Inversion is the process of creating the opposite. Familiar examples include multiplicative inverse $2 \mapsto 1/2$, inverting functions $f(x) \mapsto f^{-1}(x)$, matrix inverse $M \mapsto M^{-1}$ etc. Please include an additional subject tag such as (linear-algebra) or (arithmetic) to help clarify ...

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f differentiable map of finite dimensional vector spaces, with derivative injective. Why is f injective?

Suppose A and B are finite dimensional vector spaces, $U\subseteq{A}$ is an open subset, $a\in U$ and $f:U\rightarrow B$ is $C^\infty$ with $(Df)_a$ injective. I need helping showing that there exists ...
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Relation between $x,y,z$…Exponent problem…

The given equation is- $\sqrt[x]{75} = \sqrt[y]{45} =\sqrt[z]{15}$ Now,it is required to prove $x+y=3z$. I want the simplest possible solution.Thanks in advance.
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is it true every left inverse of a matrix is also right inverse of it?

I am wondering that, consider there are $m$ linear equations with $n$ unknowns. We can represent it as $AX=B$. Let $L$ is the left inverse of $A$ therefore $LA=I$. Again from $AX=B$, we get $LAX=LB$ ...
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1answer
12 views

show multivarable functions are one-to-one, onto.

$F:\mathbb{R}^3 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^3, F(x,y,z)=(2x,y,3z+y)$ My current method for these sort of questions is to try to find the matrix that represents this transformation and then see if i can ...
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Show that the one to one function $f ^{-1} : N_{10}\rightarrow N_b$ is the inverse of $f: N_b\rightarrow N_{10}$. [on hold]

Is anyone able to guide me in the right direction for this question. This is for a beginner assembly language class. This is an online course so I am unable to ask the professor for guidance. Show ...
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34 views

Inverse functions: what is the difference between $\tan^{-1}(x)$ and $\tan(x)^{-1}$?

I’ve never really been taught about inverse functions, and I figured this is a pretty simple question, but I couldn’t find any explanation in my math textbook about this. What is the difference ...
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Composition and inverse mappings

Let $A\stackrel{\alpha} \rightarrow B \stackrel{\beta}\rightarrow A$ satisfy $\beta \alpha = 1_A$. If either $\alpha$ is onto or $\beta$ is one to one, show that each of them is invertible and that ...
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21 views

Polynomial function for arctan(tanx) [on hold]

What is the Equivalent polynomial function for arctan(tanx), arccos(cosx), arcsin(sinx)?
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25 views

Derivative of trace of inverse of a matrix function

I am trying to derive the derivative of the trace of inverse of a matrix function (of X), i.e. $$f(X)=Tr\left((HXH^{H}+I)^{-1}\right) $$ where $H\in R^{n\times m}, X\in R^{m\times m}$. So ...
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25 views

What is the inverse of the function $f: x \mapsto (x,x^{2}) : \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}^{2}$?

Let $f: x \mapsto (x,x^{2}) : \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}^{2}$ and let $Y := f(\mathbb{R})$. Then $\mathbb{R}$ and $Y$ are in injection via $f$. Moreover, since $Y$ is the range of $f$, certainly ...
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$(a,b) \mathbin\# (c,d)=(a+c,b+d)$ and $(a,b) \mathbin\&(c,d)=(ac-bd(r^2+s^2), ad+bc+2rbd)$. Multiplicative inverse?

Let $r\in \mathbb{R}$ and let $0\neq s \in \mathbb{R}$. Define operations $\#$ and $\&$ on $\mathbb{R}$ x $\mathbb{R}$ by $(a,b) \mathbin\#(c,d)=(a+c,b+d)$ and $(a,b) ...
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19 views

Matrix and eigenvalues question hints?

This is the homework I have done part a, b, but I don t have any idea how to do the rest $y = 5$ and $z = 12 $ Those are the eigenvalues of matrix $A$ For part c, and d, I've tried to put some ...
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8 views

Inverse of the sum of a symmetric positive definite matrix and a diagonal (but with different entries) matrix

Suppose we have symmetric positive definite $A$ with the size of $d \times d$, giving the SVD $A=V\Sigma U^T$ , if $D$ is an identity matrix, ie $D=I$, then $(A^T A + \gamma I)^{-1}=U (\Sigma^2 + ...
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12 views

Solutions for the dependency problem

Currently I read about the dependency problem of interval arithmetic. Mainly it's the problem that in the equation $X-X$ for $X$ being an interval the following is calculated: $$X-X=\{x-y:x\in X, y\in ...
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3answers
62 views

Geometric interpretation of inverse complex function?

Function $f\colon\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ and its inverse $f^{-1}$ are symmetric over line $y=x$. It's easy to imagine inverse of real function, we just have to "flip" the plot over $y=x$. But what ...
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27 views

Solve the system of trigonometric equetions, inverse kinematics

I am trying to do inverse kinematics for some mechanical system. After applying Neton-Euler method following equations were obtained: $$F_x = k_f w_l\sin(\beta_l) + k_f w_r\sin(\beta_r)$$ $$F_y = k_f ...
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79 views

If $f^{-1}(x)$ is continuous, is $f(x)$ also continuous?

