Inversion is the process of creating the opposite. Familiar examples include multiplicative inverse $2 \mapsto 1/2$, inverting functions $f(x) \mapsto f^{-1}(x)$, matrix inverse $M \mapsto M^{-1}$ etc. Please include an additional subject tag such as (linear-algebra) or (arithmetic) to help clarify ...

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Which (approximative) methods are there to compute the inverse of a complicated function?

I have a complicated function $f(x)$ for which I want to compute the inverse $f^{-1}$ over a certain range $R(f): a \leq f(x) \leq b$. The only way to find the inverse I can think of is power series ...
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inverse of quadratic log functions

Can a Log function with a quadratic have an inverse function? The specific question is to find the inverse of $$f(x) = \log_2(x^2-3x-4)$$ The function already fails the horizontal line test, but ...
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1answer
53 views

Power series and their inverses (radius of convergence of each)

Suppose I have a power series approximation $y$ to an invertible function $f(x)$, and I know that $y$ convergences around $x$ on an interval $(-R,R)$, $R$ being the radius of convergence. How are the ...
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40 views

Find a multiplicative inverse of an element in a field

Suppose we have an element $\sigma=p+qa\rho+rd\rho^{-1}\in K$ where $K=\mathbb{Q}(\rho)$ where $[K:\mathbb{Q}]=3$ I want to find a multiplicative inverse of $\sigma$ i .e ...
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23 views

Can anyone give the equation of the inverse of radial projection from a tetrahedron to sphere?

$(x,y,z) \mapsto \bigg(\frac{x}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}},\frac{y}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}},\frac{z}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}} \bigg)$ This is the equation of the radial projection. I need the inverse of this ...
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28 views

Express summation in terms of matrix norm

Express the following $$\sum _{ i=1 }^{ n }{ ({ \beta }_{ 1 }x_{ i }+{ \beta }_{ 0 }-y_{ i })^{ 2 } }$$ To become something of the form: $∥Ax−b∥^{ 2 }$ where $A$ is an $m$−by−$n$ matrix and $b$ is ...
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51 views

Fast way to inverse B'CB+D

$\mathbf {A = B'CB}$, where $\mathbf A$ is of dimension $n \times n$, $\mathbf C$ is m by m, positive definite and symmetric, $\mathbf B$ is of dimension $m \times n$, and $n >> m$. Inversion ...
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1answer
113 views

Normalization of a two-dimensional kernel function

I've got three two-dimensional kernel functions which look like this $$ k(r,h) = n \cdot \begin{cases} \ldots & 0 \le r \le h \\ 0 & otherwise \end{cases} $$ With ...
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1answer
69 views

It $f(x)=x+\sin x$, then can we find $f^{-1} (x)$?

We have a bijective function $f(x)=x+\sin x$. So what is $f^{-1} (x)$? Let $f^{-1}(x)$ be $g(x)$. Suppose we have to find $g\left(\dfrac{\pi}{6}+\dfrac{1}{2}\right)$ and ...
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44 views

Inverse of 2d function involving sine and cosine

I have the function $f: \mathbb R^2 \to \mathbb R^2$ or more precisely $$f\left([0,\pi/2]^2\right)=\{(x,y) \in \mathbb R^2 : \Vert (x,y) \Vert \leq 1 \text{ and } y\geq0\}$$ which means it is a ...
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19 views

Find the point of $f^{-1}$ corresponding to the value of x indicated

i am having problems understanding this problem. The given function $f$ is one-to-one. Find $f^{-1}$, find the point on the graph of $f^{-1}$ corresponding to the indicated value of $x$ in the ...
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56 views

How to find Inverse function value at given point? [closed]

How to solve this, If $f(x)=x^5+x^3+x$, then find $f^{-1}(3)$
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1answer
37 views

Finding a matrix projecting vectors onto column space

I can't find $P$, for vectors you can do $P = A(A^{T}A)^{-1}A^T$. But here its not working because matrices have dimensions that can't multiply or divide. help
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Solving Toeplitz plus Diagonal System, how should I make use of the structure?

I learned that a Toeplitz system, $Ax = B$ where $A$ is Teoplitz, can be solved in $O(n \log n)$ time using Superfast method. or approximate $A$ similar to Approximation method. I am keep ...
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is this inverse or reciprocal? or…

at work i calculate a lot gross margin percentages. so margin percent is (sell-cost)/sell. but i usually simplify this by just calculating cost/sell then subtracting the result from 1 to get the ...
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25 views

Matrix inverses on matlab: are pinv and ./ related?

