This covers all transformations of functions by integrals, including but not limited to the Radon, X-Ray, Hilbert, Mellin transforms. Use (wavelet-transform), (laplace-transform) for those respective transforms, and use (fourier-analysis) for questions about the Fourier and Fourier-sine/cosine ...

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45
votes
4answers
7k views

Connection between Fourier transform and Taylor series

Both Fourier transform and Taylor series are means to represent functions in a different form. My question: What is the connection between these two? Is there a way to get from one to the other (and ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Fourier transform of $\text{sinc}^3 {\pi t}$

$$f(t)=\frac{\sin^3(\pi t)}{(\pi t)^3}$$ I want to calculate the Fourier transform. I can't calculate this integral: $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\sin^3(\pi t)}{(\pi t)^3}\cos(ut)\,\mathrm{d}t$$
6
votes
1answer
896 views

Bessel function integral and Mellin transform

Gradshteyn&Ryzhik 6.635.3 provides the following integral, with the usual constraints on $\nu,\alpha,\beta$, $$\int\limits_0^\infty \exp\left(-\frac{\alpha}{x}-\beta x\right)J_\nu(\gamma ...
3
votes
2answers
409 views

Series of nested integrals

I'm trying to calculate the following series of nested integrals with $\varepsilon(t)$ being a real function. $$\sigma = 1 + \int_{t_0}^t\mathrm dt_1 \, \varepsilon(t_1) + \int_{t_0}^t\mathrm dt_1 ...
1
vote
1answer
343 views

fancy about inverse discrete Fourier sine and cosine transform (i.e. Fourier sine and cosine series)

In order to find $f(x)$ so that $F(u)=\sum\limits_{x=0}^\infty f(x)\sin\dfrac{\pi ux}{L}$ and $F(u)=\sum\limits_{x=0}^\infty f(x)\cos\dfrac{\pi ux}{L}$ , we can borrow the idea from Fourier sine ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Fourier transform of $\log x$ $ |x|^{s} $ and $\log|x| $

Can anyone provide or give an expression in the sense of distribution theory for the functions $|x|^{s} , \log|x| $? I mean I would like to evaluate the Fourier transform $ ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Uniqueness for Integral Transform

What can be said about the uniqueness of the following integral transformation: $ (Tf)(u) = \int_0^{\infty} f(t)G(tu)dt$ defined for all $u\geq 0$, where the kernel $G(z) \in [0,1]$ for all ...
16
votes
1answer
2k views

Does a Fourier transformation on a (pseudo-)Riemannian manifold make sense?

the Fourier transformation of a scalar function with respect to one variable might be defined as $\mathcal{F}\left[w\right](\omega )\equiv ...
43
votes
3answers
857 views

Laplace, Legendre, Fourier, Hankel, Mellin, Hilbert, Borel, Z…: unified treatment of transforms?

I understand "transform methods" as recipes, but beyond this they are a big mystery to me. There are two aspects of them I find bewildering. One is the sheer multiplicity of such transforms. Is ...
20
votes
7answers
11k views

Laplace transformations for dummies

Is there a simple explanation of what the Laplace transformation do exactly and how they work? Reading my math book has left me in a foggy haze of proofs that I don't completely understand. I'm ...
26
votes
2answers
3k views

Why do engineers use the Z-transform and mathematicians use generating functions?

For a (complex valued) sequence $(a_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ there is the associated generating function $$ f(z) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nz^n$$ and the $z$-Transform $$ Z(a)(z) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty ...
15
votes
1answer
424 views

Is Fourier transform characterized by its diagonalization properties?

Let us fix the following convention for the Fourier transform in $L^1(\mathbb{R})$ space: $$\hat{f}(\xi)=\int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x)\, e^{-2\pi i x\xi}\, dx.$$ We then have the following properties: ...
6
votes
1answer
154 views

How fast does the function $\displaystyle f(x)=\lim_{\epsilon\to0}\int_\epsilon^{\infty} \dfrac{e^{xt}}{t^t} \, dt $ grow?

