This covers all transformations of functions by integrals, including but not limited to the Radon, X-Ray, Hilbert, Mellin transforms. Use (wavelet-transform), (laplace-transform) for those respective transforms, and use (fourier-analysis) for questions about the Fourier and Fourier-sine/cosine ...

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6
votes
4answers
151 views

Change of variables Double integral

I have $$\iint_A \frac{1}{(x^2+y^2)^2}\,dx\,dy.$$ $A$ is bounded by the conditions $x^2 + y^2 \leq 1$ and $x+y \geq 1$. I initially thought to make the switch the polar coordinates, but the line ...
2
votes
1answer
841 views

Inversion formula for the Abel transform

I need an inversion formula for the Abel transform $$ F(y) = 2\int_y^\infty\frac{f(r)r\,dr}{\sqrt{r^2-y^2}}. $$ Hint: The inversion formula found on Wikipedia appears to be incorrect. The ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Hilbert transform and Fourier transform

Assume the following relationship between the Hilbert and Fourier transforms: $$ \mathcal{H}(f) = {\mathcal{F}^{-1}}(-i ~ \text{sgn}(\cdot) \cdot \mathcal{F}(f)), $$ where $ \displaystyle ...
4
votes
0answers
63 views

Some properties of an analogue of the integral Fourier operator

Let $\phi(x,\theta)$ be an infinitely differentiable function in $X^2 = X \times X$, where $X = \mathop{\mathsf{int}}\mathbb{R}^n_{+}$, and let$\phi(\lambda x, \theta) = \phi(x,\lambda \theta) = ...
2
votes
1answer
117 views

Theta series and Riemann Hypothesis

in the paper http://www.fuchs-braun.com/media/dd209bf5c2203a87ffff80a3ffffffef.pdf section 2 ' Hilbert-Polya space' page: 180 the author introduce the Theta series $$ F(\phi(x))= ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

nonlinear integral equation

let be the integral equation for two functions $ f(x) $ and $ g(x) $ in the form $$ g(s)= \int_{0}^{s}\sqrt{s-f(x)}dx $$ is valid to accept that in the sense of fractional calculus, the ONLY ...
3
votes
1answer
114 views

Double Integral involving modifed bessel function

I'm try to derive a closed form of the following double integral: $\int\limits_0^x {\int\limits_0^x {{e^{ - {K_1}uv}}{I_0}\left( {2{K_1}\sqrt {uv} } \right)du} dv}$; where $K_1$ is a constant. Do you ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

arguing away - complex analysis

Probably a trivial question but I can't understand how to argue away the value of integrals in complex analysis. I am trying to find the inverse Laplace transform of $F(s)=\frac{1}{s(s+1)}$. The ...
2
votes
1answer
444 views

An inverse definite integral problem

I am seeking a function $f(x)$ that satisfies this condition: $\int_{0}^{\infty }f(x)x^ndx=\sqrt{n!}$ where n is an integer. I guess that $f$ will contain $e^{-\alpha x^2}$ as one of its factors, ...
-1
votes
1answer
36 views

When to use other transforms?

maple code int(g*f, x=-infinity..infinity) when $g$ is $\large exp^{i*t*x}$, Fourier transform between density function and characteristic function If $g$ are $x^t$, $|x^{t}|$, $t^{x}$, what do they ...
3
votes
0answers
274 views

An inverse Mellin transform

Is it possible to compute the inverse transform of $$ \frac{1}{a^{-s}\cos( \frac{\pi s}{2})\Gamma (s)} $$ or similarly is it possible to compute the Inverse Mellin transform ?? $$ \frac{ \zeta ...
2
votes
2answers
170 views

Can an integral operator with negative kernel have a positive eigenvalue?

While reading "Integral equations - a reference text" (Zabreiko et al. eds) I came up with this question I cannot answer: Suppose $A:L^2(\mathbb{R})\to L^2(\mathbb{R})$ is a bounded linear integral ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Question about L2 Inner Product and Integrals

Does exists $f\in L_2(\mathbb{R}^d)$ such that for all $g\in L_2(\mathbb{R}^d)$ which is not identically zero: ...
6
votes
2answers
445 views

Usage of inverse Laplace transform

At my current study level in college, use of inverse Laplace transform is not mentioned well - textbooks say "use tables." So, can anyone show me how to use inverse Lapalce transform? And also proof? ...
2
votes
1answer
306 views

Decaying Fourier transform and smoothness

Suppose that $f\in L^1 (\mathbb{R})$ and that for any $n\in \mathbb{N}$ there is $C_n > 0$ such that its Fourier transform satisfies $$ |\hat{f}(\xi )| \le C_n(1+|\xi |^2)^{-n}. $$ I want to show ...
6
votes
1answer
297 views

Convolution square root of $\delta $

I want to somehow classify the distributional solutions of the equation $$ f \ast f = \delta $$ where $\delta = \delta _0$ is the Dirac delta distribution. Clearly, by Fourier transformation, we ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Do integral transforms with meromorphic kernels always have analytic continuation?

