Inversion is the process of creating the opposite. Familiar examples include multiplicative inverse $2 \mapsto 1/2$, inverting functions $f(x) \mapsto f^{-1}(x)$, matrix inverse $M \mapsto M^{-1}$ etc. Please include an additional subject tag such as (linear-algebra) or (arithmetic) to help clarify ...

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Prove Inverse Function [closed]

Consider the function $f:\Bbb R\times\Bbb R→\Bbb R\times\Bbb R$ defined by $$f(x,y)=(x+y,x-y)$$ This function is invertible. Show that the inverse function is given by $$f^{-1} (a,b)=\left( ...
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1answer
57 views

Inverse of $a f(x)$ and inverse of $a f(x) + b$

Is there a general rule for the inverse of the function $ g(x) = a f(x) $, where $a$ is a constant, assuming $f^{-1}(x)$ is defined? Follow up: $g(x) = a f(x) + b$. Is the following correct, given ...
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0answers
20 views

Can we describe an original and inverse equation with one function?

Let us say we have two real values, 1 and x. I want to determine the absolute value of the difference or their sum between 1 and x without specifying whether I am dealing with 1 - x or 1 + x For ...
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2answers
68 views

Inverting this equation as a function of X

I'm trying to inverse this equation as a function of x $$z = x + \frac{x^2}{2}$$ but couldn't wrap up my head around it. If anyone can provide a step by step solution to this it will be really ...
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0answers
36 views

Inverse of a non-singular linear transformation

The question is about showing that if A is a non-singular linear transformation of an n-dimensional linear space to itself, then there must be some polynomial $c_0 + c_1 z + ... + c_k z^k$ such that ...
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1answer
119 views

How find this matrix the inverse $A^{-1}$

Let $a,b>0$,and the matrix $A_{n\times n}$ and such $$A=\begin{bmatrix} a&b&0&\cdots&0&0\\ b&a&b&\cdots&0&0\\ 0&b&a&\cdots&0&0\\ ...
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5answers
99 views

Derivative of $ h(t)= \sin (\cos^{-1}t$)?

Can someone please explain the steps/rules I need to preform to find the derivative of $h(t)= \sin (\cos^{-1}t)$? I tried to used the product rule, and realized it was obviously a failure. Using ...
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2answers
57 views

Prove $ X = \left(\begin{array} &A & C \\ 0 & B \end{array} \right) $ is invertible iff A and B both are.

Suppose $A$ is a $n \times n$ matrix, $B$ is a $m \times m$ matrix, and $C$ is a $n \times m$ matrix. Prove $ X = \left(\begin{array} &A & C \\ 0 & B \end{array} \right) $ is invertible ...
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1answer
125 views

Cholesky decomposition of the inverse of a matrix

I have the cholesky decomposition of a matrix M. However, I need the cholesky decomposition of the inverse of the matrix, invM. Is there a fast way of getting this, without first inverting the matrix ...
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3answers
182 views

Derivative of inverse function $\sin^{-1}(x)^2$

So $y=\sin^{-1}(x)^2$ I am asked to find $\frac{dy}{dx}$ Using the chain rule I find $\frac{dy}{dx}$= $2\sin^{-1}(x) * \frac{d}{dx}(\sin^{-1}(x))$ I let $z = \sin^{-1}(x)$ Multiplying both ...
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1answer
57 views

Multiplicative Inverse of a Power Series

For a formal power series $$F(x) = \sum p_i x^i$$ a multiplicative inverse of $F$ exists iff $p_0 \neq 0$. The inverse $\sum q_i x^i$ satisfies the recursion $$q_0 =\frac{1}{p_0}\\ q_{n} = ...
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3answers
41 views

Please solve this in details inverse problem i am using complement angle formula

For any $x \in [-1,0) \cup (0,1]$, how can I prove that: $$\sin^{-1}(2x\sqrt{1-x^2})=2\cos^{-1}x$$ Also, can someone explain to me how to understand the graphs of $sin$ and $cos$ functions?
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2answers
696 views

Proof of the Inverse of a Scalar times a Matrix

How would I prove that given a square matrix $A$ and non-zero scalar $c$ that $$(cA)^{-1}=c^{-1}A^{-1}$$
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2answers
50 views

How do I calculate the inverse function of this function?

