This covers all transformations of functions by integrals, including but not limited to the Radon, X-Ray, Hilbert, Mellin transforms. Use (wavelet-transform), (laplace-transform) for those respective transforms, and use (fourier-analysis) for questions about the Fourier and Fourier-sine/cosine ...

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0answers
12 views

PDE Variable transform (integral) Chain Rule

Can somebody help me with the variable transform where the new variable is integral variable? This is a moving boundary problem where the radius of particle, $R(t)$ changes with time. The equations ...
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0answers
8 views

Coordinate transformation, specific expression

This is a fairly specific question, on which I'm stuck while reading a paper. If someone could enlighten me, thanks in advance! We have a function F(l), a Fourier transform of some function f(x). ...
2
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1answer
39 views

Hankel transform of a Bessel function of different order

Here I found that $$ \int_0^\infty J_\nu(kr) J_\nu(sr) r dr = \frac{\delta(k - s)}{s} = \frac{1}{s^2}\delta\left(1 - \frac{k}{s}\right). $$ I wonder how can that be derived and if a similar method can ...
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0answers
32 views

Fourier transform of an inverse function.

If for a given function $f(x)$, the Fourier transform is $\hat{f}(p)$; Is there a way to find the Fourier transform of $f(x)^{-1}$ in terms of $\hat{f}(p)$?
3
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1answer
40 views

Norm of an integral operator $L^1 \rightarrow L^\infty$

Let $T:L^1(\mathbb{R}^n)\rightarrow L^\infty(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be an integral operator, i.e. there exist $K:\mathbb{R}^n\times\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^n$ such that for all $f\in ...
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1answer
91 views

Antiderivative of $\frac{e^x}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}$

Can anyone help me find the following indefinite integral: $$\int{\frac{e^x}{\sqrt{1-x^2}} dx}$$ I cannot think of any transformation...
3
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0answers
43 views

Integral of an expression involving sine and cosine powers

For integers $a,n\in \mathbb N$, consider the following integral $$ I_n(a) = \frac{(-i)^x}{\pi}\int_0^\pi e^{i\theta(n-2a)} \sin^x \theta \cos^{n-x} \theta\; \mathrm d\theta\;. $$ How would one go ...
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0answers
117 views

What plays the role of the identity for the generalized convolution associated to the Fourier-Bessel transform?

In traditional Fourier theory, the Dirac delta plays the role of an "identity" for the $L^1$ algebra with respect to the usual convolution. The convolution is traditionally built out of group ...
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1answer
29 views

Reconstruction of a function from its moments

The n-th moment of a real valued function $f$ is defined as: $m_n(f)=\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}x^nf(x)dx$. I heard that a function $f$ is uniquely determined by its moments. I would be quite surprised ...
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1answer
41 views

Dirichlet energy and Fourier transform

Is there a direct relationship between the Dirichlet energy of a function: $$E(f)=\int_{\Omega}\lvert\nabla f(\mathbf{x})\rvert^2\mathrm{d}V$$ and its Fourier transform ...
3
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4answers
79 views

What does it mean when two functions are “orthogonal”, why is it important?

I have often come across the concept of orthogonality and orthogonal functions e.g in fourier series the basis functions are cos and sine, and they are orthogonal. For vectors being orthogonal means ...
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1answer
10 views

Two small questions concerning the Hankel transform

For an application, I was reading the wikipedia page on the Hankel transform and I was hoping somebody could clarify two things for me that I have not been able to find elsewhere as well: 1) ...
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0answers
19 views

2D Poisson equation and Bessel Functions

If I were to solve a inhomogeneous 2D Laplace's equation (in polar coordinates), of the form: $$\nabla^2 f= J_2(r)$$ How would I use the Hankel or the Mellin transform to find a solution? I couldn't ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Is the Fourier Transform of the limit the limit of the Fourier Transform?

Assume you want to compute the Fourier transform of a function $f_\epsilon(x)$ given by \begin{align} \mathcal{F}(f_\epsilon)(k) = \int f_\epsilon(x) e^{-ikx}\, dx \end{align} Further assume, that ...
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5answers
46 views

“eigenfunction” of a transformation

Fourier transform of a gaussian is another gaussian. Fourier/Laplace transforms of $\frac{1}{\sqrt t}$ is something like $\frac{1}{\sqrt \omega}$. I realize that we can't call these eigenfunctions ...
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2answers
55 views

trouble with non-homogeneous ODE system… which method shall I use?

