This covers all transformations of functions by integrals, including but not limited to the Radon, X-Ray, Hilbert, Mellin transforms. Use (wavelet-transform), (laplace-transform) for those respective transforms, and use (fourier-analysis) for questions about the Fourier and Fourier-sine/cosine ...

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55
votes
3answers
2k views

Laplace, Legendre, Fourier, Hankel, Mellin, Hilbert, Borel, Z…: unified treatment of transforms?

I understand "transform methods" as recipes, but beyond this they are a big mystery to me. There are two aspects of them I find bewildering. One is the sheer number of them. Is there a unified ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Mathematical tools for iterative / composed function analysis

Given the following: a. x0 = known scalar b. x1 = known scalar c. x2 = unknown scalar d. an unknown iteratively applied stochastic nonlinear function $\mathbf{g}$ where ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

Find “$g(x)$” knowing that “$x=\int_{0}^{\infty} g(tx) dt$”???

The entire question states what I am looking for. I'm looking for a function $g(x)$ in terms of $x$ which satisfies the condition that follows. This seems like it's related to "integral ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Approximate solution for integration of two Bessel Functions

I am an engineering student. I have encountered a problem during my thesis study. I need to find $F(x)$ in terms of $G(y)$ which is a function of $(n-1)$. degree polynomial. My statement as follows: ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Abel transformation - sources

I'd like to study the Abel transformation, that is, $$Af(x) = \int\limits_x^\infty\frac{f(t)t}{\sqrt{t^2 - x^2}}\ \mathrm{dt},\quad x\in(0,\infty).$$ I'm especially interested in ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Transforming a PDE to an ODE by discretizing the size-axis of the integro-partial differential equations

I have this issue on modelling a process. It is a system of ODEs except for one equation related to the population balance of crystals in a mixture that is a PDE. The author of the publication ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Differentiation under integral sign?

I am trying to understand the following argument given in a text book: Suppose $f \in L^1(\mathbb R^n)$, consider the function $\hat{f}(\zeta)= \int_{\mathbb R^n} \exp(-2\pi i X.\zeta)f(X)dX$. ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Fourier transform of integral with isotropic kernel

The textbook I'm reading claims that this integral: $$ A = \int_V \,d\mathbf{r} \int_V\,d\mathbf{r}' f(\mathbf{r}) K (| \mathbf{r} - \mathbf{r}'| ) f(\mathbf{r}')$$ can be written in Fourier ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Riesz transform does not preserve continuity

I've read somewhere that the Riesz operator $R_j$ defined by $$R_j f(t) := c(n) \, \text{pv} \int_{\mathbb{R}^n} \frac{x_j}{|x|^{n+1}} f(t-x) \, dx$$doesn't preserve the continuity, but I can't ...
3
votes
1answer
488 views

A problem about Laplace transform and Parseval–Plancherel theorem

I am reading a paper about fractional differential equation. One of the piece said as follow: By applying the Parseval–Plancherel theorem we may show: \begin{equation} \int_0^\infty ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

mellin transform

Could you help me how (π) in the boundary condition where w(x,0)=2π transfer into 2T/s when we solve the equation ? It is really important.
0
votes
2answers
46 views

Is this kernel invertible ? $K(x,y)=\frac{e^{-\frac{xy}{x+y}}}{x+y}$

Is the following Kernel invertible? $K(x,y)=\frac{e^{-\frac{xy}{x+y}}}{x+y}, x\in[0,1],y\in [0, \infty)$ i.e. if $\int_0^1 K(x,y) f(x) dx=0 ,\forall y\in [0, \infty)$ can we conclude $f(x)=0,x\in ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Using Fourier Transform to solve an ODE

Consider the differential equation $$f^{iv}+3f^{''}-f=g$$ I have read that taking the Fourier Transform of both sides gives ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Why is this laplace identity true $\int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\frac{f(t)}{t}\,dt = \int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\mathcal{L}\{f\}$?

I was wondering why this laplace identity is true? Does it follow from definition? $$\int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\frac{f(t)}{t}\,dt = \int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\mathcal{L}\{f\}$$ I'm trying to understand the first ...
0
votes
1answer
414 views

Compatibility Condition of the Poisson Equation with Neumann Boundary Conditions

I am trying to solve the following general Poisson equation with homogeneous Neumann boundary conditions in a rectangular domain ($0 \le x \le L$ and $0 \le y \le H$). $$ \frac{\partial^2 ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

The Fourier-Stieltjes transform is uniformly continuous

Let $G$ be a locally compact Abelian group and $\hat{G}$ be its dual group, that is the group of all complex functions $\gamma:G\to\mathbb C$ such that ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Complex inversion of a function

