An integral equation is an equation in which the unknown function appears under the integral sign. There is no universal method for solving integral equations. Solution methods and even the existence of a solution depend on the particular form of the integral equation. (Handbook of Mathematics - ...

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12
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2answers
412 views

if $f(x)-a\int_x^{x+1}f(t)~dt$ is constant, then $f(x)$ is constant or $f(x)=Ae^{bx}+B$

Question: let $a\in(0,1)$, and such $f(x)\geq0$, $x\in R$ is continuous on $R$, if $$f(x)-a\int_x^{x+1}f(t)dt,\forall x\in R $$ is constant, show that $f(x)$ is constant; or ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

How to find the solution of integer equation group

I have the following problem: to find the general item of the following equation: let $a_1=b_1=1$, $$a_{n+1}=6a_n+2b_n, b_{n+1}=3a_n+2b_n$$ for any $n\geq 1$, find $a_n=?, b_n=?$
2
votes
0answers
26 views

finding solution to a partial integro differential equation

I want to find a function (or a set of functions) such that $u(x,t)$ satisfies the following partial integro-differential equation with singular kernel \begin{eqnarray} &&u_x(0,t) = \int_0^t ...
4
votes
1answer
52 views

How to solve $xy=2\int_1^xy(t)dt+5$?

Could you please give me some hint how to solve this equation: $xy=2\int_1^xy(t)dt+5$. It is not known whether $y(x)$ is continuous or not, so I could not use Fundamental Theorem of Calculus for ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

FM signals and non-trivial solutions to a homogeneous Fredholm integral equation of the first kind

I am looking for any non-trivial solution to the following integral equation. That is, find any function $q(\theta)\neq 0$ which satisfies the following equation: $$\int_0^a ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

Volterra equation for a Bessel type IVP that appears in inverse scattering

I have the following i.v.p. (Colton Kress-Inverse acoustic and electromagnetic scattering theory, Springer) $$y''(r)+(k^2n(r)-\frac{l(l+1)}{r^2})y(r)=0$$ $$y(0)=0, y'(0)=1$$ using the Liouville ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Integral equation involving magnitude/modulus squared

I wish to solve the following integral equation that has popped up in my studies of focused light. If you notice, it looks almost like a homogenous Fredholm integral equation of the first kind. ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Define all functions using the main statement

Define all functions that are continious and fullfill the equation $$ f(x) = -1 + \int_0^{x^2} \frac{(f(\sqrt{t})^2 \sin t}{\cos^2t} dt$$ I'm completely lost on this one. I think that you should ...
5
votes
1answer
54 views

Existence of integral equation solution

I am trying to prove a differentiable solution in some open interval about the origin for the equation: $$u(x) + u(x)^2 + \int_0^x (1+\cos(x+u(y))) dy = 0$$ I have been trying to prove it as a ...
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Power series solution to integral equation

Hi guys i'm reading a paper in which the authors have two coupled integral equation for the function $f(x)$ and $g(x)$, in order to solve this problem they employ a power series expansion of these ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Power series function expansion as solution for integral equation

I'm facing an integral equation whose unknown is a function $f(x)$: The equation is of the kind: $$ K = \int_{-l}^{l} G(x,s)f(s)ds $$ So it's a Fredholm integral equation that is rewritten in this ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Solution for a Fredholm integral equation

I have an integral equation: $\int_0^T( t^\alpha + s^\alpha -|t-s|^\alpha) \phi(s)ds=\lambda\phi(t)$ for $\alpha\in(0,2)$. I think this is a Fredholm equation but I am not sure how to solve it. ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Verification of Fourier transformation of Io-sinh function

I try to match, but it could not match $I_o-\sinh$ Practical Fourier Transform pair developed by Ben Logan, transform pair also published in The Practical Application of the Fourier Integral ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Setting up Kernel to Numerically Solve Fredholm Equation of Second Kind

I am looking to confirm if what I am doing is the proper procedure. I writing a program to discretely solve a Homogeneous Fredholm Equation of Second Kind that is set up as follows: $ \int ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Non-linear Hammerstein integral equation

I came across a problem that looks like a non-linear Hammerstein equation: $$ \displaystyle y(t)= v(t)+\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{e^{\iota ts}}{y(s)}\mathrm{d}s $$ I tried solving it by collocation ...
5
votes
1answer
349 views

Integral equation solution (Fredholm, second type)

There is an equation $$ w(x) = g(x)+\int\limits_0^M w(y)f(x-y)\,dy $$ where $f\geq 0$, $f\in C^\infty(\mathbb R\setminus\{c\})$ for some point $c$ and $\int\limits_{-\infty}^\infty f(t)\,dt\leq 1$. ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

