All aspects of integration, including the definition of the integral and computing different types of integrals. For questions solely about the properties of integrals, don't use this tag alone! Use in conjunction with (indefinite-integral), (definite-integral), (improper-integrals) or another ...

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3
votes
0answers
20 views

Evaluation of $\int_0^{\pi/4} \sqrt{\tan x} \sqrt{1-\tan x}\,\,dx$

How to evaluate the following integral $$\int_0^{\pi/4} \sqrt{\tan x} \sqrt{1-\tan x}\,\,dx$$ It looks like beta function but Wolfram Alpha cannot evaluate it. So, I computed the numerical value of ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

A question about $f(x)\equiv C$

Let $f(x)$ is Continuous function on $[0,\pi]$,and for $n=1,2,.....,$ the function $f(x)$ has the following property:$$\int_{0}^{\pi}f(x)\cos{(nx)}dx=0.(n=1,2,......)$$ Proof: $f(x)\equiv C$(C is ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Integral over homogeneous function does not vanish

Let $\alpha>0$ be a multi-index. For $x,y\in\mathbb{R}^n$, $n>1$, we consider the integral $$\int_{|x|=1} \int_{|y|=1} \partial_y^\alpha f(y)\ g(x,y)\ \mathrm{d}y \mathrm{d}x\qquad (*)$$ where ...
3
votes
2answers
74 views

How to show that $\int_0^1 dx \frac{1+x^a}{(1+x)^{a+2}} = \frac{1}{a+1}$?

From numerical evidence it appears that whenever the integral converges, $$J_a :=\int_0^1 dx \frac{1+x^a}{(1+x)^{a+2}} = \frac{1}{a+1}.$$ For $a \in \mathbb{N}$, I was able to prove this using ...
1
vote
0answers
12 views

Accelerometer data integration (MMSE)

Based on the raw accelerometer measurements use simple integration on the raw $X$ and $Y$ axis data to determine the velocity and position. If we assume a linear model $Y = aX + b$ for determine the ...
1
vote
2answers
29 views

Integral of pdf

I need to find the integral for this pdf but I don't know if I need to, or can, take the integral of two variables at the same time. $$ f(x;\theta)=\frac{x}{\theta^2} e^{-x^2/(2\theta^2)} ,\quad ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

If functions converge a.e. and their integrals converge, does convergence in $L^1$ follow?

I was wondering if $f_n, f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ are s.t. $f_n\rightarrow f$ pointwise a.e. and $\int f_n\rightarrow \int f$ where integrals are Lebesgue Integrals, is there any Theorem or ...
-2
votes
0answers
17 views

Solve definite integral using complex-variable technique. (Engineering mathematics class) [on hold]

Solve the definite integral using the complex-variable technique.
0
votes
3answers
50 views

how to integrate $\int_{0}^1 \sqrt{(e^x+e^{-x}+2)} dx $? [on hold]

what to find $\int_{0}^1 \sqrt{(e^x+e^{-x}+2)} dx $ ? Could you give me a hint? Thanks!
-4
votes
1answer
33 views

integrate by parts: $\int \cosh^2(x)dx$ please show solution step by step [on hold]

Integrate by parts: $$\int \cosh^2(x)dx$$ Please show the solution step by step. I actually somehow found my self in a loop solving the integral: = cosh(x) sinh(x) - int (sinh(x) (-sinh(x)) (x) = ...
1
vote
2answers
29 views

Integration with square root in denominator

I am honestly embarrassed to ask this because i feel like i should know how to do this but: $ \int \frac{x}{\sqrt{2x-1}}dx $ Try to use u-substitution please
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Gamma function in $C^{2}$

How can I show that for $x>0$, the Gamma function is at least $C^{2}$? The Gamma function is defined as $$\displaystyle \int^\infty_0 e^{-t}t^{x-1}\ dt$$ For which $x$ is the integrand integrable?
1
vote
2answers
82 views

How to integrate $\int \frac{\sqrt{x}}{x+1}dx$?

How to integrate $$\int \frac{\sqrt{x}}{x+1}dx$$ Can I substitute $x+1$ with $u$?
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Solving the integral which shows the second moment of subtracting two Beta-distributed Random Variables

Peace be upon you In my project I needed to find the second moment of the subtraction of two Beta-distributed random variables. I have computed it and reached to the following integral which I should ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Fubini's theorem, interchanging order of integration

My question is, imagine I want to compute the following integral: $$\int_A \int_B f(x,y)dxdy$$ and I decide to start from $x$ and get $$\int_A \int_B f(x,y) dxdy <\infty.$$ On the contrary if I ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Calculating the Integral of a non conservative vector field

I have no clue how to do part C because a) is non conservative What I got for b) $f(x,y)=\frac{x^3}{3}+2yx+\frac{y^3}{3}+K$ (I don't know the symbol for the thing so I used f(x,y) instead. How do I ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Estimates for the wave equation

Spose $ u $ solves the wave equation on $ U \subset \mathbb{R}^3 $ with initial conditions $ u (x, 0) = g(x)$ and $ u_t(x,0) = h(x)$, where lower script indicates partial differentiation. Then we have ...
0
votes
2answers
28 views

Integrating the gamma function

I assumed that $$\Gamma\left(k+\frac{1}{2}\right)=2\int^\infty_0 e^{-x^2}x^{2k}\,dx=\frac{\sqrt{\pi}(2k)!}{4^k k!} \,,\space k>-\frac{1}{2}$$ and that ...
5
votes
0answers
38 views

How do I do this change of variables?