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\mapsto\mathbb{R}$ be a one-to-one function with $f(\mathbb{R})=\mathbb{R}$. If $f^{-1}(x)$ is continuous $\forall x\in\mathbb{R}$, prove or disprove that $f(x)$ is continuous ...
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34 views

Inverse sum representation of sine

The other day I was playing with functions of the form $$ f(x) = \frac{1}{\frac{1}{a_0(x-b_0)} + \frac{1}{a_1(x-b_1)} + \cdots + \frac{1}{a_n(x-b_n)}} $$ and I found particularly that $$ ...
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1answer
23 views

Cayley transform a matrix that is invertible when added to the identity

Let A be an nxn matrix such that (I+A) is invertible. I need to prove that the Cayley Transform of A, denoted by $A^c$, is such that $(I+A^c)$ is invertible. The Cayley Transform is defined as ...
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Geometric Interpretation of Determinant of an Inverse Matrix

The $\mathbf{A}$ be an $n\times n$ full rank matrix. Then, the (signed) volume enclosed by the rows (or columns) of $\mathbf{A}$ is equal to $\det(\mathbf{A})$. My question is, what is a geometric ...
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Proof of the Inverse Function Theorem using the Contraction Mapping Principle.

I've been set this problem recently and I'm having a lot of trouble with it. Any help would be much appreciated! Let $f:\mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a function with continuous derivatives ...
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Reciprocal of the reciprocal of zero

By straightforward evaluation, $$(0^{-1})^{-1}=(NaN)^{-1}=NaN$$ where $\frac{1}{0}$ is taken to equal $NaN$ (not a number), or undefined or indeterminate. However, the laws of exponents state that ...
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Is the condition “the inverse image of a closed base set is closed?” sufficient for continuity?

Let's say you have a function $f:X \to Y$, where $X$ and $Y$ have topologies. The set $C$ forms a closed base for $Y$. If for every $c \in C$, $f^{-1}(c)$ is closed in $X$, is $f$ continuous? If the ...
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A class of sparse matrices whose inverse is also sparse?

In general the inverse of a sparse matrix is dense. A notable (but trivial) exception from that rule are diagonal matrices. Is there any other (broad) class of sparse matrices whose inverse is also ...
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22 views

Finding multiplicative inverse Euler's theroem

been struggling this whole day with trying to figure out the multiplicative inverse of 17 modulo 31 using Eulers theorem. We know that 31 is a prime, φ(n)=30, so i end up with 17^30=(cong)1 (mod 31). ...
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45 views

Is the linear operator $T(f)(x) = f(-x) + f(x)$ invertible?

My understanding is that the inverse of a linear operator will effectively "undo" the operation. Therefore to get the inverse of this operator we need to somehow subtract the f(-x). But I'm not ...
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Is the linear operator $T_f(x) = f'(x)$ invertible?

I think that $T_f(x)=f'(x)$ is invertible. This seems likely because it is a differential operator, and the inverse of a differential operator is the integral operator (though I'd like more ...
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Condition inverse $p$-adic number

Take $p$ prime, $n \in \mathbb{Z}_{>0}$ and $x \in \mathbb{Z}_p$. Suppose that $p$ isn't a divisor of $$x = (x_j + p^j \mathbb{Z})_{j \in \mathbb{Z}_{>0}},$$ then one can prove that the first ...
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Why does this “miracle method” for matrix inversion work?

Recently, I answered this question about matrix invertibility using a solution technique I called a "miracle method." The question and answer are reproduced below: Problem: Let $A$ be a matrix ...
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Find inverse of 15 modulo 88.

Here the question: Find an inverse $a$ for $15$ modulo $88$ so that $0 \le a \le 87$; that is, find an integer $a \in \{0, 1, ..., 87\}$ so that $15a \equiv1$ (mod 88). Here is my attempt to answer: ...
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$A,B$ are matrices $3x3$ so that $B^2A=-2B^3$ and $B^3+AB^2=3I$ express $A^{-1}$ and $B^{-1}$ using $B$

I have the follow question : $A,B$ are matrices $3x3$ so that $B^2A=-2B^3$ and $B^3+AB^2=3I$ express $A^{-1}$ and $B^{-1}$ using $B$ I tried to "play" with the equations but I always get stuck with ...
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1answer
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Understanding Multiplicative Inverse in RSA

Okay so I am reading up on RSA, trying to understand how it works, and I come across this $ x∈ℤp, x−1 ∈ℤp ⟺ \gcd(x,p) = 1$ Now it then gives an example, as follows: Lets work in the set $ℤ9$, ...
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Finding the $h'(x,y,z)$ if $h= p \circ q $ $p(x,y,z)=(x \sin y, x \cos y, z+y ), q(x,y,z)=(x^2,x+y,2e^z)$

I just want someone to check my work basically. Providing thoughts and insight, into possible mistakes: Finding the $$h'(x,y,z)$$ if $$h= p \circ q ,\ \ p(x,y,z)=(x \sin y, x \cos y, z+y ), \ \ ...
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Inverse of a product of real functions

Given $F(x) = L(x)G(x)$, with $L$ and $G$ real function strictly greater than zero. Suppose that F and G are decreasing functions (so that $F^{-1}$ and $G^{-1}$ exists). What can we say about the ...
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Why can't this mixed function be inverted?

