4
votes
1answer
82 views

How to develop the Fourier Transform in my mind now that I know the Fourier Seires?

I know that we can represent some function $f$ in this way: $$f(t) = \frac{a_0}{2} + \sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n\cos\left(\frac{n\pi t}{L}\right) + \sum_{n=1}^\infty b_n\sin\left(\frac{n\pi t}{L}\right)$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Can integral transforms be viewed as change of basis formulas?

Forgive any lack of rigor. If you have a countable orthonormal basis $B$ for a Hilbert space $H$ , then any function $f \in H$ can be expressed as $$ f(t) = \sum\limits_{g \, \in \, B} \langle f, ...
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Fourier transform and inverse transorm

I have to prove that for $f\in L^1(\mathbb{R})$ $$ \check{\hat{f}}=\hat{\check{f}}, $$ where $$ \hat{f}(\xi):=\int\limits_{\mathbb{R}}e^{-i\xi x}f(x)\mathrm{d}x $$ and ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

What is the inverse Fourier transform of $|k|^{-\alpha}$?

What is the inverse Fourier transform, $\mathcal{F}^{-1}\{|k|^{-\alpha}\}$? I am specifically interested in the case where $1<\alpha<2$. To do this, I need to compute the integral ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

the multidimensional Hilbert transforms or partial Hilbert transforms

The one-dimensional Hilbert transform can be defined by the convolution $Hf:=f*\frac{1}{\pi x}$, or can be given by Fourier multiplier $(Hf)\hat{\,}(\xi)=-i\mathrm{sgn}(\xi)\hat{f}(\xi)$. ...
1
vote
2answers
113 views

What is difference between Fourier Transform and Fast Fourier Transform?

If you think about Fourier Transform, in the classical cases, say on the real line, what it is? Just a waded sum. Right? You take a function $f$, and you take it's Fourier Transform at particular ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

Fourier Transform-1

I am trying to solve a Fourier transform problem and I am stuck. The problem is: $$f(t)= \frac{\sin(2t)}{e^{|t|}}.$$ I have used integration, but the answer that I come up with is different than ...
5
votes
2answers
55 views

Computation of the fourier transformation of a function with a matrix

I want to compute the Fourier transformation of the following function: \begin{align} f:& \mathbb R^n \rightarrow \mathbb R \\ & x \mapsto \exp(-\left<Ax,x\right>) \end{align} where ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Fourier transform of $te^{-t^2}$?

How can I find the Fourier transform of: $$f(t) = te^{-t^2}$$
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Fourier-Laplace Transform of Heaviside Step function multiplied to Sine

In a Advanced Solid State lecture I encountered the following assertion- Fourier Transform of $\Theta(t)\sin(\omega_0 t)$ is ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

A Parseval-like theorem for Mellin transforms

A particular case of Parseval's theorem for Fourier transforms says that if $f$ is square integrable on $\mathbb{R}$, then $$ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} |f(t)|^{2} \ dt = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} ...
5
votes
1answer
174 views

Multiple Fourier Integrals involving Heaviside Theta Function

I want to evaluate the integral: $$I=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}dx_1 \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}dx_2 \ \Theta(x_1-x_2) \ e^{i(ax_1+bx_2)}$$ where $\Theta(x)$ is the Heaviside function. What I was doing now ...
0
votes
1answer
190 views

Fourier Transform for triangular wave

Could someone tell me if I've worked this out right? I'm unsure of the process, especially the final parts where I convert it to a sinc function. Please let me know if I've made mistakes anywhere ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Fourier Transform Help Needed

I need help with a Fourier Transform problem for a composite waveform for an assignment. I'm stumped with how to approach this one. The only way I could think of to solve this was by considering it ...
0
votes
1answer
140 views

Need help with a Fourier Transform Question

I need an way to solve this Fourier transform problem. $$ f(t)= \begin{cases} \cosh(t) & \text{ For } |t|<1\\ 0 & \text{ For }|t|>1 \end{cases} $$ The given answer for the ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

Which function satisfies the conditions?

I'm solving a problem and, in order to run test case, I need a function $ b(x,y) $ that satisfies: $$ \int_0^L \int_0^H b(x,y) \, dx \, dy = 0 $$ and $$ \int_0^L \int_0^H b(x,y) \cos \left(\frac{n ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Fourier transform of a function involving $\sec(\omega)$

The summary of my question is: What should I make of $\mathcal{F}^{-1}\left[\frac{\csc(\omega)}{\omega^2-\beta^2}\right]$ where $\mathcal{F}^{-1}$ is the inverse fourier transform (taking $F(\omega)$ ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Solving a Fourier sine transform equation

Suppose we have the following Fourier sine transform equation $$\int_0^\infty f(x;p)\sin(\lambda x)dx \equiv 0,$$ where $f(x;p)$ has some parameters $p\in\mathbb{R}$ we can choose freely. Does this ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Fourier Transform of a Gaussian Signal?

