All aspects of integration, including the definition of the integral and computing different types of integrals. For questions solely about the properties of integrals, don't use this tag alone! Use in conjunction with (indefinite-integral), (definite-integral), (improper-integrals) or another ...

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1answer
104 views

Show there exists $x\in (0,1)$ such that $f(x) \leq \int_0^1 f(t) dt$

Please help me check my proof, thanks! (a) Show there exists $x\in (0,1)$ such that $$f(x) \leq \int_0^1 f(t) dt.$$ Proof: when $f$ is constant a.e, the equality holds for all points except for a ...
2
votes
4answers
124 views

Using integral definition to solve this integral

I'm trying to solve this question using the definition of integral: $$\int^5_2 (4-2x)dx$$ Definition of integral: We define first the inferior and superior sum: Let $f:[a,b]\to \mathbb R$ be a ...
4
votes
4answers
104 views

How find this integral $I=\int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}}(\ln{(1+\tan^4{x})})^2\frac{2\cos^2{x}}{2-(\sin{(2x)})^2}dx$

Find the value: $$I=\int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}}(\ln{(1+\tan^4{x})})^2\dfrac{2\cos^2{x}}{2-(\sin{(2x)})^2}dx$$ I use computer have this reslut ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Does the limit $\lim_{k\to\infty}\int|\cos kx |f(x) d\lambda(x)$ always exist?

Let $f$ be a Lebesgue integable function. Does the limit $$\lim_{k\to\infty}\int|\cos kx |f(x) d\lambda(x)$$ always exist?
2
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1answer
37 views

Computing a contour integral over curve not centered at origin

Consider the integral $$ \int_C \frac{1}{z} \, dz $$ where $C$ is the circle of radius $R$ centered at the point $z_0 \in \mathbb{C}$. We parametrize the curve by $z(\theta) = z_0 + Re^{i\theta}$ ...
1
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0answers
15 views

existence of solution of volterra integral equation of the first kind

$$ \int_0^t k(s,t)f(s)ds=g(t) $$ To know the existence and uniquness of solution of volterra integral equation(VIE) of the first kind, we differentiate it and convert to the VIE of the second kind. ...
1
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4answers
34 views

equation of line tangent to integral

Given a function, $$F(x)= \int_{-2}^x 3-4t \;\mathrm{dt}$$ find the equation of the line tangent to $F(x)$ at $x=1$ I'm having difficulty understanding why evaluating $F(1)$ (equal to $15$) is ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Where is the error in this parameterization?

The problem is thus: find $$\int_c (x+2y)\mathrm{d}x+x^2\mathrm{d}y \space \mathrm{where \space C \space consists \space of \space \space line \space segments \space} (0,0)\space \mathrm{to} \space ...
-1
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1answer
50 views

If $f$ is in $R[a,b]$, show that [on hold]

If $f$ is in $R[a,b]$, show that $$\int_a^b f =\lim_{c\to a^+} \int_c^b f$$ the hint is to show $$\left|\int_a^b f - \int_c^b f \right| = \left|\int_a^c f \right| \le \int_a^c |f|$$
4
votes
1answer
106 views

What is the error in this line integral?

C is the arc of the curve $y=\sqrt{x}$ from $(1,1)$ to $(4,2)$. Find $$\int_cx^2y^3-\sqrt{x}\space\mathrm{d}y$$Looks simple enough. I take $x=t$ and $y=\sqrt{t}$. This leaves $$\int_1^2[t^2\cdot ...
1
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4answers
39 views

Using integrating factor

I have the following differential equation $$\frac{dN(t)}{dt} = A - \mu N(t)$$ I understand that I will need to use an integrating factor but am not sure how to proceed. I think I should use ...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

