All aspects of integration, including the definition of the integral and computing different types of integrals. For questions solely about the properties of integrals, don't use this tag alone! Use in conjunction with (indefinite-integral), (definite-integral), (improper-integrals) or another ...

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4
votes
1answer
62 views

Reverse Cauchy Schwarz for integrals

Let $f,g$ be two continuous positive functions over $[a,b]$ Let $m_1$ and $M_1$ be the minimum and maximum of $f$ Let $m_2$ and $M_2$ be the minimum and maximum of $g$ Prove that ...
2
votes
3answers
569 views

Evaluating $\lim_{b\to\infty} \int_0^b \frac{\sin x}{x}\, dx= \frac{\pi}{2}$ [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Solving the integral $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sin{x}}{x} \ dx = \frac{\pi}{2}$? Using the identity $$\lim_{a\to\infty} \int_0^a e^{-xt}\, dt = \frac{1}{x}, x\gt 0,$$ ...
2
votes
3answers
59 views

Indefinite integral of trignometric function

What is the trick to integrate the following $$\int \frac{1-\cos x}{(1+\cos x)\cos x}\ dx$$
8
votes
1answer
122 views

Integral: $\int_0^{\pi} \frac{x}{x^2+\ln^2(2\sin x)}\,dx$

I am trying to solve the following by elementary methods: $$\int_0^{\pi} \frac{x}{x^2+\ln^2(2\sin x)}\,dx$$ I wrote the integral as: $$\Re\int_0^{\pi} \frac{dx}{x-i\ln(2\sin x)}$$ But I don't find ...
2
votes
3answers
41 views

How to determine the point at a set length along a given function (parabola)?

Given a specific function, a parabola in this instance, I can calculate the length of a segment using integrals to sum infinite right angled triangles hypotenuse lengths. My question is, can I reverse ...
6
votes
1answer
181 views

Use discrete proof to show that $\int f^2 \int g^2 \geq (\int fg)^2$

One proof of the Schwarz inequality on $\mathbb{R}^n$ is to note that $$(\sum x_i^2)(\sum y_i^2) = (\sum x_i y_i)^2 + \sum_{i<j}(x_iy_j - x_jy_i)^2.$$ Spivak's Calculus, 4th ed., exercise ...
-3
votes
0answers
23 views

What does this complex contour integral mean? [on hold]

How would one evaluate the following complex contour integral in "Integral and Series Representations of Riemann’s Zeta function, Dirichelet’s Eta Function and a Medley of Related Results." The ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

The asymptotics of $\int_x^1 |f|$ as $x\to 0$ for a nonintegrable function with $\int_0^1|f|^p<\infty$, $0<p<1$

Suppose that $0<p<1$. Let $h:(0,1]\to\mathbb C$ be a Lebesgue-measurable function such that $$\int_{x}^1|h(t)|\,\mathrm dt<\infty\quad\forall x\in(0,1].$$ Suppose also that ...
4
votes
2answers
137 views

Generalised Integral $I_n=\displaystyle \int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{x^n}{\sin ^n x} \ \mathrm{d}x, \quad n\in \mathbb{Z}^+.$

I have this integral, $$I_n=\displaystyle \int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{x^n}{\sin ^n x} \ \mathrm{d}x, \qquad n\in \mathbb{Z}^+.$$ We have the results $$ \begin{align} I_1 & = 2C, \\ I_2 &= \pi\log 2, ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Eigenvalues and Eigenfunctions of Integral Equation

Compute the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of $$ \varphi(x) - \lambda \int_0^1 e^{x+s} \varphi(s) ds = f(x) $$ Are there functions $f$ such that the inhomogenous equation has for every real $\lambda$ ...
8
votes
1answer
89 views

A closed form for $\int_{0}^{\pi/2}\frac{\ln\cos x}{x}\mathrm{d}x$?

