Concerns all aspects of integration, including the integral definition and computational methods. For questions solely about the properties of integrals, use in conjunction with (indefinite-integral), (definite-integral), (improper-integrals) or another tag(s) that typically describe(s) the types of ...

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2
votes
2answers
51 views

How to find integral of sqrt(sinx cosx)

I have been working on days to find the integral of the following question: $$ \int\sqrt{\sin x\cos x}\,dx $$ Any anyone please help in finding the solution of that question?
7
votes
1answer
83 views

Largest rectangle bounded under a function

Let $f$ be a positive monotonically increasing real function in $[0,1]$. Let $F$ be the area under the curve of $f$ ($F=\int_0^1{f(x)dx}$) For every $x\in[0,1]$, let $G(x)=f(x)*(1-x)$ = the area of a ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Possible values of a $f(x)=(ab-b^2-2)x+\int_{0}^{x} x^2(\cos^{4}t+\sin^{4}t)\mathrm{d}t$

Suppose $f(x)=(ab-b^2-2)x+\int_{0}^{x} x^2(\cos^{4}t+\sin^{4}t)\, \mathrm{d}t$ is a decreasing function of $x$, $x$ is a real number. What are the possible values of $a$? $b$ is independent of $x$. I ...
16
votes
3answers
431 views

About the integral $\int_{-1}^1 \frac{1}{\pi^2+(2 \operatorname{arctanh}(x))^2} \, dx=\frac{1}{6} $

Here is a question that naturally arose in the study of some specific integrals. I'm curious if for such integrals are known nice real analysis tools for calculating them (including here all possible ...
12
votes
1answer
116 views

Comparison of integrals

Under what conditions on $f$ can we conclude the following inequality: $$\left(\int_a^b f \, \mathrm{d}x\right)^2 \leq \int_a^b f^2 \, \mathrm{d}x.$$ Cauchy-Schwarz looked appealing at first: ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Can “Integration by parts” be used to integrate any function?

I am having hard time understanding integration by substitution method so can I relay on integration by parts?
1
vote
1answer
18 views

What is the maximum value of work done by this force field?

An object moves in the force field $F=yz\hat{i}+zx\hat{j}+xy\hat{k}$ starting at the origin and ending at some point $A(\xi,\eta,\zeta)$ that lies on the surface ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Center of gravity of a hollow or solid semi sphere [on hold]

Find the center of gravity of a hollow semi sphere trough integration and through that prove the center of gravity of a semi solid sphere(with radius a) is $\frac{3a}{8}$
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Is this upper bound ok to use when bounding the error between the Riemann sum and its integral?

I found this on some class notes, which gives several different estimates of the error term, when going from the Riemann sum to its corresponding Riemann integral: $$\frac{b-a}{n}[f(b)-f(a)]$$ Does ...
3
votes
3answers
87 views

Show that this difference goes to zero,

$$\frac{1+\sqrt{2} + ... + \sqrt{N}}{N} - \frac{2}{3}\sqrt{N} \to 0.$$ The hint given in the question is this: choose appropriate Riemann sums and estimate the approximation error. My current work: ...
17
votes
4answers
689 views

Computing $\int_{0}^{\pi}\ln\left(1-2a\cos x+a^2\right) \, dx$

For $a\ge 0$ let's define $$I(a)=\int_{0}^{\pi}\ln\left(1-2a\cos x+a^2\right)dx.$$ Find explicit formula for $I(a)$. My attempt: Let $$\begin{align*} f_n(x) &= \frac{\ln\left(1-2 ...
2
votes
3answers
80 views

Evaluating $\int\sec x \,\mathrm dx$ [duplicate]

$$\int\sec x \,\mathrm dx = \ln\left|\sec{x} + \tan{x}\right|+ C = \ln{\left|\tan\left(\frac{x}{2} + \frac{\pi}{4}\right)\right|} + C$$ My question is how? How are these derived?
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Integrate area of function over a tetrahedron

I actually attempted to enlist my professor help on this problem, but what he said was quick and I must not have written everything down because I cannot understand how this problem is supposed to be ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Rankine Hugoniot, taking limits