Evaluate integral by completing the square and doing trigonometric substitution

$\int \frac{1}{(x-2)\sqrt{x^{2}-4x+3}} dx$ is my problem Complete the square $\int \frac{1}{(x-2)\sqrt{(x-2)^{2}-1}} dx$ I know I'm probably supposed to use $ \frac{d}{dx}\operatorname{arcsec}(u) = ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Integration by Tables problem

$$\int \frac {dx} {x(x^8-256)}$$ I am supposed to use the formula $$\int \frac {dx} {x(ax+b)} = \frac1b\ln\left|\frac x {ax+b}\right|+C $$ to find the integral. I don't know how to start. Help is ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Integral involving Gamma Function

I am solving the following integral: $$ \int_{-1}^{K} u^B e^{-u} du $$ The solution of the integral is a lower incomplete Gamma Function if -1 is replaced with 0. Can anybody help me in solving the ...
1
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2answers
120 views

Evaluate $\int_0^1 \sqrt{2x-1} - \sqrt{x}$ $dx$

I'm trying to calculate the area between the curves $y = \sqrt{x}$ and $y= \sqrt{2x-1}$ Here's the graph: I've already tried calculating the area with respect to $y$, i.e. $\int_0^1 ...
1
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0answers
17 views

Integrating with indicator functions

I want to evaluate $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}(A_1e^{-\beta_1(b-x-y)}+B_1e^{-\beta_2(b-x-y)})(pn_1e^{-n_1y}1_{\{y\geq0\}}+qn_2e^{n_2y}1_{\{y<0\}})dy,$$ $b>x, \beta_1<n<\beta_2$. I am trying ...
1
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0answers
22 views

Proof for Scheffe's Lemma and General Dominated Convergence theorem

While reading this question here about the proof for Scheffe's Lemma, I was confused since someone said the proof in the question was not correct. I thought the argument was fine, and the author only ...
4
votes
1answer
39 views

Double Integral transformation to Polar coordinates

Here's the question from an exam that I couldn't solve: If $\int_1^2 \int_0^x \frac{1}{(x^2+y^2)^\frac{3}{2}} ~\mathrm{dy} ~\mathrm{dx}$ transforms to $\int_0^a \int_b^c \frac{1}{r^2} ...
1
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2answers
38 views

$\dfrac{\partial}{\partial x}\left(\int_{g(x)}^{h(x)}f(y)\, dy \right)= f(h(x))h'(x)-f(g(x))g'(x)$

I'm trying to prove the following, interesting, relation: $\dfrac{d}{dx}\left(\int_{g(x)}^{h(x)}f(y)\, dy \right)= f(h(x))h'(x)-f(g(x))g'(x)$ I tried to integrate by parts the RHS, but i don't ...
2
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0answers
65 views

How to evaluate the integral $\int e^{ipx}e^{ipx} d^{3}x = 0$

I am embarrassed to ask this question. But I came across the following in a physics book: $$\int e^{ipx}e^{ipx} d^{3}x = 0$$ $d^{3}x = dydydz$, as @Semiclassical shows below. This came up in the ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Normalization of a two-dimensional kernel function

I've got three two-dimensional kernel functions which look like this $$ k(r,h) = n \cdot \begin{cases} \ldots & 0 \le r \le h \\ 0 & otherwise \end{cases} $$ With ...
7
votes
2answers
202 views

Proving that $\int_0^1\frac{x \log^2(1-x)}{1+x^2} \ dx = \frac{35}{32}\zeta(3)+\frac{1}{24}\log^3(2) -\frac{5}{96} \pi^2 \log(2)$

Could we possibly prove this result without using the polylogarithm? I know how to do it by polylogarithm means, but I want a different way. Is that possible? $$\int_0^1\frac{x \log^2(1-x)}{1+x^2} ...
2
votes
3answers
128 views

Integration - finding an explicit formula

The question in my textbook asks: If $f$ is a continuous function such that $$\int\limits_0^x{f(t)dt}=xe^{2x}+\int\limits_0^x{e^{-t}f(t)dt}$$ for all $x$, find an explicit formula for $f(x)$. My ...
2
votes
4answers
110 views

How to prove $\int_0^\pi \frac{dx}{2+2\sin x+\cos x}=\log3$?

