An integral equation is an equation in which the unknown function appears under the integral sign. There is no universal method for solving integral equations. Solution methods and even the existence of a solution depend on the particular form of the integral equation. (Handbook of Mathematics - ...

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How to solve this special case of Fredholm Integral Equation of the First Kind

General form of 'Fredholm Integral Equation of the First Kind' $f(x) = \int_a^b{K(x,t)\phi(t)} dt$ Where $\phi(t)$ is the unkown My special case is $1 = \int_a^b{k(t)\phi(t)} dt$ A trivial ...
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How can I solve this integral equation by converting it to a differential equation

Let we have the following integral equation :$$y(x)=e^{-x}cos(x)-\int_{0}^{x}e^{-x+t}cos(x)y(t)dt$$ How can I solve this integral equation by converting it to a differential equation
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Solve integral equation by converting to differential equation

One has the following integral equation: $$y(x)=\frac{1}{1+x^2}+\int_{0}^{x}\sin(x-t)y(t)dt$$ How can I solve this integral equation by converting it to a differential equation?
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prove $ \int_0^1 (1-x^p)^\frac{1}{q} \,dx = \int_0^1 (1-x^q)^\frac{1}{p} \,dx$

prove that for every $ p,q \gt 0$ $$ \int_0^1 (1-x^p)^\frac{1}{q} \,dx = \int_0^1 (1-x^q)^\frac{1}{p} \,dx$$ I tried to start from one side and change variables to get something similiar to the ...
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A Gronwall type inequality for Fredholm operators

I am interested in finding out the result of Gronwall type inequality for Fredholm operators. What will be the form? How one can show such inequality for fredholm operators.
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62 views

Differential equation with shifited term

I have a differential equation (Or integral equation) of the form: $$ f(x) = a e^{-x} + b \int_0^x f(cz+dx) e^{-z} dz$$ $a,b,c,d$ are constants. I am considering whether the above equation has a ...
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Fourier-like integral equation

(This question inspired by question A specific 1st order PDE which looks almost like a linear PDE.) Solve integral equation $$ g(x)=\int\limits_{-\infty}^\infty \rho(\omega)\left[e^{i\omega x} - \...
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44 views

Numerical Solutions of Fredholm Integral Equations of the First Kind

Can anyone recommend me some papers about numerical solutions of Fredholm integral equations of the first kind? Thanks in advance
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37 views

Existence and uniqueness of a pde solution

I have the PDE system: $\frac{\delta}{\delta t}u(t,r)=-\int_0^1 H(|r-r'|)v(t,r')dr'u(t,r)$ $\frac{\delta}{\delta t}v(t,r)=\int_0^1 H(|r-r'|)v(t,r')dr'u(t,r)-v(t,r)$ $x(0,r)=\rho(r), y(0,r)=1-\rho(r)...
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41 views

Maximize $J[f] = \int_\mathbb{R} f(x)\log f(x)\,dx$ over smooth surjections $f : \mathbb{R}\to (0, \alpha)$ subject to $\int_\mathbb{R} f(x)\,dx = 1$.

Maximize $J[f] = \int_\mathbb{R} f(x)\log f(x)\,dx$ over smooth surjections $f : \mathbb{R}\to (0, \alpha)$, where $\alpha$ is a real number, subject to $\int_\mathbb{R} f(x)\,dx = 1$. I have no idea ...
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1answer
313 views

Numerically solving a system of partial integro-differential equations in Matlab [closed]

Given the following system of partial integro-differential equations - $\frac{dS(t)}{dt}=\Lambda-\mu S(t)-\beta S(t)F(t),\\ \frac{\partial I(t,\omega)}{\partial t}+\frac{\partial I(t,\omega)}{\...
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1answer
79 views

Explicit solution for equation

The claim is that this equation has an explicit solution. $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t}c(x,t)=\frac{a}{\pi}\int_{\mathbb{R}}\frac{c(y,t)-c(x,t)}{(y-x)^2}dy.$$ What can one do to find this solution? ...
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46 views