I have seen two different derivations of the Rankine Hugoniot jump conditions across a shock s(t) in the xt-plane. I present a summary of the two different derivations and then post my question in ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Green's theorem application

Problem Determine all the circumferences $\mathcal C$ on $\mathbb R^2$ such that $$\int_{\mathcal C}-y^2dx+3xdy=6\pi$$ My attempt at a solution If I call $P(x,y)=-y^2$ and $Q(x,y)=3x$, then I can ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Quadrature formula on triangle

I am looking for a quadrature formula on the triangle, with points at the vertices and at the mid-edges, so 6 points, and that is exact for polynomials of degree at least 2, with weights strictly ...
30
votes
3answers
645 views
+200

A closed form for $\int_0^1{_2F_1}\left(-\frac{1}{4},\frac{5}{4};\,1;\,\frac{x}{2}\right)^2dx$

Is it possible to evaluate in a closed form integrals containing a squared hypergeometric function, like in this example? ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Evaluations of a Definite Integral with cosine function

How do you evaluate this integral? Does it involve an elliptical integral? What technique do I use to evaluate this integral? $$\int _{ 0 }^{ 2\pi }{ \sqrt { 5-4\cos { \theta } } d\theta } $$
3
votes
1answer
28 views

Convergence of Integrals of Exponential Functions

Let $f$ be a non-negative real valued function on $[a,b]$, and let $p:[a,b]\to(1,\infty)$ such that $f^p\in L^1([a,b])$. Let $p_n:[a,b]\to(1,\infty)$ be a (uniformly bounded) sequence of ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

Some clever trick is required for this Integral with irrational power of cosine as integrand.

See this: $$\newcommand{\b}[1]{\left(#1\right)}\left\lfloor\frac{\displaystyle\int_0^{\pi/2}\cos^{\sqrt{13}-1}x{\rm d}x}{\displaystyle\int_0^{\pi/2}\cos^{\sqrt{13}+1}x{\rm d}x}\right\rfloor$$ Well I ...
27
votes
6answers
888 views

Closed-form of $\int_0^1 \frac{\operatorname{Li}_2\left( x \right)}{\sqrt{1-x^2}} \,dx $

I'm looking for a closed form of this integral. $$I = \int_0^1 \frac{\operatorname{Li}_2\left( x \right)}{\sqrt{1-x^2}} \,dx ,$$ where $\operatorname{Li}_2$ is the dilogarithm function. A numerical ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

How to differentiate with respect to component of a vector?

Let $\vec{\alpha}=\frac{m(\vec{x})}{x^2}\vec{x}$ where $\vec{x}=(x_1,\,x_2)$. In a book I read in Eq.(3.24), it was given that $$ \frac{\partial \alpha_1}{\partial x_1}=\frac{d m}{d ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Find the region of integration as defined by two paraboloids

I've been given the following problem, and I'm completely unsure how to go about solving it. $$ \text{Find the volume of the solid enclosed by the}\\ \text{paraboloids } z = 16 \left( x^{2} + y^{2} ...
6
votes
3answers
142 views

Closed-form of $\int_0^\infty \frac{1}{\left(a+\cosh x\right)^{1/n}} \, dx$ for $a=0,1$

While I was working on this question by @Vladimir Reshetnikov, I've conjectured the following closed-forms. $$ I_0(n)=\int_0^\infty \frac{1}{\left(\cosh x\right)^{1/n}} \, dx \stackrel{?}{=} ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Yet another asymptotic series that needs to be analyticaly extended

Let $A>0$ and $1\le \mu \le 2$. Consider a following definite integral: \begin{equation} {\mathcal I}(A,\mu) := Re\left[\int\limits_0^\infty e^{-(k A)^\mu}\frac{\left(\gamma+\Gamma(0,\imath ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Doubling measure of an annulus

Recall that a doubling measure is a measure with the additional requirement that: $$\mu(B_{2R})\le C_\mu \mu(B_R)$$ for some contstant $C_\mu$. While solving some esercises related to doubling ...
1
vote
1answer
510 views

