This covers all transformations of functions by integrals, including but not limited to the Radon, X-Ray, Hilbert, Mellin transforms. Use (wavelet-transform), (laplace-transform) for those respective transforms, and use (fourier-analysis) for questions about the Fourier and Fourier-sine/cosine ...

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27 views

Integral transforms involving logarithms?

We have the fourier-transform: $$F\{f\}(w) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x)\exp(iwx)dx$$ Which has extremely many applications and interpretations throughout science and engineering. For instance since ...
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26 views

Conditions under which a convolution transformation is injective in the 1-d Torus

Let $X=[0,1)$ the 1-d torus. Given a bounded positive function $w\colon X\to\mathbb{R}$ with unit integral (I mean $w\geq 0$, $w\in L^\infty(X)$ and $\int_X w\; dx=1$), define \begin{align*} T_{w} ...
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12 views

What are the different type of Daubechies Wavelet transform?

Like Daub4 are there others named as Daub2, daub3 or we only have daub4 , daub8, daub16? What is the order of a transform(represented usually by N)? Does this order have any resemblance with the ...
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33 views

Stieltjes Transform is injective?

Let $\mu$ a probability measure on $\mathbb{R}$, we define the Stieltjes transform by : $$ S[\mu](\lambda)=\int_\mathbb{R} \frac{d\mu(t)}{t-\lambda} $$ For all $\lambda\in\Omega:=\mathbb{C}-\mathbb{R}...
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14 views

Hankel transformation

How to solve the Hankel transform of $x^2e^{-ax}$ with kernel $x(J_2(px))$ where $J_n(x)$ denotes bessel function of order $n$ of first kind?
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1answer
81 views

What is the advantage of the Fourier Transform over the Hartley Transform?

The Hartley_transform is defined as $$ H(\omega) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}}\int_{-\infty}^\infty f(t) \, \mbox{cas}(\omega t) \mathrm{d}t, $$ with $\mbox{cas}(\omega t) = \cos(\omega t) + \sin(\omega t)$...
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37 views

Find the Fourier transform for this function

Find the Fourier transform for this function $$f(x)=e^{x-e^x}$$ My Solution:- $T[f(x)]=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} e^{-ikx} f(x)dx$ $=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \int_{-\infty}^{\...
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8 views

Is it possible to define a hankel transform for a function depending of a complex variable

Hankel transform is defined by $F_{\nu}(k) = \int_0^{\infty}f(r)J_{\nu}(kr)rdr$, and the inverse transform by $f(r) = \int_0^{\infty}F_{\nu}(k)J_{\nu}(kr)kdk$, In my problem, r is a complex ...
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1answer
18 views

How do I calculate the Fourier-transform of $f(t) = \max(t-1,0) (t \in \mathbb{R})$?

I get $$\hat f(w) = \int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\max(t-1,0)e^{-i\omega t}dt$$ $$= -\int_{-\infty}^{1}(t-1)e^{-i\omega t}dt$$ $$ = \lim_{p\to\infty}\left(\int_{-p}^1e^{-i\omega t} - \int_{-p}^1 t\cdot e^{-...
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1answer
31 views

Gaussian quadrature with a to $[0,1]$ reference domain instead of a $[-1,1]$ reference domain?

For 1-d Gaussian quadrature with two points per element we have the following formula to transform an integral from an arbitrary domain $[a, b]$ to the reference domain $[-1,1]$ on which various ...
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15 views

What reparametrization of vector parameters makes the Jeffreys prior correspond to the uniform prior?

What reparametrization of vector of parameters $\theta$ makes the Jeffreys prior $$\sqrt{\det I(\theta)}$$ correspond to the uniform prior? A change of parametrization from $\theta$ to $\eta$ changes ...
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1answer
48 views

Inverse $Z$ transform of $\frac{1}{z-a}$

I don't really get what's happening here and I haven't been able to find a single example on how to get the inverse $Z$-transform of $\frac{1}{z-a}$. Can anyone show the way?
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15 views

How would you express this integral in cylindrical polar coordinates?

How would you express the integral \begin{gather*} \int_{0}^{1}\int _{0}^{\sqrt{1-x^{2}}}\int_{0}^{1-x^{2}-y^{2}} e^{z} \ dz \ dy \ dx \end{gather*} In cylindrical polar coordinates, would it be ...
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15 views

Is this the correct domain of integration for this double integral, under the following coordinate transformation?

Suppose you had the double integral $\iint \limits_{A} \frac{y^{2}}{x^{4}}e^{xy} \ dx \ dy$, where $A$ is the region defined by $x>0, \ y>0$ satisfying $x^{2} \leq y \leq 2x^{2}, \ \frac{1}{x} \...
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23 views

What would the limits of integration be for this double integral?

