All aspects of integration, including the definition of the integral and computing different types of integrals. For questions solely about the properties of integrals, don't use this tag alone! Use in conjunction with (indefinite-integral), (definite-integral), (improper-integrals) or another ...

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Evaluating $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sin x}{x-i} dx$

I would like to evaluate the integral $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sin x}{x-i} dx,$$ which I believe should be equal to $\frac{\pi}{e}$. However, I cannot reproduce this result by hand. My work is ...
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34 views

Taking derivative under the integral sign

Reading a textbook and stuck on this one detail... would like to confirm my understanding. The book defines a function $\eta \in C^1(\mathbb{R})$ satisfying $0 \leq \eta \leq 1$, $0 \leq \eta^\prime ...
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1answer
50 views

What does this paper mean by “$f(x)$ is practically a rational function”?

The paper "Infinite integrals involving Bessel functions by contour integration" by Qiong-Gui Lin gives a method to solve integrals of the form $\intop_{0}^{\infty}x^{v}f(x)J_{v}(qx)\, dx$. One of the ...
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1answer
41 views

Double integral proof, where is my mistake?

The bounds are 0 < x < b , 0 < y < b. $$ \int_0^b \int_0^b e^{-(x^{2}+y^{2})} dxdy $$ Since it is a square, x=y so we can write: = $$ (\int_0^b e^{-(x^{2}+x^{2})} )^{2} dxdy $$ = $$ ...
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3answers
236 views

Double integral proofs

Show that $$\renewcommand{\intd}{\,\mathrm{d}} \iint_{D(R)} e^{-(x^2+y^2)} \intd x \intd y = \pi \left(1 - e^{-R^2}\right)$$ where $D(R)$ is the disc of radius $R$ with center $(0,0).$ I ...
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0answers
61 views

Integral ${\large\int}_0^\infty\frac{\ln x}{1+x}\sqrt{\frac{x+\sqrt{1+x^2}}{1+x^2}}\ dx$

Please help me to evaluate this integral: $$I={\large\int}_0^\infty\frac{\ln x}{1+x}\sqrt{\frac{x+\sqrt{1+x^2}}{1+x^2}}\ dx.\tag1$$ Mathematica could not evaluate it in a closed form. A numerical ...
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2answers
20 views

Confusion about Spherical Coordinates Transformation

We have a function $$f(x,y,z) = \frac{e^{-x^2 -y^2 -z^2}}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2+z^2}}$$ and we want to integrate it over the whole $\mathbb{R}^3$. Then what i got is the following: $$\int_{\mathbb{R}^3}^ \! ...
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1answer
53 views

Just calculus, the integral = 0 and the argument inside integral = 0?

It is really hard for me to make a title to describe my question. Below is my question: Suppose $f(y-x)$ is a known Gaussian function defined as $$ f(y-x) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \exp ...
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1answer
23 views

Finite Measure Space: Integral Closure = Bochner Integral

I can't sleep for so long time as the integral gives me headaches. I was looking for so many approaches. Now another one. Hope this works... Let $\Omega$ be a finite measure space and $E$ a Banach ...
2
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1answer
35 views

Properties of the Double Layer Potential

Consider the double layer potential $$ W_{\nu}(x) = \int_{\partial\Omega} \nu(y) \frac{\partial}{\partial n_y}\left( \frac{1}{|x - y|} \right) d \sigma_y $$ for a bounded region $\Omega \in \mathbb ...
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1answer
117 views

Evaluate $\int_{0}^{\large\frac{\pi}{4}} \ln {(\sin x)}\cdot\ln {(\cos x)} \left(\frac{\ln{(\sin x)}}{\cot x}+\frac{\ln {(\cos x)}}{\tan x}\right)dx$

How do I find the value of this integral? $$I=\int_{0}^{\Large\frac{\pi}{4}} \ln {(\sin x)}\cdot\ln {(\cos x)} \left(\dfrac{\ln{(\sin x)}}{\cot x}+\dfrac{\ln {(\cos x)}}{\tan x}\right)dx$$ I tried ...
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1answer
79 views

any simple method to do integration?