Change of variable (translation) in complex integral

If I have a real integral, e.g. $\int f(x+2) \ dx$, I can substitute $y = x+2$, so $dy = dx$. But if my function is complex, am I still allowed to do this? In which cases I cannot apply a ...
5
votes
5answers
95 views

$\int\dfrac{dx}{x^2(x^4+1)^{3/4}}$ [duplicate]

Evaluate $$\large{\int\dfrac{dx}{x^2(x^4+1)^{3/4}}}$$ I thought of rewriting this as $$\large{\int\dfrac{dx}{x^5(1+\frac{1}{x^4})^{3/4}}}$$ and substituting ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

To determine the points of $\Bbb R^2$ at which $(i) f_x$ exists, $(ii) f_y$ exists.

Let $f : \Bbb R^2 → \Bbb R$ be defined by $f(x, y) := x^2 + y^2$ if $x$ and $y$ are both rational, and $f(x, y) := 0$ otherwise. To determine the points of $\Bbb R^2$ at which $(i) f_x$ exists, $(ii) ...
6
votes
1answer
41 views

Limit behavior of a definite integral that depends on a parameter.

Let $A>0$ and $1\le \mu \le 2$. Consider a following integral. \begin{equation} {\mathcal I}(A,\mu) := \int\limits_0^\infty e^{-(k A)^\mu} \cdot \frac{\cos(k)-1}{k} dk \end{equation} By ...
0
votes
2answers
89 views

Proving that a function is Riemann Integrable

The usual definition to the Riemann integral is: for every $ε>0$, there exists $\delta$ such that if $P$ is a partition of $[a,b]$, and $\|P\|<\delta$, then $|S(f;P)-s|<\epsilon$. Then $f$ is ...
12
votes
1answer
460 views

Integration of $\sqrt{x+\sqrt{x^2+3x}}$

I faced the following indefinite integration problem: $$\int \sqrt{x+\sqrt{x^2+3x}}dx$$ This result by WolframAlpha suggests that there is an elementary way to compute this integration. But I don't ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

Closed-form of $\int_0^1\left(\frac{\left(x^2+1\right)\arcsin(x)}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}+2\ln\left(x^2+1\right)\right)\frac{\ln x}{x^3+x}\,dx$

I've conjectured the following closed-form: $$ I = \int_0^1\left(\frac{\left(x^2+1\right)\arcsin(x)}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}+2\ln\left(x^2+1\right)\right)\frac{\ln x}{x^3+x}\,dx = -2\,G\,\ln2, $$ where $G$ is ...
6
votes
0answers
45 views

How to solve this definite Integral containing $E_{1}${.}!

The integral is: $$\int_{N}^{\infty}\frac{E_{1}(cz+d)}{az+b}e^{-pz}dz$$ where, $E_{1}${.} is the exponential integral, and $$a>0,\ b>0,\ c>0,\ d>0,\ p>0,\ N>0.$$ This is similar ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Integral inequality with first two moments equal to $1$.

Let $f\in \mathcal{C}^0([0,1],\mathbb{R})$ such that $$ \int_0^1 f(x)\text{d}x = \int_0^1 xf(x)\text{d}x=1.$$ Show that $\int_0^1 f(x)^2 \ge 4$. I tried to use the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality such ...
4
votes
1answer
907 views

Lemma about the integral of a function with compact support

Lemma 16.4 (p. 140) of Munkres' Analysis on Manifolds says: Let $A$ be open in $\mathbb{R}^n$; let $f: A \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be continuous. If $f$ vanishes outside a compact subset $C$ of $A$, ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Calculation of integral using two different methods? [on hold]

Find $$\int \dfrac{x^3}{(x^2+1)^3}dx$$ in two different ways, first using the substitution $u=x^2+1$ and then using the substitution $x=\tan \theta$. I managed to do both of these but the answer is ...
-4
votes
2answers
48 views

How to calculate an elementary integral

How do you calculate $$\int\dfrac{2 du}{(u^2+1)^2}$$ It does not seem too difficult but I do not know which method to use.
3
votes
3answers
188 views

Indefinite integration: $\int x^{x^2+1}(2\ln x+1)dx$

Find the value of the integral: $$\int x^{x^2+1}(2\ln x+1)dx.$$ My attempt: I tried by using integration by parts, but not working since $x^{x^2+1}$ keeps coming again and again. Then I tried putting ...
4
votes
0answers
145 views

Can $\int_{0}^{1}\frac{x^{p}\ln^{q}(x+a)}{(x+a)^{b}}dx$ be expressed in a simple form?