A Matrix Integral Equation

We have an integral equation on matrix. ${\Im(t)}=\Im(0)+\int_{0}^{t} \Im(s)[K(s)]_{ \times }ds \tag 1$ $[\hspace{.2cm} ]_{\times}$ is skew symmetric matrix with diagonals zero and is non ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

Analytic solution for system of Digamma function equations

Peace be upon you, There is a while, I am seeking for the analytic solution of $\alpha$ and $\beta$ in this system \begin{align*} \begin{cases} \psi(\alpha)-\psi(\alpha+\beta)=c_1\\ ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Understanding solution to first-order differential equation written in integral form, $y(x)=\int_0^xy(t)dt + x + 1$

I have a differential equation and I'm trying to understand the solution printed in the back of the book. I will specify what part I'm struggling to understand: Problem statement: Solve the following ...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

Solution sets/ existence and uniqueness of solutions to $Ku-\lambda u=\int^1_0 \frac{x^2}{1+y^3}u(y)dy-\lambda u(x)=f(x)$

Given $$ Ku-\lambda u=\int^1_0 \frac{x^2}{1+y^3}u(y)dy-\lambda u(x)=f(x) $$ A) For what values of $\lambda$ does there exist a unique solution for all $f\in L^2(0,1)$? B) Find the solution set ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Condition of existence and uniqueness of solution for abel integral equation

It is well known that Abel integral equation has a unique continuous solution. For example, $$ f(t)=\int_0^t\frac{g(s)}{(s-t)^{\alpha}}ds , 0<\alpha<1 $$ where $f(t)$ is known. Specifically, ...
2
votes
3answers
69 views

Uniform convergence of matrix integral sequence

I was given recursively defined: $M_k=I+\int_{t_0}^tA(s)M_{k-1}(s)~ds$ and $M_0=I$ and that $A(t)$ is a matrix with entries that are continuous functions on $t_0\leq t\leq t_1$. By induction we can ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to solve partial integro-differential equation?

Suppose the following partial integro-differential equation for a function $u(x,t)$ with $t\geq0$, $x \in [0,L]$: $\partial_t u = \partial_{xx} u + f(u,\lambda)$ $\lambda = B\left(u_0 - \int_{x=0}^L ...
2
votes
2answers
40 views

Spectrum of $Tu=\int^1_0 (x+y)u(y)dy$

Given the operator $$Tu(x)=\int^1_0 (x+y)u(y)dy$$ on $L^2(0,1)$, find the spectrum of $T$. For all eigenvalues, find their multiplicities and the eigenfunctions. The kernel is Hilbert Schmidt ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

An integral equation of second type.

Let $A,B$ be real numbers smaller in absolute value than $1000$. Consider the integral equation $$ f ( x ) = A + B\int_1 ^{\sqrt x} f \left( \frac{x-1}{t} \right) \,\mathrm{d} t $$ where the ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

existence and uniqueness of volterra integral equation of the first kind

$$ \int_0^t k(s,t)f(s)ds=g(t) $$ To know the existence and uniquness of solution of volterra integral equation(VIE) of the first kind, we differentiate it and convert to the VIE of the second kind. ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Taking Fourier transform of integral-differential equation

If $u$ is a solution of the equation $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} u(x,t) + \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \text{sinc}(x-y) \cdot \frac{\partial^{2}}{\partial y^{2}} u(y,t) \ dy = 0,$$ with initial condition ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Contraction mapping principle application

I'm to prove that the following equation has a unique solution: $$f(x) = \int_0^1 e^{-sx} \cos(\alpha f(s)) ds.$$ (Here, $\alpha \in (0,1)$.) The form of the exercise screams to apply the ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Show this integral operator is compact for various values of $\alpha$

I am having some problems evaluating a multivariable integral. This question is features in Stakgold's book Green's functions and boundary value problems. page 359. Consider the kernel for $a\leq ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

numerical solution of integral equation

Consider the basic type of integral equation. In particular, a volterra integral equation of the first kind. That is, we have the following integral equation $$\int_a^xf(s)g(s,x)~ds=h(x)$$ where $h$ ...
2
votes
2answers
49 views

Prove that some function is the solution of some equation

Show that $$x(t)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^n(t/2)^{2n}}{(n!)^2}$$ is the solution of $$x*x=\int_{0}^t x(u)x(t-u)du=\sin t$$ My approach: I suppose that I have to use the Laplace transform. I ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

Integral equation/ODE

I have to find all the functions $f(x)$ such that $$f(x)=xe^{(1-x^{2})/2}-xe^{-x^{2}/2}\int_{1}^{x}t^{-2}e^{t^{2}/2}dt$$ which satisfies $$f(x)=1-x\int_{1}^{x}f(t)dt$$ I tried to equal both, but when ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

What functions satisfy $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(x,y)dx=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} g(x,y)dx$?

