3
votes
2answers
65 views

Without Lebesgue

Everyone knows following problem. Let $f$ be positive function on $[0,1]$ and there exist $I = \int_{0}^{1}f(x)dx$. Prove that $I>0$. (recall that there are only two cases: $I=0$ or $I>0$. NOT ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Integration by substitution and separation of variables.

Let's say I want to integrate over a sphere $S^2$. Take $f \in (L^1(S^2),dS)$, then we have that $\int_{S^2} |f| dS = \int_{S^2} |f| \sin^2 (\theta) d \theta d \phi < \infty$, right? Now, ...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

Evaluating $\int^b_a \frac{dx}{x}$ from the definition of the integral

I know that $$\int^b_a \frac{dx}{x}=\ln b-\ln a$$ I'm trying to evaluate this integral using the same method used in this answer: http://math.stackexchange.com/a/873507/42912 My attempt $\int^b_a ...
5
votes
2answers
149 views

Integral $\int_{0}^{\pi/2} \arctan \left(2\tan^2 x\right) \mathrm{d}x$

The following integral may seem easy to evaluate ... $$ \int_{0}^{\Large\frac{\pi}{2}} \arctan \left(2 \tan^2 x\right) \mathrm{d}x = \pi \arctan \left( \frac{1}{2} \right). $$ Could you prove ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

variation of a function over countable intervals

Let $f$ be a function of bounded variation on $[0,1]$. Let $\{[a_n,b_n]\}_{n=1}^\infty$ such that $(a_n,b_n)$ are pairwise disjoint and $\cup_{n=1}^\infty [a_n,b_n]=[0,1]$. (for example, $[1/2, 1], ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

How do I find this equation if I only know how to calculate new value using old value?

I have this thing in a video game that I'd like to optimize using math instead of trying random combinations. In every game loop, the game calculates the new value ("newRotorEnergy" in the equations ...
2
votes
3answers
107 views

A closed form of $\int_0^1\frac{\ln\ln\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)}{x^2-x+1}dx$

This integral has been bugging me since yesterday: $$\int_0^1\frac{\ln\ln\left(\frac{1}{x}\right)}{x^2-x+1}dx$$ I've tried substitution $y=\frac{1}{x}$ and $e^y=\frac{1}{x}$, but those didn't ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

Integrating 1/x

The standard definition of integrating $\frac{1}{x}$ is: $$ \int \frac{dx}{ax + b} = \frac {1}{a} \ln |ax + b| + K $$ Now, if I'm understanding the "constant factor rule", that is: $$ \int k ...
8
votes
2answers
161 views

A Binet-like integral $\int_{0}^{1} \left(\frac{1}{\ln x} + \frac{1}{1-x} -\frac{1}{2} \right) \frac{x^s }{1-x}\mathrm{d}x$

I met this integral $$ \int_{0}^{1} \left(\frac{1}{\ln x} + \frac{1}{1-x} -\frac{1}{2} \right) \frac{ \mathrm{d}x}{1-x} \qquad (*) $$ while evaluating this log-cosine integral. I made several ...
3
votes
3answers
92 views

$\int_{0}^{\pi/2}\ln\left(1+4\sin^4 x\right)\mathrm{d}x$ and the golden ratio

We already know that, for any real number $t$ such that $t\geq-1$, $$ \int_{0}^{\pi/2} \ln \left(1+t \sin^2 x\right) \mathrm{d}x = \pi \ln \left( \frac{1+\sqrt{1+t}}{2} \right). $$ Prove that ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Finding Cauchy principal value for: $ \int_1^\infty \frac{ a x^2 + c }{x^4 - b x^2 - c} \mathrm{d}x $

I need to solve the integral $ \displaystyle \mathcal{P} \int_1^\infty \frac{ a x^2 + c }{x^4 - b x^2 - c} \mathrm{d}x $, where $\mathcal{P}$ is the Cauchy principal value, $ - 1 \leq c \leq 1$ and ...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

integrate $ \int \frac {x dx}{\sqrt {1+x^{10}} } $

This is a tough one. Thanks. $$\int \frac {x dx}{\sqrt {1+x^{10}} } $$ This is not a homework problem. I spend 10 hours over the course of 3 days on this. I tried: 1) substituting u for x^5 to get ...
2
votes
4answers
119 views