Contraction principle for Fredholm integral equation of the first kind

A Fredholm integral equation of the first kind has the following shape: $$ \int a(x,y)f(y)\mathrm dy = b(x)\tag{1} $$ where $f$ is an unknown function. I wonder whether contraction principle can be ...
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72 views

transform integral to differential equations

I found a similar system of integral equations in a paper. It says that it can be solved by differentiating and then using standard techniques. My question is, how can I differentiate such a system in ...
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1answer
32 views

Singular Integral Equation

I need to find an approximate solution $u(z)$ of the following equation: $\int_{-H}^0 q(s,z)\,u(s)\,ds = -2\,\rm{i}\,\xi_0(z)$ where $q(s,z) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\left(\frac{\zeta_n(s)\zeta_n(z)}{...
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1answer
74 views

Solving for a function inside an integral

Is there a way to solve for $f(x)$ when $$ g(x)=\int_0^x dx' W(x,x') f(x') $$ If it weren't for the x-dependence in $W(x,x')$, I could write for example, $$ f(x)=\frac{1}{W(x)}\frac{\partial g(x)}{\...
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1answer
109 views

Integral Equation Unknown Limits

What is the name of an equation, where the unknown is one of the limits of integration? Is there a theory that studies such equations, standard methods of solution? The simplest example is the ...
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46 views

Numerically finding eigenvalues of a Volterra operator of first kind

I'm looking for a solution to the following problem - $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} K(x-y) f(y) = \lambda f(x)$ Consider $K(x-y) = \left\{ \begin{array}{lr} e^{-(x-y)} & : x > y \\ 0 & : x &...
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Need solution to Volerra integro-diff equation

I need to solve a system of Volterra integro-diff equation of form $$ y(t) = x(t) - \int_{0}^{t} k(t-\tau) y'(\tau) \;\mathrm{d}\tau $$ where kernel is of form $$ k(t-\tau) = P(t)Q(\tau) $$ Is it ...
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1answer
262 views

Convert IVP to an equivalent Volterra integral equation

Convert the following initial value problem to an equivalent Volterra integral equation: $ \begin{cases} u'' -u' \sin x + \Bbb e ^x u= x \\ u(0)=1\\ u'(0)=-1\\ \end{cases} $ I ...
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Solvability of an integral equation

Is the following integral equation solvable ? $$ F(x)-\int^{1}_{-1} K(x,y)F(y)dy=f(x) $$ Where $$K(x,y)=\frac{\sin \gamma(x-y)}{\pi(x-y)}$$ and $$f(x)=e^{i\gamma x}$$ and $\gamma$ is a parameter.
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Solve integral equation that involves hyperbolic cosine

I'm trying to find a weight function w(x) that makes this integral 0 $\int_0^1 w(x) \cosh((\alpha_n+i\omega_n)x) \cosh((\alpha_n-i\omega_n)x)=0$, where where $\omega_n=(2n+1)\frac{\pi}{2}$ and $\tanh(...
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49 views

Integro-differential eigenvalue problem

In my research I encounter an eigenvalue integro-differential equation of the form: $$f_n(x,y)=\lambda_n\iint_D\frac{\nabla'\cdot\big\lbrace h(x',y')\nabla'f_n(x',y')\big\rbrace}{\sqrt{(x-x')^2+(y-y')^...
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45 views

Transforming the integral equation $u(x) + \frac{\lambda}{2}\int_{0}^{1}|x - s|u(s)ds = ax + b$ into its equivalent differential equation

Let $u \in C^2[0, 1]$ satisfy for some $ \lambda \neq 0$ and $a \neq 0,$ $$u(x) + \frac{\lambda}{2}\int_{0}^{1}|x - s|u(s)ds = ax + b.$$ Then show that u also satisfies $\frac{d^2u}{dx^2} + \lambda u =...
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46 views

solve integral equation using the theory of compact operator

Find solutions of $$u(x)-\lambda\int^{2\pi}_0\sum_{j=1}^n\frac{1}{j}cos(jy)cos(jx)u(y)dy=sin^2x$$ for all values of $\lambda$. Find the resolvent kernel for this equation. (Find the least squares ...
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An MCQ for the solution of a non homogegeous Volterra's equation $y(x) = \int _ {0}^{x}(x - s)y(s)ds = \frac{x^3}{6}$

