All aspects of integration, including the definition of the integral and computing different types of integrals. For questions solely about the properties of integrals, don't use this tag alone! Use in conjunction with (indefinite-integral), (definite-integral), (improper-integrals) or another ...

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1answer
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Expressing as definite integral

Evaluate limit by expressing it as a definite integral. I do not know how to write this formula out first as a sum formula, any help would be appreciated!
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3answers
44 views

Derivation of the integral

Evaluate $$\large\frac{d}{dx}\int_{0}^{\large\int_0^{e^x}{\cos (s)\,\mathrm ds}}\sec(t^2)\,\mathrm dt$$ I got the answer to be $$e^x\cdot\sec(\sin^2(e^x))\cdot \cos(e^x)$$ but do not know if ...
2
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1answer
11 views

Singular chain complex for integration - pinching on boundary

Singular chain complex, as far as topology are concerned, is just continuous map from standard simplex, and the choice of using simplex over other shape is immaterial. But for integration on manifold, ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

If nonnegative $f: [0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ has a continuous $f''$, then $\int_0^1 \Big| \frac{f''(x)}{f(x)} \Big| \,dx >4$

Assume that $f: [0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ has a continuous $f''$ and $f$ is positive on the interval $(0,1)$ and $0$ at the endpoints. I want to prove that $$\int_0^1 \Big| \frac{f''(x)}{f(x)} ...
3
votes
2answers
71 views

$\frac{1}{x^2} \int xe^x dx$ without using integration by parts

On a test i just had, i needed to solve a differential equation which lead me to having to find the result of $$ \frac{1}{x^2}\int xe^x dx $$ I then attempted to do this integral without integration ...
2
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5answers
46 views

Integration by parts of $\cos(x)e^{-x}dx$

I do the integral but I end up getting the original $\cos(x)e^{-x}dx$ on both sides and canceling them out resulting in no solution. Can I get a step by step break down of how to solve?
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0answers
36 views

How is Riemann–Stieltjes Integration insufficient for developing modern probability theory?

If we consider Riemann–Stieltjes integration then it can perfectly account for mixed probability distribution (a continuous R.V with some point mass). So why would we still need Lebesgue Integration ...
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0answers
27 views

Problem with this question on solid of revolution

Calculate the volume of a revolution solid obtained by rotation around the x-axis, the region bounded by the graph of $y=e^x$, $-1\le x \le1$ and the x-axis. Thanks in advance, and sorry about my ...
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1answer
33 views

Recapitulated: Stone's Theorem Integral

This problem grew out from: Stone's Theorem Integral For a definition and a nonexample: Generalized Riemann Integral: Definition Generalized Riemann Integral: Nonexample The Riemann integral ...
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0answers
13 views

Simple indefinite integral of a vector function

I am having trouble with this simple integration. I am not sure of the process or steps to follow to solve this type of problem: If $\mathbf{V}(t)$ is a vector function of $t$, find the indefinite ...
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0answers
17 views

When substituting in integration, do you have to change the limits of integration so long as you keep it consistent?

I have this integral: In order to solve for it, I have to substitute: t=tan(theta) dt=(sec(theta))^2 d(theta) When substituting that, I know I have to change the limits of integration within ...
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0answers
33 views

Piecewise vs Continuous Integration

I have the following data: Daily spend on marketing Daily gain of fans because of that spend on marketing ('billed' fans) The 'organic' daily number of fans for the same period above (ie free ...
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0answers
43 views

Integration of a polynomial

I am facing a problem in finding the integral $$\int\frac{r^2}{-C r^3 + r^2 -2 M r +Q^2}\,dr$$ Here M, Q, and C are parameteres (to be fixed later). Could anybody Please help me in finding it? I ...
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2answers
76 views