Using integral definition to solve this integral

I'm trying to solve this question using the definition of integral: $$\int^5_2 (4-2x)dx$$ Definition of integral: We define first the inferior and superior sum: Let $f:[a,b]\to \mathbb R$ be a ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Does the limit $\lim_{k\to\infty}\int|\cos kx |f(x) d\lambda(x)$ always exist?

Let $f$ be a Lebesgue integable function. Does the limit $$\lim_{k\to\infty}\int|\cos kx |f(x) d\lambda(x)$$ always exist?
1
vote
0answers
13 views

existence of solution of volterra integral equation of the first kind

$$ \int_0^t k(s,t)f(s)ds=g(t) $$ To know the existence and uniquness of solution of volterra integral equation(VIE) of the first kind, we differentiate it and convert to the VIE of the second kind. ...
1
vote
4answers
34 views

equation of line tangent to integral

Given a function, $$F(x)= \int_{-2}^x 3-4t \;\mathrm{dt}$$ find the equation of the line tangent to $F(x)$ at $x=1$ I'm having difficulty understanding why evaluating $F(1)$ (equal to $15$) is ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

Evaluate $\int_0^1 \sqrt{2x-1} - \sqrt{x}$ $dx$

I'm trying to calculate the area between the curves $y = \sqrt{x}$ and $y= \sqrt{2x-1}$ Here's the graph: I've already tried calculating the area with respect to $y$, i.e. $\int_0^1 ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Integrating with indicator functions

I want to evaluate $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}(A_1e^{-\beta_1(b-x-y)}+B_1e^{-\beta_2(b-x-y)})(pn_1e^{-n_1y}1_{\{y\geq0\}}+qn_2e^{n_2y}1_{\{y<0\}})dy,$$ $b>x, \beta_1<n<\beta_2$. I am trying ...
7
votes
2answers
177 views

Proving that $\int_0^1\frac{x \log^2(1-x)}{1+x^2} \ dx = \frac{35}{32}\zeta(3)+\frac{1}{24}\log^3(2) -\frac{5}{96} \pi^2 \log(2)$

Could we possibly prove this result without using the polylogarithm? I know how to do it by polylogarithm means, but I want a different way. Is that possible? $$\int_0^1\frac{x \log^2(1-x)}{1+x^2} ...
2
votes
4answers
106 views

How to prove $\int_0^\pi \frac{dx}{2+2\sin x+\cos x}=\log3$?

How can we prove that: $$\int_0^\pi \frac{dx}{2+2\sin x+\cos x}=\log3$$ I don't have any ideas, the $f(\pi-x)$ thing doesn't work as well. Please help :)
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Doubt in integral substitution

I am not able to figure out what substitution to use in the following integral $$ \int \frac{(x-1)e^x}{(x+1)^3}dx $$ Any help would be appreciated.
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Examples of interesting integrable functions with at least 2 fixed points and an explicit inverse

What are some interesting functions I can use to demonstrate this integration trick: $$\int_a^b [f(x)+f^{-1}(x)]=b^2-a^2$$ I would like to know of some interesting functions where this trick is not ...
6
votes
1answer
63 views

Integral involving square root of sine and cosine

Is there any closed formula for $$ \int_{0}^{\pi/2} \dfrac{e^{-x}\sqrt{\cos x}\ dx}{\sqrt{\cos x} + \sqrt{\sin x}} $$ I know $$ \int_{0}^{\pi/2} \dfrac{\sqrt{\cos x}\ dx}{\sqrt{\cos x} + \sqrt{\sin ...
11
votes
3answers
217 views

