An integral equation is an equation in which the unknown function appears under the integral sign. There is no universal method for solving integral equations. Solution methods and even the existence of a solution depend on the particular form of the integral equation. (Handbook of Mathematics - ...

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32 views

An integral equation of second type.

Let $A,B$ be real numbers smaller in absolute value than $1000$. Consider the integral equation $$ f ( x ) = A + B\int_1 ^{\sqrt x} f \left( \frac{x-1}{t} \right) \,\mathrm{d} t $$ where the ...
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24 views

existence and uniqueness of volterra integral equation of the first kind

$$ \int_0^t k(s,t)f(s)ds=g(t) $$ To know the existence and uniquness of solution of volterra integral equation(VIE) of the first kind, we differentiate it and convert to the VIE of the second kind. ...
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1answer
19 views

Taking Fourier transform of integral-differential equation

If $u$ is a solution of the equation $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} u(x,t) + \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \text{sinc}(x-y) \cdot \frac{\partial^{2}}{\partial y^{2}} u(y,t) \ dy = 0,$$ with initial condition ...
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0answers
35 views

Contraction mapping principle application

I'm to prove that the following equation has a unique solution: $$f(x) = \int_0^1 e^{-sx} \cos(\alpha f(s)) ds.$$ (Here, $\alpha \in (0,1)$.) The form of the exercise screams to apply the ...
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1answer
29 views

Show this integral operator is compact for various values of $\alpha$

I am having some problems evaluating a multivariable integral. This question is features in Stakgold's book Green's functions and boundary value problems. page 359. Consider the kernel for $a\leq ...
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0answers
30 views

numerical solution of integral equation

Consider the basic type of integral equation. In particular, a volterra integral equation of the first kind. That is, we have the following integral equation $$\int_a^xf(s)g(s,x)~ds=h(x)$$ where $h$ ...
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25 views

Solving an integral equation in general

I have an integral equation such that $$\int_t^Tf(s)g(s,t)~ds=h(t)$$ where $g$ and $h$ is given. we want to know function $f$ explicitly. As I know, this type of question is about the integral ...
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2answers
45 views

Prove that some function is the solution of some equation

Show that $$x(t)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^n(t/2)^{2n}}{(n!)^2}$$ is the solution of $$x*x=\int_{0}^t x(u)x(t-u)du=\sin t$$ My approach: I suppose that I have to use the Laplace transform. I ...
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2answers
84 views

Integral equation/ODE

I have to find all the functions $f(x)$ such that $$f(x)=xe^{(1-x^{2})/2}-xe^{-x^{2}/2}\int_{1}^{x}t^{-2}e^{t^{2}/2}dt$$ which satisfies $$f(x)=1-x\int_{1}^{x}f(t)dt$$ I tried to equal both, but when ...
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42 views

What functions satisfy $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(x,y)dx=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} g(x,y)dx$?

What functions satisfy $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(x,y)dx=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} g(x,y)dx$ for all $y\in \mathbb{R}$? Under what conditions would this imply that $f(x,y)=g(x,y)$?
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18 views

Fredholm Integral in Bayesian Appliation

Let $X = x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_n$ be a sequence of Bernoulli random variables with $k$ successes. Suppose that, given $X$, the posterior predictive probability of $x_{n+1} = x$ is known to be $g(x)$ ...
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0answers
13 views
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4answers
51 views

Solve $y = 2 + \int^x_2 [t - ty(t) \,\, dt]$

While working on some differential equation problems, I got one of the following problems: $$y = 2 + \int^x_2 [t - ty(t) \,\, dt]$$ I have no idea what an integral equation is however, the hint ...
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3answers
34 views

Solving integral equation using Laplace transform

$x(t)+\int_0^t(t-\tau)x(\tau)=t^2$ Is $x(\tau)$ the equivalent of $d\tau$? How do I solve this particular equation?
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1answer
93 views

Differential equations, integral equations

Is there an analytical way of proving that if $\phi$ is a solution to \begin{equation} y(t)=e^{it}+a\int_{t}^{\infty}\sin (t-s)y(s)s^{-2}ds, \end{equation} then $\phi$ would be a solution to the ...
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1answer
135 views

Differentiating a convolution integral

I'm trying to turn the integro-differential equation $\phi'(t) + \phi(t) = \int_0^t \sin{(t - \xi)} \, \phi(\xi) \, \mathrm{d} {\xi}$ into the differential equation $\phi'''(t) + \phi''(t) + ...
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0answers
18 views

Writing $y'' + P(x)y' + Q(x)y = g(x) $ as a Fredholm Integral Equation

Is it possible to convert a general linear second order boundary value ode $$y'' + P(x)y' + Q(x)y = g(x), y(a) = y_a, y(b) = y_b$$ to a Fredholm integral equation, explicitly determining the Kernel ...
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0answers
59 views

Finding the integral of $\cos\theta \cdot dt$ in terms of the integral of $\sin\theta \cdot dt$

I have an integral as follows: $$\int_0^T \cos\theta\cdot dt = xT$$ where $\theta$ is a function of $t$ I also have, $$\int_0^T \sin\theta\cdot dt = y$$ I want to solve for $T$. If the ...
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0answers
21 views

