Concerns all aspects of integration, including the integral definition and computational methods. For questions solely about the properties of integrals, use in conjunction with (indefinite-integral), (definite-integral), (improper-integrals) or another tag(s) that typically describe(s) the types of ...

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0
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13 views

I have great doubts solve this exercise by integral by parts $\int_{0}^1 \int_0^1 x\cdot e^{xy}\, dy\, dx$

I have great doubts solve this exercise by integral by parts $\int_{0}^1 \int_0^1 x\cdot e^{xy}\, dy\, dx$
11
votes
1answer
199 views

A fractional part integral giving $\frac{F_{n-1}}{F_n}-\frac{(-1)^n}{F_n^2}\ln\left(\!\frac{F_{n+2}-F_n\gamma}{F_{n+1}-F_n\gamma}\right)$

I've been asked to elaborate on the following evaluation: $$ \begin{align}\\ \displaystyle {\large\int_0^{1}} \!\cfrac 1 {1 + \cfrac 1 {1 + \cfrac 1 {\ddots + \cfrac 1 { 1 + \psi ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Lebesgue-Stieltjes: Computation

Problem Given the real line $\mathbb{R}$. Consider a Borel family: $$\mu(\mathbb{R})<\infty:\quad\mu(\lambda):=\mu(-\infty,\lambda]$$ How can I compute: ...
0
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1answer
12 views

Find the volume of the solid generated by revolving the region bounded by the graphs of the equations about the y-axis

I am having a little trouble figuring out how to integrate this problem. Find the volume of the solid generated by revolving the region bounded by the graphs of the equations about the y-axis. ...
0
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1answer
17 views

Finding the surface area of the solid formed by a revolution of the function $f(y)=x$ when rotated about the line $y=0$.

I know of the following formulas for calculating surface areas: $\displaystyle A_S = 2\pi\int_{a}^{b}f(x)\sqrt{1+f'(x)^2}{\ dx}$ for the surface area ($A_S$) of the solid formed by revolving $f(x) = ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

How to calculate $\int \frac{\sin x}{\tan x+\cos x} \, dx$

How to calculate $$\int \frac{\sin x}{\tan x+\cos x} \, dx\text{ ?}$$ I got to $$\int \frac{-u}{u^2-u-1} \, du$$ while $u=\sin x$ but can I continue from here?
2
votes
3answers
125 views

How do i evaluate this integral $ \int_{\pi /4}^{\pi /3}\frac{\sqrt{\tan x}}{\sin x}dx $?

Is there some one show me how do i evaluate this integral :$$ \int_{\pi /4}^{\pi /3}\frac{\sqrt{\tan x}}{\sin x}dx $$ Note :By mathematica,the result is : $\frac{Gamma\left(\frac1 ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Assumptions on functions so that integral is zero

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ and $g:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ be two arbitrary functions. Assume $g\in L^2(\mathbb{R})$. I'm looking to find out the minimal set of assumptions on $f$ and $g$ such ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

find the minimum value of this integral when $1>t>0$, $f(t)=\int\limits_0^1 x |e^{-x^2} - t|\ \mathrm{d}x = ?$

Is there someone who can show me How do i find the minimum value of this integral when $1>t>0$, \begin{align*}f(t)=\int\limits_0^1 x |e^{-x^2} - t|\ \mathrm{d}x &= \end{align*} Note : ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

convolution and integral limits

Let $\xi$ be an increasing function , and $f$ be a continuous function on the interval $[0,1]$. Take $\phi$ a smooth function such that $\int_0^1 \phi(s)\, ds= 1 $ and consider an approximation of ...
0
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1answer
18 views

Asymptotic behaviour of Hilbert transform

Let $f$ be a bounded function on $\mathbb{R}$ with compact support include in $[-K,K]$. Show that $$ H(f)(x)=\frac{a}{\pi x}+O(\frac{1}{x^2})$$ where $a=\int f(t)dt$ and $H$ denote the Hilbert ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Find the volume of the solid generated by revolving the region across the $y$-axis

Find the volume of the solid generated by revolving the region across the $y$-axis bounded by the graphs of the equations: $x=y^2, x=20y-y^2$, the line $x=102$. I set up an integral from $0$ to $10$ ...
4
votes
4answers
403 views

Why can we treat infinitesimals as real numbers in integration by substitution?