Suggestion for Computing an Integral

Let $$A=\left\{(x,y,z)\in \mathbb R^3:\dfrac{x^2}{2}+\dfrac{y^4}{4}+\dfrac{z^6}{6}\leq1\right\}.$$ Then I want to compute the following integral: ...
12
votes
1answer
139 views

$\int_0^{2\pi}e^{\cos x}\cos(\sin x)dx$ [duplicate]

$$\int_0^{2\pi}e^{\cos x}\cos(\sin x)dx$$ I tried Integration by parts but failed. Wolfram alpha gives answer in decimal points which are same as of $2\pi$. Any hints or suggestions will be helpful.
3
votes
5answers
192 views

Calculating the area

For the two graphs $ \frac{x^3+2x^2-8x+6}{x+4} $ and $ \frac{x^3+x^2-10x+9}{x+4} $, calculate the area which is confined by them; Attempt to solve: Limits of the integral are $1$ and $-3$, so I took ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Improper integral $\int_{0}^{\pi} \frac{x}{\sin x} dx$

Find out whether or not the following integral exists $$\int_{0}^{\pi} \frac{x}{\sin x} dx.$$ I'm pretty sure this integral doesn't exist but I can't seem to find a good way to prove this. It ...
1
vote
3answers
86 views

Evaluate $\int \frac{1}{(2x+1)\sqrt {x^2+7}}dx$

How to do this indefinite integral (anti-derivative)? $$I=\displaystyle\int \dfrac{1}{(2x+1)\sqrt {x^2+7}}dx$$ I tried doing some substitutions ($x^2+7=t^2$, $2x+1=t$, etc.) but it didn't work out.
0
votes
0answers
35 views

The negative integral meaning

Whenever I take a definite integral in aim to calculate the area bound between two functions, what is the meaning of a negative result? Does it simly mean that the said area is under the the x - axis, ...
3
votes
1answer
30 views

Volume of a solid(between two planes)?

A solid lies between planes perpendicular to the y-axis at $ y=0$ and $y=1$. The cross-sections perpendicular to the y-axis are circular disks with diameters running from the y-axis to the parabola ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Length of a curve?

I know how to find arc length and set up the equation in normal circumstances, but I have failed in all attempts to even set up this problem. I cannot even find a good example similar to this to get ...
2
votes
2answers
39 views

Shell method to find the volume of a solid?

Region bounded by $y=3x-2$, $y=\sqrt{x}$, and $x=0$ about the $y$-axis. I have been doing the washer method for all of my problems up to this one, and cannot seem to find a good resource to help guide ...
5
votes
1answer
123 views

Hard integral, low hints… [duplicate]

$$\int_{ - \pi /2}^{\pi /2} \frac1{2007^{x} + 1}\cdot \frac {\sin^{2008}x}{\sin^{2008}x + \cos^{2008}x} \, dx .$$ This integral stuns me for a while, I just can't solve it! I tried integration by ...
5
votes
2answers
98 views

Is $\int^x \cos \frac1t$ differentiable at zero?

From Spivak's Calculus, 4th ed., exc 14-20: Let $$f(x) = \begin{cases} \cos \frac1x, & x\neq 0\\ 0, &x=0. \end{cases}$$ Is the function $\int_0^xf$ differentiable at zero? I'm having ...
-4
votes
0answers
26 views

Triple intergrals with Volume [on hold]

This question is a continuation of number 2 from the questions requiring deeper understanding of this homework. Suppose that you do not know the values of $a, b$, and $c$. Generalize what you did in ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Show that $\int_{\pi/4}^{\pi/2} \frac{\sin x}{x}\,dx\leq \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$

Show that $$\int_{\pi/4}^{\pi/2} \dfrac{\sin x}{x}\,dx\leq \dfrac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$$ Any Ideas, how to start ?!
-1
votes
1answer
37 views

Proving the indefinite integral $ \int \frac{1}{u^2(a+bu)}du $ [on hold]

How can I prove that the indefinite integral $$ \int \frac{1}{u^2(a+bu)}du $$ is equal to $$ -\frac{1}{a}\left(\frac{1}{u}+\frac{b}{a}\ln\left|\frac{u}{a+bu}\right|\right)+C\ ? $$
2
votes
4answers
129 views

What is the integral of x/ln(x)?