Calculation of $\int_0^{\pi} \frac{\sin^2 x}{a^2+b^2-2ab \cos x} dx\;,$

Calculation of $\displaystyle \int_0^{\pi} \frac{\sin^2 x}{a^2+b^2-2ab \cos x} dx\;,$ given that $ a>b>0$ $\bf{My\; Try::}$ Let $\displaystyle I = \int_{0}^{\pi}\frac{\sin^2 ...
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1answer
24 views

Uniform convergence and integrability

If $(f_n)_{n \in \Bbb N}$ converges to $f$ uniformly and each $f_n$ integrable would it imply $f$ is integrable and $$\lim_{n \to \infty}\int f_n = \int f$$ In case each $f_n$ is nonnegative ...
3
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3answers
54 views

Is $\int_1^\infty \frac{\log(x-1)}{x(x-1)}\,dx$ convergent?

Does the following integral $$\int_1^\infty \frac{\log(x-1)}{x(x-1)}\,dx$$ converge? If it is convergent can we compute it?
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1answer
25 views

Counting function for the number of zeros of a continuous positive function?

Let $f(x)$ within $x\in[a,b]$ an absolute continuous function with $f(x)\geq0$ $f(x_m)=0$ for all absolute minima $x_m$ no other zeros than at $x_m$ I am trying to define a counting function for ...
3
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3answers
56 views

Problems with this integral $ \int \sqrt{1 + {1 \over t^2} + {2 \over t}} dt$

$$ \int \sqrt{1 + {1 \over t^2} + {2 \over t}}\,\mathrm dt$$ I tried making substitution, using $ u=1 + \dfrac{1}{ t^2} + \dfrac{2 }{ t} $, then , $dt=\dfrac{du}{-2\left({1 \over t^3 }+ {1 \over ...
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2answers
93 views

Evaluating $\int^{4}_{1} \sqrt{1+\left(\frac{1}{2\sqrt{y}}-7\right)^2} dy$

I was trying to find arc-length of $x = \sqrt{y}-7y$ So basically right now I am stuck with this $$\int^{4}_{1} \sqrt{1+\left(\frac{1}{2\sqrt{y}}-7\right)^2} \,\mathrm dy$$ $$\int^{4}_{1} ...
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2answers
25 views

Arc length of a curve which already has an integral sign

This one here was tricky because the function already has an integral sign. My guess is that I need to evaluate the indegral where $x=4$ so that i get $y=f(t)$ and after that apply the Arc Length ...
5
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2answers
52 views

Integration $\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{-\pi}^{\pi}(x-a)^ke^{-i\omega x}dx, \ \ \ \ a\in\mathbb R$.

Give a compact form for the solution of integral: $$\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{-\pi}^{\pi}(x-a)^ke^{-i\omega x}dx, \ \ \ \ a\in\mathbb R,k\in\mathbb N$$ any suggestions please?
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1answer
24 views

Partial Derivative of a nonexistant variable?

I am wondering how I would find the partial derivative of $z = g(r, \theta) = \theta$ with respect to both $r$ and $\theta$. I realize that if you take the partial in respect to $\theta$, it is 1. I'm ...
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0answers
38 views

Antiderivative of $|x − 2| + |x − 3|$ [on hold]

Find the most general antiderivatives of the following function. $$|x − 2| + |x − 3|$$ I started with showing that the antiderivative for $|u|$ is $\dfrac{u|u|}2$. How to proceed then?
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0answers
24 views

The set composed of domain and codomain of integrable function measure zero

There is this problem which I have constructed a plan to prove, and I am stuck. If anyone could see my plan and tell what is wrong about it I would be very thankful. Let $f: Q \to [0,1]$ be ...
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1answer
51 views

Taking the Derivative of $F(x)=\int_0^x f(t)\,dt$ [on hold]

Let $F(x)=\int_0^x f(t)\,dt$ What is the derivative of $F(x)$? I desperately need guidance!
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1answer
34 views

Lebesgue integration in one variable

I have studying the conditions for the existence of the Lebesgue integral. Generally, to show that existence of the integral of a function on an unbounded interval, one can integrate and take ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Verify Green's Theorem for region bounded by the lines $x=2$, $y=0$, $y=2x$

