5
votes
3answers
125 views

Find $\int_0^\pi \sin(x)\,dx$ explicitly

A book asks me to prove that: $$\int_0^{\pi}\sin(x)\,dx = 2$$ Using the identity: $$\sin\left(\frac{\pi}{n}\right) + \sin\left(\frac{2\pi}{n}\right) + \cdots + \sin\left(\frac{n\pi}{n}\right) = ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

Find the volume below $\sqrt{x}+\sqrt{y}+\sqrt{z}=1$ in the first quadrant

I understand that we have to use transformation $$x = u^2, y = v^2, z = w^2$$ but I cannot figure out the limits. I just need a rough sketch of how to approach this. Could anyone give me some ideas?
6
votes
0answers
70 views

Quaternion integration

If the angular velocity is changing continuously, the following holds true $ q(t)=q(0)\exp\left({\int_{0}^{t}\frac{q_\omega(\tau)}{2}\ d\tau}\right) \tag 1$ Specifications and Data $q(t),q(0)$ ...
4
votes
2answers
100 views

Integral $ \int_{0}^1 \sqrt{\frac{\ln{x}}{x^2-1}} dx$

Please help evaluating this integral $$ \large\int_{0}^1 \sqrt{\frac{\ln{x}}{x^2-1}} dx$$ Mathematica could not evaluate it in a closed form. Numerically it is about ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

How to determine $\int e^{2x} \sqrt{e^x+1}dx$?

Determine $\int e^{2x} \sqrt{e^x+1}dx$ Is there a multiplication rule for integration or something?
0
votes
3answers
35 views

Calculus (what is y when x is?)

Given $y>0$ and $$dy/dx = (3x^2+4x)/y$$ If the point $(1,rad10)$ is on the graph relating x and y, then what is $y$ when $x=0$? I'm not sure whether or not to integrate, or just plug in the ...
-2
votes
4answers
58 views

Calculus (limits)

Compute $$\lim_{t\to0}\frac{\tan\left(\dfrac {1}4\pi + t\right) - \tan\left(\dfrac{1}4\pi\right)}t$$ Alright, so I'm taking the derivative first. Is there an easier way to take the derivative of ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Calculus (advanced integration)

Compute $\int (5^x+2e^{5 \ln x})dx$ The $5\ln x$ part confuses me. So far I have $5^x/\ln 5\:\:$
1
vote
0answers
90 views

Problem with trigonometric substitution proof

I'm sad, I can't get it. I know perfectly how to integrate using the mechanical process described in the books, but I want to understand the proof of it. My book (Stewart) says: In general we can ...
5
votes
3answers
202 views

Calculus (Integration)

Is there a simple way to integrate $\displaystyle\int\limits_{0}^{1/2}\dfrac{4}{1+4t^2}\,dt$ I have no idea how to go about doing this. The fraction in the denominator is what's confusing me. I tried ...
1
vote
2answers
37 views

Integration by parts

Integrate using integration by parts: $F(y) = (y+1)e^{-y}$ Find: Evaluate the $\int_{a=0}^{b=\infty}F(y)\;dy$ using integration by parts. Thus far, I've distributed the $e^y$ term and split ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Generalized Logarithmic Integral - reference request

This page at I&S forum defines the Generalized Logarithmic Integral as $$L\left[ \begin{matrix} a,b,c \\ d,e,f \end{matrix};z\right] =\int_0^z \frac{\log^a x \log^b(1-x)\log^c(1+x)}{x^d (1-x)^e ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Derive the formula for the sum of the first $n$ squares using derivatives and integrals

I wanted to prove the formula for sum of squares without using induction and thought using derivatives would be the easiest approach ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Double Integral of a piecewise function

If $F(x,y)$ is defined as $F(x,y) = x+y$ when $0 < x + y < 1$ and $0$ elsewhere, then find $$\int\limits_{-\infty}^{\infty} \int\limits_{-\infty}^{\infty} F(x, y) \,dx \,dy$$. Math note: I've ...
1
vote
2answers
56 views