Well, I'm french so excuse me if I make some mistakes in english... I have to calculate this integral : $$ \int_{e}^{2e} \frac{x}{\ln(x)} dx $$ But I don't know how, can you help me please? Thank ...
5
votes
1answer
47 views

Maximum value problem

A function $\hspace{0.1cm}$$f:[0,1]\to[-1,1]$$\hspace{0.1cm}$ satisfying$\hspace{0.1cm}$ $|f(x)|\leq x$$\hspace{0.1cm}$ $\forall x\in[0,1]$. Then find the maximum value of: ...
6
votes
3answers
196 views

Integral $\int_1^{\sqrt{2}}\frac{1}{x}\ln\left(\frac{2-2x^2+x^4}{2x-2x^2+x^3}\right)dx$

Calculate the following integral: \begin{equation} \int_1^{\sqrt{2}}\frac{1}{x}\ln\left(\frac{2-2x^2+x^4}{2x-2x^2+x^3}\right)dx \end{equation} I am having trouble to calculate the integral. I ...
4
votes
4answers
107 views

If $f(x)$ is discontinuous at $x=0$, can $\int_{-1}^1 f(x)dx$ exist.

I am interested in the reasoning. All help is appreciated
-1
votes
2answers
62 views

Prove that $\displaystyle\int_a^b f(x)dx = \int_a^c f(x)dx + \int_c^b f(x)dx$

Prove that $\displaystyle\int_a^b f(x)dx = \int_a^c f(x)dx + \int_c^b f(x)dx$ Note that $c$ need not belong to $(a, b)$ And $f(x)$ is a continuous function. All ideas are appreciated.
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Double integral calculation where $x=(y-1)^{2}-1$ and $y=x$. Not sure whether I should do it in terms of $y$ or $x$?

This is what it looks like: My first strategy was to separate it into two by drawing a vertical line at x=0 and calculate the first half in terms of x first, and the second half in terms of y ...
7
votes
2answers
189 views

Another integral for $\pi$

Here is a new integral for $\pi$. $$\int_{0}^{1}\sqrt{\frac{\left\{1/x\right\}}{1-\left\{1/x\right\}}}\, \frac{\mathrm{d}x}{1-x} = \pi $$ where $\left\{x\right\}$ denotes the fractional part of ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views
5
votes
3answers
153 views

Examples of “difficult” integrals with are easier to solve with a series?

Yesterday someone posted an extremely elegant solution to a seemingly bizarre series where the integral: $$\int_{0}^{1} x^{m}\ dx = \frac{1}{m + 1}$$ was utilized. Oftentimes one will also ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Definite trigonometric integral

This question is motivated by Iterative Mean, Covariance Algorithm Convergence: Is there a closed form for the integral $$ \int_0^{2 \pi} ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Jordan measure zero discontinuities a necessary condition for integrability

The following theorem is well known: Theorem: A function $f: [a,b] \to \mathbb R$ is Riemann integrable if and only if its set of discontinuities has Lebesgue measure zero. Now if we change ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

How to compute the area of this set in the plane?

Let $f$ be a non-negative function which is defined, bounded, and integrable on a closed interval $[a,b]$, and let $$ S \colon= \{\ (x,y) \ | \ a \leq x \leq b, \ 0 \leq y < f(x) \ \}. $$ Then is ...
5
votes
5answers
177 views

An improper integral : $\int_{0}^\infty {\ln(a^2+x^2)\over{b^2+x^2}}dx$

How to evaluate the following improper integral:$$\int_{0}^\infty {\ln(a^2+x^2)\over{b^2+x^2}}dx,$$ where $a,b>0$. I tried to suppose $$f(a)=\int_0^\infty {\ln(a^2+x^2)\over{b^2+x^2}}dx,$$ based ...