Questions on interpolation, the estimation of the value of a function from given input, based on the values of the function at known points.

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On Convex Interpolation and distances

Let $C$ denote the class of all real-valued convex functions on $[0, 1]^2$. Fix $n \geq 2$ and points $x_1, \dots, x_n$ in $[0, 1]^2$. Let $S \subset R^n$ be defined by \begin{equation*} S := ...
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I need to know how can get the error; LAGRANGE INTERPOLATION [on hold]

Sorry but I need some help to determinate the error with the Lagrange interpolation, I don't know how to definate any funtion on this,
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25 views

What method I have to use (INTERPOLATION) and how please! [on hold]

I need help with this interpolation method, please is a homework for tomorrow.. !Question1
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36 views

Derive quadrature formula from interpolation polynomial [on hold]

Need some help with this please, I need it, its my homework and I really don't know it :(
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13 views

lagrange interpolation of a point

Let $f(x)=\sqrt[]{x}$ be our function. Let $P_n$ be the lagrange interpolation polynom of $f$ by $n$ points and $a$ be an element in the domain of $f$. Can rational points be chosen such that ...
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20 views

Lagrange Interpolation (Error) [on hold]

Sorry but I need help with this, I can't do it, I really don't know how to get the error here. Please I need any help...
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19 views
+100

Find a smooth function with prescribed moments

In several contexts I’ve encountered variants of the following problem : let $m_0,m_1,m_2$ be real numbers such that $0 < m_1 < m_0$ and $\frac{m_1^2}{m_0} <m_2 < m_0$. Then, show that ...
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29 views

Fourier Interpolation

I have this Equation, that I modeled from my measurements and simulations. $I^{exp}_{l,m} = (\mathbf{F}^{H}.\mathbf{A}.I^{true})_{l,m}$; $H$ is the Hermitian transpose and $\mathbf{F}^{H}$ is a block ...
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1answer
39 views

There is a unique polynomial interpolating $f$ and its derivatives

I have questions on a similar topic here, here, and here, but this is a different question. It is well-known that a Hermite interpolation polynomial (where we sample the function and its derivatives ...
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2answers
97 views

Constructing an increasing function with prescribed values at three points

This should probably be very simple, but I'm just not very skilled in math :S. I want a function that takes one variable, x, ranging from 0-1. As the input approaches 0 so should the output. As the ...
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14 views

How do you find the gradient between two different curves that passes through an arbitrary point between the curves?

Given a graph like this, XC, and ZC is it possible to find YC, and if so, how? fB(x) and fA(x) are some known but different functions at ZB and ZA, respectively. fC(x) is NOT a known function but ...
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1answer
35 views

Given a set of sequences, compute a corresponding set of functions

Consider the following set of sequences: $ S_k(n)= \begin{cases} 1 & \text{$n \equiv0\pmod{k}$}\\ 0 & \text{$n\not\equiv0\pmod{k}$}\\ \end{cases} $ I want to compute a set of ...
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16 views

How do I derive the analytical form of a discrete wavelet transform?

I guess this is more of an "applied maths" question than pure maths, and here's to hoping this is the right forum :) I am using a fast discrete wavelet transform (DWT) of a 1D vector of 2^N numbers ...
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1answer
12 views

What is the derivative of a Radial Basis Interpolation function?

A radial basis interpolation function is described as: $ f(\textbf{x})=\sum_{k=1}^N c_k \phi(\lVert \textbf{x}-\textbf{x}_k \rVert_2), \ \textbf{x}\in\mathbb{R}^s $ where $\textbf{x}_k$ are the $N$ ...
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1answer
16 views

Compound interest problem with increasing deposits

An Investor starts with an initial investment : $A$ He earns a steady profit of 10 percent per year. But every year he adds additional amount which increases by 15 percent every year. At the end of ...
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1answer
20 views

Interpolate daily values from monthly averages

I have a list of monthly production guarantees and I want to estimate daily values. Dividing monthly totals by days/month works, but when graphed, leads to a chunky piece-wise plot. I could use a ...
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1answer
12 views

reconstruction through sinc interpolation

I have a discrete-time signal $x_k = \sum_l a_l g(kT - l(T+\Delta T))$ where $g(t) = \frac {\sin(\pi t/(T+\Delta T))}{\pi t/(T+\Delta T)}$. Since the signal $x$ has been sampled at rate $1/T>2 ...
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2answers
71 views