I was browsing the book Irresistible Integrals and found this gem, at page 97, $$ \int_{0}^{1}x^{n}\ln^{k}(x)dx=\frac{(-1)^{k}k!}{(n+1)^{k+1}} $$ that resembles a previous question of mine here. So, ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

How to evaluate dh/dt giving dV/dt?

Water evaporates from an open bowl of unspecified shape at a rate proportional to the area ofthe water surface; that is, $$\frac{dV}{dt} = -cA(h)$$ where V is the volume of water, A(h) is the area of ...
0
votes
2answers
66 views

Help with Calculate integral

Find $\int^a_0 \dfrac{3x^2-ax}{(x-2a)(x^2+a^2)} dx$ I tried using partial fractions and the substitution $u=a-x$ but I haven't made any real progress. Please help.
0
votes
2answers
24 views

Finding the bounds for a triple integration

I'm currently working on a problem stating: $\iiint_Q y*dV$, where Q is the solid that lies between the cylinders $x^2+y^2=1$ and $x^2+y^2=4$, above the xy-plane, and below the plane z=x+2. My ...
24
votes
4answers
487 views

Integral ${\large\int}_0^\infty\frac{dx}{\sqrt[4]{7+\cosh x}}$

How to prove the following conjectured identity? $$\int_0^\infty\frac{dx}{\sqrt[4]{7+\cosh x}}\stackrel{\color{#a0a0a0}?}=\frac{\sqrt[4]6}{3\sqrt\pi}\Gamma^2\big(\tfrac14\big)\tag1$$ It holds ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Find area of exponential function over box-like region

The problem doesn't seem like it should be too difficult, I have a box-like region $B$ defined as: $$ \begin{align} 0 \le x \le 1\\ 0 \le y \le 3\\ 0 \le z \le 2 \end{align} $$ And the function to ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Can someone help me understand this: integrating over a discrete set of points yields 0 under Lebesgue integral?

Suppose I had some linear function $f(x)$ and then I sampled the function over the integers to form $f(n)$, what would be the evaluation of the Lebesgue integral of $\int_\mathbb{Z_+} f(n) d\mu$? For ...
8
votes
3answers
409 views

Closed-form of integral $\int_0^1 \int_0^1 \frac{\arcsin\left(\sqrt{1-s}\sqrt{y}\right)}{\sqrt{1-y} \cdot (sy-y+1)}\,ds\,dy $

I'm looking for a closed form of this definite iterated integral. $$I = \int_0^1 \int_0^1 \frac{\arcsin\left(\sqrt{1-s}\sqrt{y}\right)}{\sqrt{1-y} \cdot (sy-y+1)}\,ds\,dy. $$ From Vladimir ...
-2
votes
2answers
35 views

How to solve this probability formulation? [on hold]

$\int_{200}^{250} P(a=x \land 450-x \leq b \leq 250)\space dx$, where $a$ and $b$ are uniformly distributed random variables on $(0,250]$ and $(10, 250]$ respectively.
19
votes
3answers
157 views

Evaluate $\displaystyle\lim_{n \to \infty} \int_{0}^1 [x^n + (1-x)^n ]^\frac{1}{n} \ \mathrm{d}x$

Evaluate $$\lim_{n \to \infty} \int_{0}^1 [x^n + (1-x)^n ]^\frac{1}{n} \ \mathrm{d}x$$ I simplified the limit to $$\dfrac{1}{2}\lim_{n \to \infty} \int_{0}^{\frac{1}{2}} ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Integrating function f(x,y,z) over a rectangular prism

I have a problem that I feel should be fairly straight-forwards, but I do not understand what I'm not doing correctly. $$ f(x, y, z) = x^2 + y^2 + z^2\\ \text{With region: }0\le x\le2\text{ and ...