0
votes
1answer
16 views

How to describe two integration contours as set? [on hold]

Friends I need support to understand how one can describe two integration contours as set? can anyone please explain it with the help of a example?
-2
votes
0answers
26 views

What is integration contour and how to discribe it? [on hold]

We knew that an integration contour can be described as a set of points. How one can describe the two integration contours as sets.? Can anyone help me with examples.
2
votes
3answers
50 views

Conplex/real Integration and poles of function

So I am working on the following problem: Let $\Delta $ be the unit disk centered at origin, and $f$ is holomorphic on $\Delta-\{0\}$. If $$\int_\Delta|f|dxdy<\infty$$ show that $f$ has at most a ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Inverse of Mellin transform

I would like to invert the following Mellin transform $M(s)$ of a function $f(x)$ defined on $[0,a]$ with $a>0$ (or get the $x\rightarrow 0$ asymptotics): $$ M(s) = \frac{2a^s}{s-2(1-a^s)} $$ We ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Switching $\int$ and $\sum$ proof

Been reading through this proof which seems incorrect: Let $f_n$ be continuous on the curve $C$ and $\sum f_n$ converge uniformly on $C$. Then $\sum\int_Cf_n(z)dz=\int_C\sum f_n(z)dz$ PROOF: ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Simple complex line integral over a rectangle

What is the easiest way without using residues to calculate: $$\int_{\gamma} {\overline z \over {8 + z}} dz$$ Where $\gamma$ is the rectangle with vertices $\pm 3 \pm i$ in $\Bbb C$ in the clockwise ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Integral equation solution

I have an integral equations of the form $ \int s R(s) =s f(s)-\int f(s)ds \tag 1$ Can we solve this integral equation for $f(s)$ interms of $s,R(s)$ ? Means $R(s)=\psi(s,R(s))$ (with out integral ...
11
votes
2answers
140 views

Evaluating $\int_{0}^{\pi/3}\ln^2 \left ( \sin x \right )\,dx$

Good evening! I want to compute the integral $\displaystyle \int_{0}^{\pi/3}\ln^2 \left ( \sin x \right )\,dx$. However I find it extremely difficult. What I've tried is rewritting it as: ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

An integral of Wolstenholme:$\int_0^{+\infty}\frac{\sum_1^n A_k\cos{a_k x}}{x}\mathrm {d} x$ where $\sum A_k=0$ and $a_k>0$

The book by Whittaker and Watson says it's equal to $-\sum_{k=1}^n A_k \log {a_k}$, and attibutes it to Wolstenholme. I believe this readily reduces to the simpler case of evaluating $\displaystyle ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

What is the Riemann surface of the exponential integral?

I have recently encountered a differential equation whose solution has a term \begin{equation} \frac{1}{2}e^{-\frac{1}{2 \varepsilon} e^{i \tau}} \int_{\tau_0}^\tau e^{\frac{1}{2 \varepsilon} e^{i ...
5
votes
4answers
220 views

Wolfram alpha says that $\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-ix^2}dx = \sqrt{\frac{\pi}{i}}$

Wolfram alpha says that $$ \int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-ix^2}dx = \sqrt{\frac{\pi}{i}}$$ holds. But it has two different values ($\sqrt{i}$). How should I understand this?
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Complex Gaussian Integral - $\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-p(t+c)^2}dt = \sqrt{\frac{\pi}{p}}$?