Finding the integral of $(x^2+4x)/\sqrt{x^2+2x+2}$

Can somebody explain me how to calculate this integral? $$\int \frac{\left(x^2+4x\right)}{\sqrt{x^2+2x+2}}dx$$
0
votes
2answers
58 views

A identity relating a infinite series and a definite integral [duplicate]

Prove that, $$ \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n^n} = \int_{0}^{1} x^{-x}dx$$ I made no significant progress, I'm looking for hint/ideas to approach this problem. Thanks!
0
votes
2answers
61 views

Integrate $\int \sqrt{1+\cos(t/2)} dt$

I am looking for a neat and smart way to do this. I tried by substituting $u = 1+\cos(t/2)$ But I think its not the simplest way
3
votes
1answer
65 views

How do I integrate $\int_{0}^{\frac{\pi^2}{4}}7\sin(\sqrt{x})dx$?

So, quick backstory. My semester just started and we are starting off by learning integration by parts. Which hasn't caused me much trouble except for this problem. ...
7
votes
3answers
148 views

Hard Definite integral involving the Zeta function

Prove that: $$\displaystyle \int_{0}^{1}\frac{1-x}{1-x^{6}}{\ln^4{x}} \ {dx} = \frac{16{{\pi}^{5}}}{243\sqrt[]{{3}}}+\frac{605\zeta(5)}{54} $$ I was able to simplify it a bit by substituting ${y = ...
3
votes
6answers
137 views

Evaluate$ \int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \ln(1+\cos x) dx$

Find the value of the integral $ \int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \ln(1+\cos x) $ I tried putting $1+ \cos x = 2 \cos^2 \frac{x}{2} $, but am unable to proceed further. I think the following integral can be ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

McShane vs. Henstock-Kurzweil: Lebesgue integrable

Put in words, is it right to say that the difference of the McShane integral to the Henstock-Kurzweil integral is that the tags are not required to lie within $x_i\leq t_i\leq x_{i+1}$? If so, is ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Antiderivative of unbounded function?

One way to visualize an antiderivative is that the area under the derivative is added to the initial value of the antiderivative to get the final value of the antiderivative over an interval. The ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

Show that $H_i=H_{n-i}$ and $\sum H_i=1$

We define $$H_i=\frac{1}{n}\frac{(-1)^{n-1}}{i!(n-1)!}\int_{0}^{n}\prod_{j=0,j\neq i}^{n}(x-j)dx$$ This is called the Newton-Cotes coefficient. Here is the exercise: First, convince yourself that ...
8
votes
2answers
178 views

Integral inequality: $\def\intd{\,\mathrm d}\int_a^b(f'(x))^2\intd x-2\big(f(a)+f(b)\big)^2\geq\frac8{(b-a)^2}\int_a^b(f(x))^2\intd x$

I have a problem which I think is wrong. Let $f: [a,b] \to \mathbb{R}$ be a differentiable function with $f'$ continuous such that $$\int_a^b f(x) \intd x = f\left(\frac{a+b}{2}\right) = 0$$ ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Find the work done by the force field in moving the particle from one point to another

Find work done by the force field F in moving the particle from $(-1, 1)$ to $(3, 2)$ This sounds good till we are given that $\textbf{F} = \dfrac{2x}{y}\textbf{ i }- \dfrac{x^2}{y^2}\textbf{ j }$ ...
4
votes
3answers
219 views

The Absolute Value in the Integral of $1/x$

$$\int\frac{1}{x}dx=\ln| x |+C$$ Why the absolute value? Why is the following not valid: $$\int\frac{1}{x}dx=\ln x+C$$
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Simpson's rule and Trapezoid Rule?

Let $S(n)$ and $T(n)$ be the approximations of a function using $n$ intervals by using Simpson's rule and the Trapezoid rule respectfully. My book then states: $$S(2n) = \frac{4T(2n) - T(n)}{3}$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Partial fraction decomposition and polynomials?

