Concerns all aspects of integration, including the integral definition and computational methods. For questions solely about the properties of integrals, use in conjunction with (indefinite-integral), (definite-integral), (improper-integrals) or another tag(s) that typically describe(s) the types of ...

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4
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1answer
81 views

Prove or disprove $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{dx}{\cos x+\cosh x}=\frac{1512835691 \pi}{1983703776}$

In this question, Evaluating the integral $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac {dx}{\cos x + \cosh x}$ , robjohn evaluates the integral to a nice summation with an approximate value. When plugged into W|A, it ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

prove Gaussian integral using polar cordinates

The proof method is to equate expression$\mathrm{\iint_{-\infty}^\infty\,e^{-(x^2+y^2)}}$ (Cartesian)with $\mathrm{\int_0^{2\pi}\int_0^{\infty}e^{-r^2}drd\theta}$(polar) however, the answer goes ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Show by substitution that: $\int^{xy}_{x}\frac{dt}{t}=\int^{y}_{1}\frac{dt}{t}$.

probably it is an easy one, but I can't get my head around it. Show by substitution that: $$\int^{xy}_{x}\frac{dt}{t}=\int^{y}_{1}\frac{dt}{t}$$ Any help would be greatly appreciated.
1
vote
1answer
10 views

Function of Jointly Distributed and Convolution

Looking into the continuous case of the sum of jointly distributed RVs in an example in my textbook and there are a few steps missing that I can't seem to wrap my head around. If $X$ and $Y$ are ...
4
votes
1answer
36 views

Complex analysis integration with logs

$$\int_C \operatorname{Log}\left(1-\frac 1 z \right)\,dz$$ where $C$ is the circle $|z|=2$ I don't even know how you would begin doing this. I understand $\operatorname{Log}(z)=\ln|z|+i\arg(z)$, ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

One point following another moving in a straight line?

There is a plane with two points on it, let's say A and B. A starts at an arbitrary constant point, let's say $(0, 0)$, and $B$ at a point that needs to be tested, which we'll call $(c, d)$. A moves ...
0
votes
1answer
10 views

calculating center of mass of the semicircle which the density at any point is proportional the distance from the center

Assuming the radius is r, and the origin is put on the center of the semicircle. Using polar coordinates. first, because symmetry, the $\bar{x}$ is 0, now trying to find $\bar{y}$: the mass of the ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Integral of $\frac{\sin^2(nx/2)}{\sin^2(x/2)}$ over $[-\pi,\pi]$.

I would like to show that $$\frac{1}{n\pi}\int_{-\pi}^\pi \frac{\sin^2(nx/2)}{2\sin^2(x/2)} dx = 1$$ My attempt is very similar to the accepted answer to this question. $$\int_{-\pi}^\pi ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Calculate $\displaystyle\int_{-T}^T\sin(x-a)\cdot\sin(x-b)~e^{-k~(x-a)(x-b)}~dx\quad$

Calculate $$\displaystyle\int_{-T}^T\sin(x-a)\cdot\sin(x-b)~e^{-k~(x-a)(x-b)}~dx\quad$$ I have no idea how to proceed. Any suggestions please? Here $T>0$.
5
votes
2answers
54 views

Integral depending on a parameter

Task: find all values of the parameter, such that integral converges. $$\int_0^{+\infty} \frac{dx}{1+x^a \sin^2x}$$ I tried a lot and i used Cauchy and Weierstrass method but it was useless. And now i ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

definite integral of a complex function

I wonder if there is a way to evaluate this definite integral... $$\frac{2}{\pi}(\ln (2) + \int_{0}^{\infty}({\sqrt{\frac{1}{t^{4}} - \frac{4e^{-4t}}{(1 - e^{-4t})^{2}}}} - \frac{1}{t^2 + 1})dt)$$ ...
1
vote
2answers
10 views

Discretization of integral on infinite domain.

Let $[a, b]$ be a closed interval of the real line and let a sequence as $$a = x_0 \le t_1 \le x_1 \le t_2 \le x_2 \le \cdots \le x_{n-1} \le t_n \le x_n = b . \,\!$$ This partitions the interval $[a, ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

under which conditions this equality holds

Consider $f : [0,\infty) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a function such that $\lim_{t\rightarrow \infty} f(t) = 0$. I was wondering if the following relation holds $$lim_{t\rightarrow\infty}\int_0^t ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Integral of $xe^{-ax^2-bx^{-1}}$

I am currently facing an integral I have no clue how to solve it. I believe it is rather exoctic, but I hope you might have some good advice: $$\int_0^{\infty} x e^{-ax^2-bx^{-1}} \, \mathrm{d}x, ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

integral inequalities and continuous functions [on hold]