What functions satisfy $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(x,y)dx=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} g(x,y)dx$ for all $y\in \mathbb{R}$? Under what conditions would this imply that $f(x,y)=g(x,y)$?
3
votes
0answers
22 views

Fredholm Integral in Bayesian Appliation

Let $X = x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_n$ be a sequence of Bernoulli random variables with $k$ successes. Suppose that, given $X$, the posterior predictive probability of $x_{n+1} = x$ is known to be $g(x)$ ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views
1
vote
4answers
54 views

Solve $y = 2 + \int^x_2 [t - ty(t) \,\, dt]$

While working on some differential equation problems, I got one of the following problems: $$y = 2 + \int^x_2 [t - ty(t) \,\, dt]$$ I have no idea what an integral equation is however, the hint ...
1
vote
3answers
38 views

Solving integral equation using Laplace transform

$x(t)+\int_0^t(t-\tau)x(\tau)=t^2$ Is $x(\tau)$ the equivalent of $d\tau$? How do I solve this particular equation?
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Differential equations, integral equations

Is there an analytical way of proving that if $\phi$ is a solution to \begin{equation} y(t)=e^{it}+a\int_{t}^{\infty}\sin (t-s)y(s)s^{-2}ds, \end{equation} then $\phi$ would be a solution to the ...
2
votes
1answer
176 views

Differentiating a convolution integral

I'm trying to turn the integro-differential equation $\phi'(t) + \phi(t) = \int_0^t \sin{(t - \xi)} \, \phi(\xi) \, \mathrm{d} {\xi}$ into the differential equation $\phi'''(t) + \phi''(t) + ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Writing $y'' + P(x)y' + Q(x)y = g(x) $ as a Fredholm Integral Equation

Is it possible to convert a general linear second order boundary value ode $$y'' + P(x)y' + Q(x)y = g(x), y(a) = y_a, y(b) = y_b$$ to a Fredholm integral equation, explicitly determining the Kernel ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Finding the integral of $\cos\theta \cdot dt$ in terms of the integral of $\sin\theta \cdot dt$

I have an integral as follows: $$\int_0^T \cos\theta\cdot dt = xT$$ where $\theta$ is a function of $t$ I also have, $$\int_0^T \sin\theta\cdot dt = y$$ I want to solve for $T$. If the ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

A solid rocket model: a differential equations set with ending time unknown

I am modelling a rocket model. Consider a solid rocket motor, (let us for sake of simplicity assume that the propellant is distributed in the case with a cylindrical shape: see shape in fig.1 of the ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

Showing that a sequence of Picard iterates converges

I have a sequence of functions: $$y_{n}(x) = 1 + \int \limits_0^x 1 + t^2 + y_{n-1}^2(t)\,\mathrm dt$$ With $y_0 = 1$. I'm trying to show that this converges in a box $-1 \le x \le 1$ and $-10 \le ...
2
votes
2answers
62 views

Solving an integral using Laplace transform and inverse Laplace transform

I want to solve this integral equation using Laplace: $$ Y(t) + 3{\int\limits_0^t Y(t)}\operatorname d\!t = 2cos(2t)$$ if $$ \mathcal{L}\{Y(t)\} = f(s)$$ then, $$ f(s) + 3 \frac{f(s)}{s} = ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

asymptotics of the solution of an integral equation

Suppose we are given the integral equation $$ u(x;a) =v(x)+\int_0^a K(x,y)\,u(y;a)\,dy, $$ where $K(x,y)$ and $v(x)$ are known functions, and $a>0$ is a constant. What I am interested in is the ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

How can i solve the integral equation

How can i solve the integral equation $$z(t) =\int_0^t z(q)(1-(t-q))\,dq+C?$$ Solving for the function $z$. I have access to Mathematica.
13
votes
4answers
364 views

Find a continuous function $f$ that satisfies…

Find a continuous function $f$ that satisfies $$ f(x) = 1 + \frac{1}{x}\int_1^x f(t) \ dt $$ Note: I tried differentiating with respect to $x$ to get an ODE but you get one that contains integrals - ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

solution of an integral equation in measurable functions

Let $\phi(t)$ be a positive continuous function on $[0,\infty)$ and $f(t,x)$ be a continuous function of two variables such that $$ |f(t,x)|\leq \phi(t)|x|. $$ Suppose ...
1
vote
3answers
151 views

Solving a non-linear integro-differential equation

I am trying to solve the following equation $$ f^2(x) - g^2(x) = \alpha\int_0^x f(u) (x-u)du $$ For $\alpha=0$ we get $f=g$. I would like to see how the solution moves away from $g$ when I increase ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Integral equation $f(x) = e^{-cx} + \lambda\int_0^xce^{-cy}f(x-y)dy$

I'm trying to solve the following equation $$f(x) = e^{-cx} + \lambda\int_0^xce^{-cy}f(x-y)dy,\quad x>0 $$ where $c$ and $\lambda$ are constants and $f$ is a continuous bounded function on ...