This answer gives a really great explanation of why partial fraction decomposition works. However, the explanation implies that rational functions can be decomposed into a sum of fractions plus a ...
30
votes
5answers
700 views
+200

How to find ${\large\int}_0^1\frac{\ln^3(1+x)\ln x}x\mathrm dx$

Please help me to find a closed form for this integral: $$I=\int_0^1\frac{\ln^3(1+x)\ln x}x\mathrm dx\tag1$$ I suspect it might exist because there are similar integrals having closed forms: ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Is there a general technique to obtain asymptotic expansion of integral of the form $\int_0^{x} d x' f(x') $ as $x \to \infty$.

In particular, I wish to find a proof of $\int_{0}^{\infty} \dfrac{\sin(x)}{x} = \dfrac{\pi}{2}$ using such a method. Thanks in advance.
1
vote
2answers
28 views

Primitive for $f(x)=\frac{2+3x+x^2}{x(x^2+1)}.$

I have to find a primitive of $$f(x)=\frac{2+3x+x^2}{x(x^2+1)}.$$ I tried to use partial decomposition but I am having trouble to evaluate this fraction at $0$. Using this method we have ...
-2
votes
2answers
59 views

4 Integrals I Need Help With [closed]

Working on these 4 problems for a review worksheet. I got up to this point and got stumped at #7. Can anyone explain which method to use for each problem? Once I know how to approach the problem I am ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Prove that $\int_{-1}^1P_n^2(x)dx=\frac{2}{2n+1}$, where $P_n(x)$ is a Legendre polynomial.

Using Rodrigues' formula and integrating by parts $n$ times, prove that $$\int_{-1}^1P_n^2(x)dx=\frac{2}{2n+1}$$ where $P_n(x)$ is a Legendre polynomial. I tried this way Let $$f(x)=(x^2-1)^s$$ ...
2
votes
3answers
70 views

Calculate $\int_{S^2}\frac{1}{\sqrt{(x-a)^2+(y-b)^2+(z-c)^2}}dS$ where $a^2+b^2+c^2<1$.

Let $a^2+b^2+c^2 < 1$ and $S^2$ be unit sphere in $R^3$. Calculate $$\int_{S^2}\frac{1}{\sqrt{(x-a)^2+(y-b)^2+(z-c)^2}}dS$$ Let $(x,y,z)=(\cos\theta \cos\phi,\cos\theta \sin\phi, \sin\theta)$. ...
10
votes
4answers
142 views

Compute $\lim_{n\to\infty}n^4\int_0^1\frac{x^n\ln^3x}{1+x^n}\ln(1-x)\,dx$

Compute \begin{equation} \lim_{n\to\infty}n^4\int_0^1\frac{x^n\ln^3x}{1+x^n}\ln(1-x)\,dx \end{equation} According to Wolfram Alpha, the limit is zero. I tried to make substitution ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Contour integral in complex plane (tricky)

Let U be a simply connected domain with a simple closed boundary curve C oriented anticlockwise, and define for all w ∈ C \ C $$ g(w)=\oint_C \frac{e^zdz}{(z-w)^2}$$ Find a formula for g(w) which does ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Reversing the chain rule

I'm pretty new to calculus, but is there a way to reverse the chain rule so I can take the antiderivative of 1/(x^3+1) without using partial fractions?
0
votes
0answers
17 views

How to compute using integration the areas of the dodecagons (i.e. twelve-sided polygons) inscribed and circumscribed around a unit circle?

How to compute the areas of the dodecagons (i.e. twelve-sided polygons) inscribed and circumscribed around the unit circle centered at the origin using the methods of the integral calculus?
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Show: $ f(a) = a,\ f(b) = b \implies \int_a^b \left[ f(x) + f^{-1}(x) \right] \, \mathrm{d}x = b^2 - a^2 $

If $a,b$ are fixed points of $f$, then $$ \int_a^b \left[ f(x) + f^{-1}(x) \right] \, \mathrm{d}x = b^2 - a^2 $$ In the words of 2014 MIT Integration Bee Champion (Carl Lian), the above property ...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

How to evaluate $\int \frac{\mathrm{dx}}{x^4[x(x^5-1)]^{1/3}}$

How to evaluate: $$\int \frac{\mathrm{dx}}{x^4[x(x^5-1)]^{1/3}}$$ I have done a substantial work on it: Let $x^5z^3=x^5-1$. So $$x^5(z^3-1)=1\implies ...
5
votes
2answers
121 views

How to choose the integration method for integrals involving powers and quotients of trigonometric functions?