$$\int_{-2}^{x^{2}-2x}e^{t}.e^{t^2} dt = ?$$ What i did is... on rewriting it , $$\int_{-2}^{x^{2}-2x}e^{t+t^2} dt=\frac{e^{t+t^2}}{t^2/2+t^3/3} $$ and then substituting limits is very long process ...
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existence and uniqueness of volterra integral equation of the first kind

$$ \int_0^t k(s,t)f(s)ds=g(t) $$ To know the existence and uniquness of solution of volterra integral equation(VIE) of the first kind, we differentiate it and convert to the VIE of the second kind. ...
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1answer
111 views

An equivalent for $\int_0^1\left(\frac{1}{\log x}+\frac{1}{1-x}\right)^n\;dx$

Set $$ I_n :=\int_0^1\left(\frac{1}{\log x} + \frac{1}{1-x}\right)^n \:\mathrm{d}x \qquad n=1,2,3,.... $$ We have $$I_1 =\gamma, \quad I_2 =\log (2 \pi) - \frac 32, \quad I_3 = 6 \log A - ...
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1answer
24 views

Set function integal

We have a vector $y$ ($\sum_i y_i=1$). Define $S(r) = \{i, y_i\geq r \}$. Here is an integral $\int_{0}^{\infty} |S(r)| dr=\sum_i y_i$. I don't know why the integral is correct. Can anybody help me?
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1answer
62 views

An integral representation for $\psi$

Let $\displaystyle \gamma$ denote the Euler constant defined by $\displaystyle \gamma := \lim\limits_{n \to \infty} \left(\frac11+\frac12+\cdots+\frac1n- \log n\right)$. Here is an integral for ...
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1answer
19 views

Calculating the area of a region using a mapping

The region: $\{{(x,y) \mid x^{2} < y < 2x^{2}, 2y^{2}<x<3y^{2}, x > 0, y > 0}\}$ The mapping: $u = y/x^{2}$, $v = x/y^{2}$ I calculated the jacobian to be $\frac 34$ which means ...
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1answer
64 views

Evaluate the area of the region bounded by the ellipse, where is my mistake?

$ (10x^2+6xy+y^2=2)$ => $ ((x/\sqrt2)^{2} + ((3x+y)/\sqrt2))^{2} = 1 $ so if I change the variables to $u$ and $v$, $u = x/\sqrt2$ $v= (3x+y)/\sqrt2) $ Then my bounds of integration become $-1 ...
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27 views

Not lebesgue integrable function?

I want to consider the function $f:[-1,1]\times [-1,1]\rightarrow \mathbb R:f(x,y)= \begin{cases} \frac{xy}{(x^2+y^2)^2} & (x,y) \neq (0,0) \\ 0 & (x,y) = (0,0) \end{cases} $ And I have ...
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0answers
15 views

How do you obtain the version of Simpson's rule required as well as deduce the composite integration rule? [on hold]

Consider the function $$g(x)=f(a+(x−1)h)$$ and obtain a version of Simpson’s rule applicable to an integral $$\int_{a+h}^{a−h}f(x)dx.$$ Then deduce the composite integration rule ...
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2answers
87 views

Evaluation of $\int\frac{\sqrt{\cos 2x}}{\sin x}dx$

Evaluation of $$\displaystyle \int\frac{\sqrt{\cos 2x}}{\sin x}dx$$ $\bf{My\; Try::}$ Let $\displaystyle I = \int\frac{\sqrt{\cos 2x}}{\sin x}dx = \int\frac{\cos 2x}{\sin^2 x\sqrt{\cos 2x}}\sin xdx ...
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1answer
191 views

How find this integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{dx}{(1+x^2)(1+r^2x^2)(1+r^4x^2)(1+r^6x^2)\cdots}$

prove that this integral $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\dfrac{dx}{(1+x^2)(1+r^2x^2)(1+r^4x^2)(1+r^6x^2)\cdots}= \dfrac{\pi}{2(1+r+r^3+r^6+r^{10}+\cdots}$$ for this integral,I can't find it.and I don't know how ...
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1answer
29 views

How do you solve the second part of the question where i am required to derive Simpson’s integration rule?

