Questions on interpolation, the estimation of the value of a function from given input, based on the values of the function at known points.

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150 views

Radial Basis Functions Interpolation

$ \let\oldcdot\cdot \renewcommand{\cdot}{\!\oldcdot\!} \newcommand{\e}{\varepsilon} \renewcommand{\p}{\varphi} \renewcommand{\p}{\varphi} \renewcommand{\vp}{\vec{\boldsymbol\p}(x)} ...
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147 views

estimating a particular analytic function on a bounded sector.

Let $f(z)$ be an analytic function on $C^+=\{\Re z>0\}$, and we have the following (weaker) estimates $$ |f(re^{i\theta},a)|\leq C (r\cos\theta)^{-n}, ...
6
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526 views

What is the maximum overshoot of interpolating splines in $d$ dimensions?

Consider cubic splines $s( x, y )$ which interpolate values $y = \{ y_0, y_1, \dots,y_n \}$, on the uniform grid $\{ 0, 1,\dots, n \}$. Fix $s''(0) = s''(n) = 0$ (natural splines). How big can ...
6
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441 views

Runge's phenomen: interpolation error using Chebyshev nodes oscillates

We're trying to approximate the Runge function $f(x) = \dfrac{1}{1+25x^2}$ using Chebyshev nodes. When calculating the interpolation error, using different degrees ranging from 0 to 50, we get the ...
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2k views

Computation of coefficients of Lagrange polynomials

For our homework we should write a program, that creates Lagrange base polynomials $L_k(x)$ based on a few sampling points $x_i$. Now i am eager to develop a formula to be able to compute the ...
3
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51 views

Lagrangian interpolation

I have a high-school student doing a modeling project using interpolation. (Hopefully someone understands what I mean without having to write out explicit examples, as I only have screenshots.) When ...
3
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0answers
312 views

How does 2D kriging interpolation work?

I have a grid of points Example ...
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89 views

Random multipliers of polynomial values at known points in $\mathbb{Z}_p$

Scenario (1) We define the polynomial ring $R[x]$ consist of all polynomial with coefficients from $\mathbb Z_p$, where $p$ is a prime number. Let $P_i$ be a polynomial such that $P_i \in R[x]$. We ...
3
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125 views

Interpolation method

I am researching about different interpolation methods, and their pros and cons. Please help me to understand ideas behind Gaussian interpolation method. Although, I looked at different papers for ...
3
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0answers
285 views

Runge function error second factor

I'm currently learning about the Runge function. On Wikipedia, I read the following: Consider the function: $ \dfrac{1}{1+25x^2}$ Runge found that if this function is interpolated at ...
3
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0answers
342 views

linear interpolation error estimate for non-smooth function

Suppose I have two points $x_1,x_2$ between which I would like to have a linear interpolation $P_1$. I know the value of the function $f$ at $x_1,x_2$. The error at any point between the two will be ...
2
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0answers
27 views

How to use piecewise quadratic interpolation?

I'm attempting to get the hang of quadratic interpolation, in MatLab specifically, and I'm having trouble approaching the process of actually creating the spline equations. For example, I have 9 ...
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33 views

Interpolate inside cuboid / plane that intersects a point

I am trying to implement a trilinear interpolation algorithm for cuboids. Please excuse my lack of math jargon, this is not my area! The cuboids can be rotated in any dimension in 3D space. No two ...
2
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0answers
54 views

Finding an error bound for Lagrange interpolation with evenly spaced nodes

I know that the error bound for Lagrange interpolation is usually $$\frac{M_{n+1}}{(n+1)!}\max_{x\in[a,b]}|(x-x_0)\cdots(x-x_n)|$$, where $M_i=\max_{x\in[a,b]}|f^{(i)}(x)|$. I'm trying to find the ...
2
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33 views

Existence of a Blaschke product with an added boundary condition.

Suppose we have a sequence of distinct complex numbers $\{a_n\}$ such that $a_n\rightarrow 1$ and the $a_n$ satisfy the Blaschke condition $\sum (1-|a_n|)<\infty$. Does there exist a Blaschke ...
2
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54 views

Sampling a Chebyshev polynomial with the discrete cosine transform

I have a Chebyshev polynomial $f$ of degree $n$ in point-value form \begin{align} f&=:S = \left( \left( x_i, y_i \right) \right)_{i=0}^n, \tag{1} \\ x_i &= \cos\left( \frac{i \pi}{n} \right), ...
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70 views

Polynomial Interpolation and Data Integrity

This question is about polynomial interpolation and security. Please consider a scenario where we have a polynomial $f$, one of whose roots is $a$. We evaluate it at some ...
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81 views

Why the quadrature formula is exact one not an approximation?