I faced with two actual implementations of the same problem, and need some help to find which one is correct. Let K be an non-square $m \times n$ matrix (a product of two eigenvalues vectors), B an ...
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29 views

2x2 inverse of a complex matrix with complex determinant

Firstly, my question may be related to a similar question here: Are complex determinants for matrices possible and if so, how can they be interpreted? I am using: $$ \left(\begin{array}{cc} a&b\\ ...
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20 views

Clarification on the domain of $\arcsin(\sqrt{1-x^2})$

As the title says, I don't understand how to find the domain of $\arcsin(\sqrt{1-x^2})$. I kinda understand how it would equate to it would be -1 < x < 1 (inclusive of 1 and -1) by definition of ...
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1answer
47 views

Show that a linear mapping is invertible over all $\Bbb R^{2}$

Show that (under appropriate assumptions) a general linear mapping $F(x,y) = (ax+by,cx+dy)$ is invertible over all of $\Bbb R^2$ (i.e. there is a single inverse for all of $\Bbb R^2$). What ...
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38 views

Is the inverse of this function unique

Let $f$ be a function from any set(Say $K$) to any set (say $P$) Now: $f(x)=2x+1$ My question:Is it necessary that the inverse of the function is $\frac{x-1}{2}$? This is a problem given in my ...
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30 views

what is the name of this matrix? does it have any special characteristics?

does anyone know the name of this matrix or if it has any special characteristics or how to calculate its inverse efficiently e.g. in a closed-form? [ \begin{array}{llllll} ...
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77 views

What is the inverse function of $\int{ \frac{1}{{\sqrt{x+1}}{x^n}} dx}$?

I am trying to solve $$ \frac{dy}{dt} = \alpha ((y+1)^2 - \gamma)^n \hspace{2cm} y(0)=0 $$ Here $y$ is a real-valued, monotonically increasing, positive definite function of $t$ in the interval ...
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16 views

Help inverting a non-linear polynomial system of equations

I have a set of two equations like this $$ \gamma_3=\left(\frac{1}{\sqrt{1+2c_3^2+6c_4^2}}\right)^3 \left( \alpha_1\,c_3^3 + \alpha_2\,c_3c_4^2 + \alpha_3\,c_3c_4 + \alpha_4\,c_4\right)\\ ...
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40 views

Explanation on how is simplified expression $\frac{s^2+3s+3}{2s^2+7s+7}$

This is done in the solution of exercise in order to make it possible to do inverse Laplace transform. Though I am not sure how is that done, so here it is: ...
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62 views

Some questions about the pseudoinverse of a matrix

For every mxn-matrix A with real entries, there exist a unique nxm-matrix B, also with real entries, such that $$ABA = A$$ $$BAB = B$$ $$AB = (AB)^T$$ $$BA = (BA)^T$$ B is called the pseudoinverse ...
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23 views

Kalman filter innovation residual inversion

I'm trying to implement a Kalman filter in a computationally efficient way. The main issue is the inversion of the innovation residual: $$S=HPH^T+R$$ $$K=PH^TS^{-1}$$ My question is, can one assume ...
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31 views

Find Inverse Laplace Transform

I'm trying to calculate $$L_s^{-1}\left({\cfrac{2s+12}{s^2+9}}\right)=2L_s^{-1}\left({\cfrac{s+6}{s^2+9}}\right)$$ But I do not know how to go from here. I have noticed that the bottom does look ...
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26 views

Plotting the inverse of a function

The inverse of the function $y=2^x$ is $\bf (A)$ $y=\log_2x\quad{\bf (B)}\, y=-2^x\quad{\bf (C)}\,y=2^{-x}\quad{\bf (D)}\,y=x^2.$ Need help solving this problem and plotting it on a graph.
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How do I go about solving this derivative of inverse tangent?

Okay so I have $$f(x)=8\tan^{-1}\left(\frac{y}{x}\right)-\ln \left(\sqrt{x^2+y^2}\right)$$ since $$8\frac{\mathrm{d}}{\mathrm{d}x}\tan^{-1}(x)=8\frac{1}{1+x^2}$$would ...
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31 views

How do I solve this trig derivative in respect to $x$?

Okay so I have $$f(x)=8\tan^{-1}\left(\frac{y}{x}\right)-\ln \left(\sqrt{x^2+y^2}\right)$$ since $$\frac{\mathrm{d}}{\mathrm{d}x}\tan^{-1}(x)=\frac{1}{1+x^2}$$would ...
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Solving polynomial equation with 2 unknowns with Euclid (inverse of element in field)

Let $p(x) \in \mathbb Z_{5}[x]$, given by $p(x) = x^{3}+2x^{2}+1$ and let $I = <p(x)>$ be the ideal in $\mathbb Z_{5}[x]$ constructed by $p(x)$. Determine the inverse of $2x+3+I$ in $\mathbb F$ ...
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I need help finding the derivative of the inverse function.

