An integral equation is an equation in which the unknown function appears under the integral sign. There is no universal method for solving integral equations. Solution methods and even the existence of a solution depend on the particular form of the integral equation. (Handbook of Mathematics - ...

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6
votes
2answers
106 views

Does this condition on the sum of a function and its integral imply that the function goes to 0?

Consider a bounded real-valued function $S:\mathbf{R}\to\mathbf{R}$ so that $$\lim_{x\to\infty} \left( S(x) + \int_1^x \frac{S(t)}{t}dt\right)$$ exists and is finite. Can one say that ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Are there methods to solve a system of coupled integral equations?

I was wondering if there were methods to solve a system of coupled integral equations. The example case I am thinking about is $$f(x)=g(x)+\int_a^xf(x^\prime)h(x^\prime) dx^\prime$$ ...
5
votes
1answer
235 views

Find all continuous functions such that $f(x)^2 = \int_0^x f(\xi)\frac{\xi}{1+\xi^2}d\xi.$

From Spivak Find all continuous functions such that $$f(x)^2 = \int_0^x f(\xi)\frac{\xi}{1+\xi^2}d\xi.$$ $f(x)^2$ is clearly differentiable. I'd like to write $\dfrac{d}{dx}f(x)^2=2f(x)f'(x).$ ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

Find all functions such that $f'(t) = f(t) + \int_0^1 f(\tau)\,d\tau.$

From Spivak Find all functions such that $f'(t) = f(t) + \int_0^1 f(\tau)\,d\tau.$ My approach: differentiate both sides to get $f''(t) = f'(t)$, giving $f'(t) = Ce^t$, implying $f(t) = Ce^t + ...
2
votes
3answers
123 views

Uniform convergence of matrix integral sequence

I was given recursively defined: $$ M_k(t)=I+\int_{t_0}^tA(s)M_{k-1}(s)~ds $$ and $M_0=I$ and that $A(t)$ is a matrix with entries that are continuous functions on $t_0\leq t\leq t_1$. By induction ...
3
votes
4answers
248 views

how to find the equation of one curve in XY plan which satisfies such functions?

I want to find the equation of one curve in $X-Y$ plan which satisfies the functions as follows: 1) $A(x_1,y_1)$, $B(x_2,y_2)$ are two known points and $f(x,y)$ (or $y(x)$) is the equation of the ...
0
votes
2answers
38 views

Integral equation and constant rules

I have an integral equation of the form: $$f(x)=3+4\int_a^bf(t)~dt$$ How can I put the constants inside the integral to get something where I can apply the fundamental theorem of calculus?
0
votes
1answer
93 views

How to prove $\int_a^b f(x)\varphi(x)dx=0\Rightarrow f(x)=0$

I am doing some reading on the calculus of variations and one of the first examples uses the following theorem: Let $f\in C[a,b]$. If $\int_a^b f(x)\varphi(x)dx=0$ for all $\varphi\in C[a,b]$, then ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Definite Integral of Periodic Function Multiplied by another Function

For one part of a problem I am working on, I am trying to show that $y'(t) \geq 1$ for all $t \geq 0$ when $y'= 1- \int^t_0 g(s)y(s) ds$ When $g(t)$ is periodic, $g(t) <0$ for all $t$, and ...
0
votes
2answers
87 views

Question about integral is equal to zero

Suppose we have the following equation $$ \int_0^\infty {f(x,r)g(x)dx} = 0 \quad {\rm for \, all}\, r\in \mathbb{R} $$ where the function $g(x)$ does not depend on $r$, while $f(x,r)$ is function of ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Can we get a general solution to the following system of equations?