Suppose you had the double integral $\iint \limits_{A} \frac{y^{2}}{x^{4}}e^{xy}dx \ dy$, where $A$ is the area defined by $x>0, \ y>0, \ x^{2} \leq y \leq 2x^{2}, \ \frac{1}{x^{2}} \leq y \leq \...
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29 views

Fourier transform problem

I have to show that the Fourier transform of the function $f(x) = \ln(x)$ is: $$\mathfrak{F}[\ln(x)](k) = \frac{1}{k}\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2}} - \frac{1}{|k|}\sqrt{\frac{\pi}{2}} + i\ \sqrt{\frac{\pi^3}{2}...
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1answer
27 views

Solving 2nd order linear ODE with integral transformation

I have this differential equation $-u''(x)+\mu \cdot u(x)=f(x)$ where $x \in (0,\pi)$ with boundary conditions $u'(0)=u'(\pi)=0$ where $c$ is a constant. I checked the values of $\mu$ where I have ...
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1answer
41 views

How would you solve this surface integral?

Suppose you had the surface integral $\iint \limits_{A} = x^{3}(1-x^{4}-y^{4})dx \ dy$ where $A$ is the region defined by $x \geq 0, \; y \geq 0, \; x^{4}+y^{4} \leq 1$. How would you solve this ...
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1answer
14 views

Why does count of Z -Transform of sequence change?

I was looking at the reference [1] below and noted the author defined the Z-transform for [1, 2, 3] as $$[6, \frac{11}{4}, 2]$$ I worked it out as follows: $$X[z]=\sum_{n=0}^2x[n]z^{-n}$$ $$=x[0]z^0+\...
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1answer
98 views

Bilateral Laplace transform

My knowledge of Bilateral Laplace transform is less. Here are the few questions I need answer. What is the condition for existence of bilateral Laplace transform? How is the condition for existence ...
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22 views

Identify a probability distribution with coordinate transformation

I have a problem with this task: We have a random variable $X:\Omega \rightarrow \mathbb R^2$, which is uniformly distributed on $K:= \{(x_1,x_2) \in \mathbb R^2 : \sqrt{x_1^2+x_2^2} \le 1 \}$ Now I ...
2
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1answer
63 views

Does the Discrete Fourier Transform assume a periodic signal, or one that dies off?

I keep hearing that the DFT assumes a periodic signal. E.g. the first answer in this MATLAB Q&A site. This doesn't make any sense to me. According to the derivations I've seen of the DFT one ...
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47 views

The resolvent kernel

Good morning. How can we prove that $$ \Gamma (s,t, \Lambda ) - \Gamma (s,t, M ) = \Lambda - M \times \int { \Gamma(s,t, \Lambda ) \times \Gamma (s,t,M) \, dx }$$ I tried to use the formula of ...
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62 views

Radial Green's function

I would like to solve an equation of the form $$ \bigg(\frac{d}{dr^2} + m^2 \bigg)f(r) = g(r), $$ for $f(r)$. Normally I would just find the Green's function $G(r,r')$, which is defined by $$ \bigg(\...
2
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1answer
138 views

Fourier transforms and Dirac delta function

What is the Dirac delta function $\delta(t_1-t_2)$ in Fourier (frequency) space?
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1answer
26 views

How do you differentiate a Laplace transform?

Consider the Laplace transform of $\color{green}{t\cfrac{\mathrm{d^2}f}{\mathrm{d}t^2}}$: $$\mathcal{L}\left[{t\cfrac{\mathrm{d^2}f}{\mathrm{d}t^2}}\right]=\int_{t=0}^{\infty}e^{-st}{t\cfrac{\mathrm{...
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20 views

Fourier transform involving completion of square

Show that the Fourier transform of $$f(x) = k e^{\frac{-x^{2}}{2\sigma^{2}}}$$ for some $k \in \mathbb{R}$ is $$F( \lambda) = \frac{k}{\sigma}e^{\frac{-\sigma^{2}}{2\sigma^{2}}}$$ By ...
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1answer
75 views

Laplace Transform

The question I had was Find the Laplace transform of $$f(t)=10e^{-200t}u(t).$$ Would it be correct to take out the 10 because it is a constant, find the Laplace transform of $e^{-200t}$ and then ...
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17 views

Abel transform of $R_z(\Delta)$

The spectrum of the Laplace operator $\Delta$, as self-adjoint unbounded operator on $L^2$ is equal $]-\infty ,0]$. The resolvent $R_z$ is defined for $z \in \mathbb C \setminus ]-\infty ,0] $. Using ...
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1answer
80 views

Mellin transform of Gumbel distribution

The probability density function (PDF) of Gumbel distribution is given as: $$f\left(x\right)=\frac{\exp \left(-\left(\exp \left(-\frac{x-\mu}{\beta }\right)+\frac{x-\mu}{\beta }\right)\right)}{\beta }...
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26 views

Limitations on Linear Canonical Transforms

Preface: LCTs are used in physics and in signal processing, but this question is about the mathematics behind them moreso than any particular application. As such, I think it belongs here, but if I ...
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18 views

For a good understanding of Gauss' theorem

Why does any term that can be written as a divergence vanish when integrated over the volume V? And what is the physical meaning of this property? For example, $$\int_V\frac{\partial}{\partial x_j}(...
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29 views

A specific partial differential equation using Fourier Transform

I have the following PDE problem which I think sounds like a job for the Fourier transform: $ u_t + 2u_x = u_{xx} \space \space \space -\infty < x < \infty \space \space \space t>0 $ ...
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30 views

Hilbert transform of $\cos(\phi(t))$.