During integration by substitution we normally treat infinitesimals as real numbers, though I have been made aware that they are not real numbers but merely symbolic, and yet we still can, apparently, ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Change of variable in double and triple integrals?

I learn double and triples integral as same as change of variable and then surface integral in my class so there is some conflict between how to do double integrals Here is how the text book say ...
2
votes
3answers
60 views

Does $\int_a^\infty f$ exist iff $\int_a^\infty |f|$ exists?

My question is, does $\int_a^\infty f(x)dx$ exist if and only if $\int_a^\infty |f(x)|dx$ converges? Since $$\left|\int_a^\infty f(x)dx\right|\leq \int_a^\infty |f(x)|dx,$$ it's obvious that if ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Is my proof of closedness of multiplication operator corect?

I am considering an operator $A: L^2(\mathbb R , d \mu) \supset D(A)\to L^2 (\mathbb R, d\mu)$ defined by $(Af)(x)=a(x)f(x)$ for known measurable function $a$. Domain is of course all those functions ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

Does $\int_0^\infty \frac{1}{1+(x\sin x)^2}\ dx$ converge?

Does the integral $$\int_0^\infty \frac{1}{1+(x\sin x)^2} \ \, \mathrm{d}x$$ converge? I know that I need to look at: $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \int_{n\pi}^{(n+1)\pi} \frac{1}{1+(x\sin x)^2}\ \, ...
3
votes
1answer
32 views

Proving that the Gamma function $\Gamma(y)$ converges for $y>0$.

How can I justify that $$\Gamma(y)=\int_0^\infty t^{y-1}e^{-t} \, \mathrm{d}t$$ exists for all $y>0$? I'm struggling to compare it to a known convergent integral.
0
votes
2answers
43 views

$\lim_{y\to\infty}\int_{0}^{\infty} (y\cos^2(x/y))/(y+x^4) \, dx$

How do I calculate the limit $$ \lim_{y\to\infty}\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{y\cos^2(x/y)}{y+x^4} \, dx? $$ It's about measure theory. I though about Fatou's lemma, but I couldn't solve it.
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Every step function is a linear combination of elementary step functions.

If $J$ is any subinterval of $[a, b]$ and if $\phi_J (x) := 1$ for $x \in J$ and $\phi_J (x) := 0$ elsewhere on $[a, b]$, we say that $\phi_J$ is an elementary step function on $[a, b]$. Then to ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

Proving $\int_0^1 \frac{f(t)}{t^{\alpha + 1}} \ dt$ diverges

Consider $f(t)$, continuous on $[0,1]$, and $\alpha > 1$, and: $$\int_0^1 \frac{f(t)}{t^{\alpha + 1}} \ dt$$ How can we tell this integral diverges? Basically since $f$ is continuous it reaches ...
5
votes
1answer
335 views

Find the volume of the region bounded by the planes $ z=8-y^2, y = 8-x^2, x=0, y=0, z=0$

I figured out the bounds for z: $z=0$ to $z=8-y^2$ The bounds for y: $y=0$ to $y=8-x^2$ The bounds for x: $x=0$ to $x=\sqrt{8}$ (Since $8-x^2 = 0$) So, the volume by using triple integral: ...
0
votes
6answers
68 views

How to evaluate this integral $\int\limits_1^4\!\left( \frac{1}{\sqrt{x}}+\frac{1}{x}\right) \mathrm{d}x $?

$$\int_1^4\!\left( \frac{1}{\sqrt{x}}+\frac{1}{x}\right) \mathrm{d}x $$ The answer is $2+\ln(4)$, however I don't understand why. What I did was the following: $$\ln(x^{0.5})+\ln(x) = ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Help with Definite integral question

