Concerns all aspects of integration, including the integral definition and computational methods. For questions solely about the properties of integrals, use in conjunction with (indefinite-integral), (definite-integral), (improper-integrals) or another tag(s) that typically describe(s) the types of ...

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1answer
10 views

Find all differentiable equations using Cauchy-Riemann equations

Let $z=x+iy$ and $f(z)=u(x,y)+iv(x,y)$. I want to use the Cauchy Riemann equations to find all differentiable functions of the form $$Re( h(z))=2x^2+2x+1-2y^2$$ So I used the C-R equations with ...
1
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1answer
41 views

Fundamental theorem of calculus, differentiable at the endpoints.

One version states: Let f be a continuous real-valued function defined on a closed interval $[a,b]$. Let f be the function defined for all x in $[a,b]$, by $F(x)=\int_{a}^xf(t)dt$. Then, F is ...
2
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0answers
9 views

Area of a region on the surface of a prolate spheroid

Is there a general expression for the area of a region bounded by 3 great ellipses on the surface of a prolate spheroid (where a great ellipse is the intersection of the spheroid with a plane passing ...
1
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2answers
24 views

How would I start to solve this?

I need to calculate the derivative of $F(x)=\int_{f(x)}^{f^2(x)}f^3(t)dt$. Usually for a derivative of an integral I would plug the upper bound and lower bounds into $f(t)$ then multiply each by their ...
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0answers
12 views

Evaluate $\int^\infty_0 t^{a+b-1}(t+1)^{-b-1} U(a+2,a-b+2,ct)dt$

Evaluate $$ \int^\infty_0 t^{a+b-1}\left(t+1\right)^{-b-1} U\left(a+2,a-b+2,ct\right)dt $$ under the condition $a>0$, $b>0$ and $c>0$, where $U(\cdot,\cdot,\cdot)$ denotes the ...
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0answers
14 views

Find the Volume of the Solid--Cylindrical Shells

Find the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region bounded by the given curves about the specified axis. $$ y = 2x^2, x = 1, y = 0 $$ about the x-axis I can't seem to get this. It's in a ...
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1answer
20 views

ODE: Why do we change our variable here?

I was trying to solve a matrix equation $\dot x = Ax + Bu$ Rearranging yields $\dot x - Ax = Bu$ Let $I = e^{-At}$ our integrating factor so $d(xe^{-At})/dt = e^{-At}Bu$ Then $xe^{-At}$ = $x_0 ...
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4answers
151 views

How can I prove this integral is equal to f(0)?

Given that $f$ continuous over $[-1,1]$, how can I show $\lim_{x \to 0}\frac{1}{x}\int_0^xf(t)dt = f(0)$? I know the limit of $\frac{1}{X}$ doesn't exist at 0, and it's negative infinity from the ...
2
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2answers
74 views

Integrate $2^{x^2}$

Can someone please show me the integral $\int 2^{x^2}dx$? I know that the integral of a constant $b^x$ would result to $$\frac{b^x}{\ln b}$$, so would that mean that the function be $2^{x^x}$ and ...
1
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1answer
32 views

Prove that $\left| f'(x)\right| \leq \sqrt{2AC}$ using integration

Suppose that $f(x)$ is a $C^2$ function on $\mathbb{R}$ such that $\left| f(x) \right| \leq A$ and $\left| f''(x) \right| \leq C $ for $x \in \mathbb{R}$. Prove that $\left| f'(x)\right| \leq ...
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0answers
18 views

Volume of $y = 6\sqrt{\sin(x)}$ rotated around $y$-axis using triple integrals

The problem is to find the volume of $y = 6\cdot \sqrt{\sin (x)}$ rotated around the $y$-axis when $0 \leq y \leq 6$. I know this can be done by the sv-calc method of volumes of revolution but I ...
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0answers
13 views

find angular velocity for so that: $\exp(jt) = \exp( j(3t+\pi/3) )$ [on hold]

I have a fourier series in which there are two different arguments on the exponential function: $jt$ and $j(3t+\pi/3)$ and I have to "choose" a fitting angular velocity. It it probably easy yet it ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Evaluate an integral quickly