A system of equations $$\frac{df}{dt}(t)=-txg(t)-x, \frac{dg}{dt}(t)=(1-t)xf(t)+x$$ which was constructured from the integral equation $$ F_t (t,x)= x \int_0^{1-t} (1-s)F(s,x) ds + (1-t)x, $$ This ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Characterization of a particular integrable function

Let $f$ be a strictly positive function such that $\int_{0}^{\infty}f(x)dx=\int_{0}^{\infty}xf(x)=1$ (i.e., a probability density function with expectation one). Let also $g$ be a nonnegative ...
3
votes
1answer
305 views

Differentiating a convolution integral

I'm trying to turn the integro-differential equation $\phi'(t) + \phi(t) = \int_0^t \sin{(t - \xi)} \, \phi(\xi) \, \mathrm{d} {\xi}$ into the differential equation $\phi'''(t) + \phi''(t) + ...
2
votes
1answer
280 views

How to differentiate this equation involving an integral expression?

I want to differentiate the Volterra integral equation $\phi(t) + \int_0^t (t - \xi) \, \phi(\xi) \, \mathrm{d}{\xi} = \sin{2t}$. Am I right in thinking that the integral can just be removed like so? ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Solving a Fourier sine transform equation

Suppose we have the following Fourier sine transform equation $$\int_0^\infty f(x;p)\sin(\lambda x)dx \equiv 0,$$ where $f(x;p)$ has some parameters $p\in\mathbb{R}$ we can choose freely. Does this ...
1
vote
1answer
120 views

Differential equations, integral equations

Is there an analytical way of proving that if $\phi$ is a solution to \begin{equation} y(t)=e^{it}+a\int_{t}^{\infty}\sin (t-s)y(s)s^{-2}ds, \end{equation} then $\phi$ would be a solution to the ...
0
votes
1answer
488 views

Convert an integral equation in an initial value problem of an ODE of degree 2

The following exercise is a part of a bigger exercise. Therefore I first give you the setting of the whole exercise and then (in the grey box below) the part of the exercise which I mean here. ...
4
votes
3answers
223 views

A convolution like integral equation

I would like to solve the following integral equation for $g(z)$. $$\int_z^\infty g(\zeta)(\zeta-z)^{\alpha-1} d\zeta = e^{-bz}, \tag{1}$$ where $\alpha$ and $b$ are constants. I would also like to ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Clarification of intergal equations.

I feel like asking a question that show how long I have to go. Clarification. In differential equations, I start with a rate of change and find the indefinite integral to find the function. In ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

An integro differential equation involving $f$,$f_h$ and second derivative of $f$.

Let $f_h$ be the Hilbert transform of the real function $f$. I need some help solving this integro differential equation : $$\alpha f_h(x) + \beta f''(x) = f(x)$$ A simple sinusoid doesn't seem to ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Integral equation corresponding to initial value problem

Question is to : Form an integral equation corresponding to the initial value problem $$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}+y=0 ~; ~ x>0$$ with initial conditions $y(0)=1$ and $y'(0)=0$ What i have tried so far is ...
7
votes
0answers
135 views

How to solve this integral equation?

Solve this integral equation: $$ {{\rm e}^{{\rm i}k\,\sqrt{\vphantom{\Large A}\,r^{2} + z^{2}\,}\,} \over \sqrt{\vphantom{\large A}r^{2} + z^{2}\,}} = \int_0^{\infty}{\rm K}_{0}\left(\lambda r\right) ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Show, that $T\colon C([a,b])\to C([a,b])$

I have a question concerning an integral equation that is written as an fixed point equation, namely $$ u(x)+\int_a^x F(x,y,u(y))\, dy=f(x,u(x)),~~x\in [a,b] $$ with $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Using Banachs fixpoint-theorem to show the uniqueness of a solution of a non-linear integral equation

Show, that under the conditions (1) $-\infty<a<b<\infty, f\in C([a,b]\times\mathbb{R}), F\in C([a,b]\times [a,b]\times\mathbb{R})$ (2) $\exists~1>c\geq 0~\forall x\in [a,b]~\forall ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Solving an Integral Equation