Let $f$ be a positive, continuous function on $\mathbb{R}$. Let $c\in (0,1/2)$ be a constant and $\lambda>1$. I want to prove that: (1). for any $a\in\mathbb{R}$, there exists $\delta(a)>0$ ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Find the density function of $X$, from the random vector $(X,Y)$ if the PDF of this vector is:

$$\phi(x,y)= \frac{|x|}{\sqrt{8 \pi}}e^{-|x|- \frac{1}{2}x^2y^2}, x,y \in R $$ Now I'm aware I would have to do $$\phi_X(x)=\int_{- \infty}^{+ \infty}\phi(x,y) dy$$, what is confusing me is this ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

How to integrate $\int dx \frac{1}{\cosh^2 x +a^2}$ [on hold]

How to integrate: $$\int dx \frac{1}{\cosh^2 x +a^2}$$
3
votes
2answers
52 views

How to prove $\lim \limits_{n\to\infty}(n+1)\int_{0}^{1}x^nf(x)dx=f(1)$

I need help to prove this in real analysis. I think it uses IMVT, but not sure how to do it. Let $f(x)$ be a real valued continuous function on $[0,1]$. Show that $$ \lim ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Finding area of a spheroid

Let $M=\{(x,y,z)\in \Bbb{R}^3 : (x/a)^2 + (y/b)^2 + (z/c)^2 = 1\}$. Find $\text{vol}_2(M) = \int_M 1 dS$. My attempt: The map $$\Phi:(0,\pi)\times (0,2\pi)\to \Bbb{R}^3\\ \qquad (\varphi, ...
0
votes
2answers
58 views

Integral of $e^{x^3}$

How do I find the integral of $e^{x^3}$. I have to do find the following integral and when I try to do integration by parts, I cannot find the integral of $e^{x^3}$. $$\int x^2 e^{x^3} ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Calculating volume by disc integration

What is the volume $V$ of the object created when the area formed by the lines $$y=x$$ $$y = 2-x^2$$ $$0 \le y \le 2$$ is rotated around the $y$-axis? It says that the answer is $\dfrac{5\pi}{6}$. ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Surface area of revolution of curve

I am wondering why this particular integration is being found difficult to solve. Would appreciate any help I can get. the graph is $y = x^3$ and the limits are $0 \leq y \leq 1$
2
votes
1answer
77 views

$1-1+1-1+1-1+\cdots = \frac 12$ proof?

Note: I claim no credit for this "proof". A friend came up with it and I thought it was pretty cool. Let's say you wanted to prove that $$1-1+1-1+1-1+ \cdots = \frac 12$$ Well, as mentioned before, ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Convergence in distribution of distributions $p_n$ implies convergence in distribution of $s_n$?

Question Setup Suppose $p_n(x,y)$ is a sequence of probability densities on $\mathbb R^2$ and $q_n(x)$ is a sequence of densities on $\mathbb R$ such that \begin{align*} \int b(x,y) \ p_n(x,y) \ dx ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Measurable function growing at most linearly

Let $F$ be a measurable function on $\mathbb{R}$ which grows at most linearly ($F(x) \leq C|x|$), and is differentiable at zero, $F'(0)=a$. Show that $$\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty}\int_{-\infty}^\infty ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Improper Intergral (Fresnel- like)

Let $\alpha >1$. Show that $$\int_0^\infty \sin(x^\alpha)\,dx= \sin\left(\frac{\pi}{2\alpha}\right) \int_0^\infty e^{-r^\alpha}\,dr.$$ I was going to ask how to do this but figured it out while ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Understanding Verlet Velocity Method

How does the Velocity Verlet method differ from the standard Euler method? Why do we need to add Acceleration / 2 to calculate position?
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Divergence theorem for a second order tensor

I want to integrate by part the following integral in cylindrical coordinates $$\int \vec{r} \times (\nabla \cdot \overline{T}) ~d^3\vec{r} $$ where $\overline{T}$ is a second order symmetric tensor ...
-2
votes
1answer
44 views

How to integrate a function with a nested absolute value: $|x^2 - 2|x||$? [on hold]

I need help with this problem, $$\int_0^4|x^2 - 2|x||dx$$ what should I do with $2|x|$ ?
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Cylindrical Coordinates

What is the following integral in cylindrical coordinates? I did it like this and I get pi/5, but if I solve in cartesian I get 2/5.
2
votes
2answers
65 views

Expectation of $\mathbb{E}(X^{k+1})$

I have difficulties with an old exam problem : Let $X$ be a positive random variable defined on a probability space $(\Omega, \mathcal{F}, \mathbf{P})$. Show that $$\int_0^\infty t^k ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Calculate rotational volumes

I need to calculate the volume from rotating f(x) around y=2x using Pappus–Guldinus theorem. For that I need to know the distance A. $$L = (f(x) - 2x) / 2$$ But how can I optain the distance A?
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Does this kind of integral rearrangement work?

I know there isn't any general closed form for $\int{1\over{f(x)}}dx$, but let's say that for some function g(x) the following anti-derivative holds: $$\int{1\over{f(x)}} dx={g(x)\over{f(x)}}$$ Does ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Optimal Space-Travel Departure Time (Issues deriving and solving complex expressions).