So $$f(x)=\frac{x+1}{2x-1}$$ and $$g(x)$$ is an inverse of $$f(x)$$ I have the points on $f(x)$ of (2,1). So I know that $f(2)=1$, $g(1)=2$ and $g'(1)=\frac{1}{f'[g(1)]}$ so $g'(1)=\frac{1}{f'(2)}$ ...
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57 views

finding exact value of $\sec^{-1} 5$

Find the exact value of $\sec^{-1} 5$ (decimal answer). I know that $\sec^{-1}5=\cos^{-1}\dfrac{1}{5}$, but I don't know how to proceed from here. I drew a right triangle with sides $1$ and $5$ ...
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42 views

Working with groups. Finding the inverse of some $S_9$

I want to compute the inverse of: $\begin{pmatrix} 1&2&3&4&5&6&7&8&9\\3&2&1&6&5&9&4&8&7 \end{pmatrix}$ Sorry about alignment(they are ...
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95 views

Finding $\sin^{-1}(x)$ without using a calculator

I don't understand how to compute $\sin^{-1} (0.6293)$, to figure out the angle without using a calculator. I understand how to find the answer if I use a calculator but I don't understand the ...
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1answer
28 views

Inverse of a block 2x2 matrix

How to solve this type of problem: We've got a block 2x2 matrix : $$A=\begin{bmatrix}A_{11}&A_{12}\\A_{21}&A_{22}\\\end{bmatrix}$$ If matrices $A$ and $A_{22}$ are invertible, show that a ...
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22 views

Lipschitz continuity of inverse

Given a function f : $\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}^m$, which is known to be Lipschitz continuous, can we say anything about the Lipschitz continuity of it's inverse function (in this case, the ...
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1answer
48 views

Matrix inverse and Change of basis

I have 2 Change of Basis Matrices $ S_{A,B} $ and $ S_{A,C}$ I want determinate $ S_{C,B} $ We know that $$ S_{A,B} S_{B,C} = S_{A,C} $$ $$ S_{B,C} = S_{A,B}^{-1} S_{A,C} $$ Now i'm quite not ...
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30 views

Blind deconvolution of a function convolved with itself

I have a function/vector $f$ that I know is the result of an unknown function $g$ convolved with itself: $f = g \ast g$ Is there any way to do a blind deconvolution on $f$ with this constraint?
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If $B$ the inverse matrix of $A^2$ show that the inverse of $A$ is $AB$

How do I continue from $A(AB) = (BA)A = I$ and how can we justify it if we don't know that $AB=BA$? EDIT: Also, how can we prove that if $AB=I$ then $ BA = I$? This is seperate from the question ...
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542 views

Is every self-inverse matrix diagonalizable?

If $A=A^{-1}$, is there always a matrix C such that $C^{-1}AC$ is a diagonal matrix (containing only -1 and 1 in the main diagonal) ? How can I check with PARI/GP, if a given matrix is ...
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Self-inverse matrices with integers with pairwise different absolut values.

Let A be a self-inverse matrix ($A=A^{-1}$) with integer values such that no two integers have the same absolut value. Let M be the maximum of the absolut values (maximum-norm) of A. Which M is the ...
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350 views

What can be said about a matrix which is both symmetric and orthogonal?

I tried to find matrices A, which are both orthogonal and symmetric, this means $A=A^{-1}=A^T$. I only found very special examples like I, -I or the matrix $$\begin{pmatrix} 0 &0& -1\\ ...
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27 views

Inverse of a special function

I have a function as follows, I would like to get the inverse of this function. What is the inverse of $f(x)$? $$ y = f(x) = - \log(1-[1-e^{-x^\alpha}]^\beta)$$ Is my answer correct? $$ f^{-1}(x) = ...
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38 views

Why is this finding inverse of a matrix by row operation not working?

the correct answer is $\begin{pmatrix} -5&3&-6\\-6&3&-7\\-2&1&-2 \end{pmatrix}$ So I think the mistake might be in the first two row operations but I see nothing?
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Inverse of Continuous Function on Closed Bounded Part of R. Why Bounded?

Consider the following proposition: Let $A$ be a closed bounded part of $\Bbb R$. Assume $f: A\rightarrow \Bbb R$ is a continuous injective function. Then $f^{-1}: f(A) \rightarrow A$ is also ...
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Multiplicative inverse of $0$

If I'm not mistaken, in a ring with identity, the additive identity cannot have a multiplicative inverse. I'm trying to prove this. Here's my attempt so far: Suppose $0\cdot a=1$ $$0\cdot a=1$$ ...
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What is wrong in the following calculation for the inverse of a matrix?

$\left[\begin{array}{ccc|ccc} 0 & 3 & 0 & 1 & 0 & 0\\ 4 & 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 & 0\\ 0 & 0 & 5 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{array}\right]$ ...
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36 views

Is there an efficient method to find all the self-inverse matrices with integers in a given range?

Given n and a range, for example [-10,10], is there an efficient method to find all nxn-matrices A with integers in the given range, which are self-inverse, that means the equation $A=A^{-1}$ holds ...
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122 views

Can a matrix A with the property $A=A^{-1}$ only have the eigenvalues -1 and 1?

If a matrix A has the property $A=A^{-1}$, are the only possible eigenvalues 1 and -1 ? How can the matrices with integer values and the property $A=A^{-1}$ be characterized ? I found out that if ...