I am an undergrad statistics student and I am having troubles with non-homogeneous ODE systems. During my classes I went over just three methods for solving odes: Laplace transform, Fourier transform ...
1
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1answer
33 views

Smoothness of Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{|x|^p}$

Consider the "function" (more precisely it is a tempered distribution) given by $f : \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$, $f(x) = \frac{1}{|x|^p}$, where $0 < p < n$. It can be calculated that the ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Inverse Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\sqrt{\xi}}$

Does talking about the inverse Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\sqrt{\xi}}$ even make sense? If it does, how can we conclude about the decay properties, support and smoothness of the inverse Fourier ...
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1answer
25 views

Identifying a function is even or odd or not even and odd. [closed]

Here I have a very confusing problem. I'm right now solving Fourier transform. In which different formulas has to be applied according to the nature of the function wether it is odd or even or not ...
0
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1answer
23 views

Probability transformation

I have a question regarding probability transformations. Could someone tell me wether I am doing it good or not? Consider $f_{X}(x)=3/2e^{-3x}+3e^{-6x}, x \geq 0$, 1) Calculate the pdf of ...
3
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3answers
194 views

A more elegant way to find the Fourier transform

Let $f$ be defined analytically as : $$f(x)=\arccos \left ( \sin \left ( 2x \right ) \right ), x \in\left (0,10 \right ], f(x)=0, x\notin\left ( 0,10 \right ]$$ Here is a graph of the above ...
3
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1answer
55 views

Inverse Radon Transform of a function in the Schwartz class

This question comes from reading through Stein and Shakarchi's Fourier Analysis, page 206. Consider the two Schwartz spaces $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^3)$ and $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}\times S^2)$, where ...
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0answers
26 views

Geometric Interpretation of Fourier Transforms

I'm interested in tsunami wave science and I've already got an engineering degree and a basic knowledge of signal processing. The courses I took were intensively computational and taught some skills ...
2
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0answers
11 views

Consistency/range conditions for (integral) transform mapping into higher-dimensional space

I am interested in learning more about what the (formal) implications are when transforming a $n$-dimensional function space (e.g., the space of all $\mathbb{R}^n\to\mathbb{R}$) to a higherdimensional ...
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0answers
27 views

Singularities in the Gauss Hypergeometric Function

I am evaluating the following term in a series: $$I_k = \int\!x^{-3(2k+1)}(1+\lambda x^4)^{-1/2}\,\mathrm dx$$ When I plug this into WolframAlpha, I get the following result: $$I_k = ...
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0answers
13 views

Identify functional form of expectation value

I have the equation: $g(z) = {\int_{\mathbb{R}^n}}\;f(x)\exp(-c(x)^Tz)dx = \mathbb{E}_X[\exp(-c(X)^Tz)]$ where $c:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}_+^m$, $z \in \mathbb{R}_+^m$ and $f(x)$ is a ...
2
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0answers
52 views

A Mellin Transform of a generating function

I am trying to find the Mellin transform of the function $$ G(z) = \sum_{k \ge 1} C_k\left( 1- \exp \left( \frac{-z}{4^k} \right )\right), $$ where $C_k$ denotes the $k$-th Catalan number ($C_k = ...
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0answers
35 views

Solving initial value problem using Laplace transforms, one other method, and comparing results

So for my solution using characteristic equations I get (fixed a typo for first coefficient) $$\frac{11}{30} e^{-3t} - \frac{21}{20} e^{-2t} + \frac{21}{20} e^{2t} - \frac{11}{30} e^{3t}$$ For the ...
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0answers
17 views

Transforming a function - general methods

I have some rather general questions about transforming a function from one form to another. I have tried reading about integral transforms, but I wish to know more about the theory in general, as ...
0
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1answer
22 views

Graphing Fourier transforms on a frequency versus intensity plot (how to deal with complex numbers)

I am trying to understand how Fourier transforms are used to make HNMR plots. HNMR basically consists of hitting some molecules with some radiation and listening to the radio signal that results. ...
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1answer
28 views

Quick Question on Zeroes of Transfer Function

Sorry for not providing context here. Suppose I have an output $Y(z)=\frac{z-1}{z}$ and input $X(z)=\frac{z^2+3z+2}{z^2}$ to yield a transfer function ...
8
votes
1answer
96 views

The inverse Laplace transform of $ s^{3/2}-a-bs \over s^{3/2}+a+bs$

How can I solve the inverse Laplace transform as below: $$\mathscr{L}^{-1}\left( s^{3/2}-a-bs \over s^{3/2}+a+bs \right) $$ where a and b are constants. Hint: we can consider $${ s^{3/2}-a-bs ...
1
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1answer
20 views

Find a function in terms of another

I need to express an in terms of f(x). I did it but I'm not sure if it is right. Consider \begin{cases} -u_{xx}+u=f(x), &0<x<\ell\\[0.5em] u_x(0)=0,\;u_x(l)=0& \end{cases} ...
0
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1answer
33 views

Why is this laplace identity true $\int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\frac{f(t)}{t}\,dt = \int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\mathcal{L}\{f\}$?

