An integral equation is an equation in which the unknown function appears under the integral sign. There is no universal method for solving integral equations. Solution methods and even the existence of a solution depend on the particular form of the integral equation. (Handbook of Mathematics - ...

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31 views

Regulairty of eigenfunctions of singular integral equations

Can you provide a proof or a reference, to study from, for the following problem: Let $\Gamma$ be a real analytic rectifiable closed curve in the plane, $ds$ is the arc-length , and kernel $K(z,w)$ ...
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1answer
87 views

Computation Method to solving Homogeneous Fredholm Integral Equation of Second Kind with Symmetric Kernel

I am attempting to write a program that will be able to numerically solve a homogeneous Fredholm Integral Equation of Second Kind, with a Symmetric Kernel. I have been looking through textbooks and ...
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32 views

Resolution of numerical solution of first-kind Volterra integral equation

This is a Volterra integral equation of the first-kind with a convolution-type kernel $k(t-t')$: $f(t) = \int_a^t k(t-t')\,x(t')\,dt' \qquad t\in [0,\infty]$ It is well known and expected that when ...
2
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2answers
66 views

To solve non-linear Integro-differential equation

I am just begin to study integral equations, in which i come with following problem regarding second kind Volterra non-linear integro-differential equation, $$u'(x)=-1+\int_{0}^{x}u^{2}(t)dt$$ with ...
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2answers
394 views

if $f(x)-a\int_x^{x+1}f(t)~dt$ is constant, then $f(x)$ is constant or $f(x)=Ae^{bx}+B$

Question: let $a\in(0,1)$, and such $f(x)\geq0$, $x\in R$ is continuous on $R$, if $$f(x)-a\int_x^{x+1}f(t)dt,\forall x\in R $$ is constant, show that $f(x)$ is constant; or ...
25
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2answers
2k views

Why are mathematician so interested to find theory for solving partial differential equations but not for integral equation?

Why are mathematician so interested to find theory for solving partial differential equations (for example Navier-Stokes equation) but not for integral equations?
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0answers
58 views

Solution of Volterra convolution-type integral equation

The convolution-type Volterra integral equation of the first kind $f(t) = \int_a^t k(t-t')\,x(t')\,dt' \qquad t\in [0,\infty]$ can be solved (at least formally) by applying the Laplace ...
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0answers
39 views

An integral equation of the first kind with variable limits

How should one solve the following integral equation to find $F(\tau)$: $$ \int_{\tau -T}^{\tau}F(t)X(\tau -t)dt=e^{-(\frac{\tau}{T})^2} $$
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0answers
53 views

Integral equation problem

I has worked on this problem for a while and still stucked on it. Hopefully someone give me a hint. Consider the following integral equation, find the function $g(r)$: $$\int_0^\infty {K(s,r)g(r)dr} ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

Reading Speed for Constant Time to Finish

You open a very long new book on your e-reader and read a few pages. It helpfully informs you that based on your reading speed you have 16 hours of reading left until you are done. You read the rest ...
2
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1answer
81 views

Solve: $\int_{0}^{2\pi}g \psi e^{i n \theta}\,\text{d}\theta = n/(n-i\alpha) \int_{0}^{2\pi}\psi e^{i n \theta}\,\text{d}\theta$

For $\alpha>0$, I want to find a $g(\alpha, \theta)$ such that $$ \int_{0}^{2\pi}g(\alpha, \theta)\psi(\theta)e^{i n \theta}\,\text{d}\theta = \frac{n}{n-i\alpha} \int_{0}^{2\pi}\psi(\theta)e^{i n ...
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0answers
29 views

integral equation with beta kernel

Is there any way to solve the integral equation $$ z(a,b;x) = 1+\dfrac{(1+x)^{b}}{B(a,b)}\int_0^c\dfrac{y^{a-1}}{(1+x+y)^{a+b}}z(a,b;y)\,dy,\;\;x\ge0, $$ where $a,b,c>0$ are parameters, and ...
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1answer
76 views

Prove existence and uniqueness of differential/integral equation

This is a homework question, so I'm essentially asking for hints and not answers due to academic honesty concerns. The course is in real analysis (baby rudin) and it is essentially chapter 9 which ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Are there methods to solve coupled integral and integro-differential equations?

I have one fredholm integral equation $$ y(x)=f(x)+\int_0^1 K_1(x,g(x),t)y(x(t))dt$$ and an integro-differential equation $$ \frac{dg(x)}{dx}=h(x)+\int_0^1 K_2(x,y(x),t)g(x(t))dt$$. Are there any ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Integral equation question

If f(x) and f(t) both have the same domain and range, is there a general way to find $\int_{0}^{x^2} f(t) dt = f(x)$ given t? The actual problem tells that t = 9 and f(x) = $5 e \exp{x cos ...
6
votes
2answers
103 views

Does this condition on the sum of a function and its integral imply that the function goes to 0?

Consider a bounded real-valued function $S:\mathbf{R}\to\mathbf{R}$ so that $$\lim_{x\to\infty} \left( S(x) + \int_1^x \frac{S(t)}{t}dt\right)$$ exists and is finite. Can one say that ...
1
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0answers
29 views

Are there methods to solve a system of coupled integral equations?