I am reading this material on the algorithm of calculating the centroid of a polyhedron. I am confused by the last step of the deduction: The three coordinates of the centroid can be obtained: ...
2
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55 views

From a set of vertices, find smallest polytope enclosing another point

Out of a set of vertices $V=\{\vec v_i\in \mathbb R^D\}$, I am constructing a piecewise linear interpolating function $f:\mathbf{conv}(V)\rightarrow R$ as follows: given a point $\vec d\in ...
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114 views

Boundedness of a singular integral operator on $L^p(\mathbb{R})$, $1<p<\infty$

My singular integral operator is defined by \begin{align} Sf(x)=-\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}f(t-x) \frac{dt}{2\sinh\frac{\pi}{2}t}, \end{align} that is, a convolution $-\frac{1 }{2\sinh\frac{\pi}2x}\ast ...
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147 views

Chebyshev Interpolation and Expansion

I am seeking connections between pointwise Lagrange interpolation (using Chebyshev-Gauss nodes) and generalized series approximation approach using Chebyshev polynomials. Pointwise Lagrange ...
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48 views

Regarding the Lebesgue constant for interpolation

I have a question regarding Lebesgue constant $\Lambda_{n}\left(\boldsymbol{\chi}\right)$, with which the worst case error between an interpolant $p\left(\boldsymbol{x}\right)$ and the function which ...
2
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0answers
83 views

Formula for $s_n = \sum_{i = 1}^n i^3$ Newton's Forward Difference Interpolation

Use Newton's Forward Difference formula to find an expression for $$ S_n = \sum_{i = 1}^{n} i^3$$ This is from an Introductory Numerical Analysis paper. I cannot figure out the connection ...
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36 views

On Convex Interpolation and distances

Let $C$ denote the class of all real-valued convex functions on $[0, 1]^2$. Fix $n \geq 2$ and points $x_1, \dots, x_n$ in $[0, 1]^2$. Let $S \subset R^n$ be defined by \begin{equation*} S := ...
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40 views

Convex interpolation between two points with given derivatives

Let's say I have two real values $x_1$ and $x_2$, to each of which I associate $y_i$ and $y'_i$ satisfying $$ (y_2-y_1)(y'_2 - y'_1) \geq 0. \tag{1} $$ I would like to find a polynomial ...
2
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0answers
50 views

Interpolation of iterated logarithms

$$\text{Let }\log^2(x)=\log(\log(x)),\\ \text{ then }f(y,x)=\log^{\lfloor1+y\rfloor}\left(\log(x)/\log((1-x^{1/x}(y-\lfloor y\rfloor))+(y-\lfloor y\rfloor))\right)$$ gives an interpolation between ...
2
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0answers
36 views

Smallest set of Liner equations, which exactly fit a set of points

I have a set of 2-d points,(it can be of any arbitrary dimension n). I want to find the minimum set of straight lines(linear equations) which exactly passes through the given 2-d points (unlike ...
2
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0answers
88 views

Lagrange's interpolation to solve for 0 of y(x)

I have the data composing of 7 elements x is from 0 → 3 incrementing by 0.5 y is from 1.8241 → -1.5427 I am supposed to use Lagrange's interpolation of three nearest neighbor data points. I am ...
2
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0answers
185 views

lagrange interpolation question here

We have the function : $f(x)=\cos(x) + \sin(x)$ and $x_0=0, x_1=0.25 , x_2=0.5, x_3=1$ a)Find Lagrange polynomial for this function. c)Find the real approximation error. d)Find the limit of the ...
2
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0answers
811 views

Interpolation between curves

I am trying to do a 2D interpolation between two curves as you can see from the attached picture. where $a$ is a varrying paramter. $f_{a_1}$ and $f_{a_2}$ are known, or at least I can perform ...
2
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0answers
497 views

Shannon vs dirichlet kernel interpolation method for signal reconstruction

I am currently studying fourier transform, and especially the way that the signal could be reconstructed from its spectrum. In many lectures, I have seen the shannon interpolation method to ...
2
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0answers
80 views

Smooth detour from one function to another

Suppose I am given two smooth functions $f$ and $g$ on the real line and real numbers $a<b$ such that $f(a)<g(b)$ and $f'(a),g'(b)\ge0$ I want to get a smooth $H:\mathbb R\rightarrow\mathbb R$ ...
2
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0answers
24 views

Analogue of Helly’s theorem for non-exact interpolation

Let $\overrightarrow{x}=(x_1,x_2, \ldots ,x_n),\overrightarrow{a}=(a_1,a_2, \ldots ,a_n)$ and $\overrightarrow{b}=(b_1,b_2, \ldots ,b_n)$ be vectors in ${\mathbb R}^n$, with $a_k \leq b_k$ for every ...
2
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0answers
229 views

monotonic smoothing fit to be implemented (in python or other language)

