwown matrix, then the system $A^TAX = A^TB$ always ...
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2answers
38 views

Inverse of a square block matrix

I am trying to understand how to compute the inverse of a square block matrix defined as follow: $\begin{bmatrix}2{\bf I}&-{\bf X}\\{\bf X}'&{\bf 0}\end{bmatrix}$, where ${\bf I}$ is a $T\...
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2answers
72 views

Prove that if $\|A\|<1$, then $(I+A)^{-1}=I-A+A^2-A^3+\cdots$. [closed]

Prove that if $\|A\|<1$, then $(I+A)^{-1}=I-A+A^2-A^3+\cdots$. I'm not sure how to do this. I know the result for $(I-A)^{-1}$, but that won't help me.
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2answers
23 views

Inverse of a matrix with uniform off diagonals

Suppose that we have an all positive matrix where the off diagonal elements are all identical. Can one calculate the inverse of the matrix analytically, or more efficiently than the general case? For ...
2
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5answers
82 views

Solving $\arcsin\left(2x\sqrt{1-x^2}\right) = 2 \arcsin x$

If we have $$\arcsin\left(2x\sqrt{1-x^2}\right) = 2 \arcsin x$$ we have to find the set of $x$ for which this is true. I tried to solve it by putting $x = \sin a$ or $\cos a, but got no ...
3
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3answers
71 views

If $f$ function then $f^{-1}$ function iff $f$ function injective (one-to-one).

During the lecture we learned this phrase: "If $f$ is a function then $f^{-1}$ is a function iff $f$ is injective (one-to-one)." But why? What with onto? $f$ doesn't need to be Surjective (...