Do integral transforms with meromorphic kernels always have analytic continuation ? I think so, but I do not know how to prove it. For clarity with analytic continuation I assume it was already ...
1
vote
1answer
365 views

Gelfand-Levitan-Marchenko equation

how can one solve the integral $$ f(x,y)+K(x,y)+\int_{0}^{x}K(x,t)f(t,y)dt =0$$ (1) so $$ q(x)= 2\frac{d}{dx}K(x,x) $$ (2) $$ -y''(x)+q(x)y(x)=0 $$ (3) $$ y(0)=0=y(\infty) $$ $ q(x) $ here is ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Help solving $\frac{1}{{2\pi}}\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}{{e^{-{{\left({\frac{t}{2}} \right)}^2}}}{e^{-i\omega t}}dt}$

I need help with what seems like a pretty simple integral for a Fourier Transformation. I need to transform $\psi \left( {0,t} \right) = {\exp^{ - {{\left( {\frac{t}{2}} \right)}^2}}}$ into ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

Let $f(x+1) = P(f(x),x)$ where P is a polynomial. Express $f(x)$ as an integral.

Let $x$ be a real number and $f(x)$ a real analytic function such that $f(x+1) = P(f(x),x)$ where $P$ is a given real polynomial. Express $f(x)$ as an integral from $0$ to $\infty$. As an example we ...
16
votes
1answer
504 views

Is Fourier transform characterized by its diagonalization properties?

Let us fix the following convention for the Fourier transform in $L^1(\mathbb{R})$ space: $$\hat{f}(\xi)=\int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x)\, e^{-2\pi i x\xi}\, dx.$$ We then have the following properties: ...
3
votes
0answers
123 views

Gram's series for integral equation

The prime counting function $ \pi(x) $ satisfies the integral equation $$ \log\zeta (s)= s\int_{0}^{\infty}dx \frac{ \pi (e^{t})}{e^{st}-1} \tag{0}$$ and it has the solution in terms of Gram's ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Tonelli's theorem using in mean residual life definition

If X is a nonnegative random variable representing the life of a component having distribution function F,the mean residual life ...
2
votes
1answer
137 views

Proof of the Direct mapping Theorem for Mellin transform.

I cannot understand an integration in the proof of the Direct mapping Theorem for the Mellin transform. A statement of the Theorem, together with an outline of the standard proof, can be found at page ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

Can I solve for a unique integral kernel?

Consider, for $\mathbf{v},\mathbf{w} \in \mathbb{R^3}$, $$ f(\mathbf{w}) := \int K(\mathbf{w,\mathbf{v}}) g(\mathbf{v}) \, d\mathbf{v} \, .$$ Is it possible to solve for the integral kernel, ...
4
votes
2answers
330 views

Mellin Transform of $\sin$

Can one show that the following integral converges on $-1<\Re s < 1$ and define holomorphic function of $s$? $$\int_0^\infty \sin(y) y^{s-1} dy$$ I've googled for a while, but I could not ...
3
votes
1answer
278 views

Is this a correct way to convert an convolution equation into differential/difference equation?

For functions $f,g,h$ that are defined over $\mathbb{R}$, suppose we have a convolution equation: $$ f = g * h. $$ I would like to convert it into a differential equation. Is it correct that $$ ...
3
votes
0answers
113 views

Properties of Eigenfunctions of a Kernel

I'm a newbie and may be this question is bit simple for you but pardon me if it's too simple and provide me some references. I've and Kernel function $K(x,y)$ ...
1
vote
2answers
222 views

calculate $\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} \cos(at) e^{-bt^2} dt$

Could someone please help me to calculate the integral of: $$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} \cos (at) e^{-bt^2} dt.$$ a and b both real, b>0. I have tried integration by parts, but I can't seem to ...
4
votes
0answers
731 views

Do kernel functions of integral transforms have any special properties?

From the Wikipedia page on integral transforms, it states that: ...an integral transform is any transform $T$ of the following form: $$ (Tf)(u)=\int^{t_2}_{t_1}K(t,u)f(t)dt $$ ...There are ...
1
vote
1answer
430 views

fancy about inverse discrete Fourier sine and cosine transform (i.e. Fourier sine and cosine series)

In order to find $f(x)$ so that $F(u)=\sum\limits_{x=0}^\infty f(x)\sin\dfrac{\pi ux}{L}$ and $F(u)=\sum\limits_{x=0}^\infty f(x)\cos\dfrac{\pi ux}{L}$ , we can borrow the idea from Fourier sine ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

Relationship between Connes trace formula and Weil's trace formula

Connes trace formula $$ \mathrm{Tr}\,{U(h)}=2h(1)\ln\Lambda + \sum_{v} \int d^{*}x \frac{h(u^{-1})}{|1-u|} $$ Weil's trace $$ \int_{C}h(u)|u|d^{*}u- ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Help me to understand the Gaussian blurring (2)

