# Tagged Questions

Inverses include: multiplicative inverse of a number (reciprocal), inverse function, matrix inverse, etc. A subject tag such as (linear-algebra), (algebra-precalculus) or (arithmetic) should be added to clarify in which sense "inverse" is used. This tag should never be the only tag on a question.

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### How to invert this expression involving $\tanh^{-1}$?

I've got the expression: $x = \tanh^{-1}(p) - \sqrt{\frac{2}{3}} \tanh^{-1}\left( \sqrt{\frac{2}{3}} p\right)$ How can I invert this function so I have a function $p(x)$? I thought about using ...
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### Is there always a smooth variant of a homoeomorphism between smooth manifolds?

Let $M$ and $N$ be smooth homeomorphic manifolds. Let $h:M\rightarrow N$ a homeomorphism. Does there exist $r:M\rightarrow N$ that is still a homeomorphism and additionaly smooth? Can it be chosen ...
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### Time complexity of inverting an $n \times n$ matrix which is the sum of a rank-$m$ matrix and a full-rank diagonal matrix

I want to know the time complexity of inverting $K$, where $K$ is an positive-definite $n\times n$ matrix: $$K=\Lambda+Q$$, where $\Lambda$ and $Q$ are both $n\times n$ matrix, $\Lambda$ is a full-...
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### On generalised inverse

Let $A$ be a positive matrix, may not be invertible. I define its generalised inverse as $$A^- = \lim_{n\rightarrow \infty} \left( \frac{1}{n} I + A\right)^{-1}.$$ Lets ...
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### The inverse of x!

what is the inverse of a factorial function? Its is not continuous but is modeled by the gamma function which is continuous so must have a inverse any research leads to the inverse gamma function that ...
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### how to solve this inverse fourier $f(x) =\int^{\infty}_{-\infty} 1/\sqrt{2\pi}\ e^{-2\pi^2/s^2} e^{ i \ s\ x}ds$

I have two functions f(x) and f(s). f(s) is the fourier transform of f(x) and tends to $$e^{-2\pi^2/s^2}$$ I need to take inverse transform of this f(s) to get to f(x). (i need to prove f(x) tends to ...
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### Inverse of $x^2+\log^2\cos x$

I'm looking for the inverse of $$f(x)=x^2+(\log\cos x)^2$$ Where $f$ is defined from $[0,\pi/2)$ It dosen't have to be closed form, a sum, an integral or some special functions would be of interest ...
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### The inverse of a transpose matrix to “cancel” the transpose?

When it comes to solving and equation containing matrices I don't always understand some of the rules involved. In particular, I am trying to figure out the derivation of the Gauss-Newton algorithm. ...
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### Operator norm of the inverse

If I made no mistake, one can calculate the operator norm of the inverse of any given (invertible) operator $A: V\rightarrow V$ via: \begin{align}\|A^{-1}\| & = \sup\left\{\frac{\|A^{-1}b\|}{\|b\|...
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### Is this a field of study?

Is there a name for an equation that takes the following form? $$F(f(x),f^{-1}(x),x)=0$$ A nice example being $$f(x)-f^{-1}(x)=0$$ because the solutions of this equation are their own inverses. ...
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### Inverse of identity plus scalar multiple of matrix

Given the matrix $M = ( I + \alpha D P )$, where $I$ is the nxn identity, $D$ is nxn symmetric and invertible, $P$ is nxn symmetric but not always invertible, and $\alpha$ is a scalar, is there a ...
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### Error bounds in representing a vector using a truncated Moore-Penrose biorthogonal basis

I was reading and trying to reproduce the results in the arXiv preprint of Periodic Gabor Functions with Biorthogonal Exchange: A Highly Accurate and Efficient Method for Signal Compression by Asaf ...
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### Ultrametric matrices and their inverse

A non-negative square matrix $A$ is ultrametric iff: $A(i,i)>\{A(i,k),A(k,i)\}\forall k,i$ $A(i,j)\geq\min\{A(i,k),A(k,j)\}\forall i,j,k$ It is well-known that the inverse of non-negative ...
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### Finding the number of the real roots of $a^x=g(x)$ where $g(x)$ is the inverse function of $f(x)=a^x$

Question : Let $a$ be a constant which satisfies $0\lt a\lt 1$. Letting $g(x)$ be the inverse function of $f(x)=a^x$, then find the number $N$ of the real roots of $f(x)=g(x)$. Motivation : This is ...
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### How to calculate the submatrix inverse with prior knowledge of matrix inverse?