A solid rocket model: a differential equations set with ending time unknown

I am modelling a rocket model. Consider a solid rocket motor, (let us for sake of simplicity assume that the propellant is distributed in the case with a cylindrical shape: see shape in fig.1 of the ...
3
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1answer
90 views

Showing that a sequence of Picard iterates converges

I have a sequence of functions: $$y_{n}(x) = 1 + \int \limits_0^x 1 + t^2 + y_{n-1}^2(t)\,\mathrm dt$$ With $y_0 = 1$. I'm trying to show that this converges in a box $-1 \le x \le 1$ and $-10 \le ...
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2answers
59 views

Solving an integral using Laplace transform and inverse Laplace transform

I want to solve this integral equation using Laplace: $$ Y(t) + 3{\int\limits_0^t Y(t)}\operatorname d\!t = 2cos(2t)$$ if $$ \mathcal{L}\{Y(t)\} = f(s)$$ then, $$ f(s) + 3 \frac{f(s)}{s} = ...
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21 views

asymptotics of the solution of an integral equation

Suppose we are given the integral equation $$ u(x;a) =v(x)+\int_0^a K(x,y)\,u(y;a)\,dy, $$ where $K(x,y)$ and $v(x)$ are known functions, and $a>0$ is a constant. What I am interested in is the ...
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0answers
34 views

Integral Equation of convolution type

given is the following integral equation: All variables and functions are given, except for n(x). I need to find n(x). Does anybody have an idea how to approach this problem? Many thanks in ...
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1answer
72 views

How can i solve the integral equation

How can i solve the integral equation $$z(t) =\int_0^t z(q)(1-(t-q))\,dq+C?$$ Solving for the function $z$. I have access to Mathematica.
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4answers
352 views

Find a continuous function $f$ that satisfies…

Find a continuous function $f$ that satisfies $$ f(x) = 1 + \frac{1}{x}\int_1^x f(t) \ dt $$ Note: I tried differentiating with respect to $x$ to get an ODE but you get one that contains integrals - ...
2
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2answers
66 views

solution of an integral equation in measurable functions

Let $\phi(t)$ be a positive continuous function on $[0,\infty)$ and $f(t,x)$ be a continuous function of two variables such that $$ |f(t,x)|\leq \phi(t)|x|. $$ Suppose ...
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3answers
132 views

Solving a non-linear integro-differential equation

I am trying to solve the following equation $$ f^2(x) - g^2(x) = \alpha\int_0^x f(u) (x-u)du $$ For $\alpha=0$ we get $f=g$. I would like to see how the solution moves away from $g$ when I increase ...
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0answers
38 views

Integral equation with convolution

I need to solve the following integral equation for $\phi(t)$: $$ \ln \phi(t) - c_2\int\limits_{-\infty}^{\infty} k(t-\tau) \, g(\tau,\phi(\tau)) \, d\tau = c_1 $$ On the web I found a solution for ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Integral equation $f(x) = e^{-cx} + \lambda\int_0^xce^{-cy}f(x-y)dy$

I'm trying to solve the following equation $$f(x) = e^{-cx} + \lambda\int_0^xce^{-cy}f(x-y)dy,\quad x>0 $$ where $c$ and $\lambda$ are constants and $f$ is a continuous bounded function on ...
3
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1answer
318 views

Is there a solution to this integral equation?

The problem is related to this question: How to find eigenfunctions of a linear operator (follow-up question) I posted earlier. Suppose I want to solve the following integral equation: $$\int_0^1 ...
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4answers
54 views

A little doubt with integral equation

I have the next equation: $$\int_{0}^{t}h(\tau)e^{-(t-\tau)}\mathrm{d}\tau=10e^{-t}\cos(4t) \tag{1}$$ Derivating both sides, I get: $$h(t)e^{-(t-t)}=h(t)=10[(-1)e^{-t}\cos(4t)+e^{-t}(-4)\sin(4t)] ...
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0answers
32 views

Integral equation solution in power series

Given the integral equation $$ g(x)= \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}K(x-y)f(y) \, dy$$ for a known function $ g(x) $ and kernel $ K(x)$. Of course I know this is a Wieener-Hopf integral equation but I ...
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27 views

Does this integral equation have a name, and is there a reference that deals with it?