Bilinear interpolation of angles

Is their a solution to do a bilinear interpolation in x,y of angles in [0°-360°[ ? The elementary formula of bilinear interpolation don't work on angles due to the discontinuity at 360°-0°. ...
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2answers
80 views

Modified Hermite interpolation

I asked similar questions here and here, but I tried to formulate this one in a sharper way. Is anyone aware of some literature on polynomial interpolation where we sample the function and its ...
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1answer
23 views

Plane fitting using svd

I am trying to get a best fit plane in a 3d space of points. I am using an svd as described in http://stackoverflow.com/questions/10900141/fast-plane-fitting-to-many-points. If I use the data provided ...
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24 views

How to prove this re-sampling problem

I know the following is a usual practice in the realm of re-sampling and interpolation, however, I cannot prove this: In in order to apply a constant shift to a vector/signal, we convolve it with a ...
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1answer
28 views

Estimate the difference between $f$ and $p$ interpolating $f$

Suppose $p$ is the unique polynomial of degree $\leq 2$ that agrees with a function $f$ at points $a_1 < a_2 < a_3$. If the third derivative $f^{(3)}$ exists, and $x\in (a_1,a_3)$, then we can ...
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1answer
84 views

A polynomial agreeing with a function and its derivatives

If we want $$p(x_i)=a_i, \qquad x_1 < \dotsb < x_{n+1},$$ then there is a unique polynomial of degree $\leq n$ that accomplishes this (Lagrange interpolation). If we want $$p(x_i)=a_i, \qquad ...
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Is there any interactive spline fitting software?

I'd like to know if there's any software (freeware) for interactive data interpolation. What I want is to be able to visualize my data on an XY plot and drag the points to see how it affects the ...
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1answer
20 views

Natural cubic spline interpolation - check and suggest better way

I was given the following interpolation nodes: $(0,10),(\frac{1}{2},8),(1,5),(2,2),(3,1)$ and I was asked to find the natural cubic spline interpolation between every 2 points. I want to show you ...
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2answers
67 views

Why do we interpolate - no guarantee of success

this is somewhat of a general question about interpolation, I don't fully understand how can we be confident that our approximation is good, even if we know a lot of points. An example would be: ...
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Are there some scattered point configurations that would yield bad interpolation results using Radial Basis Function (RBF) interpolation?

Is Radial Basis Function interpolation sensible to the scattered point configuration? I seem to be having problems for scattered points $(x_i,y_i)$ that are illustrated below: The values $f(x,y)$ ...
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22 views

Taylor's remainder in a compact

My impression is that each function enough regular ($C^\infty$ ) in a compact is equivalent to a polynomial. Is this true? Is there a way to prove it? The expression of the Taylor's remainder just ...
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22 views

Convex interpolation between two points with given derivatives

Let's say I have two real values $x_1$ and $x_2$, to each of which I associate $y_i$ and $y'_i$ satisfying $$ (y_2-y_1)(y'_2 - y'_1) \geq 0. \tag{1} $$ I would like to find a polynomial ...
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Are there other names for multilayer perceptrons or multidimensional interpolants based on Kolmogorov's approximation work?

Are there other names for multilayer perceptrons that are used outside of the neural net community? At its core, multilayer perceptrons form a multidimensional interpolant of the form $$ ...
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1answer
20 views

Different forms of a quadrature

I am solving the following problem: Find the quadrature of the following form: $Q(f) = Af(−1) + Bf(0) + > Cf(1)$, which has the highest degree and interpolates the integral: $\int_{-3}^{3} ...
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1answer
51 views

Accurate floating-point linear interpolation

I want to perform a simple linear interpolation between $A$ and $B$ (which are binary floating-point values) using floating-point math with IEEE-754 rounding rules, as accurately as possible. Please ...
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1answer
36 views

Finding an interpolating polynomial [closed]

Hey guys I need to solve this problem but I am not sure how to do: Find an interpolating polynomial $$P(x)$$ with degree at most 2 such that $$P(x_0)=y_1$$ $$P'(x_0)=y_2$$ $$P'(x_1)=y_3$$ And ...
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1answer
17 views

Maximum of error in equidistant interpolation

Interpolating a function, to estimate the error, knowledge of the function $$\omega(x)=\prod_{i=0}^k (x-x_i)$$ with $x_i$ being the sampling points, is required. In the equidistant case, this would ...
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Is there a way to do exponential interpolation?