How can we prove that: $$\int_0^\pi \frac{dx}{2+2\sin x+\cos x}=\log3$$ I don't have any ideas, the $f(\pi-x)$ thing doesn't work as well. Please help :)
1
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2answers
43 views

Doubt in integral substitution

I am not able to figure out what substitution to use in the following integral $$ \int \frac{(x-1)e^x}{(x+1)^3}dx $$ Any help would be appreciated.
2
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2answers
49 views

Examples of interesting integrable functions with at least 2 fixed points and an explicit inverse

What are some interesting functions I can use to demonstrate this integration trick: $$\int_a^b [f(x)+f^{-1}(x)]=b^2-a^2$$ I would like to know of some interesting functions where this trick is not ...
1
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2answers
67 views

Triple Integral exercise

Calculate $\int\int\int_Dz\;dxdydz$ if $D$ is the region inside $z=0,z=\sqrt{x^2+y^2}$ and $x^2+y^2=1$. I would like to know if the answer I got is right. This is what I did: $(1)$ Change to ...
6
votes
1answer
66 views

Integral involving square root of sine and cosine

Is there any closed formula for $$ \int_{0}^{\pi/2} \dfrac{e^{-x}\sqrt{\cos x}\ dx}{\sqrt{\cos x} + \sqrt{\sin x}} $$ I know $$ \int_{0}^{\pi/2} \dfrac{\sqrt{\cos x}\ dx}{\sqrt{\cos x} + \sqrt{\sin ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Prove this polylogarithmic integral has the stated closed form value

Question. Prove the following polylogarithmic integral has the stated value: $$I:=\int_{0}^{1}\frac{\operatorname{Li}_2{(1-x)}\log^2{(1-x)}}{x}\mathrm{d}x=-11\zeta{(5)}+6\zeta{(3)}\zeta{(2)}.$$ ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Does $\int { y\cosh \left(\beta y^2\right)}J_0\left(\gamma y^2 \right) dy$ have a closed form

I am trying to solve the following indefinite integral $$F_Y(y) = \int {y\cosh \left(\beta y^2\right)}J_0\left(\gamma y^2 \right) dy$$ Where $J_0$ is the Bessel function of the first kind. I tried ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

Inconventional Integral inequality

$$\int_a^bw(x)|f(x)||g(x)|\;dx \le \left(\int_a^bw(x)\;dx\right) \max_{a\le x\le b}|f(x)|\cdot \max_{a\le x\le b}|g(x)|$$ I don't really understand this integral inequality. How do I go about ...
2
votes
3answers
108 views

Evaluate $\int x e^{\sqrt{x}} \, dx$

$$\int_0^1 xe^{\sqrt{x}} dx = ? $$ All I can think of is the integration by parts rule, where $ u = x $ and $ dv= e^{\sqrt(x)} $ $ \Rightarrow du = 1$ and $ v= e^{\sqrt(x)} $ The answer I get is ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

How can the double intergal expression be reduced to the single intergal expression

Consider the following expression where $x(s)$ and $y(s)$ are continuous as is necessary on the closed interval [a,b]. (This is a functional analysis question -- see below for details.) $$x(s) = ...
11
votes
3answers
224 views

Suggestion for Computing an Integral

Let $$A=\left\{(x,y,z)\in \mathbb R^3:\dfrac{x^2}{2}+\dfrac{y^4}{4}+\dfrac{z^6}{6}\leq1\right\}.$$ Then I want to compute the following integral: ...
12
votes
1answer
142 views

$\int_0^{2\pi}e^{\cos x}\cos(\sin x)dx$ [duplicate]

$$\int_0^{2\pi}e^{\cos x}\cos(\sin x)dx$$ I tried Integration by parts but failed. Wolfram alpha gives answer in decimal points which are same as of $2\pi$. Any hints or suggestions will be helpful.
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2answers
67 views