I am trying to find the function whose laplace transform is below using the complex inversion formula: $$ f(s)= \frac{se^s}{(s-2)^3}$$ My attempt below seems to be giving me the wrong answer but I'm ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Transform and domain such that phase shift of the original function results in shift in transformed domain variable

It is known that the Fourier transform of a phase-shifted function results in a constant shift of the dependent variable of the phase spectrum: If $ F(x(t)) = X(w) = |A(w)| \cdot e^{-i \cdot ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

Mellin-Barnes transform of $\frac{1}{\Gamma}$

Let $\varphi \in L_1(c+i\mathbb R)$, where $c > 0$. Then we can define the Mellin-Barnes transform (or the inverse Mellin transform) of the function $\varphi$ by the formula $$ \mathcal ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Why M.G.F transform is injective a.s.?

We always use the theorem that If we know a random variable's MGF, we can determine its Pdf, which means the map from Pdf to Mgf is injective almost surely. And I just wanna know why this is ture.
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Inverse Laplace Transform of $e^{\frac{1}{s}-s}$

doing some work on a PDE system I have stumbled across a Laplace transform which I'm not sure how to invert: $$ F(s) = e^{\frac{1}{s}-s} $$ I can't find it in any table and the strong singular growth ...
6
votes
3answers
202 views

How to learn Integral Transform?

I major in Electronic Engineering when back in college. I learned the Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform, Z Transform and wavelet Transform. But I always feel a lack of thorough understanding of ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Solving differential equation by transform with contour integral

In my notes, I have an example for solving for the Airy function in the equation: $$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}-xy=0$$ So he uses the contour integral to represent the solution (with $C$ as a yet unspecified ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Is it possible to calculate the inverse Laplace transform of the following?

I have a Laplace tranform in the form given below $\mathcal{L}_I(s)=\text{exp}(-\pi\lambda \Gamma(1+\frac{2}{\alpha})\Gamma(1-\frac{2}{\alpha})P^{2/\alpha}s^{2/\alpha})$ Can some one help me to find ...
1
vote
0answers
183 views

Limits in Double Integration Question

I’m really having problems getting suitable limits when using double integration. For example: Let $E$ be a region defined by $$E=\left\{(x,y): y-x \leq 2,\ x + y \geq 4,\ 2x + y \leq 8\right\}$$ ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Fourier sine/cosine transforms of :1) derivatives raised to power & 2)derivatives in exponential

I need help to solve the Fourier finite sine and cosine transforms: First, reciprocal of derivative: $$ F_s\left(\frac{1}{\frac{\partial u}{\partial x}}\right)= \int_{0}^{a}\frac{1}{\frac{\partial ...
3
votes
0answers
29 views

How and why an integral Transform is created?

I don't know if what I'm going to ask will make any sense, but I was just wondering about integral transforms. I am talking about, for example, Mellin Transform, or Laplace Transform or Hilbert ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculating an integral derived from the convolution of two Fourier transforms

Let $\sigma>0$ , $1<\alpha\leq 2$, and $-1\leq \beta \leq 1$. I am looking for a closed-form solution (or something near) for the following integral. $$\frac{1}{2 \pi } \text{PV}\int_{-\infty ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

Integral inversion

Say I know this function $$ F(u) = \int _{-\infty}^{\infty}f(x) m\left(\frac{u}{x}\right) \mathrm d x$$ where $m(x)$ is a Fourier transform of an infinitely differentiable real function, whose maximal ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Existence of solutions in time and Laplace domains

I have not made use of Laplace transforms for many years since my education and I am a bit rusty on applying the various theorems associated with the transform. I have an equation $f(t)=0$ and I am ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

How do you show $F$ has a well-defined inverse function $G : (0,1) \to \mathbb{R}$, which is strictly increasing [closed]

If $X$ be a random variable with cdf $F$, and $F$ is continuous and strictly increasing on $\mathbb{R}$ how do you show $F$ has a well-defined inverse function $G : (0,1) \to \mathbb{R}$, which is ...
5
votes
1answer
76 views

What is the advantage of the Fourier Transform over the Hartley Transform?

The Hartley_transform is defined as $$ H(\omega) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}}\int_{-\infty}^\infty f(t) \, \mbox{cas}(\omega t) \mathrm{d}t, $$ with $\mbox{cas}(\omega t) = \cos(\omega t) + \sin(\omega ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Integral calculation by using Mellin Transform

I want to use the Mellin Transform (MT) to calculate the integral: $\int_0^{1 } \exp(-2\rho^2) J_0(\pi \rho r)\rho \, d\rho$ in which $r>=0$ and real. I have calculated it by numerical methods. ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

What's the connection between the Laplace transform and the Fourier transform?