Here is an unknown luminosity function $f(x,y)$ and its integration results: $$\begin{align*} p_{i,j} &= \frac{1}{\Delta_{i,j}}\iint\limits_{D_{i,j}} \! f(x,y) \, dx \, dy,\\ \Delta_{i,j} &= ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Help me to understand the Gaussian blurring

Here is an unknown luminosity function $f(x,y)$ and its integration results: $$p_{i,j}= \frac{\iint\limits_{D_{i,j}} \! f(x,y) \, dx \, dy}{\iint\limits_{D_{i,j}} \,dx\,dy}$$ I need to express the ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Can we solve for $a$ in $b(x) =\int_{-\infty}^\infty b(s)a(x,s)ds$

For all $x \in \mathbb{R}$, $$b(x) =\int_{-\infty}^\infty b(s)a(x,s)ds.$$ If it helps, we can assume that $a, b$ are continuous, nonnegative, and $\int_{-\infty}^\infty$ of $a$ or $b$ are both ...
0
votes
1answer
186 views

Lipschitz constant on a functional

Let $C$ be the space of continuous and nondecreasing functions defined on $[0,1]$ and endowed with the sup norm. Let $T:C\rightarrow C$ be a continuous mapping, and consider the following expression: ...
4
votes
1answer
579 views

Is the Mellin transform useful to solve differential equations?

The Mellin transform is defined as: $$F(\mu)=\int_0^\infty f(x)x^{\mu-1}dx$$ The derivative of the Mellin transform is: $$F'(\mu)=-(\mu-1)F(\mu-1)$$ Applying this property, for example to the Bessel ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

Is this formula for $ \sum_{n} (n^{2}+z^{2})^{-s} $ correct?

I would like to know if this formula is true: $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(z^{2}+n^{2})^s}=\frac{1}{\Gamma(s)} \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\Gamma(s+n)\zeta(2s+2n)\frac{ (-z^2)^n}{n!}.$$ I have used the ...
4
votes
0answers
10k views

Relationship Between The Z-Transform And The Laplace Transform

Below I've quoted Wikipedia's entry that relates the Z-Transform to the Laplace Transform. The part I don't understand is $z \ \stackrel{\mathrm{def}}{=}\ e^{s T}$; I thought $z$ was actually an ...
10
votes
1answer
208 views

A particular case of Truesdell's unified theory of special functions

I'm reading through Clifford Truesdell's "An essay toward a unified theory of special functions", Princeton Univ. Press, 1948. All his exposition is based on the functional equation ...
1
vote
0answers
127 views

An integral transform.

Let's consider a complex function that can be represented in the following form: $$ K(z)=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}A(\alpha)z^\alpha d\alpha $$ Writing $z=re^{i\theta}$, we get: $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

How to establish the smoothness class

Consider a smooth function $f(x)$ on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ from some smoothness class $S_1$ and define $$ F(y) = \int\limits_{g(x,y)\leqslant 0}f(x)dx $$ where $y \in \Omega$, $\Omega$ is some domain in ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Fourier transform of $\log x$ $ |x|^{s} $ and $\log|x| $

Can anyone provide or give an expression in the sense of distribution theory for the functions $|x|^{s} , \log|x| $? I mean I would like to evaluate the Fourier transform $ ...
27
votes
2answers
4k views

Why do engineers use the Z-transform and mathematicians use generating functions?

For a (complex valued) sequence $(a_n)_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ there is the associated generating function $$ f(z) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nz^n$$ and the $z$-Transform $$ Z(a)(z) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Can asymptotic of a Mellin (or laplace inverse ) be evaluated?

I mean, given the Mellin inverse integral $ \int_{c-i\infty}^{c+i\infty}dsF(s)x^{-s} $, can we evaluate this integral, at least as $ x \rightarrow \infty $? Can the same be made for $ ...
3
votes
2answers
266 views

Stueckelberg Feynman propagator computation

On page 35 of Itzykson-Zuber's textbook on quantum field theory, I am having trouble deriving equation (1-180): $\displaystyle G_F(0,r) = \frac{i}{(2\pi)^2 r} \int_m^\infty dp ...
3
votes
0answers
214 views

Mellin inverse transform

would be possible to evaluate the Mellin inverse transform $ \int_{c-i\infty}^{c+i\infty}ds \frac{\zeta(s)}{2i \pi s}$ in terms of the zeros of the RIemann Zeta ??? i know how to compute the invers ...
2
votes
0answers
122 views

Different proofs of support theorem for Radon Transform

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a set of all hyperplanes in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Radon transform of function $f(x) \colon \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ is defined as function $R[f] \colon \mathcal{H} \to \mathbb{R}$ ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Bessel function integral and Mellin transform

Gradshteyn&Ryzhik 6.635.3 provides the following integral, with the usual constraints on $\nu,\alpha,\beta$, $$\int\limits_0^\infty \exp\left(-\frac{\alpha}{x}-\beta x\right)J_\nu(\gamma ...
2
votes
0answers
441 views

Fourier Transform of Bessel function with square root argument

Fourier Transform of the following function: ...