Use a change of variables to evaluate: $$\iiint\limits_{D}xy\,\mathrm{d}V$$$D$ is bounded by the planes $y-x=0$, $y-x = 2$, $z-y = 0$, $z-y = 1$, $z=0$, $z=3$. I set $$u = y-x$$ $$v = z-y$$ $$w ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

A suitable integration path for $\cos z/(2 + \cos z)$

I was solving the exercises and got stuck when trying to solve this with tools of residual calculus $$ \int_{0}^{2 \pi} \frac{\cos (z)}{2 + \cos (z)} \, dz = \int_{0}^{2 \pi} f(z) \, dz. $$ Isolated ...
2
votes
2answers
35 views

Calculus: volume of revolution about a line other than the $x$-axis.

Find the volume of the solid of revolution obtained by rotating the region bounded by $f(x) = x^3 + 1$, $g(x) = x^2$ and $0 ≤ x ≤ 1$ about the line $y = 3$. I know the gist of the problem, but ...
-1
votes
2answers
25 views

Calculate line integral

For $f(x,y) = 2x + y + 10$, calculate the line integral $$ \int_{L}{f(x,y)dL} $$ where $L$ is the straight line between $(1,4)$ and $(5,1)$ in the $xy$-plane.
6
votes
3answers
83 views

Integration $I_n=\int_{0}^{1}\frac{dx}{(x^n+1)(\sqrt[n]{x^n+1})}$

$$I_n=\int_{0}^{1}\frac{dx}{(x^n+1)\large\sqrt[n]{\normalsize x^n+1}}$$ Could someone help me through this problem?
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Integration by Substitution

Question: Use the substitution $u=\tan x$ to find $\displaystyle \int_{0}^{\large \frac{\pi}{4}}\left(\tan^{n+2}x + \tan^{n}x\right)dx$. Using the above result, find the exact value of ...
2
votes
0answers
11 views

How to relate two integration contour?

How one can relate two integration contour? For example if I have an integration contour like $\int_{-a}^{a}f(x)dx$ here let say a=infinity. How I can say that the integral $\int_{2}^{3}f(x)dx$ is a ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Determine integral by using the following identity (which is imaginairy)?

I want to determine the following integral: $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac1{x^6+1} dx$$ by using the following identity: $$\frac1{x^6+1} = \Im\left[\frac1{x^3-i}\right]$$ How in the world can I do ...
0
votes
2answers
16 views

Integration separation of variable

Liquid is flowing into a small tank which has a leak. Initially the tank is empty and, t minutes later, the volume of liquid in the tank is V cm3 . The liquid is flowing into the tank at a constant ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Closed-form of $\int_0^1 \int_0^1 \int_0^1 x^{(y^z)} \,dz\,dy\,dx$

We know that $$\int_0^1 \int_0^1 x^y\,dy\,dx = \ln 2.$$ Do we know a closed-form of $$\int_0^1 \int_0^1 \int_0^1 x^{(y^z)} \,dz\,dy\,dx\,?$$ As a start we know that $$\int_0^1 x^{(y^z)}\,dz = ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

By applying the second version of the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus find the integral:

The second version of the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus states that if $F'(x)=f(x)$ then $\int_{a}^{b} f(x) dx = F(b)-F(a)$. I need to use this to find a) $\int_{-2}^{-1} \frac{1}{x^3} dx $ and b) ...
4
votes
1answer
57 views

Integrate $e^{-\frac{y^2}{2}}\left(\frac{1}{y^2}+1\right)$

I'm trying to find $$\displaystyle \int{e^{-\frac{y^2}{2}}} \left(\frac{1}{y^2}+1\right)dy$$ I tried using integration by parts and some substitutions, but nothing seem to work. The answer is ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Evaluate $\int\sec^4(u) \operatorname d \!u$

Evaluate $$\int\sec^4(u) \operatorname d \!u$$ I don't know what to substitute: I've tried $1+\tan(u)$ and integration by parts. I know the general formula for $\sec^n(u)$, but I want to be able to ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Setting up a volume-finding calculation

I'm asked to find the volume inside the sphere $x^2+y^2+z^2=25$ and outside the cylinder $x^2+y^2=1$. I approached the volume $V$ in the following way: ...
2
votes
2answers
123 views

How to evaluate $\int_0^1\frac{\tanh ^{-1}(x)\log(x)}{(1-x) x (x+1)} \operatorname d \!x$?

How to evaluate the following integral $$\int_0^1\frac{\tanh ^{-1}(x)\log(x)}{(1-x) x (x+1)} \operatorname d \!x $$ The numerical result is $= -1.38104$ and when I look at it, I have no idea how to ...
3
votes
2answers
25 views

how can i change specifically the intervals of a double integral?