Let $y : [0, \infty) \rightarrow R$ be a twice continuously differentiable and satisfy $$y(x) = \int _ {0}^{x}(x - s)y(s)ds = \frac{x^3}{6}.$$ Then $y(x) = \frac{1}{6}\int_{0}^{x}s^3 sin(x - s)ds$...
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97 views

Extremizing the boundary value problem $I[y]=\int_0^1y'^2(x)\,dx+y^2(0)-2y^2(1)$

Extremizing the boundary value problem $$I[y]=\int_0^1y'^2(x)\,dx+y^2(0)-2y^2(1)$$ My Thought: First, we use Euler-Lagrange equation and solving we get , $y(x)=C_1x+C_2$. Then we put it in $I[y]$ ...
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56 views

The kernel $k(x,y)=\frac{y}{y^2+x^2}$ is a solution of which equation?

The kernel $$k(x,y)=\frac{y}{y^2+x^2}$$is a solution of (A) Heat equation (B) Wave equation (C) Laplace equation (D) Lagrange equation Which are correct ? I tried through ...
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1answer
41 views

How can I solve the following exercise

Find the critical curves for the following functional : $$J[y(x),z(x)]=\int_{0}^{1}(y'^2+z'^2-xyz'-yz)dx$$ With the conditions : $$K[y(x),z(x)]=\int_{0}^{1}(y'^2-xy'-z'^2)dx=2$$ $$y(1)=z(1)=1$$ $$y(0)=...
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Is there a solution to this integral equation?

Consider the following equation $$ H(y) = \int_{0}^{\infty} G\left(\frac{y-\phi_2(v)}{\phi_1(v)} \right) \exp(-v) ~\mathrm{d}v $$ where $\phi_i$ are well-behaved differentiable functions on the ...
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51 views

Integral Identity

A question from a multivariable calculus exam: I have tried lots of methods like integrating the RHS by parts. Any help would be appreciated. Find $w(y)$ such that the identity $$ \intop_{-1}^{...
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1answer
96 views

Extremizing the following boundary value problem

Consider the functional $$J(y)=y^2(1)+\int_0^1y'^2(x)\,dx$$ with $y(0)=1$ , where $y\in C^2[0,1]$. If $y$ extremizes $J$ then find the value of $y(x)$. I tried through Bolza problem. Firstly Euler-...
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69 views

Solve the following Fredholm Integral Equation

Solve the Integral Equation :$$y(x)=\frac{6}{5}(1-4x)+\lambda\int_0^1(x\ln t-t\ln x)y(t)\,dt$$ Let , $$y(x)=\frac{6}{5}(1-4x)+\lambda xC_1-\lambda\ln x C_2$$where, $$C_1=\int_0^1\ln t\left[\frac{6}...
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1answer
90 views

For what value(/s) of $\lambda$ , solution of the following Integral Equation does not exist?

For what value(/s) of $\lambda$ , solution of the following Integral Equation does not exist ?$$y(x)=1+\lambda\int_0^1(1-3xt)y(t)\,dt$$ Let , $$y(x)=1+\lambda C_1-3\lambda xC_2$$where , $$C_1=\int_0^...
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how to deal with this integral equation

I posted this question before in the Physics stack exchange, but it was recommended to post it better here. While reading a paper I saw the following integral equation. $\frac{1}{g} = \int_{-\pi}^{\...
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Find all solutions to integral equation

Let $f:\mathbb{R^2}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ and $F:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be given functions such that $\int_\mathbb{R} F(x) dx = 0$. Find all $h:\mathbb{R^2}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ ...
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1answer
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Solutions of $u(x)=\int_{\mathbb R^n} |x-y|^p u(y)^{-q} dy$ are bounded away from zero

In one of research papers I am interested in, see this link or this if you cannot access, there is a lemma, Lemma 5.1, saying that if $n\geq 1$, $p,q>0$ and $u$ a non-negative Lebesgue measureable ...
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22 views

How can one solve this equation in $Z^2$?!