I was wondering if there were methods to solve a system of coupled integral equations. The example case I am thinking about is $$f(x)=g(x)+\int_a^xf(x^\prime)h(x^\prime) dx^\prime$$ ...
5
votes
1answer
179 views

Find all continuous functions such that $f(x)^2 = \int_0^x f(\xi)\frac{\xi}{1+\xi^2}d\xi.$

From Spivak Find all continuous functions such that $$f(x)^2 = \int_0^x f(\xi)\frac{\xi}{1+\xi^2}d\xi.$$ $f(x)^2$ is clearly differentiable. I'd like to write $\dfrac{d}{dx}f(x)^2=2f(x)f'(x).$ ...
3
votes
2answers
66 views

Find all functions such that $f'(t) = f(t) + \int_0^1 f(\tau)\,d\tau.$

From Spivak Find all functions such that $f'(t) = f(t) + \int_0^1 f(\tau)\,d\tau.$ My approach: differentiate both sides to get $f''(t) = f'(t)$, giving $f'(t) = Ce^t$, implying $f(t) = Ce^t + ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Uniform convergence of matrix integral sequence

I was given recursively defined: $M_k=I+\int_{t_0}^tA(s)M_{k-1}(s)~ds$ and $M_0=I$ and that $A(t)$ is a matrix with entries that are continuous functions on $t_0\leq t\leq t_1$. By induction we can ...
3
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4answers
160 views

how to find the equation of one curve in XY plan which satisfies such functions?

I want to find the equation of one curve in $X-Y$ plan which satisfies the functions as follows: 1) $A(x_1,y_1)$, $B(x_2,y_2)$ are two known points and $f(x,y)$ (or $y(x)$) is the equation of the ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Integral equation and constant rules

I have an integral equation of the form: $$f(x)=3+4\int_a^bf(t)~dt$$ How can I put the constants inside the integral to get something where I can apply the fundamental theorem of calculus?
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0answers
66 views

Series solution for coupled PDEs

So I have this system for $f(z, v, t)$ and $\Psi(z, t)$, $$ \frac{\partial f}{\partial t} + v \frac{\partial f}{\partial z} - g(v) \frac{\partial \Psi}{\partial z} = 0 \tag{1} $$ $$ \frac{\partial^2 ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

How to prove $\int_a^b f(x)\varphi(x)dx=0\Rightarrow f(x)=0$

I am doing some reading on the calculus of variations and one of the first examples uses the following theorem: Let $f\in C[a,b]$. If $\int_a^b f(x)\varphi(x)dx=0$ for all $\varphi\in C[a,b]$, then ...
1
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0answers
46 views

Definite Integral of Periodic Function Multiplied by another Function

For one part of a problem I am working on, I am trying to show that $y'(t) \geq 1$ for all $t \geq 0$ when $y'= 1- \int^t_0 g(s)y(s) ds$ When $g(t)$ is periodic, $g(t) <0$ for all $t$, and ...
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2answers
67 views

Question about integral is equal to zero

Suppose we have the following equation $$ \int_0^\infty {f(x,r)g(x)dx} = 0 \quad {\rm for \, all}\, r\in \mathbb{R} $$ where the function $g(x)$ does not depend on $r$, while $f(x,r)$ is function of ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Can we get a general solution to the following system of equations?

A system of equations $$\frac{df}{dt}(t)=-txg(t)-x, \frac{dg}{dt}(t)=(1-t)xf(t)+x$$ which was constructured from the integral equation $$ F_t (t,x)= x \int_0^{1-t} (1-s)F(s,x) ds + (1-t)x, $$ This ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Characterization of a particular integrable function

Let $f$ be a strictly positive function such that $\int_{0}^{\infty}f(x)dx=\int_{0}^{\infty}xf(x)=1$ (i.e., a probability density function with expectation one). Let also $g$ be a nonnegative ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Differentiating a convolution integral

I'm trying to turn the integro-differential equation $\phi'(t) + \phi(t) = \int_0^t \sin{(t - \xi)} \, \phi(\xi) \, \mathrm{d} {\xi}$ into the differential equation $\phi'''(t) + \phi''(t) + ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

How to differentiate this equation involving an integral expression?

I want to differentiate the Volterra integral equation $\phi(t) + \int_0^t (t - \xi) \, \phi(\xi) \, \mathrm{d}{\xi} = \sin{2t}$. Am I right in thinking that the integral can just be removed like so? ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Solving a Fourier sine transform equation

Suppose we have the following Fourier sine transform equation $$\int_0^\infty f(x;p)\sin(\lambda x)dx \equiv 0,$$ where $f(x;p)$ has some parameters $p\in\mathbb{R}$ we can choose freely. Does this ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Differential equations, integral equations

Is there an analytical way of proving that if $\phi$ is a solution to \begin{equation} y(t)=e^{it}+a\int_{t}^{\infty}\sin (t-s)y(s)s^{-2}ds, \end{equation} then $\phi$ would be a solution to the ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

Convert an integral equation in an initial value problem of an ODE of degree 2

The following exercise is a part of a bigger exercise. Therefore I first give you the setting of the whole exercise and then (in the grey box below) the part of the exercise which I mean here. ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

System of integral equations for a unimodal symmetric probability distribution

Let $f(x)$ be a symmetric unimodal probability distribution on $\mathbb R$, with mean $\mu=0$. By unimodal, I mean that $f(x)$ is strictly increasing for $x<\mu$ and strictly decreasing for ...
4
votes
3answers
194 views

A convolution like integral equation

I would like to solve the following integral equation for $g(z)$. $$\int_z^\infty g(\zeta)(\zeta-z)^{\alpha-1} d\zeta = e^{-bz}, \tag{1}$$ where $\alpha$ and $b$ are constants. I would also like to ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Clarification of intergal equations.

