Inversion is the process of creating the opposite. Familiar examples include multiplicative inverse $2 \mapsto 1/2$, inverting functions $f(x) \mapsto f^{-1}(x)$, matrix inverse $M \mapsto M^{-1}$ etc. Please include an additional subject tag such as (linear-algebra) or (arithmetic) to help clarify ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

5
votes
4answers
997 views

Is every self-inverse matrix diagonalizable?

If $A=A^{-1}$, is there always a matrix C such that $C^{-1}AC$ is a diagonal matrix (containing only -1 and 1 in the main diagonal) ? How can I check with PARI/GP, if a given matrix is ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Self-inverse matrices with integers with pairwise different absolut values.

Let A be a self-inverse matrix ($A=A^{-1}$) with integer values such that no two integers have the same absolut value. Let M be the maximum of the absolut values (maximum-norm) of A. Which M is the ...
4
votes
2answers
459 views

What can be said about a matrix which is both symmetric and orthogonal?

I tried to find matrices A, which are both orthogonal and symmetric, this means $A=A^{-1}=A^T$. I only found very special examples like I, -I or the matrix $$\begin{pmatrix} 0 &0& -1\\ ...
0
votes
2answers
33 views

Inverse of a special function

I have a function as follows, I would like to get the inverse of this function. What is the inverse of $f(x)$? $$ y = f(x) = - \log(1-[1-e^{-x^\alpha}]^\beta)$$ Is my answer correct? $$ f^{-1}(x) = ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Why is this finding inverse of a matrix by row operation not working?

the correct answer is $\begin{pmatrix} -5&3&-6\\-6&3&-7\\-2&1&-2 \end{pmatrix}$ So I think the mistake might be in the first two row operations but I see nothing?
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Inverse of Continuous Function on Closed Bounded Part of R. Why Bounded?

Consider the following proposition: Let $A$ be a closed bounded part of $\Bbb R$. Assume $f: A\rightarrow \Bbb R$ is a continuous injective function. Then $f^{-1}: f(A) \rightarrow A$ is also ...
6
votes
3answers
156 views

Multiplicative inverse of $0$

If I'm not mistaken, in a ring with identity, the additive identity cannot have a multiplicative inverse. I'm trying to prove this. Here's my attempt so far: Suppose $0\cdot a=1$ $$0\cdot a=1$$ ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

What is wrong in the following calculation for the inverse of a matrix?

$\left[\begin{array}{ccc|ccc} 0 & 3 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0\\ 4 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0\\ 0 & 0 & 5 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{array}\right]$ ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Is there an efficient method to find all the self-inverse matrices with integers in a given range?

Given n and a range, for example [-10,10], is there an efficient method to find all nxn-matrices A with integers in the given range, which are self-inverse, that means the equation $A=A^{-1}$ holds ...
5
votes
3answers
133 views

Can a matrix A with the property $A=A^{-1}$ only have the eigenvalues -1 and 1?

If a matrix A has the property $A=A^{-1}$, are the only possible eigenvalues 1 and -1 ? How can the matrices with integer values and the property $A=A^{-1}$ be characterized ? I found out that if ...
2
votes
3answers
61 views

Is fractional inverse of a function a known thing?

I know there's fractional Fourier transform, fractional derivative, maybe some other transformations generalized from being discrete to continuous. Now I wonder if there's any way to generalize a ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Inverting complicated function (possibly using secant root finder)

So I have the following equation from the 2002 paper "A Rapid Hierarchical Rendering Technique for Translucent Materials" http://graphics.ucsd.edu/~henrik/papers/fast_bssrdf/fast_bssrdf.pdf Here is ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

is this a valid counter-example - function is not locally invertible

Let $S_n$ be the set of all symmetric matrices with real entries of size $n$x$n$. We are asked if the function $f:S_n \to S_n$, $f(A)=A^2$ is locally invertible for every $A$ (Using the Inverse ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Inverse Laplace Transform of the following complicated form

What would be the inverse laplace transform of the following: I mean I want to solve this: $$ \large \mathcal {L^{-1} [ \mathcal {L}[{sin(at+b)}] . \mathcal{L} [{e^{xt}}] . e^{cs}}] = ? $$
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Inverse matrix - transformation

I am finding inverse matrix $A^{-1}$ and I was given hint that I could firstly find inverse matrix to matrix B which is transformed from A. $$A=\begin{pmatrix}1 &3 & 9& 27\\3 & 3 & ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

How to integrate the inverse of sin

How does one integrate $\int\ {\sin^{-1}(x)}$, using integration by parts, where: $$ u={\sin^{-1}}, du=\frac{1}{\sqrt{1-x^2}},dv=dx, v=x ? $$ This is a partial solution, and I do not quite ...
1
vote
3answers
111 views

Why rotating a function around line $y=x$ gives an inverse of this function?