Evaluate the integral $$\int \sqrt{x} \ln(1+x)dx $$ so we should start with the substitution: $t=\sqrt{x}$ $$ \int t\ln(1+t)dt2t = 2\int t^2\ln(1+t)dt $$ From here, it seems reasonable to ...
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0answers
12 views

Approximating ArcCos(x) without Radicals

Take $$f(x)=2x\arccos\left(\frac{x^2+d^2-1}{2xd}\right)$$ and try and find $$ I(x)=\int_{d-1}^{3}dx f(x) \sqrt{\left(\frac{x-1}{x}\right)}\left(3-x\right)^3 $$ You'll find the result is messy (see ...
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0answers
31 views

Find the volume bounded by the sphere $x^2+y^2+z^2=4$ and $x^2+y^2-2x=0$

This question appeared on my calculus exam yesterday. I don't know how to do it: Find the volume bounded by the sphere $x^2+y^2+z^2=4$ and $x^2+y^2-2x=0$. My attempt: First, I realised that the ...
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0answers
13 views

finding the parametric path for line integral

Calculate the work done by the force field $F(x,y,z)=(y^2,z^2,x^2)$ along the curve of intersection of the sphere $x^2+y^2+z^2=1$, the cylinder $x^2+y^2=x$, and the halfspace $z>0$. The path is ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Calculate $\displaystyle\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty}\displaystyle\int_{1}^{\infty}{\dfrac{\sqrt{x}\log{nx}\sin{nx}}{1+nx^{3}}}$

I have to calculate (if it exists) $\displaystyle\lim_{n\rightarrow \infty}\displaystyle\int_{1}^{\infty}{\dfrac{\sqrt{x}\log{nx}\sin{nx}}{1+nx^{3}}}$. I think I have to use Lebesgue dominated ...
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0answers
9 views

The Roots of Jacobi Polynomials

How can i obtain the roots of Jacobi polynomials of order n>50 ? ( α<0, β<0 and $\alpha+\beta=-1$ )
2
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1answer
57 views

Simple Integral Involving Radicals: Why Does Mathematica Fail?

I have $$\int_{d-1}^{3}\textrm{d}x\left(3-x\right)^3 \sqrt{\left(\frac{2(x-1)}{x}\right) \left(x-\left(d-1\right)\right)}$$ but despite this looking like a simple integral involving fractional ...
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0answers
36 views

Volume of figure between $x^2+y^2+z^2=16$ and $ x^2+y^2=6z$ if $z\geq 0$

I have a problem where I have to find volume of figure formed, when $x^2+y^2+z^2=16$ and $ x^2+y^2=6z$ intersects if $z\geq 0$. Here is a graphic for clarity: So far I have transformed the problem to ...
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1answer
18 views

Separation of variables and why integration of 1/x terms gives ln|x|

So assuming I got something like $$x'(u)=-\frac{x}{u}$$ which gives me then (with separation of variables) $$\int\frac{dx}{x}=\int{-\frac{du}{u}}$$ So my question is: Why do I get $$ln|x|=-ln(u)+c, c ...
1
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1answer
29 views

Show that integral of Gaussian distribution is 1

Under a normal distribution, μ = 0 and σ = 1, but when then integrating this equation, I get an error function. Without using Riemann sums, how can I prove that this equation = 1? I have only had ...
0
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3answers
36 views

Integral $ \int \frac{1}{x^{1+a} (1-x)^{1-a}} dx~,~a \gt 0$

The following integral is part of a large problem I'm trying to solve and I'm stuck. I'd appreciate some guidance. I would like to know how to compute integrals of the form $$ \int ...
2
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2answers
257 views

Find $\lim_{x \to 0}\frac{\int_0^x(e^{2t}+t)^{1/t}dt}{x}$

It's asked to solve this: $$\lim_{x \to 0}\frac{\int_0^x(e^{2t}+t)^{1/t}dt}{x}$$ And I have no idea how to do it...
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2answers
60 views

How to evaluate the integral $\int x^2/\sqrt{4-x^2}\,dx$?