The following integrals are classic, initiated by L. Euler. \begin{align} \displaystyle \int_{0}^{\pi/2} x^3 \ln\cos x\:\mathrm{d}x & = -\frac{\pi^4}{64} \ln 2-\frac{3\pi^2}{16} ...
3
votes
3answers
280 views

Evaluation of the integral of $e^{-(x^2+y^2)}$ over a disk

Show that $$\renewcommand{\intd}{\,\mathrm{d}} \iint_{D(R)} e^{-(x^2+y^2)} \intd x \intd y = \pi \left(1 - e^{-R^2}\right)$$ where $D(R)$ is the disc of radius $R$ with center $(0,0).$ I ...
8
votes
4answers
153 views

Do these integrals have a closed form? $I_1 = \int_{-\infty }^{\infty } \frac{\sin (x)}{x \cosh (x)} \, dx$

The following integrals look like they might have a closed form, but Mathematica could not find one. Can they be calculated, perhaps by differentiating under the integral sign? $$I_1 = \int_{-\infty ...
7
votes
3answers
310 views

How to find $\int_{0}^{1}\dfrac{\ln^2{x}\ln^2{(1-x)}}{2-x}dx$

How to find $$ I=\int_{0}^{1}{\ln^{2}\left(x\right)\ln^{2}\left(1 - x\right) \over 2 - x} \,{\rm d}x $$ My idea: Let $x=1-t$, then $$ I =\int_{0}^{1}{\ln^{2}\left(1 - ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Work done by a force field line integrals

Find the work done by the force field $F(x, y) = \langle 2x \sin(y), 2y \rangle$ on a particle that moves along the parabola $y = x^2$ from $(-1, 1)$ to $(2, 4)$. So to use line integrals to solve ...
1
vote
5answers
89 views

Definite integral $\int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2}\cos^{2}\left(\theta\right)\,{\rm d}{\theta} $

Please help me to evaluate definite integral $$\int_{^{-\pi}/_2}^{^\pi/_2}\cos^{2}\left(\theta\right)\,{\rm d}{\theta}$$ Also there was a hint: Use the double angle formula ...
1
vote
3answers
81 views

Evaluate $\int_{1}^{e}\frac{u}{u^3+2u^2-1}du.$

I'm trying to solve $$\int_{1}^{e}\frac{u}{u^3+2u^2-1}du.$$ My first approach was to factorise and then do a partial integration. However the factorisation ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Finding a mistake in the computation of a double integral in polar coordinates

I have to find $P\left(4\left(x-45\right)^2+100\left(y-20\right)^2\leq 2 \right) $ $f(x)$ and $f(y)$ are given, which I will use in my solution below . ...
5
votes
0answers
122 views
+50

Open problems in Federer's Geometric Measure Theory

I wanted to know if the problems mentionned in this book are solved. More specifically, at some places, the author says that he doesn't know the answer, for example :"I do not know whether this ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Finding a function from a vector field

The vector field $F(x, y) = \left(\displaystyle\frac{x}{r^3}, \frac{y}{r^3}\right)$ appears in electrostatics, where $r = \sqrt{x^2 + y^2}$ is the distance to the charge. Find a function $f(x, y)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Computing double integral

Find $$\iint\limits_D \sqrt{(x-10)^2+y^2}\hspace{1mm}dA$$ where $\{(x, y)\in D \mid x^2+y^2\leq 10^2\}$. I am not sure how to start, every way I have tried so far, ends up into something ugly. All ...
-3
votes
1answer
26 views

Solve using the integration by parts method [on hold]

Greeting Tutor, I having a trouble to solve attached equation using integration by parts method, appreciate tutor help to provide guide or step. Million thanks.
1
vote
3answers
561 views

Evaluate $\displaystyle \int \cos(3x) \sin(2x) \, dx$.