As far as I know this is the formula for FT : On this question on part b) I fint on the answer the part with e^-jwt is changed with cos(wt) I have no idea how cos(wt) came in ... would you please ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Integrating the Fourier Transform

I am trying to show that $$\mathcal{F}\left\{ \frac{f(t)}{t} \right\} = - i \int_{- \infty}^w \hat{f}(w') \, d w'.$$ Shouldn't it be $$\mathcal{F}\left\{ \frac{f(t)}{t} \right\} = - i \int_{w}^{+ ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Misunderstanding with Fourier sine transform…

In my copy of Table of Integrals, Series, and Products (Gradshteyn & Ryzhik) on p.1121, it says that the Fourier sine transform is defined $$F_s(\xi) = \sqrt{\frac{2}{\pi}}\int_0^\infty ...
4
votes
3answers
200 views

A convolution like integral equation

I would like to solve the following integral equation for $g(z)$. $$\int_z^\infty g(\zeta)(\zeta-z)^{\alpha-1} d\zeta = e^{-bz}, \tag{1}$$ where $\alpha$ and $b$ are constants. I would also like to ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Fourier Integral evaluation

We're doing fourier integrals in class, but unfortunately I have no idea how to even begin to tackle this one. The examples we have done in class were way simpler than this one: $$ \int_0^\infty ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Convolution theorem for other transforms

The Fourier transform is an integral transform with turns any function into a superposition of sinusoidal waves. The convolution theorem states the astonishing property that if you convolve two ...
0
votes
2answers
176 views

Fourier transform convention: $\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(x)e^{\pm ikx}dx $?

I've come across the Fourier transform being defined as: $$\tilde{f}(k)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(x)e^{ikx}dx$$ But this convention is not present in the Wikipedia article. The ...
4
votes
0answers
100 views

Involutive fourier transform

The writer here states I am introducing a viewpoint (the involutive convention) which makes the Fourier transform its own inverse (i.e., the Fourier transform so defined is an involution). ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

The Fourier Stieltjes transform is uniformly continuous

Let $G$ be a locally compact Abelian group and $\hat{G}$ be its dual group, that is the group of all complex functions $\gamma:G\to\mathbb C$ such that ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Fourier Transform of Non Tempered Function

I have a function $g(x) = (1 + x^{1/a} )^a$ which is not bounded and in fact does not even define a tempered function. However, I need to take the Fourier transform of this function. What I can ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Inverse Fourier-cosine transfrom

Suppose we have a function $F(x)$ given by the integral: $$F(x)=\int_{0}^{\infty}f(t)\frac{\cos(t\log x)}{t}dt\;\;\;\;\;(x>1)$$ This looks tantalizingly like a Fourier-cosine transform of ...
4
votes
2answers
130 views

Fourier, Laplace, … and other Integral-transformations

I know Laplace, Fourier and Mellin-Transformation. Is there a general theory of transformations? My main interest is about classification of transformations satisfying specified properties like ...
8
votes
2answers
429 views

Fourier series is to Fourier transform what Laurent series is to …?

Since the coefficients $$a_k = \frac1{2\pi i}\oint_C\frac{f(z)}{(z-c)^{k+1}}\,dz$$ for the Laurent series $$f(z)\Big|_{r\le|z|\le R} = \sum_{k=-\infty}^{\infty}a_k\cdot(z-c)^k $$ of a function ...
7
votes
1answer
135 views

Fourier transform using principal value

Can anyone help me compute the Fourier transform of $ 1/|x|^{n-\alpha} $ in $\mathbb{R}^n $ where $ 0 < \alpha < n $ ? Somehow it becomes the principal value of $ 1/|x|^\alpha $ which I can't ...
0
votes
1answer
229 views

Fourier cosine and sine transforms of 1

What is the Fourier sine and cosine transform of $f(x)=1$? I have seen some sources refer to the transform of $f=1$ involving the Dirac Delta function, but this goes against the integral definition ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

transform that is invariant under rotation

We know that the magnitude of the Fourier transform (resp. Mellin transform) of a shifted (resp. scaled) function is identical to the magnitude of the original function. I wonder if there is a ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Fourier transform of $\text{sinc}^3 {\pi t}$

$$f(t)=\frac{\sin^3(\pi t)}{(\pi t)^3}$$ I want to calculate the Fourier transform. I can't calculate this integral: $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\sin^3(\pi t)}{(\pi t)^3}\cos(ut)\,\mathrm{d}t$$
0
votes
0answers
110 views