I need help on these three integrals. Any hints on which method to use are greatly appreciated. $$1)\ \int \frac{1}{\cos^4 x}\tan^3 x\mathrm{d}x$$ $$2)\ \int \frac{1}{\sin 2x}(3\cos x + 7\sin ...
3
votes
4answers
71 views

Shorter way to integrate $\int \frac{x^9}{(x^2+4)^6} \, \mathrm{d}x$

$$ I=\int \frac{x^9}{(x^2+4)^6}\mathrm{d}x $$ Yeah I know, I can substitute: $$t=x^2+4\text{ or }2\tan\theta$$ So that: $$I=\frac12\int\frac{(t-4)^4}{t^6}\mathrm{d}t\text{ or } ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Double Integral $\int_{0}^{4} \int_{\sqrt{x}}^{2} \frac{1}{1+y^3} \mathrm{d}y\;\mathrm{d}x$

I am having trouble computing the double integral: $$ \int_{0}^{4} \int_{\sqrt{x}}^{2} \frac{1}{1+y^3} \mathrm{d}y\,\mathrm{d}x $$ I computed the inner integral: $$ \left [ \frac{1}{3}\ln|y + 1| - ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

What is the value of the unknown parameter so that the given area condition holds?

The graphs of $f(x) \colon= x^2$ and $g(x) \colon= cx^3$, where $c > 0$, intersect at the points $(0,0)$ and $(1/c, 1/c^2)$. What is the value of $c$---and how to compute this value---so that the ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Definite Integral theorem validity :- $\int_{0}^{L} \left( \int_{s}^{L}p(t)\ dt \right) \ ds =\int_{0}^{L} \ p(s) \ ds$?

Can we write $\int_{0}^{L} \left( \int_{s}^{L}p(t)\ dt \right) \ ds =\int_{0}^{L} \ p(s) \ ds\tag 1$ ? In other words, is this result valid? If so, could you help me to get the proof it NB :: ...
2
votes
4answers
61 views

For what $p$ does this series converge

"Find the values of $p$ s.t. the following series converges: $\sum_{n=2}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n^p \ln(n)}$" I am trying to do this problem through using the Integral Test to find the values of $p$. I ...
20
votes
4answers
448 views

How to find ${\large\int}_1^\infty\frac{1-x+\ln x}{x \left(1+x^2\right) \ln^2 x} \mathrm dx$

Please help me to find a closed form for this integral: $$I=\int_1^\infty\frac{1-x+\ln x}{x \left(1+x^2\right) \ln^2 x} \mathrm dx$$
2
votes
1answer
88 views

How to find $\int_0^1 \frac {\mathrm dx}{\left \lfloor{1-\log_2(1-x)}\right \rfloor}$

We want to evaluate; $$\int_0^1 \frac {\mathrm dx}{\left \lfloor{1-\log_2(1-x)}\right \rfloor}$$ The $\left \lfloor{x}\right \rfloor$ is the floor function. I have made no progress so far.
-1
votes
1answer
34 views

Explanation of the passage from $\int_{N'}^N dN/N$ to $\ln N-\ln N'$

While going through my text I got stuck in the derivation given in the picture. ($\Omega$ is a constant) I don't know how to get the second step from the first step, also I don't know why ln is ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Fitzpatrick's proof of Darboux sum comparison lemma

I am just reading Fitzpatrick's advanced calculus. He wants to prove $\lim (\max(x_{i-1} - x_i)) =0$ and $\lim(U(f,P)-L(f,P))$ is equivalent to $f$ is integrable. He used darboux sum comparison ...