How to compute this integral? $$\int \frac{x^2}{\sqrt{4-x^2}}dx$$ If there were $x$ instead of $x^2$ in the numerator I know how to do a substitution $y=4-x^2$. But this doesn't help with the $x^2$.
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0answers
27 views

Why is this integral involving the mean value function zero?

Let $u$ and $v$ belong to $H^1(\Omega \times (0,\infty))$ on a bounded domain $\Omega$. Define $$(Au)(y) := \frac{1}{|\Omega|}\int_\Omega u(x,y)\;\mathrm{d}x.$$ We have that $Au \in H^1(0,\infty)$. ...
5
votes
2answers
76 views

Limit $I=\lim_{n \to \infty } \sqrt[n]{\int_0 ^1 x^{\frac{n(n+1)}{2}}(1-x)(1-x^2)\cdots(1-x^n)d x}$

Im a new participant in this mathematical forum, so this is one of that i couldn't solve it. $$I=\lim_{n \to \infty } \sqrt[n]{\int_0 ^1 x^{\frac{n(n+1)}{2}}(1-x)(1-x^2)\cdots(1-x^n)d x}$$ I've ...
0
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0answers
9 views

Approximating the Arc Length of a Regular Curve with a Broken Line

Question: Suppose $\alpha:[a,b]\to\mathbb{R}^3$ is a regular curve segment. Prove that, for every $\epsilon>0$, there exists $\delta>0$ such that, for any partition ...
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0answers
25 views

Importance Sampling of 2D constant piecewise function convertible to 1D?

So I have a constant piecewise 2D function (luminance values of pixels of an image) that I am writing an importance sampling algorithm for. I was going to write my algorithm by first sampling the 1D ...
2
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1answer
52 views

Evaluating $\int_0^\infty dn \, \frac{x^n}{(3n+1)(3n+2)}$

I'm trying to prove a particular series is convergent, and I would like to use the Cauchy integral test for fun, even though it's not the most convenient. I need to evaluate, $$\int_0^\infty dn \, ...
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0answers
9 views

Calculate the expected value of X when $F(x) = \frac12 + \frac1{\pi} \arcsin x$

Given that X is a continuous random variable and its probability distribution function is $$F(x)= \begin{cases} 0, & x\le -1, \\ \frac12+\frac1{\pi}\arcsin x, & -1 \le x < 1, \\ 1, & x ...
1
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1answer
28 views

Proof some 2 D Fourier transforms

Here are several Fourier transforms I used, I would like to prove those identity. I took some times to figure out how they are derived, I tried the residue theorem and other methods, but I failed, ...
2
votes
2answers
41 views

Prove that there exists $x_0\in [a,b]$ such that $ \sum_{i=1}^{n} k_i \int_{x_0}^{x_i} fdt=0$

Let $f$ is a continuous function on $[a,b]$, $x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n\in [a,b]$, $k_1,k_2,\ldots,k_n>0$. Prove that there exists $x_0\in [a,b]$ such that $$k_1\displaystyle \int_{x_0}^{x_1} ...
1
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0answers
23 views

Integral of symmetric function

Let $f:\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$ be such that $f(x_1,\dots,x_n)=f(x_{\sigma(1)},\dots,x_{\sigma(n)})$ for every $n$-permutation $\sigma$, and suppose that ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

Integral inequality $\int_0^x{f(t)^3 dt \leq \left( \int_0^x f(t) dt\right)^2} :\forall x>0$

Let $f(0) = 0$ and $0<f'(x)\leq1$ for all $x \geq0$, then prove: $$\int_0^x{f(t)^3 dt \leq \left( \int_0^x f(t) dt\right)^2} :\forall x>0$$ The hint I was given was "differentiate, factor and ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Integration of a function defined by its graph, the union of semi-circles and a line segment

I don't understand how to do this problem and I would someone to help me with it.Please step by step for me. I just started on integration so this problem is a bit too hard for me due to my lack of ...
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0answers
17 views