I found some formulas on books, especially the complex gaussian integral formula: $$ \int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-p(t+c)^2}dt = \sqrt{\frac{\pi}{p}} $$ for $p,c\in\mathbb C$. Then if $p=i=\sqrt{-1}$, the ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

The integral of a monomial over the complex sphere

Let $\alpha=(\alpha_{1},...,\alpha_{q})\in\mathbb{N}^{q}$ a multi-index. What is the expression for $$\int_{S}z^{\alpha}\,d\sigma(z),$$ where $S$ is the unit sphere of $\mathbb{C}^{q}$ and $\sigma$ ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Applying Green's Theorem to a Closed Complex Contour Integral

How would one apply Green's Theorem to the following complex contour integral: $\oint_\gamma $ $\frac{u^{s-1}}{e^{-u}-1)}du$. Where $\gamma$ is the Hankel Contour (counterclockwise) and R is the ...
4
votes
2answers
93 views

$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(x)}{1+x^2} dx$ and $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac {\ln(x)}{x^2+b^2} dx$

Prove that $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(x)}{1+x^2} dx = \frac {\pi}{2e}$$ My approach would be $$\lim_{n \to \infty} \int_{0}^{n} \frac{\cos(x)}{1+x^2} dx$$ and evaluate the limits of the sine and ...
10
votes
1answer
223 views

Contour integration with branch points inside the contour.

In my scientific research I ran into an unpleasant situation with specific type of contour integrals. Being more specific I have problems not with integrals themselves (I can use various numeric ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

The value of the integral of $f(\zeta)/(\zeta-z)$ for a function holomorphic in exterior domain

Suppose that $f$ is a bounded analytic function on the domain $\{z ∈ C : |z| > 1\}$. (a) Prove that $\lim_{z→∞} f(z)$ exists. (b) Let $L$ denote the limit in (a), and let $Γ_R$ denote a circle $|ζ| ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

integral calculate by complex analysis methods

Calculate using methods from comples analysis. $$ \int_0^{2\pi} \,\sin ^{2n} \phi\, d\phi$$ So this is how I started: $$\sin^{2n} \phi = \left[\frac{e^{i \phi}-e^{-i \phi}}{2i}\right]^{2n} = ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

And another real integral to be solved by contour integration

I want to solve $$\int_0^\infty\frac{1}{x^3+x^2+x+1}dx$$ and i have really learned a lot already by failing to solve it. I want to solve it using a clever contour. It is possible to do it using ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Contour Integral $ \int_{0}^1 \frac{\ln{x}}{\sqrt{1-x^2}} \mathrm dx$

I need help evaluating this with contour integration $$ \int_{0}^{1}{\ln\left(\,x\,\right)\over \,\sqrt{\vphantom{\large A}\,1 - x^{2}\,}}\,{\rm d}x $$ I am not sure as to how to work with the branch ...
4
votes
2answers
117 views

How to prove $\int^{\pi/2}_0 \log{\cos{x}} \, \mathrm{d}x = \pi/2 \log{1/2}$

ALREADY ANSWERED I was trying to prove the result that the OP of this question is given as a hint. That is to say: imagine that you are not given the hint and you need to evaluate: $$I = ...
0
votes
0answers
64 views

Residue with half order pole?

I'm having issues evaluating the following integral using Cauchy's residue theorem. $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{e^{ix}}{\sqrt{x^2 - 1}} dx $$ Here's what I have tried. We have to make a ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Find a Harmonic conjugate $v(x,y)$ to $u(x,y)$.

Show that $u(x,y) = \frac{y^2}{x^3+y^3}$ in some domain and find the harmonic conjugate $v(x,y)$ to $u(x,y)$.
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Differentiation under the integral sign (one complex variable)

Let $u(z), u'(z)$ be complex-analytic functions on an open neighborhood $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb{C}$ of the origin. Also, let $f(X)$ be a complex-analytic function. For $s \in [0,1],$ define $$g(s,z) ...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

Prove $\int_0^1 \frac{\ln(1+t^{4+\sqrt{15}})}{1+t}\mathrm dt= -\frac{\pi^2}{12}(\sqrt{15}-2)+\ln (2) \ln(\sqrt{3}+\sqrt{5})+\ln(\phi) \ln(2+\sqrt{3})$

Prove that: \begin{equation} \int_0^1 \frac{\ln\left(1+t^{4+\sqrt{15}}\right)}{1+t}\mathrm dt= -\frac{\pi^2}{12}(\sqrt{15}-2)+\ln (2) \ln(\sqrt{3}+\sqrt{5})+\ln(\phi) \ln(2+\sqrt{3}) ...
6
votes
2answers
151 views

A strange answer for $\int _{-1}^1 \log x\; dx$

I typed $\int _{-1}^1 \log x\; dx$ on Wolfram Alpha. It is giving the answer to be $-2+i\pi$. Can someone please explain what is happening?
1
vote
1answer
39 views

If a real polynomial of degree $n\gt 1$ has a root of modulus exceeding all others, is that one a real root?

