An integral equation is an equation in which the unknown function appears under the integral sign. There is no universal method for solving integral equations. Solution methods and even the existence of a solution depend on the particular form of the integral equation. (Handbook of Mathematics - ...

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2
votes
2answers
37 views

Solving the integral equation $y(x) = 3 + 2\int_1^x t y(t) dt $ by reducing it to a differential equation

Solve the integral equation $$y(x) = 3 + 2\int_1^x t \ y(t) \ dt $$ First I solved for the integral equation. Then I'm told to differentiate and I get $${dy \over dx} = 2 x y(x) $$ Then I ...
6
votes
4answers
75 views

Find all functions: $\left ( \int \frac{dx}{f(x)} \right )\left ( \int f(x)dx \right )=c$

Find all functions $f(x)$ so that: $$ \left ( \int \frac{dx}{f(x)} \right )\left ( \int f(x)dx \right )=c $$ where c is a constant. My attempt was to differentiate both sides but that appears to ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Multiple integral of iterated kernel

I am trying to implent Volterra equations using resolvent kernel.To do this, the iterative kernel $$K_i(x,y) = \int\limits_x^y K_1(y,t)K_{i-1}(t, x)dt. $$ should be calculated. However, it is not ...
3
votes
2answers
39 views

Relation on $\int_1^x\exp{t^2}dt$

Could you give me some leads to show the following relation : $$\forall x>0, \int_1^x\exp{t^2}dt = \frac{1}{2x}\exp{x^2} + \frac{1}{4x^3}\exp{x^2} - \frac{3}{4}\mathbb{e}+ \frac{3}{4} \int_1^x ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Integral form of this IVP

How do I show that the following initial value problem $$ xu''+u'+xu=0,\quad u(0)=1,\quad u'(0)=0 $$ has the following integral form: $$ u(x)=1+\int_{0}^{x} t\ln(t/x)u(t)\,dt $$ I am stuck because if ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Some linear integral equation

Please help me with the following problem: Let $\gamma\in (0,1)$ and $a<0<b$, $-a<b$, and $x\geq0$. Solve the following equation $$f(x)=\frac{\gamma}{b-a}\int_{\max(a+x,0)}^{b+x}f(y)dy$$ I ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Books for these topics.

I have an lecturership exam in India and in the syllabus there are few topics under the tags "Calculus of variations" and "Linear integral equations", and if please if someone could tell me which ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Solution of integral equation

If $x$ is a real-valued, differentiable function of $t$, what is, and how do I find the solution of $$\int_a^b x(t) \frac{dx(t)}{dt} dt$$
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Solve $\int_0^T f(t) dt =1$ for T.

I have to solve this equation for a physics problem and I don't know where to start: $$\int_0^T f(t) dt =1 \quad\text{and}\quad f(T)=C$$ Where $T>0$, $C>0$ and $f(t)>0$ we can suppose that ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Help me identify these sorts of equations

$$\int^x_0f(t)\,dt = xe^{2x}+\int^x_0e^{-t}f(t)\,dt$$ Assume $f$ is continous, solve for $f$. NB! I'm in my first calculus course so nothing too advanced please. While searching for a name for ...
3
votes
0answers
54 views

Integral equation $f(x) - \int_0^x f(t)dt = 0$

I'd like to know the solution (if solvable) to the following integral equation $$f(x) - \int_0^x f(t)dt = 0$$ Also I'd like to know what is the required mathematical background to be able to find a ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

How to solve the integral equation?

How to solve the integral equation $$ \int_{-20}^{x} \left| \left| \left| \left| \left| \left| \left| \left| t \right| -1 \right| -1 \right| -1 \right| -1 \right| -1 \right| -1 \right| -1 ...
4
votes
1answer
219 views

About an integral equation

I would like to obtain $g$ by solving the following integral equation $$ \int_s^T R(u) dg(u) + f(s,T)\int_s^T g(u)du =0$$ where $f,R:\mathbb R _+ ^*\rightarrow \mathbb R _+ $and $g: \mathbb R _+ ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

$A$ is a symmetric operator ? Please criticize my proof.

Let $A:L^2([0,1])\to L^2([0,1])$ given by $$ Af(t)=\int_0^1K(s,t)f(s)ds, $$ where $K$ is a mensurable square integrable operator, i.e $\int_0^1\int_0^1|K(s,t)|^2\,dsdt<\infty$. $A$ is acompact ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Rayleigh-Ritz method to solve the P.D.E.

How we take an approximate solution from boundary conditions to find the solution of a partial differential equation by Rayleigh-Ritz method?
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Prove a certain integral expression of Bessel type for the Bessel function of the first kind

I know that $$ \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_0^{2\pi}e^{i\,z\,\cos\theta}d\theta=J_0(z) $$ where $J_n(z)$ denotes the Bessel function of the first kind of integral order. My question is - how do I show that ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Does the system of equations always have a nontrivial solution?