Let $x$ be a positive real number and $f(x):=\lim_{\epsilon\to0}\int_\epsilon^{\infty} \dfrac{e^{xt}}{t^t} \, dt $. How fast does this function grow ? In other words can we find a good asymptote for ...
4
votes
0answers
7k views

Relationship Between The Z-Transform And The Laplace Transform

Below I've quoted Wikipedia's entry that relates the Z-Transform to the Laplace Transform. The part I don't understand is $z \ \stackrel{\mathrm{def}}{=}\ e^{s T}$; I thought $z$ was actually an ...
6
votes
1answer
347 views

Qualitative interpretation of Hilbert transform

the well-known Kramers-Kronig relations state that for a function satisfying certain conditions, its imaginary part is the Hilbert transform of its real part. This often comes up in physics, where ...
5
votes
1answer
913 views

Hilbert transform and Fourier transform

Assume the following relationship between the Hilbert and Fourier transforms: $$ \mathcal{H}(f) = {\mathcal{F}^{-1}}(-i ~ \text{sgn}(\cdot) \cdot \mathcal{F}(f)), $$ where $ \displaystyle ...
0
votes
1answer
870 views

Inverse of Laplace transform

There is a very simple expression for the inverse of Fourier transform. What is the easiest known expression for the inverse Laplace transform? Moreover, what is the easiest way to prove it?
4
votes
1answer
115 views

An inequality involving arctan of complex argument

I have the following conjecture: \begin{equation} \text{Re}\left[(1+\text{i}y)\arctan\left(\frac{t}{1+\text{i}y}\right)\right] \ge \arctan(t), \qquad \forall y,t\ge0. \end{equation} Which seems to be ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Solving an initial value ODE problem using fourier transform

I am a physics undergrad and studying some transform methods. The question is as follows: $y^{\prime \prime} - 2 y^{\prime}+y=\cos{x}\,\,\,\,y(0)=y^{\prime}(0)=0\,\,\, x>0$ I am having some ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

What exactly is the Probability Integral Transform?

I've been going back over my notes from Stats class and came across the Probability Integral Transform. From my limited understanding, the basic idea is that from a cdf in terms of one variable, can ...
2
votes
1answer
678 views

Evaluating improper integrals using laplace transform

I want to calculate the following improper integral using Laplace and transforms (and laplace transforms only). $$\int_0^{\infty} x e^{-3x} \sin{x}\, dx$$ I propose the following method. I plan to ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Inverse Laplace transform is required

I shall be very very thankful if some one can find the inverse Laplace of the function given below. I really need it as early as possible. $$ \frac{1}{s-a}\exp ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Example for finite dimensional analog of integral transforms

I understand that integral transforms are generalisations of the dot product of functions that could be interpreted as infinite dimensional vectors. The most significant advantage then is that ...
4
votes
2answers
180 views

Why does it seem I can't apply the Radon transform to the Helmholtz equation?

Say we a function $u$ and a bounded region $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^2$, such that $(\Delta+\lambda)u = 0$ everywhere, and $u=0$ on the boundary. We extend it to the entire plane by defining $u=0$ ...
3
votes
0answers
36 views

fancy about some properties of kernel functions at infinity

Consider the two common types of kernel functions $\sum\limits_{t=a}^bf(t)K(x,t)$ and $\int_a^bf(t)K(x,t)~dt$ , prove whether the following properties are correct or not: $1.$ If $K(x,t)$ is bounded ...
2
votes
2answers
972 views

2 dimensional Fourier transform integral

I'm trying to calculate the 2D fourier transform of this function: $$\frac{1}{(x^2+y^2+z^2)^{3/2}}$$ I only want to do the fourier transform for x and y (and leave z as it is). So far, I've tried ...
1
vote
2answers
209 views

calculate $\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} \cos(at) e^{-bt^2} dt$

Could someone please help me to calculate the integral of: $$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} \cos (at) e^{-bt^2} dt.$$ a and b both real, b>0. I have tried integration by parts, but I can't seem to ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Contradiction in inverse Laplace transform problem with Mellin's inverse formula?

Let say we have to solve a given differential equation $$ty''+y'+ty=0$$ $$y(0)=1,\ y'(0)=0$$ (which is Bessel equation with the solution $y=J_0 (t)$, of course) with the Laplace transform. Then we ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Help me to understand the Gaussian blurring

Here is an unknown luminosity function $f(x,y)$ and its integration results: $$p_{i,j}= \frac{\iint\limits_{D_{i,j}} \! f(x,y) \, dx \, dy}{\iint\limits_{D_{i,j}} \,dx\,dy}$$ I need to express the ...
0
votes
2answers
155 views

Fourier transform in $\mathbb R^3$

I try to show that $$ \int\limits_{R^3} \frac{e^{i\xi x} d\xi}{\xi^2 - k^2 - i0} = e^{ikx} \int\limits_{R^3} \frac{e^{i\xi x}d\xi}{\xi^2 + 2(k + i0\frac{k}{|k|})\xi}, \;\;\; k,x \in \mathbb R^3 $$ ...