When $v(x) = A + Bx + Cx(x − 1)$ show that $$\int_0^2v(x)dx= 2A + 2B + \frac23.$$ By choosing A,B and C so that $y = v(x)$ fits a given curve $y = g(x)$ at $x = 0$, $x = 1$ and $x = 2$ derive ...
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2answers
56 views

How do i calculate the value of $\int_{0}^{1} \frac{\ln{(1+x)}}{1+x^2}$? [duplicate]

How do i calculate the value of the following integral-- $$I=\int_{0}^{1} \frac{\ln{(1+x)}}{1+x^2}$$ I tried doing substitutions like $1+x=t$ etc. I also tried to use the property ...
3
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1answer
42 views

Area of a Curved Surface

Find the area of the part o the surface $z=xy$ that lies within the cylinder $x^2+y^2=1$. I'm not sure how to set up the surface integral to compute this.
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1answer
60 views

solving integral with complex analysis

I have problems with understanding of the evaluation of this integral below. It has been a long a time ago since I had complex analysis. where $a = (1-\sqrt y )^2$ and $b = (1+\sqrt y )^2$. Now my ...
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0answers
33 views

Integral of an exponential of rational function

I have an integral of the form $\int_{a}^{b} \text{exp}\left(\frac{\lambda}{\rho^2 m + \sigma^2_u}\right) \frac{1}{m^2}\text{exp}\left(-\frac{\lambda}{m}\right)$. Can this be found analytically?
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1answer
31 views

Inequality involving Jensen (Rudin's exercise)

Exercise (Rudin, R&CA, no. 3.25). Suppose $\mu$ is a positive measure on the space $X$ and let $f \colon X \to (0,+\infty)$ be such that $\int_X f \, d\mu=1$. Then for every $E \subset X$ ...
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2answers
66 views

How do I find this integral $\int\frac{dx}{2x^4+2x^2-1}$

How I evaluate the above integral? $$\displaystyle\int\dfrac{dx}{2x^4+2x^2-1}$$ I have unsuccessfully tried it more than once. Is there a small substitution that I am missing? And is there any ...
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1answer
36 views

What function to use to get geometric mean in trapezoidal rule?

When deriving a trapezoidal rule an integral of $f(x)$ is switched to integral of new function $g(x)$ approximating the first one $$\int_a^b {f(x)dx}\approx \int_a^b {g(x)dx}$$ where $g(x)$ is a ...
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1answer
113 views

How can I evaluate this indefinite integral? $\int\frac{dx}{1+x^8}$

How do I find $\displaystyle\int\dfrac{dx}{1+x^8}$? My friend asked me to find $\displaystyle\int\dfrac{dx}{1+x^{2n}}$ for a positive integer $n$. But looking up I am getting pretty noisy answer for ...
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1answer
40 views

$f\in L^2(0,1)$ if and only if $f\in L^1(0,1)$ and some condition.

$f\in L^2(0,1)$ if and only if $f\in L^1(0,1)$ and ere exists an increasing function $g:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ such that $$\left|\int_a^b f(x) dx \right|^2 \leq (g(b)-g(a))(b-a)\quad\quad (*)$$ ...
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1answer
22 views

$|\int_{\mathbb R} e^{-t^{2}} e^{-(t/\lambda -x)^{2}} e^{-2\pi i w\cdot t}| dt \leq G(x,w), G\in L^{1} ? $

Put $\lambda >0,$ and we define, $$F_{\lambda}(x, w)= \int_{\mathbb R} e^{-t^{2}} e^{-(t/\lambda -x)^{2}} e^{-2\pi i w\cdot t} dt;(x,w) \in \mathbb R^{2}$$ we note that, $F_{\lambda} \in ...
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1answer
42 views

Complex integration with complex integrands [on hold]

How to solve $$ \int_0^{1+i}(x-y+ix^2)dz$$
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1answer
19 views

$\int_{[0,1]^2}g(y_1-y_2) \Bbb{1}_{\{y_1>y_2\}}dy_1dy_2 = \int_{[0,1]}g(m)(1-m)\, dm$

i'm trying to prove the following equality $$\int_{[0,1]^2}g(y_1-y_2) \Bbb{1}_{\{y_1>y_2\}}dy_1dy_2 = \int_{[0,1]}g(m)(1-m)\, dm$$ I tried to do the following: ...
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1answer
54 views

Help with double integral

I need to prove if this integral exist (and some others) but i would like to know if there is a condition to say if the integral exist (for example in this case) that would help me solve this kind of ...
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2answers
49 views

Integration question involving Area and f(t)

Well I am doing a question and a link of the image is provided here: I am wondering about my answers for a few parts. $\textbf{Part A:}$ Can you just check if I'm correct on these $$F(0)= 0$$ ...
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3answers
66 views