Evaluate the indefinite integral \begin{align} \int \cos(3x) \sin(2x) \, dx \end{align} Please see my work attempt as my answer below.
-2
votes
0answers
27 views

Definite Integration.Trigonometric function [on hold]

How to integrate $$3\sqrt { \cos ^{ 2 }{ \left( t \right) \sin ^{ 2 }{ \left( t \right) +\sin ^{ 4 }{ \left( t \right) \cos ^{ 2 }{ \left( t \right) } } } } } $$ for $t\epsilon \left[ 0,2\pi ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Laplace transform of product of two function

Consider the following integral of product of two function $$ \int_0 ^t f(s)g(s-t)ds $$ i want to know the laplace transform of above term w.r.t t. if $g(s-t)$ is replaced by $g(t-s)$, there is a ...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Value of the integral $\int_{\mathbb{R}} \frac{x\sin {(\pi x)}}{(1+x^2)^2}$

How do we evaluate the integral $$I=\displaystyle\int_{\mathbb{R}} \dfrac{x\sin {(\pi x)}}{(1+x^2)^2}$$ I have wasted so much time on this integral, tried many substitutions $(x^2=t, \ \pi x^2=t)$. ...
16
votes
6answers
546 views

Show that $\int_{0}^{\infty }\frac {\ln x}{x^4+1}\ dx =-\frac{\pi^2 \sqrt{2}}{16}$

I could prove it using the residues but I'm interested to have it in a different way (for example using Gamma/Beta or any other functions) to show that $$ ...
5
votes
0answers
91 views

An incorrect answer for an integral

As the authors pointed out in this paper (p. 2), the following evaluation which was in Gradshteyn and Ryzhik (sixth edition) is incorrect (and has been removed). $$ ...
2
votes
7answers
730 views

What are the most common errors in math exams?

I'm new here and I would like to know what teachers have saw in their experience about errors in students exams; I'm interested to know what are the most common errors in exams about "calculus", more ...
1
vote
5answers
162 views

Help with integrating $\int \frac{t^3}{1+t^2} ~dt$

What am I doing wrong on this integration problem? $$ \begin{align*} \int\frac{t^3}{1+t^2} &= \frac14 t^4 (\ln(1+t^2) (t+\frac13 t^3)) \\ &= \frac14 t^4(t \ln(1+t^2)+\frac13 t^3 ...
3
votes
2answers
228 views

What is the value of this double integral?

Let $C$ be the subset of the plane given by $$ C \colon= \{ \ (x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \ | \ 0 \leq x^2 + y^2 \leq 1 \}.$$ Then what is the value of the double integral $$ \int_{C} \int (x^2 + y^2) ...
23
votes
1answer
485 views

Prove that $\displaystyle\int_0^1{\left\lfloor{1\over x}\right\rfloor}^{-1}\!\!dx={1\over2^2}+{1\over3^2}+{1\over4^2}+\cdots.$

Question. Let $f:[0,1]\to\mathbb R$ given by $$ f(x)=\left\{\,\,\, \begin{array}{ccc} \displaystyle{\left\lfloor{1\over x}\right\rfloor}^{-1}_{\hphantom{|_|}}&\text{if} & 0\lt x\le 1, \\ ...
10
votes
3answers
402 views

Integrating $\int_0^\infty \frac{\log x}{(1+x)^3}\,dx$ using residues

I am trying to use residues to compute $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\log x}{(1+x)^3}\,dx.$$My first attempt involved trying to take a circular contour with the branch cut being the positive real axis, but ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

Integral $\int \frac{x}{2-\cos(2x)} dx$

A friend of mine told me that a friend of his who is a first year undergraduate had this integral on an exam, and that noone was able to solve it. $$\int \frac{x}{2-\cos(2x)} dx$$ The function has ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

How to evaluate this double integral?

Let $C$ be the subset of the plane given by $$C \colon= \{ \ (x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \ | -1 \leq x = y \leq 1 \}. $$ Then how to evaluate the double integral $$ \int_C \int (x^2+ y^2) dx dy? $$ My ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Integral of an exponential of rational function

I have an integral of the form $\int_{a}^{b} \text{exp}\left(\frac{\lambda}{\rho^2 m + \sigma^2_u}\right) \frac{1}{m^2}\text{exp}\left(-\frac{\lambda}{m}\right) dm$. Can this integral be found ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Partial fraction for integrating

I have been trying to solve the integral $\displaystyle\int \frac{dx}{(x-1)^2 (x^2+1)^3}$. So while trying to get the partial fraction which way is better? ...
7
votes
1answer
189 views