Suppose $a_nx^n+\ldots+a_1x+a_0=0\; (a_n\in \mathbb{R})$ has $n$ distinct roots $r_1,r_2,\ldots, r_n$ (no multiple roots), and if $\exists r_k$ s.t. $\forall r_i\in\{r_1,r_2\cdots r_n\}-\{r_k\}$, ...
3
votes
1answer
49 views

Finding all the possible values of an Integral in the Complex Plane

I am studying Complex Analysis by Lars V Ahlfors. I am unable to solve one of his exercises. It is: Find all possible values of $$\int \frac{dz}{\sqrt{1-z^2}}$$ over a closed curve. I do not have ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Can this modified Gaussian integral be calculated analytically?

In my research, I encounter this modified Gaussian integral $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}dx\,\frac{x+\sqrt{x^2-bx}}{2\sqrt{x^2-bx}}\exp\left[-a^2(x-x_0)^2+i\left(cx-d\sqrt{x^2-bx}\right)\right],$$ where ...
3
votes
1answer
96 views

Integrating $e^{a/x^2-x^2}/(1-e^{b/x^2})$

I want to solve the following two integrals analytically \begin{aligned} I_1 = & \int\limits_0^{\infty}\frac{e^{a/x^2}}{1-e^{b/x^2}}e^{-x^2}dx \\ I_2 = & ...
4
votes
2answers
82 views

Integrating $z^{2n}\cos(1/z)/(1-z^n)$ over a circle of radius $2$ around the origin

I'm stuck on the following integral computation: $$\int_C \frac{z^{2n} \cos (1/z)}{1 - z^n} \, dz,$$ where $C$ is a circle of radius $2$ around the origin. I tried making the substitution $u = ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

How to find the area where $\frac{1}{z^2-4}$, $z \in \mathbb{C}$ is holomorphic?

Suppose that you are given a problem of finding the following complex integral: $$\int_\tau \frac{1}{z^2-4} dz$$ where $\tau = \{z \in \mathbb{C}: |z|=4 \}$. My question is (in the context of this ...
0
votes
3answers
47 views

Calculate complex integral with pole at zero

Calculate for $\alpha >0$ and $n \in {\mathbb Z}$. $$ \oint_{\left\vert\,z\,\right\vert\ =\ \alpha} z^{n}\,{\rm d}z. $$
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Cauchy Integrals

This was given to me as a $2$ part question. I was able to answer the $1$st part but the $2$nd part has me confused. a. Let C be the unit circle $z=e^{i\theta}$ where $-\pi\le\theta\le\pi$. Use the ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

Residue Integral: $\int_0^\infty \frac{x^n - 2x + 1}{x^{2n} - 1} \mathrm{d}x$

Inspired by some of the greats on this site, I've been trying to improve my residue theorem skills. I've come across the integral $$\int_0^\infty \frac{x^n - 2x + 1}{x^{2n} - 1} \mathrm{d}x,$$ where ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Proof of Cauchy integral formula limit exchange

In the proof of the Cauchy integral formula there is a limit that exchanges places with the integral (which is itself a limit), my question is why can we do this? If $f(z)$ is a complex function, ...
8
votes
2answers
388 views

Which holomorphic function is this the real part of?

In the paper "The Inverse Function Theorem of Nash and Moser" by Richard S. Hamilton it is claimed that there exists a function $\phi$ such that: $$\int_{0}^{\infty}t^{n}\phi(t)dt=(-1)^{n}$$ For ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

How to compute the integrals in inverse formula?