I have this function: $$ f(x)=\frac{1+\ln(x)}{1-\ln(x)} $$ And i should calculate $f^{-1}(x)$ I am not really sure how to proceed but I think that the first step would be to have x alone, how do I ...
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1answer
65 views

Laplace Transform Damp Harmonic Motion

http://gyazo.com/19d18f085731c6dbc304fefdaece4f3c.png I'm currently on (a) where so far I have gotten; $ y'' + 2y' + 5y = f(t) $ Using Laplace transforms, I get; $ Y(s)$ = $ F(s) + s+2\over(s^2 ...
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2answers
285 views

Power series for a matrix inverse

Is there a power series expansion for a matrix inverse of the form $$\left(\frac{1}{m}I+A\right)^{-1} \mbox{ where $m$ is a scalar?}$$ $A$ is not invertible but the expression above is defined. I ...
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1answer
25 views

Inverse integral manipulation

Why is the following true: If $\rho = B^{-1}(t)$ where $$ B(t) = \int_0^t \frac{1}{g(\gamma(s))}ds $$ then $$ t = \int_0^\rho \frac{1}{g(\gamma(s))}ds $$ I know it must be something fundamental, ...
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1answer
53 views

Moore-Penrose inverse multiplication

I really need help proving that when $AB=0$ then $B^+A^+=0$ and also the other way: when $B^+A^+=0$ then $AB=0$. Where $B^+$ and $A^+$ are Moore-Penrose Pseudo-inverse of B and A.
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48 views

Show that $ (f^{-1})^{-1}=f $

$$ f:X\to Y $$ $f$ is invertible, show that $(f^{-1})^{-1}=f$ Here it is not given that how the function is defined, so I think that making equations and solving them will not help me. So I have ...
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57 views

Find the inverse of a function.

$$ g:[-1,1] \to \mathbb R\\ g(x)={\frac{x}{x+2}} $$ $f:[-1,1] \to$ range of f. Find the inverse of $ f.$ $\forall y\in \text{range of }g$ there exist some ${\frac{2y}{1-y}}\in [-1,1]$ such that ...
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1answer
94 views

Given its pseudo-inverse, is there a fast way to measure the degree of full-rankness of a nonsquare matrix?

update: I realized the core of question is about ill-conditioning of the matrix (aka Multicollinearity). In a computer, with floating point arithmetic, it is impossible to talk about full-rankness. We ...
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4answers
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$f:\mathbb R \to (0,\infty)$ defined by $f(x)=e^x$. Describe its inverse.

How do I go about describing it? Well first is the inverse $e^{-x}$ or $\ln(x)$? Additionally, since I have no clue how to solve these problems as I am probably overthinking them... $f:\mathbb R\to ...
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1answer
48 views

What is the same as the inverse of a logarithm?

I am trying to simplify $f(n) = \frac{n}{\log(n)}$ into a more easily understandable function. Up until now, I got as far as $n\cdot(\left(\log(n)\right)^{-1})$. Is there any way I can further ...
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2answers
48 views

Primes and Inverses of an integer

I have the following question which I do not understand. Here it is: Consider the primes $5$, $7$ and $11$ as n. For each integer from $1$ through $n - 1$, calculate its inverse. I do not ...
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0answers
695 views

Proof of Vandermonde Matrix Inverse Formula

I'm working through Exercise 40 from section 1.2.3 of Knuth's The Art of Computer Programming volume 1, but am finding myself unable to produce a rigorous proof, and the one here is suspect and not ...
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1answer
49 views

If A = BC and B is invertible, then how does reducing “B to I” also reduce “A to C”?

If $A = B*C$, where $B$ is an inverse, use row-ops to reduces "$B$ to $I$" also shows that it will reduce "$A$ .. $C$". Big-Hint: Represent the row operations by a sequence of elementary matrices.
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495 views

Show that A is invertible and that it is Lower Triangular.

Does anybody have a solution to the given word problem below? Let A be a lower triangular n x n matrix with nonzero entries on the diagonal. Show that A is invertible and and that A-inverse is lower ...
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181 views

Inverse of the Modified Bessel function

Is there any chance of having a formula or approximation to inverse the Modified Bessel function of the first kind? I mean to solve $I_M(x)$ with respect to x: $I^{-1}_M(x)$? Thanks in advance
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98 views

How to calculate the inverse of a known optical distortion function?

Assume I have the following lens distortion function: $$ x' = x(1 + k_1r^2 + k_2r^4) \\ y' = x(1 + k_1r^2 + k_2r^4) $$ where $r^2=x^2 + y^2$. Given the coefficients $k_1$ and $k_2$ I would need to ...
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2answers
705 views

convexity of inverse function

I have a question on the reverse of a convex function. Let $f(x)$ be a convex function. Is the reverse function, say $g(x)=f(x)^{-1}$, is necessarily a concave function ? Considering that such ...
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1answer
58 views

Factoring a matrix out of linear matrix equation

I'm having a bit of trouble following a solution in a textbook, one step in particular. I have the equation $(Z + tV)^{-1}$ where $Z$, $V$ are matrices and $t$ is a scalar. $Z$ is positive definite, ...
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2answers
65 views

Inverse of $r sin(\omega t) + v t$?