Numerical integration of function with derivatives of implicit variables

I have an independent (array) variable $r = {r_0, r_1, ..., r_N}$, and three functions (arrays) of that variables, $n(r) ={n_0, n_1, ..., n_N}$, $p(r)$, and $E(r)$. How can I calculate the function ...
1
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1answer
38 views

How to integrate $12x^3(3x^4+4)^4 $ in a nice way

How would I antidifferentiate $12x^3(3x^4+4)^4 dx$ ? I guess it is possible to multiply it all out, and then do term by term, but is there a more efficient solution?
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1answer
36 views

Can someone help me with this fundamental theorem of calculus problem dealing with integration by graph? [on hold]

I don't understand how to do this problem and I would like someone to guide me step by step.
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0answers
26 views

How to prove that the integral of a positive, continuous function is positive?

Obviously intuitively the area under something that is above the x-axis is always positive, but how can I show this with a proof?
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0answers
36 views

Unable to solve the integration and derivative of log-likelihood expression

There is an expression which has an integral: $L_x = \ln[nf(x) + \ln V(m) + \ln m]N_{t_K} + (m-1) \int_0^{t_K} \ln (t) dN_t - nf(x)V(m) \int_0^{t_k}mt^{m-1} dt$ $ = \ln[nf(x) + \ln V(m) + \ln ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Equivalent of $\int_0^{\pi/2}\cos^n(\sin(x))dx$

Let $\displaystyle u_n=\int_0^{\pi/2}\cos^n(\sin(x))dx$. How can I find an equivalent of $u_n$ when $n\to\infty$ ?
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3answers
52 views

Is it possible to have simultaneously $\int_I(f(x)-\text{sin} x)^2 dx\leq \frac{4}{9}$ and $\int_I(f(x)-\text{cos} x)^2 dx\leq \frac{1}{9}$?

Let $I=[0,\pi]$ and $f\in L^2(I)$. Is it possible to have simultaneously $\int_I(f(x)-\sin x)^2 dx\leq \frac{4}{9}$ and $\int_I(f(x)-\cos x)^2 dx\leq \frac{1}{9}$? I don't understand what this ...
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1answer
32 views

Two Definitions of Lebesgue Integral

So the definition of Lebesgue integral as I understand it is as follows: Let $(X, \mathcal{F}, \mu)$ be a measure space, and $f: X \to [0, + \infty]$ a non-negative function. Then for simple ...
0
votes
4answers
39 views

Given $\int_0^x (x-t+1)g(t)\,\mathrm{d}t = x^4 + x^2,$ Find $g(x)$

(Stanford Math Tournament 2012 #7) A differentiable function $g$ satisfies $$\int_0^x (x-t+1)g(t)\,\mathrm{d}t = x^4 + x^2,$$ Find $g(x) \, \forall x \geq 0.$ My attempt: First distribute the ...
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0answers
15 views

Trapezoidal and Simpson rule? [on hold]

Find the values of the following integral using a)Trapezoidal rule b)SImpson rule $ \int_0^{0.5} [2/(x-4)] dx$
1
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3answers
19 views

Indefinite integrals with rati0nal and polynomial functions and Substituion

I am totally confused with the substitution method of evaluating indefinite integrals, especially those with rational functions and polynomials. I have 2 cases, which if I made to understand, would ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

How do I solve $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\ln(x)}{1+x^{2}}\,dx$?

If we first split the integral into two: $$\int_{1}^{\infty} \frac{\ln(x)}{1+x^{2}}\,dx$$ and $$\int_{0}^{1} \frac{\ln(x)}{1+x^{2}}\,dx$$ Let $x = 1/u$ and $dx = -1/u^2 du$, then we have: ...
1
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2answers
51 views

Deriving a joint cdf from a joint pdf

I see that a similar question was asked last year, but I am still confused. I have $f(x,y) = 2e^{-x-y}$, $ 0 < x < y < \infty $ and need to find the joint CDF. I have a solution that ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

is it possible to intergrate this function to get x(t) and y(t)?

say you have a function as below; $d^2V(t)/dt = -B^2V(t)$ B is a constant Initial conditions $V_x(0) = V$, $V_y(0) = 0$ I can't see how to integrate to get x(t) and y(t); I ended up with ...