I know how to change the intervals of an integral, for example the integral of $(\sin x)^2$ from $-\pi$ to $\pi$ is equal to $\pi\int_{-1}^1 (\sin πx)^2 \,dx$. I find it difficult to do that in 2D. ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Is there a way to use this interpretation of differential forms on manifolds?

I read Rudin's "Principles of Mathematical Analysis". In the part of Differential Forms, he defined them formally. I particularly enjoyed the formal viewpoint, since everywhere else it seems that the ...
3
votes
0answers
31 views

How to find the Maclaurin series for the integral of $e^{x^2}$?

I am trying to find the Maclaurin series for the integral of $e^{x^2}$? What I done so far is that the Maclaurin series for $e^{x^2}$ is $$e^{x^2}=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{x^{2n}}{n!}$$ So would ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

$f, g: X \rightarrow \bar{R}$ are measurable, if $f \leq g$ a.e. then $\int f d\mu \leq \int g d\mu$

Let $(X,M,\mu)$ be a measure space. $f, g: X \rightarrow \bar{R}$ are measurable. If $f \leq g$ a.e. and $\int f d\mu, \int g d\mu$ both exist, show that $\int f d\mu \leq \int g d\mu$. Here a.e. ...
3
votes
2answers
30 views

Convergence of sequence of integrals.

Let $(\mathcal{X}, \mathcal{A}, \mu)$ be a measure space, $f_n: \mathcal{X} \to \Bbb R$ a sequence of measurable functions, and $g_n:\mathcal{X} \to \Bbb R$ integrable functions such that $|f_n| ...
5
votes
2answers
48 views

Any idea ? $\int {\sqrt{1+\sqrt{x}}}/x dx$

$\int \frac{{\sqrt{1+\sqrt{x}}}}{x} dx$ I try with $u=\sqrt x $ but i don't know what to do... Thank you Shadock
0
votes
1answer
22 views

how to show this manipulation in the integral

Let we have: $$G(t)=y_1(t)\int y_2(s)ds$$ when we take the limits as: $$G(t)=y_1(t)\int^t_{t_0} y_2(s)ds$$ then is it possible to write it as: $$G(t)=y_1(t)\int^t_{t_0} y_2(s)ds=\int^t_{t_0} ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Center of mass of a barrel partially filled with grain

Bubba has a barrel in the shape of a cylinder of mass 39.4 kg. The barrel has a diameter of 62.4 cm and is 1.32 m tall. He fills the barrel to a depth of 49.5 cm with loose packed grain that has an ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Triple integral containing definite integral and exponentials with trigonometric functions

I am attempting to solve the following integral analytically: $$ \int_{z=5i}^{z=1} \int_{t=\csc^{-12}(z)}^{t=2} \int_{\theta=\sin^{t}(z)}^{\theta=t^2} {[\mathrm{e}^{t\cos(\mathrm{e}^{i \theta})} + ...
0
votes
3answers
15 views

Integrate the differential equation of a simple rate equation

Could somebody please show me how to integrate the following: $dA/dt = -kA$ I'm told that the answer is: $A(t) = A(0)e^-kt$ but I do not know why. Could you be explicit in your answer and explain ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Calculating a limit of integrals

I am having a problem with the following exercise: Show that for every bounded borelian function $\varphi : \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, $\underset{n}{lim} \frac{n}{\sqrt{2\pi}} ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Equivalent form of a double integral.

I am looking at the second question of this problem set: The iterated integral $\int_0^1 \int_{y/2}^1 e^{x^2} dx \, dy$ can be expressed as (a) $\int_0^1 \int_0^{2x} e^{x^2} dy \, dx$ ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Fundamental theorem of calculus problem - trig functions

My problem is: On the interval (0 , pi/2). I know I need to split it in two integrals, but I don't know how. I would appreciate any suggestions on how to proceed.
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Integral with parameter: $\int_{0}^{a}x^2\sqrt{a^2-x^2}dx$

I have the following integral : $$\int_{0}^{a}x^2\sqrt{a^2-x^2}dx$$ I tried to manipulate the integral and then use substitution to get a rational form to arrive at: $$-8a^4\int_0^a ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Integration question with square root

$\int\sqrt {(1+3x^2+6x^3}dx$ I tried taking the substitution $u^2=1+3x^2+6x^3$. I was able to simplify the integral to $\frac{1}{(3x)(1+3x)} + \frac{x}{1+3x} + \frac{2x^2}{1+3x}$. I know I can form ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Proving $\int_{\frac{\pi}{4}}^{\frac{3\pi}{4}}{e^{\cos(x)}\cot(x)} dx < \frac{1}{e}$

While i was playing around with very weird functions and came across this: $$ \int_{\frac{\pi}{4}}^{\frac{3\pi}{4}}{e^{\cos(x)}\cot(x)}dx \approx 0.3676932086...\approx \frac{1}{e} - ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Does there exist such function?

Fix an integer value $k\geq 1$. Let $[0,1]$ the unit interval and let $s\in [0,1]$. Does there exist a function $f$ (which depends on $k$ of course but not on $s$) such that $$\int_s^1 \left( ...