Is there a way to assign a set of values to an exponential function just like polynomial interpolation?
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1answer
31 views

Finding polynomial optimal in terms of least squares approximation

Find polynomial $w$ of degree at most $2$ optimal in terms least squares approximation for a function $f(x)=x^3$ in the norm $\|g\|=\sqrt{(g,g)}$, given that: $$ (f,g) = \int\limits^1_0 f(x)g(x)dx. ...
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1answer
21 views

Collective term for interpolation and extrapolation

Is there a collective term for both interpolation and extrapolation? If there is such a term, what is it?
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1answer
27 views

How can missing data be organised or classified (Interpolation vs Approximation)?

I'm looking for a way to distinguish between the various types of missing data techniques? Can someone help to clarify or organize these categories in sub-sections or indicate similarities or ...
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33 views

How to find a graph's equation from its points

I have a set of data that constitutes the graph on the picture. What I want to know is how would I find the equation equivalent to that kind of graph? The X are on the interval $[1,10]$.
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Relationship between Lagrange interpolation and Taylor expansion

We Define 3 grid points $x_{-1}$, $x_0$, $x_1$ with $x_{-1}=x_0-h_{-1}$ and $x_{1} = x_0 + h_1$ with $h_1, h_{-1}$ > 0. Given a smooth function f, and an approximation to $f'(x_0)$ given by the ...
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Interpolating graph path

I have a directed graph with very few nodes, and I would like to add many more redundant nodes between them. So if I have A->B->C, I'd like to get A->A0->A1->A2->B->B0->B1-B2->C The intermediate ...
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Blended surface

Partially blended surfaces are extensively used in the literature for shape preserving interpolation. Most of these shape preserving partially blended surface interpolation is based on the result that ...
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29 views

Interpolation point selection for Rational Polynomial Interpolation

people, 1st time on math.stackexchange so aloha to all!! The Question: I have a certain data set and I am using Thiele's rational Polynomial Interpolation to interpolate some data but the curve will ...
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2answers
227 views

General method to “naturally interpolate” to a complex map?

Given a region of the complex plane and a map $z \to f(z)$, is there a general way to "naturally interpolate" the point $z$ to $f(z)$ in such a way that the movement follows a "natural" smooth path ...
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1answer
64 views

Calculating a cubic spline goes wrong

I am trying to solve a old exam and really stuck at the cubic splines. We have the function $f(x) = \cos^2(\frac{x}{2})$ and the points $x_0 = \frac{\pi}{2}$, $x_1=0$ and $x_2 = \frac{\pi}{2}$. ...
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estimate an upper bound for the error of an interpolation polynom

The task is to estimate the error of an interpolation polynom $p(x)$ to an function $f(x)$. The sampling points are $x_0 = -1,\ x_1= 0,\ x_2=1,\ x_3=3$ So i already calculated the polynom which does ...
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1answer
28 views

Product of Chebyshev polynomials of the second kind?

So Wikipedia has this formula for a product of two Chebyshev polynomials of the second kind evaluated at a fixed $x$ with different indices: $$ U_n(x)U_m(x)=\sum_{k=o}^{n}U_{m-n+2k}(x) $$ Which would ...
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1answer
36 views

Formula to link two exponential values together - doesn't quite work

Basically, I've done a script, and I'm stuck on a formula for it. After I run the code on a cube, based on two different inputs (detail level and vertex average iterations), the resulting size will be ...
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Changing the order of the elements of the divided difference Polynomial Interpolation

Apparently this is rather trivial but I don't understand why what I've highlighted in green is correct.
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31 views

Find the hermite interpolating polynomial

$$\begin{array}{ccc}x&f(x)&f'(x)&f''(x)\\0&1&\frac12&0\\1&2&1&-\end{array}$$ Find the interpolating polynom using divided difference table with the given ...