Verify Green's Theorem for the region D bounded by the lines $x=2$, $y=0$, $y=2x$ and the functions $f(x,y)=(2x^2)y$, $g(x,y)=2x^3$. I have been trying this question for far too long and I can't ...
2
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1answer
26 views

Inequality involving Holders Inequalities

Suppose $f\in L^p(\mathbb{R})\cap L^\infty(\mathbb{R})$ for some $p>2$, show that $||f||_{p}\leq ||f||_2^{2/p}||f||_{\infty}^{1-2/p}$ I tried to write $|f|^p=|f|^{\frac{p}{2}}|f|^{\frac{p}{2}}$ ...
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1answer
25 views

Prove that the antiderivative of an integrable function is both bounded and integrable

Let $f: [a,b] \to \mathbb{R}$ be a bounded function which is also integrable. Define $F: [a,b] \to \mathbb{R}$ by $$F(x)=\int_{a}^xf(t)\ dt$$ To prove that $F(x)$ is also bounded and integrable I ...
4
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6answers
121 views

Show that $\displaystyle\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin (\lambda x)}{e^x} \, \mathrm dx =\frac{\lambda}{1+{\lambda^2}}$

$$\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin (\lambda x)}{e^x} \, \mathrm dx =\frac{\lambda}{1+{\lambda^2}}$$ My Intuition telling me there might be an $\arctan$ coming up, but I don't know how to do this ...
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0answers
8 views

A cylinder with base radius of 9 𝑐𝑚 and height 16 𝑐𝑚 is cut by the plane [on hold]

A cylinder with base radius of 9 𝑐𝑚 and height 16 𝑐𝑚 is cut by the plane 𝑥 + 𝑦 + 𝑧 = 9 and 𝑧 = 0. Using triple integral, find the volume of the cylindrical section bounded by the planes.
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0answers
16 views

Question on area under and between curves and volume of a solid by revolution

I have recently begun learning about finding the area under the curve by definite integrals. But I am still a little unsure of the concepts. When you integrate for a certain range of the graph , does ...
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1answer
22 views

Second mean value theorem proof

I am asked to prove the second mean value theorem: Let $f$ and $g$ be defined on $[a,b]$ with $g$ continuous, $f\ge 0$, and $f$ integrable. Then there is a point $x_0 \in (a,b)$ such that $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

ML-inequality for real integrals

For a homework assignment from my analysis class, I was asked to show the following: Let $f\colon [a,b] \to \mathbb{R} $ be Riemann integrable and $|f(x)| \le M$. Define $F(x) = \int_{a}^{x}f(t)dt$. ...
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2answers
30 views

When do you drop the absolute value from ln|x| + C when integrating $\frac{1}{u}du$

Given: p(t) represents the number of cats, when t>=0. Given: p(t) is increasing at a rate directly proportional to $800-p(t)$ So, I represent this as: $\frac{dp}{dt}= k(800-P)$ I want p(t), so I ...
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0answers
35 views

Can these two indefinite integrals be evaluated in closed form?

I'm wondering whether any of these two indefinite integrals $$\int \frac{1}{\sqrt{1+\alpha \sinh^{-\frac43}(x)}}dx$$ $$\int \frac{\sinh^{-\frac43}(x)}{\sqrt{1+\alpha \sinh^{-\frac43}(x)}}dx$$ can be ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Evaluating $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(x^2+b^2)^2}dx$

Find $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(x^2+b^2)^2}dx$$ We see that the only poles are at $x=\pm bi$. Integrating over the semicircular contour implies that it is equal to $2\pi i*Res_{(+bi)}$ ...
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0answers
40 views

What are the integration of these inverse trigonometric function? [on hold]

Integrate the following: Please Help me, I don't where to start. I used several methods to solve this like completing the squares.. $\int\frac{u^4+4}{u^4+9}du$ $\int\frac{\sin(x)(\cos ...
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1answer
38 views