So I'm trying to read through a book on calculus on my own and there is a statement that if we have a graph of some function $y=f(x)$ and this is an injective function, then rotating it around the ...
19
votes
8answers
3k views

Why do negative exponents work the way they do? [closed]

Why is a value with a negative exponent equal to the multiplicative inverse but with a positive exponent? $$a^{-b} = \frac{1}{a^b}$$
0
votes
1answer
62 views

How do I find the inverse of $e \bmod (p-1)(q-1)$?

I'm trying to find this inverse modulo to set up a solution for an RSA cipher. I haven't the slightest how to go about this. When I looked up the formula for such a question, it states: $$ d \equiv ...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

Domain of arctan(1/x)

I had this as part of a question in an exam. And, I reasoned, even when it's arctan(1/0) (undefined), it is pi/2. And, so I said, domain belongs to all Real Numbers. Why isn't it this
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Find the poles and residues in an awkward Laplace inversion

Assume that part c) has been proved and ignore parts c) & d). To invert the Laplace transform we would do $\displaystyle u(x,t)=\frac{1}{2\pi ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

What is the inverse function of $x-\log(\log(x))$?

What is the inverse function of $f(x)=x-\log(\log(x))$? If we restrict the domain to e.g. $x\in[2,+\infty[$, the function should have an inverse, but I am unable to compute it.
0
votes
2answers
147 views

Method for Finding Matrix-Inverse Through Gauss-Jordan?

When trying to find the inverse of the n$\times$n matrix $A$, one way of going about it is by solving $AX=I$, wherein $I$ is the n$\times$n identity matrix, and $X$ is some n$\times$n matrix which is ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

Contradiction in inverse Laplace transform problem with Mellin's inverse formula?

Let say we have to solve a given differential equation $$ty''+y'+ty=0$$ $$y(0)=1,\ y'(0)=0$$ (which is Bessel equation with the solution $y=J_0 (t)$, of course) with the Laplace transform. Then we ...
6
votes
1answer
123 views

Moore-Penrose Pseudo-inverse of a matrix on adding 1 new row/column

Given that I know the pseudo-inverse of a matrix(not necessarily a square matrix), how to calculate the pseudo-inverse of the matrix I get by adding a single row/column to the original matrix? i.e, ...
0
votes
3answers
92 views

If Q is a p-Sylow-Group of H there is a p-Sylow-Group P of G with $\phi(P)=Q$ while $\phi:G\rightarrow H$ epimorphism

Let G be a finite group and $\phi: G \rightarrow H$ a group-epimorphism. Proof: If $Q\in Syl_p(H)$ there is a $P\in Syl_p(G)$ with $Q=\phi(P)$.
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Finding the marginal density function of Y

Okay, the question is like this: $f_{x}(x) = xe^{-x^2/2}$ for all $x>0$ and $Y = \ln X$, find the density of $Y$. I don't understand a particular step of this problem. First they start for $x ...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

matrix inverse and limit

I would like to get a better understanding of limits and matrix inverses, specifically the relationship between: $\lim_{k\rightarrow \infty}(\mathbf{A}^{-1})$ and $(\lim_{k\rightarrow ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

determinant and trace of a huge positive definite matrix

I have a problem to compute the determinant and the trace of inverse matrix: $det(\Gamma^{-1}+I_n⊗\Phi^T\Phi)$ and $tr[(\Gamma^{-1}+I_n⊗\Phi^T\Phi)^{-1}]$ where $\Gamma$ is a huge positive definite ...
1
vote
2answers
211 views

Continuity of the inverse matrix function

For a differentiation module I am taking one of the exercises (not homework) asks: Show that the set $U \subset \mathbb{R}^{n^{2}}$ of matrices $A$ with $det(A) \neq 0$ is open. Let $A^{-1}$ be the ...
3
votes
7answers
662 views

How come the function and the inverse of the function are the same?

What is the inverse of the function: $$f(x)=\frac{x+2}{5x-1}$$ ? Answer: $$f^{-1}(x)=\frac{x+2}{5x-1}$$ Can one of you explain how the inverse is the same exact thing as the original equation?
1
vote
1answer
44 views

local invertibility does not imply global invertibility

What is an example of a smooth function with continuous derivatives, that is locally invertible but not globally, and the reason for that is not injectivity. My first idea was $f:\mathbb{R}^{2}\to ...
0
votes
4answers
66 views

Set of all matrices with determinant 0, non-zero

I was assigned this problem in class: Let $f: M(n, \mathbb R) \rightarrow \mathbb R $ be given by $f(X) = det(X)$. Identify the sets $f^{-1}(0)$ and $f^{-1}(\mathbb R^*)$, where $\mathbb R^*$ denotes ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

When inverse functions are helpful?

