All aspects of integration, including the definition of the integral and computing different types of integrals. For questions solely about the properties of integrals, don't use this tag alone! Use in conjunction with (indefinite-integral), (definite-integral), (improper-integrals) or another ...

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1answer
26 views

Work done by a force field line integrals

Find the work done by the force field $F(x, y) = \langle 2x \sin(y), 2y \rangle$ on a particle that moves along the parabola $y = x^2$ from $(-1, 1)$ to $(2, 4)$. So to use line integrals to solve ...
8
votes
1answer
75 views

A closed form for $\int_{0}^{\pi/2}\frac{\ln\cos x}{x}\mathrm{d}x$?

The following integrals are classic, initiated by L. Euler. \begin{align} \displaystyle \int_{0}^{\pi/2} x^3 \ln\cos x\:\mathrm{d}x & = -\frac{\pi^4}{64} \ln 2-\frac{3\pi^2}{16} ...
1
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1answer
57 views

Finding a mistake in the computation of a double integral in polar coordinates

I have to find $P\left(4\left(x-45\right)^2+100\left(y-20\right)^2\leq 2 \right) $ $f(x)$ and $f(y)$ are given, which I will use in my solution below . ...
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1answer
26 views

Solve using the integration by parts method [on hold]

Greeting Tutor, I having a trouble to solve attached equation using integration by parts method, appreciate tutor help to provide guide or step. Million thanks.
2
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1answer
38 views

Computing double integral

Find $$\iint\limits_D \sqrt{(x-10)^2+y^2}\hspace{1mm}dA$$ where $\{(x, y)\in D \mid x^2+y^2\leq 10^2\}$. I am not sure how to start, every way I have tried so far, ends up into something ugly. All ...
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5answers
87 views

Definite integral $\int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2}\cos^{2}\left(\theta\right)\,{\rm d}{\theta} $

Please help me to evaluate definite integral $$\int_{^{-\pi}/_2}^{^\pi/_2}\cos^{2}\left(\theta\right)\,{\rm d}{\theta}$$ Also there was a hint: Use the double angle formula ...
4
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0answers
51 views

Reverse Cauchy Schwarz for integrals

Let $f,g$ be two continuous positive functions over $[a,b]$ Let $m_1$ and $M_1$ be the minimum and maximum of $f$ Let $m_2$ and $M_2$ be the minimum and maximum of $g$ Prove that ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Finding a function from a vector field

The vector field $F(x, y) = \left(\displaystyle\frac{x}{r^3}, \frac{y}{r^3}\right)$ appears in electrostatics, where $r = \sqrt{x^2 + y^2}$ is the distance to the charge. Find a function $f(x, y)$ ...
-2
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0answers
27 views

Definite Integration.Trigonometric function [on hold]

How to integrate $$3\sqrt { \cos ^{ 2 }{ \left( t \right) \sin ^{ 2 }{ \left( t \right) +\sin ^{ 4 }{ \left( t \right) \cos ^{ 2 }{ \left( t \right) } } } } } $$ for $t\epsilon \left[ 0,2\pi ...
0
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0answers
27 views

Laplace transform of product of two function

Consider the following integral of product of two function $$ \int_0 ^t f(s)g(s-t)ds $$ i want to know the laplace transform of above term w.r.t t. if $g(s-t)$ is replaced by $g(t-s)$, there is a ...
1
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2answers
80 views

Value of the integral $\int_{\mathbb{R}} \frac{x\sin {(\pi x)}}{(1+x^2)^2}$

How do we evaluate the integral $$I=\displaystyle\int_{\mathbb{R}} \dfrac{x\sin {(\pi x)}}{(1+x^2)^2}$$ I have wasted so much time on this integral, tried many substitutions $(x^2=t, \ \pi x^2=t)$. ...
1
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3answers
78 views

Evaluate $\int_{1}^{e}\frac{u}{u^3+2u^2-1}du.$

I'm trying to solve $$\int_{1}^{e}\frac{u}{u^3+2u^2-1}du.$$ My first approach was to factorise and then do a partial integration. However the factorisation ...
5
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0answers
87 views

An incorrect answer for an integral

As the authors pointed out in this paper (p. 2), the following evaluation which was in Gradshteyn and Ryzhik (sixth edition) is incorrect (and has been removed). $$ ...
3
votes
2answers
227 views

What is the value of this double integral?

Let $C$ be the subset of the plane given by $$ C \colon= \{ \ (x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \ | \ 0 \leq x^2 + y^2 \leq 1 \}.$$ Then what is the value of the double integral $$ \int_{C} \int (x^2 + y^2) ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

How to evaluate this double integral?

Let $C$ be the subset of the plane given by $$C \colon= \{ \ (x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2 \ | -1 \leq x = y \leq 1 \}. $$ Then how to evaluate the double integral $$ \int_C \int (x^2+ y^2) dx dy? $$ My ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Partial fraction for integrating

I have been trying to solve the integral $\displaystyle\int \frac{dx}{(x-1)^2 (x^2+1)^3}$. So while trying to get the partial fraction which way is better? ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Regarding methods of finding a derivative.