I am wondering if there is an inverse for this function, $x(t)=r sin(\omega t) + v t$. The inverse function theorem suggests that an inverse for this function does exist, although it may have to be ...
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0answers
78 views

Jacobian Method for inverse kinematics

I have big problem. I have to solve inverse kinematics for a manipulator with 6-DOF using jacobian method. From what I know to do that I need to have matrix of transformation and Denavit–Hartenberg ...
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1answer
123 views

The Matrix Inversion Lemma: the General Case

I find it is hard to understand the application senario of the Matrix Inversion Lemma in non-special cases. Suppose I already computed $A^{-1}$ and want to find $\left(A+UCV \right)^{-1}$. The Matrix ...
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1answer
42 views

function inversion and the horizontal shift

I am currently doing inverse functions and graphing radical equations of the form $y=a\sqrt{x-h}+k$ with my algebra class and one of my students asked me the following question. "Why is it that we ...
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1answer
31 views

The Group of Complex Continuous Functions?

Let $C(\mathbb{C},\mathbb{C})=\{f:\mathbb{C} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}\,|\,f $continuous $\}$ be the set of all continuous functions from the complex plane to itself and consider the composition ...
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1answer
103 views

arrow structure matrices and Sherman-Morrison-Woodbury

I have two questions regarding "arrow structured" matrices and I'll be grateful if you can give more insights about them: 1- If A is an n-by-n SPD and has the arrow structure, e.g. A=[x x x x;x x 0 ...
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1answer
47 views

bound on matrix inverse with different elements

I'm hoping that someone can point me to some literature on the following. Is there a way to bound the inverse of a matrix if I change the value of 1 element in that matrix. Let's say I have a matrix ...
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0answers
85 views

Sherman-Morrison formula for rank 1 update

If $A$ is nonsingular and if for a particular $i$ and $j$ there is no way to make $A$ singular by changing $a_{ij}$ (rank-$1$-update), then using the Sherman-Morrison formula, what can we conclude ...
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1answer
91 views

Express parametric curve as graph of a function

I have a parametric curve in $\mathbb{R}^2$ given by $$ t\mapsto f(t)\left(\begin{array}{c}1\\1\end{array}\right)+\sqrt{-f'(t)}\left(\begin{array}{c}1\\-1\end{array}\right),\quad ...
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1answer
421 views

How to reverse modulo of a multiplication?

I am primarily a programmer (rather than a mathematician) and have recently come across a coding problem where I must invert a function which is the the modulo of a multiplication (given certain ...
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314 views

Taylor series of the inverse of $x^4+x$

I would like to expand the inverse function of $$g(x) := x^4+x $$ in a taylor series at the point x = 0. I calculated the first and second derivate at x = 0 with the rule of the derivation of an ...
2
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0answers
89 views

Is the pseudoinverse of a singular, lower triangular matrix itself lower triangular?

Suppose $L\in\mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ is a singular, lower triangular matrix. Is its psuedoinverse, $L^\dagger\in\mathbb{n\times n}$, also lower triangular? I have already proved by induction that the ...
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1answer
69 views

Bromwich integral of $1/s^k$ with k real (non integer) and $1<k$

Is there a simple way to compute the inverse laplace transform of $1/s^k$ with k non integer using Bromwich integral (basically without using the known laplace transform of $t^n$)?
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Is there always a smooth variant of a homoeomorphism between smooth manifolds?

Let $M$ and $N$ be smooth homeomorphic manifolds. Let $h:M\rightarrow N$ a homeomorphism. Does there exist $r:M\rightarrow N$ that is still a homeomorphism and additionaly smooth? Can it be chosen ...
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4answers
134 views

What is the proper way to find the inverse of a function?

I am a little confused on the subject of inverse functions and the methods used to do the transformation from function to inverse. How do you make an inverse? Just so i can avoid any ambiguity in my ...
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1answer
126 views

Implicit Function Theorem to show no function can be one to one

Apply Implicit Function Theorem to show that no $C^1$ function $f:\mathbb{R}^2\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ can be one to one near any point of its domain. Repeat the proof by using Inverse Mapping Theorem ...
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1answer
39 views

Find if the system $(x(t-1))^2 + x(t) +(x(t+1))^2 = y(t)$ is invertible

If there wasn't the $x(t)$ term, I could use $x(t) = x$ and $x(t) = -x$ to disprove invertibility, but I can't think of two functions that give the same $y(t)$ in this case. When I tried proving ...
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1answer
120 views

Apply Implicit Function Theorem

Apply Implicit Function Theorem to show that no $C^1$ function $f:\mathbb{R}^2\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ can be one to one near any point of its domain. Repeat the proof by using Inverse Mapping Theorem ...
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3answers
43 views

Proves of identities in inverse trigonometry

Can someone please help me prove the following results from inverse trigonometry? $$\tan^{-1}x + \tan^{-1}y = \pi + \tan^{-1}\frac{x+y}{1-xy}( x>0, y>0, xy>1)$$ and $$\tan^{-1}x + ...