I pass some colloquiums to find inverse functions. But still can't understand the real help of them. Only one real world example come to my mind: converting units of measurement (but those convertions ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Upper bound on the inverse of a Grammian matrix

I have been trying to find a reasonable upper bound on the following: Given $n\in N$ and the Grammian matrix $A_n$ = (($f(i)$ , $f(j)$)) , $f(\lambda) = e^{\lambda t}$ for $0\le t \le 1$ and ...
1
vote
2answers
264 views

Inverse of a sum of positive definite matrices

Let $A,B$ be symmetric positive definite matrices. Let $A^{-1} = LL^T$ (Cholesky decomposition, $L$ is lower-triangular). I think the following identities are true, but I haven't found them online: $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

I need to evaluate the Inverse Trig Integral

The integral is $$\int \frac{x\,dx}{(3+2x+2x^2)}.$$ I'm stuck with breaking the denominator into $u^2+a^2$.
1
vote
0answers
101 views

inverse of Vandermonde's Matrix without using determinants

I want to show, that the Vandermonde's Matrix ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Inverse functions problem

There are two functions $f\colon\mathbb Q \to \mathbb Q \setminus \{-1\}$ and $g\colon\mathbb Q \to \mathbb Q \setminus \{1\}$. $$g(x) = \frac{f(x)}{f(x)+1}.$$ Prove that if there is a inverse ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Inverse image of an element in co-domain but not in range?

Sorry, quite new to this. I have a question that contains the image below of $g:X\rightarrow Y$ and it is asking for the inverse image of $u$. Am I correct in thinking that the answer is $\emptyset$? ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

What is the formula for this pattern?

I'm trying to find some sort of inverse relationship between two variables. I am working on some parallax scrolling in my iPhone app and I'd like to see if someone can help me find the formula for ...
2
votes
4answers
89 views

Finding the inverse of $f(x)=|x|-2$

How would I find the inverse of the function $f(x)=|x|-2$? I have swapped $x$ and $y$, and tried to isolate $y$, reaching up to $x+2=|y|$ Whenever I see absolute values, I always break the problem up ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Integral of inverse function

On wikipedia and on the following mathstackexchange page, a formula for the sum of the integrals of a function and its inverse (with "corresponding" limits) is given, do you have a proper proof for ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Looking for a commutative ring satisfying certain conditions

I'm looking for a commutative ring $R$ (with unit) which is of characteristic 2 and which possesses elements $x$ and $y$ such that the following holds $x^2$ and $y^2$ are inverses of one another but ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Element-wise derivative of the inverse of a matrix

I would appreciate if you could help me to obtain the element-wise derivative of $Z = (-A-BX)^{(-1)}$ where all of elements of $A$, $B$ and $X$ are positive. I conjecture that if I increase any of ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

Explicit formula for inverse of upper triangular matrix inverse

I have $n \times n$ upper triangular matrix $A$ such as $$ \begin{bmatrix} x_1 & x_2 & \ldots & x_n \\ 0 & x_1 & \ldots & x_{n-1} \\ \vdots & \vdots & ...
1
vote
2answers
54 views

Inverse Laplace Transform of $ \left(\frac{1-s^{1/2}}{s^2}\right)^2$

I found this question in my N.P Bali's Engineering Mathematics 7th Edition. I could not find any solved questions related to this. How can I find the Inverse Laplace Transform of : ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Generalized inverse of the cdf applied to a random variable equals the random variable itself almost surely?

first of all I apologize for the awful title but I really did not know how to formulate a precise question. Consider the following setup. Let $F$ be the distribution function of a random variable ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Inverse function of $f(t)=5 +\frac{75}{1 + e^{-((t-50)/10)}}$

i need to find the inverse function of $$ v= f(t)=5 + \frac{75}{1 + e^{-\frac{t-50}{10}}} $$ so far i have $$ v - 5 = \frac{75}{1 + e^{-\frac{t-50}{10}}} $$ $$ (v-5) \left(1 + ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Minimum Argument Difference to Make the Lower Bound > the Upper Bound

Assume $g$ is a function that grows asymptotically as $$ g(n) \in\frac n {log(n)} + O(\sqrt n),\,n \in \Bbb N\tag1 $$ I wish to find $h(n)$ such that $$ g(n) \le g(n+h(n)). $$ i.e. Given the bounds ...