I feel like asking a question that show how long I have to go. Clarification. In differential equations, I start with a rate of change and find the indefinite integral to find the function. In ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

An integro differential equation involving $f$,$f_h$ and second derivative of $f$.

Let $f_h$ be the Hilbert transform of the real function $f$. I need some help solving this integro differential equation : $$\alpha f_h(x) + \beta f''(x) = f(x)$$ A simple sinusoid doesn't seem to ...
0
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0answers
63 views

Numerically solving delay differential equations

I understand that the Dickman Function can be solved numerically by converting it to a delay differential equation. The Mathworld link above describes how this may be achieved for $$\rm ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Integral equation corresponding to initial value problem

Question is to : Form an integral equation corresponding to the initial value problem $$\frac{d^2y}{dx^2}+y=0 ~; ~ x>0$$ with initial conditions $y(0)=1$ and $y'(0)=0$ What i have tried so far is ...
6
votes
0answers
114 views

How to solve this integral equation?

Solve this integral equation: $$ {{\rm e}^{{\rm i}k\,\sqrt{\vphantom{\Large A}\,r^{2} + z^{2}\,}\,} \over \sqrt{\vphantom{\large A}r^{2} + z^{2}\,}} = \int_0^{\infty}{\rm K}_{0}\left(\lambda r\right) ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Show, that $T\colon C([a,b])\to C([a,b])$

I have a question concerning an integral equation that is written as an fixed point equation, namely $$ u(x)+\int_a^x F(x,y,u(y))\, dy=f(x,u(x)),~~x\in [a,b] $$ with $$ ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Using Banachs fixpoint-theorem to show the uniqueness of a solution of a non-linear integral equation

Show, that under the conditions (1) $-\infty<a<b<\infty, f\in C([a,b]\times\mathbb{R}), F\in C([a,b]\times [a,b]\times\mathbb{R})$ (2) $\exists~1>c\geq 0~\forall x\in [a,b]~\forall ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Solving an Integral Equation

Here is the Question; Solve the integral equation, $$\int_0^tY(u)Y(t-u)du = \frac12 (\sin t-t\cos t)$$ Really not sure how to go about this, took the Laplace transform of the right side getting, ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Finding a y(x) that satisfies $ y(x) = \int_0^x \! \left(\frac{t} {y(t)+1}\right)^2 \, \mathrm{d}t $

I'm having problem with finding a y(x) that satisfies $$ y(x) = \int_0^x \! \left(\frac{t} {y(t)+1}\right)^2 \, \mathrm{d}t $$ Here is what I tried to do. $$ y(x) = \int_ \! \left(\frac{x} ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

How to Solve This Special Case of Multidimensional Integral Operator?

I'm dealing with an integral equation of the following form: $1 = f(x)\int dy f(y)B(x,y)$ where $B(x,y)$ is a known function, and I want to solve for $f(x)$. If I treat $f(x)f(y)$ as one big unknown ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

Integral equations that can be solved elementary

Solve the following integral equations: $$ \int_0^xu(y)\, dy=\frac{1}{3}xu(x) \tag 1 \label 1 $$ and $$ \int_0^xe^{-x}u(y)\, dy=e^{-x}+x-1. \tag 2 \label 2 $$ Concerning $\eqref 1$, I read ...
0
votes
3answers
118 views

How to solve $y'+6y(t)+9\int_0^t y(\tau)d\tau=1$, $\,y(0)=0$

I want to solve this equation. It reminds me something about Laplace transform. I am sure that I must use it order to solve this: $$y'+6y(t)+9\int_0^t y(\tau)d\tau=1,\qquad y(0)=0$$
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Integral Functional Equation

If $f(x) = 1 + \int_{x/c}^1 f(t) dt$, find $f(x)$ in terms of $c$. This problem was inspired by trying to find the expected value of the longest increasing subsequence $a_1, a_2, a_3, \cdots, a_n$ ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Integral Equation without solution?

working on a physical problem I arrived at the following equation $$ y(x) + A \int_{0}^{x} e^{\lambda (t-x)} y(t) \mathrm{d}t = 0$$ and after some struggling (not that easy to apply the basic Laplace ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

Differential Equation with Integral

Determine the unique solution of: $$y'+4y+5\int_0^x y\,dx = e^{-x},$$ given that $y(0)=0$. [Hint: Take the derivative of both side of the given equation before you start solving.] Please I need ...