$f:[0,1]^2\to R_+$ is a continuous conditional density function. For $g,h\in C$ on $\{(x,y)\in [0,1]^2|x\geq y\}$, the system of equations is given by$$ \frac{\partial g}{\partial x}\leq ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

$\text{Im} \lbrace\iint_{-\infty}^{\infty}f(x,y)g^\ast(x)g(y)\,dx\,dy \rbrace=0 \Rightarrow f(x,y)=a(x)\delta(y-x)$?

Suppose $f(z_1,z_2):\mathbb{R}^2\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$, $g(z):\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$, $a(z):\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$. Suppose also that $$\text{Im} \left ...
1
vote
0answers
137 views

Solving an integral (or series) equations system

Peace be upon you, In the question A late-diverging "approximating solution" for a system of functional equations, I have asked for an approximating solution for a system of functional ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

What is this form of integral equation called and what are the classes of solutions?

This is probably a quick one for someone familiar with integral equations: I have an equation of the form $\int_{a}^{b}du \, g(u,v) \, f(u)=c$ with $a$, $b$, and $c$ constant; and $f(u)$ a known ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

uniqueness of solution for a type of integral equations

I have an integral equation that goes $f(x)=G(\int k(x,y)f(y)dy)$ where $x$ and $y$ are real numbers, $k(x,y)>0$, $G(\cdot)\in [0,1], G'(\cdot )<0$ I'm wondering can we say anything about ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

A question about $f(x)\equiv 0$

If $f(x) \in C(-\infty+\infty)$, $\;g(x)=f(x) \int_0^x f(t)\,dt\,$ and $\;g(x)$ is monotone-decreasing in $(-\infty,+\infty),$ Prove:$f(x)\equiv 0$. It is easy to get $g(0)=0$,and I'm thinking about ...
-1
votes
1answer
44 views

Given $f(x)=x+\int_{0}^1 t(t+x)f(t) dt $ , what is $f(0) $? [closed]

Let $f:\mathbb R \to \mathbb R$ be such that $f(x)=x+\int_{0}^1 t(t+x)f(t) dt $ , then how do we find $f(0) $ ?
0
votes
0answers
50 views

Is it possible to solve this set of equations?

Let's have system of equations: $$ \tag 1 [\nabla \times \mathbf E ] = -\frac{\partial \mathbf B}{\partial t} , $$ $$ \tag 2 [\nabla \times \mathbf B] = \sigma \mathbf E + A(\mu \mathbf K + C \mathbf ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Existence and uniqueness of Volterra integral equations of the first kind with vanished kernel

$$ \int_0^t k(s,t)f(s)ds=g(t) $$ To prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions of Volterra integral equation(VIE) of the first kind, we usually differentiate it and convert to the VIE of the ...
3
votes
2answers
53 views

Finding function $f(x)$

How do we find the function(s) $f(x)$ given that $$f(x)=\int_{0}^{x} te^tf(x-t) \ \mathrm{d}t$$ My Try : I first used the property $\int_{0}^{a}g(x) \ \mathrm{d}x=\int_{0}^{a}g(a-x) \ \mathrm{d}x$ ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

I need a general solution of the following PDE:

$$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} F(t, x) = xF(t,g(tx)), F(0,x)=1=F(t,0) $$ where $g(x)$ is given. In fact, I need the case $g(x)=x.$ This PDE comes from an integral equation $$ F(t,x)=1+x \int_0^t F(s, ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Is it possible to find a solution to this integral equation?

I have an integral equation of the following form: $y(t)=\lambda x(t) + x(t)\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}K(t,s)x(s)ds$ I haven't been able to find any discussion online of integral equations with the ...
3
votes
0answers
82 views

Holder regularity for the heat potentials

First I apologize for my bad English and for any error: this is my first question. I need some regularity results for the simple and double layer heat potentials. If $\Gamma(t,x)$ is the fundamental ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Solution to non-linear OIDE

How do I go about solving this equation? $\frac{\partial F(r,y)}{\partial r} = Q(r,y) - P(r,y) F(r,y) - R(r,y)F(r,y)\int_0^\infty dy'S(r,y') F(r,y')$ with the initial condition that $F(r=0,y) = 0 \ ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

How to find the solution of integer equation group

I have the following problem: to find the general item of the following equation: let $a_1=b_1=1$, $$a_{n+1}=6a_n+2b_n, b_{n+1}=3a_n+2b_n$$ for any $n\geq 1$, find $a_n=?, b_n=?$
2
votes
0answers
36 views

finding solution to a partial integro differential equation

I want to find a function (or a set of functions) such that $u(x,t)$ satisfies the following partial integro-differential equation with singular kernel \begin{eqnarray} &&u_x(0,t) = \int_0^t ...
4
votes
1answer
56 views

How to solve $xy=2\int_1^xy(t)dt+5$?