An equivalent for $\int_0^1\left(\frac{1}{\log x}+\frac{1}{1-x}\right)^n\;dx$

Set $$ I_n :=\int_0^1\left(\frac{1}{\log x} + \frac{1}{1-x}\right)^n \:\mathrm{d}x \qquad n=1,2,3,.... $$ We have $$I_1 =\gamma, \quad I_2 =\log (2 \pi) - \frac 32, \quad I_3 = 6 \log A - ...
13
votes
1answer
200 views

Prove ${\large\int}_0^\infty\left({_2F_1}\left(\frac16,\frac12;\frac13;-x\right)\right)^{12}dx\stackrel{\color{#808080}?}=\frac{80663}{153090}$

I discovered the following conjectured identity numerically (it holds with at least $1000$ digits of precision). How can I prove it? ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Regarding methods of finding a derivative.

I read in the American Mathematical Monthly Descartes found away to calculate the slope of a tangent to a curve at a point specified. Called the Double tangent point method ( I think). This method ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Integration of piecewise defined function: $ f(x)=0$ for $x<1$ and $f(x)=1$ for $x\geq1$

I think I am confusing myself too much on this. Let $ f(x)=0$ for $x<1$, and $f(x)=1$ for $x\geq1$. What is $\int_0^1f(x)\,dx$? I am worried because $f$ is discontinuous at $1$. Does that make ...
0
votes
2answers
60 views

Convergence of $\int (1+|x|)^{-\alpha} dx$

I want to prove that $$\int_{\mathbb R^n} (1+|x|)^{-\alpha} dx < \infty$$ if and only if $\alpha > n$, but I have no idea how to generally prove this. It is easy to see for $n=1, 2 \ldots$ but I ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

What is the area bounded by these curves?

Let $f(x) \colon = x^2$, $g(x) \colon= x+1$. Then what is the area bounded by the graphs of $f$ and $g$ between the vertical lines $x= -1$ and $x= (1+\sqrt{5})/2$? My effort: Since $$ f(x) - g(x) ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Wrong interpretation of the indefinite integral

This might sound very useless but I'd like to see what you think. Bear in mind that I'm just a novice student. if $f$ is the original function, then it could be found this way $C+\int f'(x)\, ...
6
votes
2answers
241 views

Integral of $\int_0^{\pi/2} \frac {\sqrt{\sin x}}{\sqrt {\sin x} + \sqrt {\cos x}}$dx [duplicate]

Question: $$\int_0^{\pi/2} \frac {\sqrt{\sin x}}{\sqrt {\sin x} + \sqrt {\cos x}}\mathrm dx.$$ What we did: we tried using $t=\tan (\frac x2)$ and also dividing both numerator and denominator by ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Rope question - integration

A 50-lb bucket is at the bottom of a 100-ft well. A 200 lb rope (also 100 ft long) is tied securely to the bucket. We will use rope to lift this bucket out of the wall, at a rate of 1 foot every ...
1
vote
1answer
239 views

Clayton copula and Kendall's tau

I'm currently preparing for an exam in Risk Management (mathematics) by doing exercises from old exams. One of these exercises proved to be too difficult because of the following: Given Kendall's tau ...
2
votes
4answers
471 views

How useful/useless is the indefinite integral

After having met yet another person confused by indefinite integrals today, I've finally decided to ask the community. Do you think it makes sense to teach indefinite integrals? My opinion is that ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Finding volume of a solid

Okay so this question comes in two parts and the second part of the question doesn't make any sense to me. Let $R$ be the region in the first quadrant that lives between the curves $f(x) = x^2$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Passing of the limit for Lebesgue Integral (Proof Verification)

Let $f_n\in L^1(0,1)$ and $C>0$ be such that $f_n \geq 0, f_n \rightarrow 0$ a.e., and $$\int_0^1 \max\{f_1, ..., f_n\} dx \leq C \quad \text{ for every } n.$$ Prove that $f_n \rightarrow 0$ in ...