Problem This problem aims to determine the optimal time to depart for an intergalactic destination, taking into account the fact that in a number of years technology back on the planet you left may ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

upper bound of a differential equation solution

Let $A(t)$ be a bounded singular values matrix that is function of time, and $f(t)$ and $L^\infty$ function of time. And consider the ODE $$ \dot x = A(t) x + f(t) $$ How we can describe qualitatively ...
11
votes
2answers
97 views

Why is $\int\int f(x)f(y) |x-y|dxdy$ negative?

The Setup Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to\mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function with support in the interval $[-R,R]$ and satisfying $\int f = 0$. By manipulating some integrals, I found the surprising inequality ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

upper bound of an $L^\infty$ function's derivative

Consider a function $u:\mathbb{R} \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}^n$ that is essentially bounded, i.e., $u \in L^\infty$. There is an upper bound of its derivative? I think there is not allways ( i.g. ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

complex integral of 1/z independent of choice of ellipse?

Can Someone please help me with the following. complex integral of 1/z over an ellipse is independent of choice of ellipse centered at zero. Why is this the case. Is it due to homotopy ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

How to integrate $e^{-t^2}$? [duplicate]

Anyone know how to integrate the following? $$ \int_0^{+\infty} \! e^{-t^2} \, \mathrm{d}t $$ Thanks
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Stieltjes integral with discontinuous integrator

I am asked to solve the following Stieltjes integral: Compute $\int_0^6 f\, dg$, where $f(x) = 6x-x^2$ and $g(x)$ is defined by: $$ g(x) = \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} x^2 &\hbox{for $0\leq x ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

Expanding the integrand

Can anyone help me find the solution to this integral: $$\int\limits{(t-4)(t-2)^{4/5}}dt?$$ I think I need to expand the integrand but I do not know how. Thanks a lot!
4
votes
3answers
287 views

Decomposition into partial fractions to compute an integral

I'm having problems with: $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{x^4+1}{x^6+1}dx$$ I was thinking: $\frac{x^4+1}{x^6+1}$ is an even function and the interval $(-\infty,\infty)$ is symmetric about 0, we ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Covariance of two integrated Brownian motions

I have a question that is similar to the one here: covariance of integral of Brownian, but the answer that I come up with does not match what the book claims the answer is. Given that $$X_t = ...
0
votes
3answers
54 views

Calculate $\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty}\int_{[0,1]}\frac{n\cos(nx)}{1+n^2 x^{\frac{3}{2}}}$

I have tried several methods but even I can not calculate. $$\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty}\int_{[0,1]}\frac{n\cos(nx)}{1+n^2 x^{\frac{3}{2}}}\,dx$$ If anyone can help, it was part of a test and still I ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Evaluate limits:$\lim\limits_{n\to\infty}\int_0^nf_n^2\ dm$, $\lim\limits_{n\to\infty}\int_0^nf_n\ dm$ with $f_n(x)=\frac{e^{\sin(x^2/n)}}{1+x}$

So I am working through some practice problems, and on one of them I can't get the second part: For $x\in(0,\infty)$ and $n\in\{1,2,3,\dots\},$ let $f_n(x)=\frac{e^{\sin\left({x^2/n}\right)}}{1+x}.$ ...
0
votes
1answer
12 views

Revolving an unknown equation around the x and y axes

The first quadrant region enclosed by the x-axis and the graph of y = ax - x^2 traces out a solid of the same volume whether it is rotated about the x-axis or the y-axis. What is the value of a?
0
votes
2answers
85 views

Suppose $a<b<c<d$ and $p(x)=(x-a)(x-b)(x-c)(x-d)$. Show that $\int_a^b \frac{dx}{\sqrt{|p(x)|}} = \int_c^d \frac{dx}{\sqrt{|p(x)|}}$

Suppose $a<b<c<d$ and $p(x)=(x-a)(x-b)(x-c)(x-d)$. Show that $$\int_a^b \frac{dx}{\sqrt{|p(x)|}} = \int_c^d \frac{dx}{\sqrt{|p(x)|}}.$$ My attempt: I perform linear substitution $u=x-a+c$ ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

What can be said about $f''$ if the trapezoidal approximation is always an overestimate?

For any $a$ and $b$ the Trapezoidal approximation of the integral $\int_a^b f(x)\,dx$ is an overestimate. What can you conclude about the second derivative of $f$? I think it might mean that the ...
2
votes
3answers
66 views

Real Methods to Evaluate $2 \int_{-1}^{1}x^2 \sqrt{1-x^2}dx$

I was recently contacted by a friend to find the values of the two following integrals by any means. $$ I=2\int_{-1}^{1}x^2 \sqrt{1-x^2}dx$$ $$ J=\int_{-1}^{1}(1-x^2) \sqrt{1-x^2}dx$$ The first ...
8
votes
1answer
105 views