Here is the Question; Solve the integral equation, $$\int_0^tY(u)Y(t-u)du = \frac12 (\sin t-t\cos t)$$ Really not sure how to go about this, took the Laplace transform of the right side getting, ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Finding a y(x) that satisfies $ y(x) = \int_0^x \! \left(\frac{t} {y(t)+1}\right)^2 \, \mathrm{d}t $

I'm having problem with finding a y(x) that satisfies $$ y(x) = \int_0^x \! \left(\frac{t} {y(t)+1}\right)^2 \, \mathrm{d}t $$ Here is what I tried to do. $$ y(x) = \int_ \! \left(\frac{x} ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Integral equations that can be solved elementary

Solve the following integral equations: $$ \int_0^xu(y)\, dy=\frac{1}{3}xu(x) \tag 1 \label 1 $$ and $$ \int_0^xe^{-x}u(y)\, dy=e^{-x}+x-1. \tag 2 \label 2 $$ Concerning $\eqref 1$, I read ...
0
votes
3answers
151 views

How to solve $y'+6y(t)+9\int_0^t y(\tau)d\tau=1$, $\,y(0)=0$

I want to solve this equation. It reminds me something about Laplace transform. I am sure that I must use it order to solve this: $$y'+6y(t)+9\int_0^t y(\tau)d\tau=1,\qquad y(0)=0$$
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Integral Functional Equation

If $f(x) = 1 + \int_{x/c}^1 f(t) dt$, find $f(x)$ in terms of $c$. This problem was inspired by trying to find the expected value of the longest increasing subsequence $a_1, a_2, a_3, \cdots, a_n$ ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Integral Equation without solution?

working on a physical problem I arrived at the following equation $$ y(x) + A \int_{0}^{x} e^{\lambda (t-x)} y(t) \mathrm{d}t = 0$$ and after some struggling (not that easy to apply the basic Laplace ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

Differential Equation with Integral

Determine the unique solution of: $$y'+4y+5\int_0^x y\,dx = e^{-x},$$ given that $y(0)=0$. [Hint: Take the derivative of both side of the given equation before you start solving.] Please I need ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Finding a nonzero continuous function that satisfies this integral equation, but not unique?

If $h(x)$ is such that it satisfies $$ h(x) = \lambda \int_a^b K(x,y) h(y)\, dy $$ Then for $\phi(x)$ a solution of $$ \phi(x) = f(x) + \lambda \int_a^b K(x,y)\phi(y)\, dy $$ it is true that $\phi + ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Integral Equation-Volterra 2nd kind

Given $$ f(x) = \sqrt{x} + \lambda\int_0^x\sqrt{xy}f(y)dy. $$ I found the derivative of $f$ to be $$ f'(x) = \frac{1}{2\sqrt{x}} + \lambda\left(xf(x) + ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Solve an integral equation

How can I solve the following problem for $s(x,T)$, $s(\cdot)$ is continuous and strictly increasing in $x$. $\int_0^T\frac{-x^3+x^2-T(1-T)x}{(s(x,T)-x)^2}dx=0$ s.t. $s(T,T)=T$
2
votes
0answers
68 views

reference request: a graduate level textbook on viscosity solutions of IPDEs

I am particularly interested in IPDE which arises from optimal stopping/control problems so I would like some references on integral-partial differential equations, which are related this area. I have ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

Uniqueness of solution to integral equation for operator valued functions

Let $X$ be a Banach space. Suppose I have a 2 parameter family of bounded operators on $X$: $V(t,s)$, $0\leq s\leq t \leq T$, such that $V(t,s)x=U(t,s)x+\int_s^t V(t,r)H(r)U(r,s)x\,dr$ and ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

the solution of Fredholm´s integral equation

Be $\lambda \in \mathbb{R}$ such that $\left | \lambda \right |> \left \| \kappa \right \|_{\infty }(b-a)$. Prove that the solution $f^*$ of the integral equation of Fredholm $$\lambda f ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

numerical implementation of the resolvent kernel of an integral equation

I started exploring implentation of Volterra equations only recently. The iterative kernel for my problem looks like this: $$L_i(x,y) = \int\limits_x^y L_1(y,t)L_{i-1}(t, x)dt. $$ I have been trying ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