Fourier, the Fourier transform

Could You help me? Where $g(t)$ is Cantor function: $$G(\omega)= \int_0^1 e^{2\pi i\omega t}dg(t)$$ Show, that $G(\omega)\not\to0$, if $\omega\to\infty$
0
votes
1answer
153 views

Problem evaluating an improper integral $\int_0^{\infty} \frac{(\sin{2x}-2x\cos{2x})^2}{x^6}$ using fourier transform

This is a question from one of the past papers of my university which I am unable to do. I am not being able to do question 2 from below. Let $f(x)= a^2-x^2 \,\,\,\,\, |x|<a ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Solving an initial value ODE problem using fourier transform

I am a physics undergrad and studying some transform methods. The question is as follows: $y^{\prime \prime} - 2 y^{\prime}+y=\cos{x}\,\,\,\,y(0)=y^{\prime}(0)=0\,\,\, x>0$ I am having some ...
1
vote
2answers
756 views

Solving an integral equations using fourier transform

I have to solve the equation $\int_0^{\infty} f(x) \cos{(\alpha x)}\, dx=\frac{\sin{\alpha }}{\alpha}$ Using fourier transform. I know this is half of the usual fourier cosine transform, and so ...
1
vote
3answers
218 views

Fourier transform of $g(x)=x\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}$?

I have a problem with the Fourier transform of the function $g(x)=x\frac{\partial f}{\partial x}$. I need the transform to be itself a function of the Fourier transform of $f(x)$ and I don't know how ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Fourier Transform of a function under an arbitrary coordinate transform [duplicate]

Consider a function $f(x)$ and its Fourier Transform $\tilde{f}(k)$ given by $$ \tilde{f}(k) = \int_\mathbb{R}\!\!\!dx\; e^{-ikx}f(x). $$ Now, lets have the coordinate transform $\xi = \tau(x)$ and, ...
5
votes
1answer
935 views

Hilbert transform and Fourier transform

Assume the following relationship between the Hilbert and Fourier transforms: $$ \mathcal{H}(f) = {\mathcal{F}^{-1}}(-i ~ \text{sgn}(\cdot) \cdot \mathcal{F}(f)), $$ where $ \displaystyle ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

When to use other transforms?

maple code int(g*f, x=-infinity..infinity) when $g$ is $\large exp^{i*t*x}$, Fourier transform between density function and characteristic function If $g$ are $x^t$, $|x^{t}|$, $t^{x}$, what do they ...
2
votes
1answer
229 views

Decaying Fourier transform and smoothness

Suppose that $f\in L^1 (\mathbb{R})$ and that for any $n\in \mathbb{N}$ there is $C_n > 0$ such that its Fourier transform satisfies $$ |\hat{f}(\xi )| \le C_n(1+|\xi |^2)^{-n}. $$ I want to show ...
5
votes
1answer
240 views

Convolution square root of $\delta $

I want to somehow classify the distributional solutions of the equation $$ f \ast f = \delta $$ where $\delta = \delta _0$ is the Dirac delta distribution. Clearly, by Fourier transformation, we ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

Help solving $\frac{1}{{2\pi}}\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}{{e^{-{{\left({\frac{t}{2}} \right)}^2}}}{e^{-i\omega t}}dt}$

I need help with what seems like a pretty simple integral for a Fourier Transformation. I need to transform $\psi \left( {0,t} \right) = {\exp^{ - {{\left( {\frac{t}{2}} \right)}^2}}}$ into ...
15
votes
1answer
425 views

Is Fourier transform characterized by its diagonalization properties?

Let us fix the following convention for the Fourier transform in $L^1(\mathbb{R})$ space: $$\hat{f}(\xi)=\int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x)\, e^{-2\pi i x\xi}\, dx.$$ We then have the following properties: ...
1
vote
1answer
347 views

fancy about inverse discrete Fourier sine and cosine transform (i.e. Fourier sine and cosine series)

In order to find $f(x)$ so that $F(u)=\sum\limits_{x=0}^\infty f(x)\sin\dfrac{\pi ux}{L}$ and $F(u)=\sum\limits_{x=0}^\infty f(x)\cos\dfrac{\pi ux}{L}$ , we can borrow the idea from Fourier sine ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Help me to understand the Gaussian blurring (2)

Here is an unknown luminosity function $f(x,y)$ and its integration results: $$\begin{align*} p_{i,j} &= \frac{1}{\Delta_{i,j}}\iint\limits_{D_{i,j}} \! f(x,y) \, dx \, dy,\\ \Delta_{i,j} &= ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Fourier transform of $\log x$ $ |x|^{s} $ and $\log|x| $

Can anyone provide or give an expression in the sense of distribution theory for the functions $|x|^{s} , \log|x| $? I mean I would like to evaluate the Fourier transform $ ...