Given $A\in \mathbb{N}^{n\times n}$, then $A(\mathcal{I})$ is defined by first deleting the those columns with index in $\mathcal{I}$ and then extracting the first $n-|\mathcal{I}|$ rows. Note that ...
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### Sparse matrix inverse multiplied by sparse matrices

I have the equation $\bf E = Y D^{-1} Y^\top$. $\bf D$ is a potentially large sparse $m \times m$ matrix, and $\bf Y$ is a sparse $n \times m$ matrix, where $n \ll m$. Is there a particularly ...
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### Perturbations to a matrix causing drastic changes to matrix inverse.

I'm reading this article about matrix norms because I want to understanding the math behind SVD. One of the interesting issues it brings up quite soon is the effect of perturbations to a matrix on ...
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### Derivative of $(\lambda I - A)^{-1}$ with respect to $\lambda$

Is need to work with $\frac{d}{d\lambda} (1 - v^{T}(\lambda I - A)^{-1}u)$. Is it true that: $$\frac{d}{d\lambda} (1 - v^{T}(\lambda I - A)^{-1}u) = -v^{T}\frac{d}{d\lambda}(\lambda I - A)^{-1}u$$ ...
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### Is this geometric Interpretation of $Q^T$ being orthonormal if $Q$ is orthonormal valid?

I was reading the book - Linear Algebra and its Applications, when I saw - Remark 2. Since $Q^T = Q^{-1}$, we also have $QQ^T = I$. When Q comes before $Q^T$, multiplication takes the inner ...
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### 'Stable' Ways To Invert A Matrix

So lets say that I need to invert a matrix that is generally dense and is poorly conditioned. What are some ways I can get an accurate inverse? Here are my candidates: SVD Inverse Inverse Via ...
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### Finding the multiplicative inverses in fields

Let's say I have the field $F_{11}$. Why does $2$ have the multiplicative inverse $6$? In some of the examples I have, let's say we are looking $F_5$, why are values up to only $2$ considered? So ...
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### Computing one-sided inverse of a matrix over some finite field

Let $M$ be a $k\times n$ matrix with $k < n$, and assume that $\text{rank}(M)=k$. Over $\mathbb{R}$, one can compute a right inverse of $M$ as follows: $$M_\text{right}^{-1} = M^T(MM^T)^{-1}$$ ...
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### What is the inverse kernel to this integral transform

What is the associated inverse kernel to the integral transform $T$ defined by \begin{align*} (Tf)(u) & = \int_{-\infty}^{0} \hat{f}(s)\exp((2i\pi+c)us)\ ds + \int_{0}^{+\infty} \hat{f}(s)\exp((2i\...
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### Determining $f^{-1}(3)$ without knowing $f^{-1}(x)$ but given $f(1)=3$ and $f'(x)>0$.

I have a continuous function $f(x)$ and I want to find $f^{-1}(3)$, but I can't find $f^{-1}$ directly. I know that $f(1)=3$ and $f'(x)>0$ for all x. Because the function is continuous and always ...
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### Derivative of the Inverse Cumulative Distribution Function for the Standard Normal Distribution

As the title says, I am trying to find the derivative of the inverse cumulative distribution function for the standard normal distribution. I have this figured out for one particular case, but there ...
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### Self-inverse matrices with integers with pairwise different absolut values.

Let A be a self-inverse matrix ($A=A^{-1}$) with integer values such that no two integers have the same absolut value. Let M be the maximum of the absolut values (maximum-norm) of A. Which M is the ...
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### Pseudo-inverse of an underdetermined Toeplitz matrix

I have an undetermined Toeplitz matrix (more columns than rows). For example: \begin{equation*} T = \begin{pmatrix} 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 1 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 0 ...
I'm trying to integrate the following: $$\int_0^1 \left[\frac{c}{(1+c^{-1}(\tilde{b}))}\right]dc$$ If it helps $$c(\tilde{b})=1-\frac{1}{(1-\tilde{b})\exp\left(\frac{2\tilde{b}}{(1-\tilde{b})}\right)}... 0answers 29 views ### probability subspaces that make entropy function equal to a constant value Given the entropy fucntion:$$ H = -\sum_i^n p(i) \ln(p(i))\,.$$where p(i) are probabilities and n=4, I would like to know all the points in the probability space that make H = k, being k a ... 0answers 66 views ### Taking the (pseudo)inverse of a monoid operation. Let M be a monoid with binary operation f : M \times M \to M. I'm interested in functions g : M \to M\times M that obey the property:$$ f(g(m)) = m  I want to understand what all of the ...
Suppose that $f: \mathbb{R}^{2} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous function and that it is invertible in its second argument, i.e. for every $x \in \mathbb{R}$, $f(x,\cdot)$ is invertible with ...