I was wondering why this laplace identity is true? Does it follow from definition? $$\int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\frac{f(t)}{t}\,dt = \int_{\Bbb{R}^+}\mathcal{L}\{f\}$$ I'm trying to understand the first ...
0
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1answer
45 views

Transform an Integral bounds from -inf, inf to 0 to 1

Good day, If i have an integral from -infinity to infinity, how do I change the bounds/limits to 0 to 1? I don't want to give exact question since this is part of an assignment. I know how to figure ...
3
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1answer
60 views

Is the Gamma Function multivalued??

Consider the definition of the Gamma function $$ \Gamma(s) = \int_{0}^{\infty}\left[x^{s-1}e^{-x} \right] dx $$ Clearly: $x^{s-1}$ may have multiple defined values for $s$ if $s-1$ is rational or ...
4
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3answers
109 views

How to learn Integral Transform?

I major in Electronic Engineering when back in college. I learned the Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform, Z Transform and wavelet Transform. But I always feel a lack of thorough understanding of ...
1
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1answer
41 views

Fourier transform of a random variable

During my research i'm dealing with a stochastic partial differential equation. The random term appearing in my equation is a tensorial random variable: $\boldsymbol{\sigma}(\boldsymbol{x},t)$ Which ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Inverse transform of a modified Abel transform

I have been struggling for 6 months on finding the analytical inverse transform of a transformation below: $$F(y,k) = 2 \int_y^{\infty}\cos\left(ka\sqrt{r^2-y^2}\right) f(r,k) ...
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3answers
33 views

2-Dimensional FOURIER TRANSFORM

How can I do to calculate the Inverse Fourier Transform of: $$G(w,y)=e^{-|w|y}$$ where w is real (w is the transform of x). I want to have $g(x,y)$, where $G$ is the Fourier Transform of $g$ Thanks
0
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1answer
23 views

Positivity of a Sine transform of a positive function

Consider a function $f(t)$ with $f(t>0)>0$ and $f(-t)=-f(t)$. Can I make any statement about the positivity of the Sine transform $$\hat{f}(\omega) = \int_{0}^{\infty} \sin(\omega t) f(t) ...
0
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1answer
48 views

Fourier Transform - Laplace Transform - Which variable transform?

I need to know when do I have to transform $x$ and when $y$ in a PDE in Fourier Transform and Laplace Transform. In an exercise of Fourier Transform, I have to solve a Laplace Equation, where ...
3
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0answers
35 views

Mellin transform defined for function on group $(\mathbb{R}^{+}, \times)$

In the article on the $\Gamma$ function in the Princeton Companion to Mathematics, the author states The Mellin transform is a type of Fourier transform, but it is defined for functions on the ...
2
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1answer
172 views

Fourier COSINE Transform (solving PDE - Laplace Equation)

I'm trying to solve Laplace equation using Fourier Cosine Transform (I have to use that), but I don't know if I'm doing everything OK (if I'm doing everything OK, the exercise is wrong and I don't ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Fourier cosine and sine transform of $\exp{(-ax)}(1+bx)^{-1}$ and $\exp{(-ax)}(1+bx)^{-2}$

As stated in the title I should calculate the cosine and sine Fourier transform of: $$f_1(x)=\exp{(-ax)}(1+bx)^{-1}$$ and $$f_2(x)=\exp{(-ax)}(1+bx)^{-2}$$ That obviously means calculating: ...
3
votes
1answer
238 views

Relation between Hankel transform and Fourier transform

As a physics student, I ran into the following problem. I left out a lot of context, if anything is unclear please ask me. I quote: The statistic that is observable is the angular correlation ...
2
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0answers
80 views

About Mellin transform and harmonic series

Let $\mathfrak{M}\left(*\right)$ the Mellin transform. We know that holds this identity$$\mathfrak{M}\left(\underset{k\geq1}{\sum}\lambda_{k}g\left(\mu_{k}x\right),\, ...
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0answers
26 views

Can wavelets be used for texture discrimination?

I've recently been studying wavelet analysis with a view to differentiating certain areas of texture images where the texture differs from the background pattern (which is quite random); for example a ...
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0answers
45 views

Check my Solution: Possible kernels for an integral transformation

I solved a problem and would like to know if my solution is correct. Feel free to comment. Problem: Given the integral equation $$\frac{1}{2\pi}\int dk e^{-ikx'}\int dx e^{ikx} u(k,x) f(x)=f(x')$$ ...
7
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2answers
306 views

An alternating series identity with a hidden hyperbolic tangent

How does one use the inverse Mellin transform to prove that the following identity holds? $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^n}{n(e^{n\pi} + 1)} = \frac{1}{8}(\pi - 5\log(2))$$ The identity follows ...