The integral equation $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}f(x) + af(g(x)) dx = b$

How to solve for $f(z)$ in the equation $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}f(x) + af(g(x)) dx = b$ where 1) $f(x),g(x)$ are holomorphic near the real line. 2) $x$ is considered real here. 3) $a$ is a given ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Understanding solution to first-order differential equation written in integral form, $y(x)=\int_0^xy(t)dt + x + 1$

I have a differential equation and I'm trying to understand the solution printed in the back of the book. I will specify what part I'm struggling to understand: Problem statement: Solve the following ...
3
votes
0answers
200 views

Solving an integral equation.

Let $K(x,y)=(x+y)e^{-y^2/2-xy}$. I need a constructive way (not simply verifying it is a solution) to show that $f(x)=e^{-x^2/2}$ is the solution to the integral equation: ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

Analytic continuation of an integral equation

Consider the (possibly singular or hypersingular) integral equation $$Z\int_{-\infty}^\infty B(x,x^\prime) \ A(x^\prime) dx^\prime = A(x)$$ where $Z$ indicates the finite part of the integral should ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

The trace of an integral equation?

I am reading a paper about spectroanalysis and encountered the following integral equation: $$\int_{-1}^{1}\frac{\sin A(x-x')}{\pi(x-x')}\psi(x')dx'=\lambda\psi(x)$$ Then the paper gives without proof ...
0
votes
0answers
108 views

What does this notation regarding integral equation kernels and norms mean?

I am attempting to understand what types of kernels the standard theory of Fredholm Type-2 integral equations applies to, but I've never taken a course in analysis. Basically, given a kernel, ...
2
votes
1answer
107 views

Solving integral equation

Solve the following integral equation: $${u(x)}={x}+{e^{x}}+\int_{0}^{1}\left({5}{x}^{2}{t}^{2} -{3}{t}^{2}+{t}\right) {u(t)}dt. $$
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Question about integral equations

Consider the equation $$g(t) = \int_a^b K(t,s)f(s) ds $$ where $g$ and the kernel $K$ are known and $f$ is to be determined. Suppose that the equation has a solution. Under what conditions on the ...
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Integral equation $u(t)=f(t)+a\int_0^t u(s)ds\quad t\geq 0$

Let $a\in\mathbb R$ and $f\colon [0,1]\to\mathbb R$ a continuous function. Solve the integral equation $$u(t)=f(t)+a\int_0^t u(s)\mathrm ds,\quad t\geq 0$$ and find an explicit formula for the ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

Unicity of solution to an integral equation

Suppose we have the following integral equation $$f(x)=\int_0^\infty f(y)(x+y)e^{-x^2/2-xy}\text{d}y$$ where $f: [0,\infty)\rightarrow[0,\infty)$. The function $f(x)=Ce^{-x^2/2}$ solves the equation. ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

does f(x) have unique fixed point?

Let $g$ be a probability density function. We can assume about $g$, whatever we like (Only important thing, we know about random variable Y,which has $g$ as p.d.f is $P(Y<0)>0$.) Next, let ...
2
votes
1answer
270 views

The integral equation $y(x)=x-\int_1^x xy(t)dt$ [closed]

The integral equation $$ y(x)=x-\int_1^x xy(t)dt \tag{$y\in C^1[1,\infty)$}$$ has the solution $y=x(1-\log x)$ $y=xe^{\left(x-\frac{1}{2}\right)}(x-1)+x$ $y=xe^{1-x^2}+x$ $y=x-x \cdot e^{x^2}+ex$ ...