Anyone please help with this question: (a) Show that: \begin{align} \int_{0}^{a} f(x) dx = \int_{0}^{a} f(a-x) dx \end{align} (b) Hence show that: \begin{align} \int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{4}} ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Finding the general integrals of functions like $\frac1{x^n+1}$, $\cos^nx$. [on hold]

This question is just a soft question, about can we compute a general formula for everything? Or it has some restrictions? Like $\int x^ndx=\frac{x^{n+1}}{n+1}+C$. I am not able to deduce a formula ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

$f$ is bounded by $M$ on $[a, b]$ and if the restriction of $f$ to every interval $[c, b]$ where $c$ in $(a, b)$ is Riemann integrable

If $f$ is bounded by $M$ on $[a, b]$ and if the restriction of $f$ to every interval $[c, b]$ where $c$ in $(a, b)$ is Riemann integrable, then $f$ is Riemann integrable and that $\int _c^b f \to ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Help understanding proof on Jensen's Inequality

I need help understanding the proof for Jensen's inequality in "Real and Complex Analysis" by Rudin. 3.3 Theorem (Jensen's Inequality) Let $\mu$ be a positive measure on a $\sigma$-algebra ...
1
vote
4answers
106 views

Integral of $\frac{x^2+1}{(1-x^2)\sqrt{1+x^4}}$ [duplicate]

So we have to evaluate $\int\frac{x^2+1}{(1-x^2)\sqrt{1+x^4}}dx$. My work- We can write the integrand as $\frac{(x+1)^2-2x}{(1-x)(1+x)\sqrt{1+x^4}}dx$. So we wish to deduce ...
8
votes
4answers
208 views

Calculate $\int _0^\infty \frac{\ln x}{(x^2+1)^2}dx$

Calculate $$\int _0^\infty \dfrac{\ln x}{(x^2+1)^2}dx.$$ I am having trouble using Jordan's lemma for this kind of integral. Moreover, can I multiply it by half and evaluate $\frac{1}{2}\int_0^\infty ...
2
votes
3answers
46 views

Continuity of function consisting of an infinite series.

Let $f(x) , 0\leq x\leq 1$ be defined by, $$f(x)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(x+n)^2}$$. Show that $f$ is continuous on $[0,1]$ and that, $$\int_0^1f(x)dx=1$$. I have never dealt ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Searching for a condition on the derivative $f_u$

Please wht can be the condition on $f_u$ such that we obtain the following equality: $$\int_0^1 \int_0^1 G(t,s)f_u(s,0) v(s) w(t) \ ds\ dt=\int_0^1 \int_0^1 G(t,s)f_u(s,0) w(s) v(t) \ ds\ dt$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Let $(X,Σ,μ)$ be a measure space and $f$ and $g$ are positive integrable functions and $h=f-g$

Please please please please please I want some help ,Is there and body here who can help me in this question : Let $(X,Σ,μ)$ be a measure space and $f$ and $g$ are positive integrable functions and ...
-2
votes
2answers
78 views

How to evaluate $\int \frac{\mathrm dx}{1+\sin x−\cos x} $?

Is there someone show me how I evaluate this integral:$$\int\frac{\mathrm{d}x}{1+\sin x−\cos x} $$ I used $t=\tan\frac{x}{2}$ but i didn't succeed . Thank you for any help .
0
votes
1answer
53 views

For what values of $a$ does $\int_{0}^{1}(-\ln x)^adx$ converge?

For what values of $a$ does $\int_{0}^{1}(-\ln x)^adx$ converge? I have seen a duplicate of this question but the answer there, though very good and creative, isn't clear about negative values. When ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

How to show the integral $\int_e^\infty \left(\frac{e}{t}\right)^t dt$ converges?