I am attempting to derive the Hilbert transform of $\cos{\phi(t)}$. I understand that the transform is given by \begin{align*} H[\cos(\phi(t)] = \frac{1}{\pi} \ p.v. \ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{\...
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32 views

Nonstandard analysis and integral transforms

Can integral transforms be evaluated without limits(i.e Laplace transform) such as in non standard analysis? Can the improper integral be bounded by a hyperreal number? I am not very familliar with ...
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58 views

Finding the inverse of an Integral Transform

I'm working with the following integral transform - $\tilde{f}(y) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty dx\,\frac{f(x)}{x + i y}$ What would be the inverse of a such an integral transformation?
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3answers
97 views

Integrate $\int\sqrt{x+\sqrt{x^{2}+2}}$ $dx$ .

Q) $\int\sqrt{x+\sqrt{x^{2}+2}}$ $dx$ . Tried rationalising the numerator twice to get Numerator =-2 but not able to simplify denominator The question reduces to (as per my rationalising)
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1answer
40 views

Integrate $\int\dfrac{x \cos x+1}{\sqrt{2x^{3}e^{\sin x}+x^{2}}}dx$ [closed]

$$\int\dfrac{x \cos x+1}{\sqrt{2x^{3}e^{\sin x}+x^{2}}}dx$$
6
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1answer
79 views

Integrate $\int\frac{x^{6}-2x^{3}}{\left(x^{3}+1\right)^{3}}dx$ .

$$\int\frac{x^{6}-2x^{3}}{\left(x^{3}+1\right)^{3}}dx$$ I tried adding and subtracting 1 to bring a square expression with numerator as $(x^3-1)^2 -1$ but always going to partial fraction which ...
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1answer
43 views

Integrate $\int\frac{\left(1+x\right)\sin x}{\left(x^{2}+2x\right)\cos^{2}x-\left(1+x\right)\sin2x}dx$

(Q) $\displaystyle \int\frac{\left(1+x\right)\sin x}{\left(x^{2}+2x\right)\cos^{2}x-\left(1+x\right)\sin2x}dx$ Tried a lot to expand denominator and reduce it to bring its derivative on top , but all ...
2
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3answers
52 views

Integrate $\int\frac{x+1}{x^{4}+6x^{2}+4x}dx$

This gives a cubic polynomial in denominator and nonfactorisable It looks so simple but i just am not able to solve it
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71 views

Riemannian generalization/adaption of the Hubbard–Stratonovich transformation

I'd like to write the Hubbard–Stratonovich (HS) transformation of a scalar function on a Riemannian manifold (curved space). This transformation is quite simple in Euclidean space. One can consider ...
2
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0answers
270 views

Contour Integral solution to differential equations, Euler transformation?

In Spain's book, Functions of mathematical physics he introduces the contour integral method of solving ODEs. The baseic idea is: given an ODE $\sum_0^m a_r(t) \frac {d^rf}{dt^r} = 0$, a solution may ...
11
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1answer
114 views

Extending the domains of densely defined bounded integral transforms on $L^2(\Bbb R)$

This is a question I've contemplated for quite some time since it's pretty closely related to Fourier theory (particularly choosing the "right" space to define the Fourier transform on). However I've ...
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1answer
418 views

What exactly is an integral kernel?

I am not sure if I have seen integral transforms in the right way, but given a transform like Fourier transform - it's actually a basis transformation right ? $$ F(y) = \int K(x,y) f(x) \text{d}x $$ ...
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1answer
54 views

Fourier transform is unitary proof and other unitary integral operators

There is this old unanswered question: Proof the Fourier Transform is Unitary/Not Unitary What is the easiest way to see that the Fourier transform is unitary and why it is important to have constant ...
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1answer
74 views

Finding the root mean square of a sum of trig functions

$$v(t) = 3 - 2\sin(t) + 8\sin^2(t)$$ To find the rms of this function, I first figured out that the period $T = 2\pi$. I then set up the equation: $V = \sqrt{\frac{1}{T}\int^T_0v^2(t)\,dt}$ ...
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0answers
22 views

Conditions for Mellin inversion

Under which conditions is the function $$ g(s)=a^{c(s-1)}\Gamma(s),\qquad a>0,c\in \mathbb{R} $$ the Mellin transform of a probability density function $f$? If $c=-1$, then $f$ is the exponential ...
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0answers
19 views

PDE Variable transform (integral) Chain Rule

Can somebody help me with the variable transform where the new variable is integral variable? This is a moving boundary problem where the radius of particle, $R(t)$ changes with time. The equations ...
2
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1answer
55 views

Hankel transform of a Bessel function of different order

Here I found that $$ \int_0^\infty J_\nu(kr) J_\nu(sr) r dr = \frac{\delta(k - s)}{s} = \frac{1}{s^2}\delta\left(1 - \frac{k}{s}\right). $$ I wonder how can that be derived and if a similar method can ...