Integrate $\int \sin^4x \cos^2x dx$

Integrate $$\int \sin^4x \cos^2x dx$$ Now, there's few solutions to this problem already on the internet. For example on yahoo: https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090204203206AAbjUfM and ...
4
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0answers
52 views

Clarification of Contour Integration [duplicate]

I apologise if this seems like an elementary and silly question, but I am confused about the integral $$I=\int^{\infty}_{-\infty}\frac{\cos{x}}{1+x^2}dx=\frac{\pi}{e}$$ If I consider a semicircular ...
3
votes
5answers
192 views

Calculating the area

For the two graphs $ \frac{x^3+2x^2-8x+6}{x+4} $ and $ \frac{x^3+x^2-10x+9}{x+4} $, calculate the area which is confined by them; Attempt to solve: Limits of the integral are $1$ and $-3$, so I took ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Improper integral $\int_{0}^{\pi} \frac{x}{\sin x} dx$

Find out whether or not the following integral exists $$\int_{0}^{\pi} \frac{x}{\sin x} dx.$$ I'm pretty sure this integral doesn't exist but I can't seem to find a good way to prove this. It ...
1
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3answers
88 views

Evaluate $\int \frac{1}{(2x+1)\sqrt {x^2+7}}dx$

How to do this indefinite integral (anti-derivative)? $$I=\displaystyle\int \dfrac{1}{(2x+1)\sqrt {x^2+7}}dx$$ I tried doing some substitutions ($x^2+7=t^2$, $2x+1=t$, etc.) but it didn't work out.
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0answers
35 views

The negative integral meaning

Whenever I take a definite integral in aim to calculate the area bound between two functions, what is the meaning of a negative result? Does it simly mean that the said area is under the the x - axis, ...
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0answers
63 views

Integration Error

Sorry if this doesn't make any sense or if I did something obviously wrong, I was just playing around with taylor series' and then I got stuck. I know from the geometric series that: ...
1
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2answers
40 views

Euler's method for first three approximations?

I have tried variations of the problem for an hour at least and cannot get around to sloving this one. Thank you for input!
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Volume of a solid(between two planes)?

A solid lies between planes perpendicular to the y-axis at $ y=0$ and $y=1$. The cross-sections perpendicular to the y-axis are circular disks with diameters running from the y-axis to the parabola ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Integration: substitution then differentiation result different to differentiation then substitution.

I want to simplify this derivative ($n$ is an integer) $$ \frac{d}{d\theta} \int_{0}^{2\pi} e^{i n \phi} e^{i 2\pi k r \cos(\phi - \theta)} d\phi $$ If I substitute $\psi = \phi - \theta$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Length of a curve?

I know how to find arc length and set up the equation in normal circumstances, but I have failed in all attempts to even set up this problem. I cannot even find a good example similar to this to get ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

Shell method to find the volume of a solid?

Region bounded by $y=3x-2$, $y=\sqrt{x}$, and $x=0$ about the $y$-axis. I have been doing the washer method for all of my problems up to this one, and cannot seem to find a good resource to help guide ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Line integral calculation

Problem Let $f:[-1,1] \to \mathbb R$ be a $C^1$ function such that $f(-1)=0=f(1)$ and $f>0$ on $(-1,1)$. Knowing that the graph of $f$ is contained in the set $\{(x,y) : x^2+y^2\leq 1, y\geq 0 ...
5
votes
1answer
124 views

Hard integral, low hints… [duplicate]

$$\int_{ - \pi /2}^{\pi /2} \frac1{2007^{x} + 1}\cdot \frac {\sin^{2008}x}{\sin^{2008}x + \cos^{2008}x} \, dx .$$ This integral stuns me for a while, I just can't solve it! I tried integration by ...
5
votes
2answers
99 views

Is $\int^x \cos \frac1t$ differentiable at zero?

From Spivak's Calculus, 4th ed., exc 14-20: Let $$f(x) = \begin{cases} \cos \frac1x, & x\neq 0\\ 0, &x=0. \end{cases}$$ Is the function $\int_0^xf$ differentiable at zero? I'm having ...