Find $\frac{dG}{dx}$ of $G(x)=\int_0^{x^2}\frac{dt}{t^2+4}.$ [on hold]

Define $$G(x)=\int_0^{x^2}\frac{dt}{t^2+4}.$$ What is $\displaystyle\frac{dG}{dx}$? How do I approach this question? What are the steps? What is the solution?
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1answer
43 views

Use a double integral in polar coordinates to find the area

So the area is just an intersection of two circles Converting the two circles to polar coordinates, I get: $r(r-2\sin\theta)=0$, and $r(r-2\cos\theta)=0$ Ummm so $r =0$ and r = $2\sin\theta$ ...
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1answer
43 views

Existence of a function with certain integral properties

Does there exist a non-negative Borel-measurable function $g:\mathbb [1,\infty)\to[0,\infty)$ such that \begin{align*} \int_1^{\infty}g(y)^2\,\mathrm dy<&\,\infty,\\ ...
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2answers
20 views

Determining the best way to compute a double integral

The question is: When graphed, this is what it looks like: I thought that the best way to do it would be with respect to y first, then x. The bounds: x/sqrt3 < y < sqrt(4-x^2) 1 < x ...
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3answers
21 views

Definite integral fractional exponent in the denominator

I have come across this question and I cannot understand the step highlighted. I would have expected that the fractional exponents of the terms in the numerator would have a negative value after ...
3
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3answers
65 views

What is the value of $ \int_{x}^{1} \arcsin \left( \frac{2t}{t^2+1} \right) \text{d}t $?

Is this result true? Wolfram doesn't seem to be able to evaluate the definite integral in the allowed time. $$ \int_{x}^{1} \arcsin \left( \dfrac{2t}{t^2+1} \right) \text{d}t = \dfrac{\pi}{2} - ...
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1answer
23 views

Area of a Paraboloid inside a Cylinder

Find the area of the part of the paraboloid $x=y^2+z^2$ that is inside the cylinder $y^2+z^2=9$. I'm not sure how to set up the integral to compute this. Thanks.
3
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2answers
41 views

Area of spherical cap with integrals

Given a sphere $S$ of fixed diameter $D$ (or radius $R=D/2$, it will be convenient to have both, I suppose), and a point $P$ on its surface, let's create a ball $B$ of variable radius $r$ with its ...
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0answers
115 views

Evaluating $\int_{0}^{1}\cdots\int_{0}^{1}\left\{\frac{1}{x_{1}\cdots x_{n}}\right\}^{2}\:\mathrm{d}x_{1}\cdots\mathrm{d}x_{n}$

Here is my source of inspiration for this question. I suggest to evaluate the following new one. $$ I_{n}:= \int_{0}^{1} \! \cdots \! \int_{0}^{1} \left\{\frac{1}{x_{1}x_{2} \cdots ...
2
votes
3answers
37 views

Integration Trig Substitution

After making the correct trig substitution what does the integral of $\dfrac{1}{\sqrt{9-x^2}} dx$ reduce to without solving the equation? I reduced it down to the integral of ...
1
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1answer
96 views

Evaluation of $ \int\frac{\sqrt{\sin x}}{\sqrt{\sin x}+\sqrt{\cos x}}dx$ [duplicate]

Evaluation of $\displaystyle \int\frac{\sqrt{\sin x}}{\sqrt{\sin x}+\sqrt{\cos x}}dx$ $\bf{My\; Try::}$ Given $\displaystyle \int\frac{\sqrt{\sin x}}{\sqrt{\sin x}+\sqrt{\cos x}}dx = \int ...
2
votes
2answers
20 views

Question on Green's Theorem

Consider the vector field $\textbf{f}(x,y)=(ye^{xy}+y^2\sqrt{x})\textbf{i}+(xe^{xy}+\frac{4}{3}yx^{\frac{3}{2}})\textbf{j}$. Use Green's Theorem to evaluate $\int_C\textbf{f} \dot d\textbf{r}$, where ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Proving a set is of measure zero.

Let $C\subset A\times B$ be a set of content zero. Let $A'\subset A$ be the set of all $x\in A$ such that $\{y\in B: (x,y)\in C\}$ is not of content zero. Show that $A'$ is a set of measure zero. ...