Let $$I=\int_e^\infty \left(\frac{e}{t}\right)^t dt$$ How to show it converges? I tried to find some inequality to compare with.
-3
votes
0answers
58 views

How would you show that $\lim_{n \to \infty} (1+ \frac{1}{n})^n$ is equal to $e$? [duplicate]

How would you show that $\lim_{n \to \infty} (1+ \frac{1}{n})^n$ is equal to $e$?
1
vote
2answers
55 views

Show there exist a constant $c\in \Bbb{C}$ such that $\int_{0}^{1}|{f-c}|^2<{1\over 36}$

Let $f:\Bbb{R}\to \Bbb{C}$ be a $1$-periodic function, $f\in C^1$ and $\int_{0}^{1}|f'|^2\le 1$. a. Show $\sum_{k\ne 0}|{\hat{f}(n)}|^2\le {1\over 4\pi^2}$ (I did it already, and that question is ...
0
votes
6answers
50 views

Integral of $ \frac{dx}{\sqrt{x^2 + 1}} $ ( and other table integrals ) [duplicate]

I am wondering how to prove this integral: $$ \int \frac{dx}{\sqrt{x^2 + 1}} $$ Of course, i know the solution to this integral, since it's one of the table integrals i.e. $$ \int ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Change of order of integration of a triple integral

Consider $$ I = \int_0^{\omega}\int_0^{\alpha}\int_0^{\alpha}F(\beta){\tilde{F}(\gamma)}e^{i\beta t}e^{-i\gamma t}R(\alpha)d\beta d\gamma d\alpha$$ In this triple integral,I want to bring about, a ...
-1
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0answers
18 views
1
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3answers
401 views

Integration of functions with bounded variation

I need to prove that if a function $f: [a,b] \to \mathbb{R}$ has bounded variation, than $f$ is integrable on $[a,b]$. This is what I have tried: Let $S(P)$ and $s(P)$ denote the upper and lower ...
2
votes
0answers
71 views

Deriving expression for an integral that arose in Fourier analysis.

Note : This question arose when i am trying to solve this question. I am making this question self contained, and not to depend on the MO question, but one can look at MO question for understanding ...
2
votes
2answers
49 views

An improper integral and its convegence

I have an integral $$I(\gamma)=\int\int d^3 \mathbf{r} \, d^3 \mathbf{r}' \frac{1}{|\mathbf{r}-\mathbf{r}'|+\gamma}$$ were $\gamma$ is a positive number, $\mathbf{r},\mathbf{r}' \in \mathbb{R}^3$, ...
3
votes
4answers
147 views

Is integration of $x\operatorname{cosec}(x)$ defined?

Is integration of $x\operatorname{cosec}(x)$ possible? If yes, then what is its closed form; if not, then why is it non-integrable ?
1
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0answers
42 views

Find the hydrostatic force using integration

A vertical dam has a semicircular gate. Find the hydrostatic force against the gate. The dam is 12 meters high, the water level is at 10 meters, and the semicircular gate had a diameter of 4 meters. ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Finding $\int x^xdx$

I'm trying to find $\int x^x \, dx$, but the only thing I know how to do is this: Let $u=x^x$. $$\begin{align} \int x^x \, dx&=\int u \, du\\[6pt] &=\frac{u^2}{2}\\[6pt] ...
3
votes
0answers
115 views

Using a sequence of measures to create simple functions which approximate the Radon-Nikodym derivative of the limiting measure

I have a bunch of discrete probability measures with finite support: $\mu_1,\mu_2,\dots$, which strongly converge to an absolutely continuous probability measure $\mu$ in $\mathbf{R}^2$. That is, for ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Calculate rotational volumes

I need to calculate the volume from rotating f(x) around y=2x using Pappus–Guldinus theorem. For that I need to know the distance A. $$L = (f(x) - 2x) / 2$$ But how can I optain the distance A?
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Find the volume generated by revolving the shaded region bounded by the given lines and curves about the y-axis.

The region enclosed by x=(y^2)/(4), x=0, y=-4, and y=4. I know my limits are 0, 4. And I have the integral set up. But I'm having issues finding the antiderivative of the functions.
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Integration by substitution - where is the mistake?

I want to integrate $$\int_{-1}^{1} (1-x^2)^{3/2} \, \mathrm{d}x$$ by substituting $x=\cos z$ and $dx = -\sin z \, dz$. $x=-1 \implies z=-\pi $ and $x=1 \implies z=0$. I receive: ...