Could you please give me some hint how to solve this equation: $xy=2\int_1^xy(t)dt+5$. It is not known whether $y(x)$ is continuous or not, so I could not use Fundamental Theorem of Calculus for ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

FM signals and non-trivial solutions to a homogeneous Fredholm integral equation of the first kind

I am looking for any non-trivial solution to the following integral equation. That is, find any function $q(\theta)\neq 0$ which satisfies the following equation: $$\int_0^a ...
3
votes
2answers
82 views

Volterra equation for a Bessel type IVP that appears in inverse scattering

I have the following i.v.p. (Colton Kress-Inverse acoustic and electromagnetic scattering theory, Springer) $$y''(r)+(k^2n(r)-\frac{l(l+1)}{r^2})y(r)=0$$ $$y(0)=0, y'(0)=1$$ using the Liouville ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Integral equation involving magnitude/modulus squared

I wish to solve the following integral equation that has popped up in my studies of focused light. If you notice, it looks almost like a homogenous Fredholm integral equation of the first kind. ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Define all functions using the main statement

Define all functions that are continious and fullfill the equation $$ f(x) = -1 + \int_0^{x^2} \frac{(f(\sqrt{t})^2 \sin t}{\cos^2t} dt$$ I'm completely lost on this one. I think that you should ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Power series solution to integral equation

Hi guys i'm reading a paper in which the authors have two coupled integral equation for the function $f(x)$ and $g(x)$, in order to solve this problem they employ a power series expansion of these ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Power series function expansion as solution for integral equation

I'm facing an integral equation whose unknown is a function $f(x)$: The equation is of the kind: $$ K = \int_{-l}^{l} G(x,s)f(s)ds $$ So it's a Fredholm integral equation that is rewritten in this ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Setting up Kernel to Numerically Solve Fredholm Equation of Second Kind

I am looking to confirm if what I am doing is the proper procedure. I writing a program to discretely solve a Homogeneous Fredholm Equation of Second Kind that is set up as follows: $ \int ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Non-linear Hammerstein integral equation

I came across a problem that looks like a non-linear Hammerstein equation: $$ \displaystyle y(t)= v(t)+\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{e^{\iota ts}}{y(s)}\mathrm{d}s $$ I tried solving it by collocation ...
5
votes
1answer
76 views

Existence of integral equation solution

I am trying to prove a differentiable solution in some open interval about the origin for the equation: $$u(x) + u(x)^2 + \int_0^x (1+\cos(x+u(y))) dy = 0$$ I have been trying to prove it as a ...
0
votes
2answers
95 views

A Matrix Integral Equation

We have an integral equation on matrix. ${\Im(t)}=\Im(0)+\int_{0}^{t} \Im(s)[K(s)]_{ \times }ds \tag 1$ $[\hspace{.2cm} ]_{\times}$ is skew symmetric matrix with diagonals zero and is non ...
2
votes
1answer
20 views

Solution sets/ existence and uniqueness of solutions to $Ku-\lambda u=\int^1_0 \frac{x^2}{1+y^3}u(y)dy-\lambda u(x)=f(x)$

Given $$ Ku-\lambda u=\int^1_0 \frac{x^2}{1+y^3}u(y)dy-\lambda u(x)=f(x) $$ A) For what values of $\lambda$ does there exist a unique solution for all $f\in L^2(0,1)$? B) Find the solution set ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Condition of existence and uniqueness of solution for abel integral equation

It is well known that Abel integral equation has a unique continuous solution. For example, $$ f(t)=\int_0^t\frac{g(s)}{(s-t)^{\alpha}}ds , 0<\alpha<1 $$ where $f(t)$ is known. Specifically, ...
1
vote
0answers
77 views

Verification of Fourier transformation of Io-sinh function

I try to match, but it could not match $I_o-\sinh$ Practical Fourier Transform pair developed by Ben Logan, transform pair also published in The Practical Application of the Fourier Integral ...
2
votes
2answers
41 views

Spectrum of $Tu=\int^1_0 (x+y)u(y)dy$

Given the operator $$Tu(x)=\int^1_0 (x+y)u(y)dy$$ on $L^2(0,1)$, find the spectrum of $T$. For all eigenvalues, find their multiplicities and the eigenfunctions. The kernel is Hilbert Schmidt ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

An integral equation of second type.

Let $A,B$ be real numbers smaller in absolute value than $1000$. Consider the integral equation $$ f ( x ) = A + B\int_1 ^{\sqrt x} f \left( \frac{x-1}{t} \right) \,\mathrm{d} t $$ where the ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Taking Fourier transform of integral-differential equation

If $u$ is a solution of the equation $$\frac{\partial}{\partial t} u(x,t) + \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \text{sinc}(x-y) \cdot \frac{\partial^{2}}{\partial y^{2}} u(y,t) \ dy = 0,$$ with initial condition ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

existence and uniqueness of volterra integral equation of the first kind

$$ \int_0^t k(s,t)f(s)ds=g(t) $$ To know the existence and uniquness of solution of volterra integral equation(VIE) of the first kind, we differentiate it and convert to the VIE of the second kind. ...