The equation is $$S(z,t)=\int_a^b \int_c^d f(z,u) g(t,s) S(u,s) \, du \, ds$$ where $S$ is the unknown function and $f,\ g$ are fixed from the outset. I can approximate solutions in some special ...
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1answer
120 views

Solving Volterra integral equation of first kind with a Gaussian diffusive evolution kernel

I am trying to solve following Voltera integral equation for $P(t|t')$ numerically: $$ \rho(1,t|0,t') = \int_{t'}^{t} dt'' \rho(1,t|1,t'') P(t''|t') $$ where $$ \rho(x,t|x',t') = ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Spectrum of Indefinite Integral Operators

I've considered the following spectral problems for a long time, I did not kow how to tackle them. Maybe they needs some skills with inequalities. For the first, suppose $T:L^{2}[0,1]\rightarrow ...
2
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1answer
54 views

An integral equation $x(t)=a-\left(1-x(0)\right)e^{-\int_{t_1=0}^tx(t_1)dt_1}$

Consider ${\rm x}\left(0\right)$ is a fix positive real number, and we have following equation: $$ {\rm x}\left(t\right) =a - \left[1 - {\rm x}\left(0\right)\right]\exp\left(-\int_{0}^{t}{\rm ...
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0answers
13 views

inequality for compact operator

Let $K(x)$, $x\ge0$ be a nonnegative-valued continuous function with support $(0,\infty)$ and such that $\int_0^\infty K(x)\,dx=1$. Let $\mathcal{K}$ be an integral operator given by $$ ...
6
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1answer
67 views

Tricky Integral equation - where to start?

How would you go about solving this? $$p(x,t)=C\exp\left[-x+\int_0^t\int_0^\infty y\,p(y,\tau)\,\mathrm{d}y\,\mathrm{d}\tau\right]$$ Here $p(x,t)$ is the time-dependent probability distribution of a ...
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0answers
29 views

Solution for a Fredholm integral equation

I have an integral equation: $\int_0^T( t^\alpha + s^\alpha -|t-s|^\alpha) \phi(s)ds=\lambda\phi(t)$ for $\alpha\in(0,2)$. I think this is a Fredholm equation but I am not sure how to solve it. ...
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1answer
21 views

Homogeneous Integral Equations

In Arfken (3rd ed) ex. 16.5.1 he derives the integral equation for a one dimensional linear oscillator that includes the Green function (eq. 16.148). This equation is a homogeneous integral equation. ...
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23 views

eigenvalues of homogeneous integral equation of second kind, with singular kernel

There is a homogeneous integral equation of second kind with a singular kernel(non-symmetric). The equation has the form: $\int_{a}^{b} k(x,t)Γ(t)dt =λΓ(x).$ It's 2-norm is infinity, $||k(x,t)||_2 ...
12
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2answers
394 views

if $f(x)-a\int_x^{x+1}f(t)~dt$ is constant, then $f(x)$ is constant or $f(x)=Ae^{bx}+B$

Question: let $a\in(0,1)$, and such $f(x)\geq0$, $x\in R$ is continuous on $R$, if $$f(x)-a\int_x^{x+1}f(t)dt,\forall x\in R $$ is constant, show that $f(x)$ is constant; or ...
2
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1answer
37 views

Solving $g(x)=\int_{3}^{x} g(t) dt$

The question is what set of continuous functions solves the problem $g(x)=\int_{3}^{x} g(t) dt$. My answer so far: g(3)=0, g'(x)=g(x)-g(3) therefore g(x)=g'(x)=$ce^x$. Obviously $ce^x=ce^x-ce^3$ ...
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2answers
41 views

Integral equation involving Binomial distribution

I am trying to find the form of a function $u^{(n)}(p)$ which satisfies $\forall k \in [0,n] \int_0^1 dp\, u^{(n)}(p) \binom{n}{k} p^k(1-p)^{n-k} = \frac{1}{n+1}$. This is a private case of a more ...
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1answer
36 views

Laplace transform of integral equation

Use Laplace transforms to solve the integral equation $$y(t)-\frac{1}{2}\int_0^ty(t-v)~dv=1$$ First find the Laplace transform $Y(s)$ of $y(t)$
1
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1answer
28 views

Do stochastic processes form a Banach space?

I'm interested in solving a particular integral equation: $$g(X) = \int_0^1 K(X,p)f(p) \ dp$$ where $f(p)\in L^1([0,1])$ and $X$ is a stochastic process of finite length; i.e. a collection of random ...
4
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2answers
1k views

How to solve Fredholm integral equation of the second kind? ($f(x) - \lambda\int\limits_0^1 9xtf(t) dt = ax^2 - 4x^2$)

I have an equation : $\ f(x) - \lambda\int\limits_0^1 9xtf(t) dt = ax^2 - 4x^2\ $ in $\ L_2[0,1]\ $ space. And I want to understand how to solve it, not just obtain an answer.
-1
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1answer
19 views

Simple integral equation

There is a simple integral equation: $$\int_0^\infty p(s) ds = 1- \frac{1}{\lambda}p(0).$$ Do you know how to solve it for $p(0)$ given we know $p(s)$ for $s>0$? Or maybe some references to methods ...
4
votes
0answers
81 views

Is this Neumann series solution unique?

I have a Fredholm integral equation of the second kind given as $$f(x)=g(x)+\lambda\int_{-\infty}^\infty K(x,y)f(y)dy, $$ where $\lambda\in(0,1)$, the kernel $K(x,y)=\phi(x-y)$ is a Gaussian ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

the solution of Fredholm´s integral equation

Be $\lambda \in \mathbb{R}$ such that $\left | \lambda \right |> \left \| \kappa \right \|_{\infty }(b-a)$. Prove that the solution $f^*$ of the integral equation of Fredholm $$\lambda f ...