I have following characteristic function for certain random variable X: $$\Phi (t) = \frac{\beta_1\beta_2}{\eta_1}\frac{\eta_1 - it}{(\beta_1 - it)(\beta_2 - it)}$$ where $\eta_1 > 0, \quad\beta_1 ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

How do you integrate Gaussian integral with contour integration method?

How do you integrate $$\int^{\infty}_{-\infty} e^{-x^2} dx$$ with contour integration method? I do not even know how to setup the problem.
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Calculating Riemann zeta function of a complex number given the complex contour integral

Can you please demonstrate how one would calculate the Riemann Zeta function of any complex number, given that the Riemann Zeta function is equal to the following (shown in ...
2
votes
0answers
116 views

Contour integration with merged pole/branch-cut type behavior?

I have the expression $$f(z)=\frac{-i}{\sqrt{z^2-a^2}},$$ where $a$ is a purely real number and $z$ is a complex variable. Numerical plotting gives the following. This leads me to the following ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

solving integral with complex analysis

I have problems with understanding of the evaluation of this integral below. It has been a long a time ago since I had complex analysis. where $a = (1-\sqrt y )^2$ and $b = (1+\sqrt y )^2$. Now my ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Computing a contour integral over curve not centered at origin

Consider the integral $$ \int_C \frac{1}{z} \, dz $$ where $C$ is the circle of radius $R$ centered at the point $z_0 \in \mathbb{C}$. We parametrize the curve by $z(\theta) = z_0 + Re^{i\theta}$ ...
5
votes
0answers
57 views

Clarification of Contour Integration [duplicate]

I apologise if this seems like an elementary and silly question, but I am confused about the integral $$I=\int^{\infty}_{-\infty}\frac{\cos{x}}{1+x^2}dx=\frac{\pi}{e}$$ If I consider a semicircular ...
7
votes
1answer
142 views

Proving that a function is analytic

I'm struggling with the following problem: Problem: Suppose that $h$ is a continuous function on a simple closed curve $\gamma$. Define $$ H(w) = \oint_{\gamma} \frac{h(z)}{z - w} \, dz. $$ Show ...
2
votes
3answers
52 views

Parametrizing curve for complex analysis integral

I'm trying to show that $$ \int_{|z-z_0| = R} (z-z_0)^m \, dz = \begin{cases}0, & m \neq -1 \\ 2\pi i, & m =- 1. \end{cases} $$ Here's my attempt at a solution: We parametrize the curve at ...
1
vote
3answers
54 views

integrating $\int_{\gamma}e^zdz$ with $\gamma$ is the arc on the unit circle that unites one with i

I am stuck integrating $$\int_{\gamma}e^zdz$$ with $\gamma$ is the arc on the unit circle that unites one with i. I tried this : The integrand $\mathrm{e}^z$ is holomorphic for $\vert z \vert \le ...
11
votes
0answers
220 views

The closed form of $\int_0^{\pi/4}\frac{\log(1-x) \tan^2(x)}{1-x\tan^2(x)} \ dx$

What tools, ways would you propose for getting the closed form of this integral? $$\int_0^{\pi/4}\frac{\log(1-x) \tan^2(x)}{1-x\tan^2(x)} \ dx$$
2
votes
3answers
123 views

Integration by Euler's formula

How do you integrate the following by using Euler's formula, without using integration by parts? $$I=\displaystyle\int \dfrac{3+4\cos {\theta}}{(3\cos {\theta}+4)^2}$$ I did integrate it by parts, by ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

How to calculate $\int_{-\infty}^\infty\frac{x^2+2x}{x^4+x^2+1}dx$?

I want to calculate the following integral: $$I:=\displaystyle\int_{-\infty}^\infty\underbrace{\frac{x^2+2x}{x^4+x^2+1}}_{=:f(x)}dx$$ Of course, I could try to determine $\int f(x)\;dx$ in terms of ...