Lebesgue point and integration

Let $f$ be in $L^1_{\text{loc}}(\mathbb{R})$. We know that for almost every $t$ $$ \lim_{h\to 0} \frac{1}{h} \int_t^{t+h} |f(u)-f(t)|\text{d} u = 0. $$ My question is : can we say that for almost ...
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vote
2answers
43 views

Integral of $((x^2+1)((x-1)^2+1))^{-1}$

Find $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(x^2+1)(2-2x+x^2)}dx$$ So I am going to integrate this using a semicircular contour. Is it safe to say that on the curved part, the integral vanishes? because ...
2
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0answers
77 views

How to evaluate this integral$\int_{-\infty}^\infty\dfrac{\omega^\alpha e^{i\omega t}}{(\omega_0^2-\omega^2)^{2}+4(\zeta\omega_0\omega)^2}\,d\omega$

How to calculate the following integral? $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty\dfrac{\omega^\alpha e^{i\omega t}}{(\omega_0^2-\omega^2)^{2}+4(\zeta\omega_0\omega)^2}\,d\omega$$ where ...
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2answers
19 views

Integration with bounded derivative

I try to solve the following problem, but I have no idea how to link bounded derivative to integral: IN Riemann Sence Let $f:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a differentiable function such that ...
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0answers
18 views

Contour Integral of sin(z)/(z^2-z)

Find the integral $\int_{\lambda}\frac{\sin(z)}{z(z-1)}$ where $\lambda(t) = 10e^{it},t\in[0,2\pi]$ We notice that there are poles at $z = 0$ and $z=1$. So we can use residue theorem but I am ...
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1answer
12 views

integration concening Fourier transfom variable and space variable

We define the short time Fourier transform as follows: $$V_{g}f(x,w)=\int_{\mathbb R} f(t)g(t-x)e^{-2\pi itw} dt, (x,w \in \mathbb R).$$ (We may assume that $f$ and $g$ nice functions so that every ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

Growth of plant in greenhouse

The following problem came up in an exam I sat recently. I got 113cm, but I'm quite unsure about my method. Is someone able to go through the working and explain the problem? Of course, I don't ...
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0answers
20 views

Integral on sphere and ellipsoid

Let $a,b,c \in \mathbb{R},$ $\mathbf{A}=\left[\begin{array}{*{20}{c}} \mathbf{a}&{0}&{0}\\ {0}&\mathbf{b}&{0}\\ {0}&{0}&\mathbf{c} \end{array}\right]$ , det A $>1$ Let D = ...
0
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1answer
18 views

Show that $u(x)=\ln\left(\ln\left(\frac{1}{1+|x|}\right)\right)$ is in $W^{1,n}(U)$, where $U=B(0,1)\subset\mathbb{R}^n$.

The entire problem statement is: Let $n>1$ and let $U=B(0,1)\subset\mathbb{R}^n$. Show that $u:U\to\mathbb{R}$ given by $$u(x)=\ln\left(\ln\left(\frac{1}{1+|x|}\right)\right)$$ is in ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Prove that both iterated integrals exists but $f$ is not integrable

I need to prove that the function $f$, given by: $$f(x,y)= \begin{cases} 1 \iff (x,y) =(\frac p {2^n},\frac q {2^n}): (p,q,n) \in \Bbb N^3, 0<p,q<2^n \\0 \iff (x,y) \neq (\frac p {2^n},\frac q ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Indefinite integrals with natural logs [duplicate]

I know the integral of $\frac{1}{x}$ is $\log(x)$ but I'm not sure how to solve this problem, any help would be appreciated: $$ \int^{3}_{2} \frac{1}{x \ln x} $$ I think I need to substitute $x\ln x$ ...
0
votes
2answers
24 views

Showing that all monotone functions are integrable

I am given the following proof: Theorem. All monotone functions are integrable. Proof. Without loss of generality, assume that $f$ is increasing on an interval $\left[a, b \right]$. Thus, $f(a) \le ...