Both the Laplace transform and the Fourier transform in some sense decode the "spectrum" of a function. The Laplace transform gives a power-series decomposition whereas the Fourier transform gives a ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Fourier transforms of Gaussians with rational functions

Consider functions of the form $$ f(x)= e^{- x^2/\sigma^2} \frac{a_0 + a_1 x + \cdots +a_n x^n }{b_0+ b_1 x + \cdots + b_m x^m } $$ Under which circumstances do these functions have closed forms for ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Inversion formula for the Abel transform

I need an inversion formula for the Abel transform $$ F(y) = 2\int_y^\infty\frac{f(r)r\,dr}{\sqrt{r^2-y^2}}. $$ Hint: The inversion formula found on Wikipedia appears to be incorrect. The ...
21
votes
1answer
203 views

Exponential integral $ \int_0^\infty \frac{x^t}{\Gamma(t+1)}\text dt$

Now since the sum $$ \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!},\quad x\in\Bbb R, $$ does have some relatively nice properties, is the same true for its analogues integral? If we take the gamma function to be a ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Does a symetric complex function $k(t,s)$ verify $\overline{k(t,s)}=k(t,s)$?

I am trying to figure out why an integral operator is self-adjoint. The operator is: $$K(f)=\int_{0}^{1} k(t,s)f(s)ds$$ From $L^2([0,1])$ to $L^2([0,1])$ and $0, \leq t,s \leq 1$ So I did a bit of ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

How to integrate this looking simple ODE?

I meet an ODE about $V(\theta)$ $$\frac{d^2V}{d\theta^2}+\frac{1}{2V}=0.$$ But I can not figure out how to integrate it to yield $$\left(\frac{dV}{d\theta}\right)^2+logV=C_1$$ or ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Laplace Transform

The question I had was Find the Laplace transform of $$f(t)=10e^{-200t}u(t).$$ Would it be correct to take out the 10 because it is a constant, find the Laplace transform of $e^{-200t}$ and then ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Integral transforms involving logarithms?

We have the fourier-transform: $$F\{f\}(w) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x)\exp(iwx)dx$$ Which has extremely many applications and interpretations throughout science and engineering. For instance since ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

Conditions under which a convolution transformation is injective in the 1-d Torus

Let $X=[0,1)$ the 1-d torus. Given a bounded positive function $w\colon X\to\mathbb{R}$ with unit integral (I mean $w\geq 0$, $w\in L^\infty(X)$ and $\int_X w\; dx=1$), define \begin{align*} T_{w} ...
4
votes
2answers
163 views

Series around $s=1$ for $F(s)=\int_{1}^{\infty}\text{Li}(x)\,x^{-s-1}\,dx$

Consider the function $$F(s)=\int_{1}^{\infty}\frac{\text{Li}(x)}{x^{s+1}}dx$$ where $\text{Li}(x)=\int_2^x \frac{1}{\log t}dt$ is the logarithmic integral. What is the series expansion around ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

What are the different type of Daubechies Wavelet transform?

Like Daub4 are there others named as Daub2, daub3 or we only have daub4 , daub8, daub16? What is the order of a transform(represented usually by N)? Does this order have any resemblance with the ...
6
votes
2answers
270 views

Stieltjes Transform

Stieltjes transform for a distribution $F(x)$ is defined as $$m(z)=\int \frac{dF(x)}{x−z}$$ where z is complex with positive imaginary parts and $F(x)$ is a distribution function. Basically, I am ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Stieltjes Transform is injective?

Let $\mu$ a probability measure on $\mathbb{R}$, we define the Stieltjes transform by : $$ S[\mu](\lambda)=\int_\mathbb{R} \frac{d\mu(t)}{t-\lambda} $$ For all ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Hankel transformation

How to solve the Hankel transform of $x^2e^{-ax}$ with kernel $x(J_2(px))$ where $J_n(x)$ denotes bessel function of order $n$ of first kind?
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Gaussian quadrature with a to $[0,1]$ reference domain instead of a $[-1,1]$ reference domain?

For 1-d Gaussian quadrature with two points per element we have the following formula to transform an integral from an arbitrary domain $[a, b]$ to the reference domain $[-1,1]$ on which various ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Bilateral Laplace transform

My knowledge of Bilateral Laplace transform is less. Here are the few questions I need answer. What is the condition for existence of bilateral Laplace transform? How is the condition for existence ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Find the Fourier transform for this function

Find the Fourier transform for this function $$f(x)=e^{x-e^x}$$ My Solution:- $T[f(x)]=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} e^{-ikx} f(x)dx$ $=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} ...