I read in the American Mathematical Monthly Descartes found away to calculate the slope of a tangent to a curve at a point specified. Called the Double tangent point method ( I think). This method ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

What is the area bounded by these curves?

Let $f(x) \colon = x^2$, $g(x) \colon= x+1$. Then what is the area bounded by the graphs of $f$ and $g$ between the vertical lines $x= -1$ and $x= (1+\sqrt{5})/2$? My effort: Since $$ f(x) - g(x) ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Integration of piecewise defined function: $ f(x)=0$ for $x<1$ and $f(x)=1$ for $x\geq1$

I think I am confusing myself too much on this. Let $ f(x)=0$ for $x<1$, and $f(x)=1$ for $x\geq1$. What is $\int_0^1f(x)\,dx$? I am worried because $f$ is discontinuous at $1$. Does that make ...
1
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1answer
37 views

Eigenvalues and Eigenfunctions of Integral Equation

Compute the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions of $$ \varphi(x) - \lambda \int_0^1 e^{x+s} \varphi(s) ds = f(x) $$ Are there functions $f$ such that the inhomogenous equation has for every real $\lambda$ ...
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1answer
22 views

Rope question - integration

A 50-lb bucket is at the bottom of a 100-ft well. A 200 lb rope (also 100 ft long) is tied securely to the bucket. We will use rope to lift this bucket out of the wall, at a rate of 1 foot every ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Finding volume of a solid

Okay so this question comes in two parts and the second part of the question doesn't make any sense to me. Let $R$ be the region in the first quadrant that lives between the curves $f(x) = x^2$ and ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Passing of the limit for Lebesgue Integral (Proof Verification)

Let $f_n\in L^1(0,1)$ and $C>0$ be such that $f_n \geq 0, f_n \rightarrow 0$ a.e., and $$\int_0^1 \max\{f_1, ..., f_n\} dx \leq C \quad \text{ for every } n.$$ Prove that $f_n \rightarrow 0$ in ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Wrong interpretation of the indefinite integral

This might sound very useless but I'd like to see what you think. Bear in mind that I'm just a novice student. if $f$ is the original function, then it could be found this way $C+\int f'(x)\, ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Show that different eigenfunctions of integral kernel are orthogonal

Consider the integral operator $K \varphi := \int_0^1 k(x,s) \varphi(s) ds$ with a continuous and symmetric kernel $k : [0,1]^2 \to \mathbb R$ which has at least two different eigenvalues $\lambda_1$ ...
2
votes
4answers
471 views

How useful/useless is the indefinite integral

After having met yet another person confused by indefinite integrals today, I've finally decided to ask the community. Do you think it makes sense to teach indefinite integrals? My opinion is that ...
8
votes
2answers
143 views

An exercise from my brother: $\int_{-1}^1\frac{\ln (2x-1)}{\sqrt[\large 6]{x(1-x)(1-2x)^4}}\,dx$

My brother asked me to calculate the following integral before we had dinner and I have been working to calculate it since then ($\pm\, 4$ hours). He said, it has a beautiful closed form but I doubt ...
0
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0answers
32 views

Integral of Hypergeometric Function with polynomial and exponential

I was working on some mathematical derivations and faced this integral: how can I integrate it?
8
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1answer
115 views

Integral: $\int_0^{\pi} \frac{x}{x^2+\ln^2(2\sin x)}\,dx$

I am trying to solve the following by elementary methods: $$\int_0^{\pi} \frac{x}{x^2+\ln^2(2\sin x)}\,dx$$ I wrote the integral as: $$\Re\int_0^{\pi} \frac{dx}{x-i\ln(2\sin x)}$$ But I don't find ...
0
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1answer
15 views

Proving some properties about the expected first order statistic (maximum) with respect to sample size.

Question: Consider $n$ random variables $x_1, x_2,\cdots x_n\sim \mathcal{N}(0,1)$. The expected value of the $i$th order statistic (the maximum) can be written as ...
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0answers
55 views

Evaluate $\int\left({\frac{\arctan x}{\arctan x-x}}\right)^2 \,dx$ [duplicate]

As the title shown, how to evaluate the indefinite integral $$\int\left({\frac{\arctan x}{\arctan x-x}}\right)^2 \,dx\ ?$$ Thanks.
13
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1answer
198 views

Prove ${\large\int}_0^\infty\left({_2F_1}\left(\frac16,\frac12;\frac13;-x\right)\right)^{12}dx\stackrel{\color{#808080}?}=\frac{80663}{153090}$

I discovered the following conjectured identity numerically (it holds with at least $1000$ digits of precision). How can I prove it? ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Volume of trig function around y-axis

