# Tagged Questions

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### Analogy of ideals with Normal subgroups in groups.

I've started with Ideals in ring theory but still not comfortable with the analogy it has with normal subgroups in group theory.Like we can visualize normal subgroups as Is there some good intutive ...
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### What does the Yoneda lemma say for the identity functor and finite sets?

So I try to plug in the simplest arguments into the Yoneda lemma and see how to interpret it. I'll try it for the identity functor and the category of finite sets, in particular, I use an three ...
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### Intuition - Fundamental Homomorphism Theorem - Fraleigh p. 139, 136

Let $\phi: G \to H$ be a group homomorphism with $K = \ker\phi$. Then $G/K \simeq \phi[G].$ The hinge to the proof is to define $\Phi: G/K \to \phi[G]$ given by $\Phi(gK) = \phi(g)$. Then we must ...
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### What does it mean for a coalgebra to be cogenerated by a subspace?

The usual definition of an algebra being generated by a subspace is as follows: Let $A$ be an algebra, $X \subset A$ a subspace, $\mathrm{Alg}(X)$ the free algebra generated by $X$. Then $A$ is ...
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### What is the intuition of conjugacy classes?

How can I fully understand what are conjugacy classes are in groups? I know the definition, that $a$ and $b$ are conjugate if $gag^{-1}=b$ for some $g\in G$. But what is the intuition? Using a ...
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### If $G$ is a finite group, $H$ is a subgroup of $G$, and $H\cong Z(G)$, can we conclude that $H=Z(G)$?

If $G$ is a finite group, $H$ is a subgroup of $G$, and $H\cong Z(G)$, can we conclude that $H=Z(G)$? I learnt that if two subgroups are isomorphic then it's not true that they act in the same ...
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### Intuitive meaning of Exact Sequence

I'm currently learning about exact sequences in grad sch Algebra I course, but I really can't get the intuitive picture of the concept and why it is important at all. Can anyone explain them for me? ...
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### Algebraic geometry in representation theory?

I heard that today algebraic geometry plays some significant role in representation theory, which is a little surprising because when I learnt representation theory it is basically algebra, topology, ...
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### The relationship between inner automorphisms, commutativity, normality, and conjugacy.

An inner automorphism of a group $G$ is defined to be a function $f: G \to G$ such that for $x\in G$ $f(x) = a^{-1}xa.$ I have three somewhat broad questions about this: Why is it related to ...
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### Intuition on group actions

I'm trying to get more intuition on this definition: Let $(G,\circ,e)$ be group. A group action is a mapping $G×X→X:(g,x) ↦g.x \,$ such that: \begin{align*} ∀x∈X &: e.x=x \tag{1}\\ ∀g,h∈G,∀x∈X ...
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### Intuitive Explanation of Morphism Theorem

Is there an intuitive explanation for the morphism theorem from introductory abstract algebra? First Morphism Theorem: Let $K$ be the kernel of the group morphism $f: G \to H$. Then $G/K$ is ...
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### Algebra: Best mental images

I'm curious how people think of Algebras (in the universal sense, i.e., monoids, groups, rings, etc.). Cayley diagrams of groups with few generators are useful for thinking about group actions on ...
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### Intuition behind the Frattini subgroup

I am trying to get a better feel for what the Frattini subgroup really is, intuitively. Let $G$ be a group and denote its Frattini subgroup by $\Phi(G)$. I know that $\Phi(G)$ is the intersection of ...
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### Quotient-lifting properties

I borrowed this terminology from K. Conrad's article on series of subgroups, in which he discusses solvability of groups. This property of certain groups satisfies Let $N\triangleleft G$. Then ...
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### Duality between $[G,G]$ and $Z(G)$? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Center-commutator duality Let $G$ be a group. It seems that there is a certain duality between two of its normal subgroups, the commutator ...
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### Why are only the first four alternating groups are non-simple?

I know asking for intuition in math is a generally flawed approach, but can anyone give any reason why only the first four alternating groups are non-simple?
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### Intuitive interpretation of the adjacency matrix as a linear operator.

Naturally we can describe graphs via tables of "yes there is an edge" or "no there is not" between each pair of vertices, so the definition of an adjacency matrix is easily understood. Thinking of ...
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### Centralizer, Normalizer and Stabilizer - intuition

What is the motivation/intuition behind these concepts? What notion/property of a group do they capture? Or what is the scenario of application. Thanks.
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### What's the Clifford algebra?

I'm reading a book on Clifford algebra for physicists. I don't quite understand it conceptually even if I can do most algebraic manipulations. Can some-one teach me what the Clifford algebra really ...
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### What is the intuitive meaning of the adjugate matrix?

The definition of the adjugate matrix is easy to understand, but I have never seen it used for anything. What is the intuitive meaning of this matrix? Are there examples of applications which may ...
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### Does a four-variable analog of the Hall-Witt identity exist?

Lately I have been thinking about commutator formulas, sparked by rereading the following paragraph in Isaacs (p.125): An amazing commutator formula is the Hall-Witt identity: ...
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### Understanding the three isomorphism theorems

I have learnt the following three isomorphisms for a while but without true understanding: A group homomorphism $\phi:G\to G'$ can be decomposed into ...
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### Intuition on the Orbit-Stabilizer Theorem

The Orbit-Stabilizer says that, given a group $G$ which acts on a set $X$, then there exists a bijection between the orbit of an element $x\in X$ and the set of left cosets of the stabilizer group of ...