In a post that already exists, implementation-of-monotone-cubic-interpolation, there is a good method for fitting data which necessarily includes all of the given points. But, what if I need to ...
2
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0answers
129 views

Minimal surface representation from a 3D contour

I have a set of 3D points defining a 3D contour, as shown below. The points in this contour lie in their best-fit plane and I want to obtain a 3D triangular mesh representation of the surface inside ...
2
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0answers
213 views

Ellipse radius interpolation with different radiuses

I am writing a library for graphical LCDs and I want to incorporate a function to draw a circle on the screen. I have already succeeded in drawing simple circles, however, I want to be able to pass a ...
2
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0answers
227 views

B-Spline Definition

I'm currently working on my master's project. For this, I rely on one PhD-thesis in which I found a statement I do not understand. Unfortunately, the author hasn't answered to my mails yet, so I have ...
2
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0answers
97 views

variogramas kriging

In order to find the altitude of a surface, we use the following method. My question is: What is the name of this method? We have $$ A=\begin{pmatrix} a_{1,1} & .. & .. & ...
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693 views

Interpolating polynomial with Chebyshev nodes

I am interested in constructing an polynomial that interpolates some known arbitrary function $f(x)$ over the domain $x \in [0,70]$. I want the polynomial to have degree 14 and so need 15 points. ...
2
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498 views

Polynomial Interpolation and Error Bound

Problem: Use the Lagrange interpolating polynomial of degree three or less and four digit chopping arithmetic to approximate cos(.750) using the following values. Find an error bound for the ...
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0answers
131 views

explicit error bounds for Multivariate interpolation

I want to interpolate a function of $d$ variables over a Cartesian grid, using multivariate interpolation, while characterizing interpolation error in terms of bounds on partial derivatives of the ...
2
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0answers
184 views

(Experimental) Can it be shown that this extension of the secant-interpolation has quadratic convergence?

Background: I needed some efficient but simple interpolation-methods aside of Newton's iteration because I want to have it in contexts, where the derivative of a function is not always known. So an ...
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0answers
480 views

Is there software that interpolates/extrapolates data using a discrete Fourier?

I've read various methods of Fourier interpolation and extrapolation detailed in articles such as Interpolation and Extrapolation Using a High-Resolution Discrete Fourier Transform—so what I'm ...
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0answers
6 views

Non-Piecewise interpolation over 3 points

I am trying to write an algorithm that interpolates between 3 values. The interpolation will be over the interval [0,1]. What I would like to do is: (Hopefully this makes sense) at x = 0, y = ...
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51 views
+100

Interpolation and mapping between scattered vectors in two unequally dimensioned spaces

Imagine two spaces: An ‘input’ space with dimension $m$. An ‘output’ space with dimension $n$. $m \geq n$ There are points in each of these spaces defined such that some characteristic is ...
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27 views

Catmull-Rom: spline and filter

On this website, the author gives this definition for Catmull-Rom splines (slide 10): $$catmullRom(t) = \frac{1}{2}\left\{\begin{array}{ll} t^3 + 5t^2 + 8t + 4 & \text{if } -2 \le t \lt -1\\ ...
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0answers
24 views

Calculating Newton Form of Interpolating Polynomial

For the function $f(x)=\frac{1}{x}$, I am trying to calculate the Newton form of the interpolating polynomial for the points $x_0=2$, $x_1=3$ and $x_2=4$. I understand that the Newton form of the ...
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0answers
43 views

second order interpolation with positive weights

I have a function evaluated at predefined grid points $x_i=\frac{i}{N},\ i=0,...,N,\ f(x_i)=y_i$ I am looking for an interpolation scheme satisfying $\|I(f)-f\|_{L^\infty} = ...
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0answers
22 views

Find a cubic hermite interpolation of the function

Let be $I=[0,2]\subset\mathbb{R}$ and $f:I\to\mathbb{R}$ with $$f(x):=\frac{x^2-5}{-x^3+x^2-4}.$$ Define a polynomial $p$ using the cubic Hermite interpolation method with the grid points ...
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0answers
17 views

Error of Lagrange Interpolating polynomial is zero for polynomials of low degree

Let $f$ be a function defined on the interval $[x_0 −h, x_0, x_0 +h]$, and $f \in C^3[x_0 −h, x_0 +h]$. Let $h$ be the Lagrange interpolation polynomial of $f$ at the nodes $x = x_0 − h$, $x_0$, $x_0 ...