Ho can one solve the egality $2x+3y=xy$ ? I have to find a value of $x$ in fonction of $y$ so ? I have to add somthing and substrate it I added -2xy then $2x(1+y)-3y(1+x)=0$ Here im suck Can ...
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1answer
25 views

Evaluation of non-solvable/solvable x(?)

Here goes the question Assuming "x" is a real number,such that the equation is given $(x+\frac {1} {x})^2=3$,to evaluate $x^3+\frac {1} {x^3}$ And here goes my working,taking 2+ hours,only to ...
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1answer
116 views

Uniqueness of homogeneous Fredholm equation of the first kind

Suppose $K(x,t)$ is known and $$ \int f(x)K(x,t)dx=0 $$ Are there some known sufficient and \ or necessary conditions on $K(x,t)$ such that the only solution is $f(x)=0$ a.s.? ($f$ can be in a space ...
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154 views

Solve integral (convolution) equation

Given a function: $u(t) = \exp\left( -\frac{At^2}{1+t}\right),$ $A>0, t>0,$ and an equation: $\frac{d u(t)}{dt} = \int^{t}_0 \phi(t-\tau) u(\tau) d \tau .$ How to find a closed expression for $...
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67 views

Solution of Abel type integral equation

I would like to know when (for what functions $f$) and how I can find integrable solution of equation \begin{align} f(x)=\int_x^{\infty}\frac{u(y)}{\sqrt{y-x}} \ dy, \end{align} where $u$ is unknown ...
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22 views

How to numerically solve an integral equation with a Cauchy principle kernel?

Consider such a Fredholm equation of $f(x)$: $$ f(x) = g(x) + \lim_{\epsilon \rightarrow 0^+ }\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} \frac{d y V(x-y)}{a^2+ i \epsilon - y^2} f(y) .$$ Here $V(y)$ is a nice ...
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2answers
64 views

Find continuous $f$ with period $1$ such that $f(x) =\int_0^1 f(x-t)f(t) dt$

The problem is to find all $f : \mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{C}$ that is continuous and has a period of $1$ (not necessarily smallest period) such that the following equality holds: $$f(x) = \int_0^1 f(x-t)...
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129 views

numerical analysis of partial integro-differential equation

I have to numerically solve a nonlinear partial integro-differential equation. This is my equation, $$\frac{\partial y(x,t)}{\partial t}=\int_{-\infty}^\infty K_0(|x-u|) \frac{\partial^2 y(u,t)}{\...
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1answer
285 views

Homogeneous Fredholm Integral Equation

I'm having problem obtaining the solution of the homogeneous Fredholm Integral Equation of the 2nd kind, with separable kernel. I always get a zero if I use the normal method i was taught for the ...
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1answer
85 views

Fredholm integral equations

I'm having problem obtaining the solution of the homogeneous Fredholm integral equation of the 2nd kind with a separable kernel. I always get a zero if I use the normal method I was taught for the non ...
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123 views

Association of PDE's with Integral Equations?

We know the following associations : Volterra Integral Equations $\leftrightarrow$ Initial Value Problems Fredholm Integral Equations $\leftrightarrow$ Boundary Value Problems My questions are : ...
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51 views

Solution of a partial integro-differential equation

I want to find a solution for the following equation $$ \partial_y u(x,y) + \partial_x u(x,y) + \int_{0}^{x} r(x-x') u(x',y) dx' $$ $$ u(x,0)=0 \quad u(0,y)=\delta(y) $$ in $(x,y) \in (0,+\infty)\...
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1answer
49 views

How can I solve the following exercise

How can I solve the following exercise $$φ_1(x)=e^x-\int_{0}^{x}φ_1(t)dt+4\int_{0}^{x}e^{x-t}φ_2(t)dt$$ $$φ_2(x)=1-\int_{0}^{x}e^{-x+t}φ_1(t)dt+\int_{0}^{x}φ_2(t)dt$$