I have this question and it's the first kind of question I'm doing involving finding volume so I just would like some help solving this question: Find the volume created by revolving the curve $ \ ...
4
votes
3answers
121 views

Evaluate $\int_0^1\frac{x^a-x^{-a}}{x-1}dx$

I have heard that: $$\int_0^1\frac{x^a-x^{-a}}{x-1}dx=\frac1 a-\pi\cot(\pi a)$$ when $-1<a<1$. How would I prove this? That doesn't have an elementary indefinite integral, but the definite ...
11
votes
0answers
163 views

Evaluating $\int_0^\pi\arctan\left(\frac{\log\sin x}{x}\right)\mathrm{d}x$

I found the following integral as a by product of another one. It has a nice closed form. $$ \displaystyle \int_{0}^{\pi} \arctan \left( \frac{\ln \sin x}{x} \right) \mathrm{d}x $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Area of solid revolution using integration.

When we calculate the volume of a solid generated by rotating a curve around $x$-axis, We divide it into disks. So ,we get $dv = \pi r^2 dx$. where $r=y$ and then we integrate. That OK, but when ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Average value for multiple integrals

If there is a function $f(x,y)$ and we want to find the average value over a region $R$ defined by $0<x<1$ and $0<y<x$, how is that computed? I know that it would be something like this: ...
3
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1answer
37 views

Generalising integration by parts for the product of more than two functions

Just as the product rule can be generalised to the product of more than two functions, i.e. $$\frac{d}{dx} \left [ \prod_{i=1}^k f_i(x) \right ] = \sum_{i=1}^k \left(\frac{d}{dx} f_i(x) \prod_{j\ne ...
3
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2answers
74 views

Intuition about Taking an Integral

My hope is to personally develop some further intuition for taking an integral (measuring the area under a curve). Consider a normal distribution and I need the area under the curve from $a$ to $b$. I ...
0
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0answers
57 views

Is the following integration of possible?

How to solve the following problem? $\int x^4/(1-x^4)^{3⁄2}dx$ I have tried the substitution, x=sinz, but failed.
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0answers
16 views

Volume of Solid of Revolution

This problem is giving me some trouble: The region bounded by the given curves is rotated about the specified axis. Find the volume V of the resulting solid by any method. x = (y − 5)^2, x = 4; ...
1
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0answers
39 views

Integrating $\int_0^1 dx\,\ln(x-a)/(x-b)$ paying attention to cuts.

I am trying to compute the following integral, for complex $a$ and $b$ $$\int ^1 _0 dx \frac{\ln(x-a)}{x-b}$$ by turning it into something in terms of dilogarithms. But for certain values of $a$ ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Use triple integrals to integrate over a tetrahedron

Integrate $f(x, y, z) = x^2 + y^2 - z$ over the tetrahedron with vertices $(0, 0, 0), (1, 1, 0), (0, 1, 0), (0, 0, 3)$. I need to use triple integrals to solve this, so I made a diagram and set the ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Integral of the exponential function

I am searching the indefinite integral of this function: $\dfrac{\exp(x)}{(1+x)^{5/3}}$. Thank you alot.
2
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2answers
53 views

Duo Fresnel-like integrals $(??)$

I really wonder how I can prove the following integrals. $$\int_0^\infty \sin ax^2\cos 2bx\, dx=\frac{1}{2}\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2a}}\left(\cos \frac{b^2}{a}-\sin\frac{b^2}{a}\right)$$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Explain why $\big(\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-z^2/2}dz \big)^2 = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-(z^2 + u^2)/2}dzdu$

I came across the following when studying a proof related to the normal distribution: $$\left(\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-z^2/2}\ dz \right)^2 = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-(z^2 ...
4
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0answers
36 views

How to integrate scalar field over quarter torus? Infinite series does not converge.

This seems to be physics question, but the problem just concerns math. Preface If one wants to calculate the permeance $P$ of a rectangular bar: it is an easy task: $$P = \frac{\mu a b}{L} ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Reference for transformation of integrals over Lipschitz boundaries

Let $D\subseteq\mathbb{R}^d$, $d\ge 2$, be a bounded Lipschitz domain. Then according to page 314 of [Function spaces, Alois Kufner, 1977] one can define a surface integral of a real valued function ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Seemingly hard integrals which are made easy via differentiation under the integral sign a.k.a Feynman Integration [on hold]

I recently discovered Differentiation under the integral sign a.k.a Feynman Integration and I read an article which says it can be substituted for contour integration. Therefore, I am assuming this ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

$\int_\mathbb{R} \bigg( \frac{1}{h} \int_x^{x+h} |f(t)| dt\bigg) dx= ||f||_{L^1}$?

$$\int_\mathbb{R} \bigg( \frac{1}{h} \int_x^{x+h} |f(t)| dt\bigg) dx= ||f||_{L^1} \;\;?$$ I worked out that the equality holds for each $\chi_{[a,b]}$, therefore it holds for each piecewise ...