Given the function $$y=Ax + B\sqrt x$$ where $A$ and $B$ are real constants, $x$ is real and $x > 0$ I want to find the inverse where $x$ is a function of $y$. ButI don't believe that's possible ...
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41 views

What is Lebesgue measure of sets of inverse prime numbers in $[0,1] $?

I would like to know if it is possible to know the lebesgue mesure of sets of inverse prime numbers in $[0,1]$ Note : I think should to know in the first if the sets of primes are infinit countable ...
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1answer
24 views

Block matrix pseudoinverse: symmetry of the inverse of a symmetric matrix

In the wiki page for block matrix pseudoinverses, there is a formula $$ \begin{pmatrix}A & B \\ C & D\end{pmatrix}^{-1}=\begin{pmatrix} (A-BD^{-1}C)^{-1} & ...
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Inverting a $3\times 3$ block matrix

Suppose that $a$ and $b$ below are scalars, $F$ a square matrix, $v$ a column vector. I'm trying to invert the matrix $M$ of the form $$ M=\begin{pmatrix} a & v' & 0\\ v & F & 0\\ 0 ...
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Finding the inverse of a square circulant matrix

I'm having difficulties of finding the inverse of the following square matrix, which consists of $2\times 2$ circulant matrices: $A = \left[\begin{matrix}x^{383} & x^{102} + x^{253} \\ ...
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Flip Values to get the opposite

Not sure of the name of what I need to do, but I used to do it all the time, and now i forget. I have values 1 - 10. I want 10 to become 1 and 1 to become 10. What is the formula to do this again? It ...
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1answer
22 views

Calculate the modular inverse of $2a$ given that of $a$

My problem is that I have to calculate some modular inverses of numbers that are related by multiplying by $2$, that is: Given $a$ and $x$ so that $ax\equiv1\mod n$ ($n$ being an odd number) I need ...
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3answers
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Can we prove $BA=E$ from $AB=E$? [duplicate]

I was wondering if $AB=E$ ($E$ is identity) is enough to claim $A^{-1} = B$ or if we also need $BA=E$. All my textbooks define the inverse $B$ of $A$ such that $AB=BA=E$. But I can't see why $AB=E$ ...
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1answer
48 views

L2 norm of an inverse of a sum of matrices

I am trying to take the L2 norm of the following expression: $-(H^{-1} + bI)^{-1}v$, where $H$ is a psd matrix, b is a scalar, and $v$ is a vector. In particular I am having trouble with the first ...
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40 views

If a function has an inverse then it is bijective?

I have some trouble finding the answer to this, can someone help me out: If I have a general function $f$ with domain $X$ and codomain $Y$, I know nothing about the function (injective, surjective). ...
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Is there a polynomial $p$ such that it is bijective and $ p: \mathbb{Q}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{Q}$ for $ n>1$ ??

Let us define a polynomial $p$ defined as follow $$p: \mathbb{Q}^n \rightarrow \mathbb{Q}.$$ I acrossed this question in mind. Is there a polynomial $p$ such that it is bijective and $p: ...
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Inverse of the sum of the inverse of 2 non-invertible matrices

Given that the following square matrices are non-invertible: $\bf A$, $\bf B$, and (A+B) UPDATE: Assume $\bf (A+B)$ is invertible. and given that $\bf (A+I)$, $\bf (B+I)$, and $\bf ...
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2answers
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Does injective imply each $x$ matches to a unique $y$?

Injective means one-to-one matching, as in each $y$ is matched by only one $x$. However, does this mean that each $x$ matches only to one $y$?
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1answer
38 views

Inverse Laplace

I want to calculate the inverse laplace of $$F(s)=e^{-3s}\frac{1+s}{s^3+2s^2+2s}$$ And i'm wondering if applying the derivative theorem is correct. To keep it simple it split them up: ...
0
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1answer
24 views

In what condition we have $(K^{-1})^\ast = (K^\ast)^{-1}$?

Suppose $X$ $Y$ are two finite dimensional Hilbert space. Assume $K$: $X\to Y$ is linear. My question is, in what condition of $K$ that $$(K^{-1})^\ast = (K^\ast)^{-1}?$$
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80 views

Is this matrix invertible?

I have been working on a proof and am stuck with showing that the below matrix is invertible. I am not interested in the explicit inverse, only showing it has a nonzero determinant as the existence of ...