A lattice in $\mathbb R^n$ is a discrete subgroup of $\mathbb R^n$ or, equivalently, it is a subgroup of $\mathbb R^n$ generated by linearly independent vectors. Lattices have applications in geometric number theory, e.g. via Minkowski's theorem.

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How small parallelograms are we guaranteed to get, when we select the two sides from different plane lattices?

This a shortened version (motivation from telecommunications stripped away) of a question I asked in MO in late May (no answers). I am mostly checking, if somebody has seen this or a related question ...
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Adelic lattices

Let $\mathbb{A} = \widehat{\mathbb{Z}} \otimes \mathbb{Q} \times \mathbb{R}$ be the adeles over $\mathbb{Q}$. In Deligne's article "Formes modulaires et representations de GL(2)" he states without ...
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Number of points in the diagonal of an $X \times Y$ square lattice box.

So assuming we have a $X \times Y$ lattice, Say for example a $3 \times 5$ like so * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * I need to find the number of points that each ...
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Nonplanar equilateral lattice “pentagons”

It is well-known that no two-dimensional point lattice contains a regular pentagon. (See for example http://mathworld.wolfram.com/LatticePolygon.html) The same is true for lattices in $\mathbb{R}^n$, ...
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continued fractions and convex hulls

If I remember correctly, there is a nice correspondence between continued fractions and convex hulls of lattice points in the plane. If $\theta>0$ is the slope of a line in $\mathbb{R}^2$ passing ...
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The $n$-shortest lattice vectors problem in $\mathcal{R}^2$

I am looking for an algorithm to compute the $n$ shortest lattice vectors in $\mathcal{R}^2$. The problem statement is as follows: Given a lattice $L: \{ m \vec{u}+n\vec{v} \} \in \mathcal{R}^2$, a ...
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Leech Lattice and Golay Code

Consider the following Miracle Octat Generator or MOG. Choose the sign $\pm 3$ and fill in the blanks $\pm 1$ to create a point $x$ in the Leech lattice $\Lambda_{24}$ with $||x||^2=8$. $ ...
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Dual Lattice definition

A lattice is a free abelian group $L$ together with a symmetric non-degenerate bilinear form $(,): L\times L\rightarrow \Bbb{Z}$. Let $H=\mathrm{Hom}(L,\Bbb{Z})$. I often see the dual of $L$ being ...
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lattice symmetries portrayed in animation

Below is an animated gif by Dave Whyte: What is the orbifold/fibrifold notation for the symmetries of the lattice depicted below? (a la /The Symmetries of Things/? Are there related theta function ...
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Lattice theory in mathematics and physics

I have undertaken a project examining lattice model and trying to construct algorithm that could work on all lattice (in physical sense, or crystal structure). I notice there is a branch in ...
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When does a simplex have an interior lattice point?

Given $r$ vectors $v_1, \dots, v_r$ in $\mathbb{Z}^n$, is there an easy way (in terms of the entries of the $v_i$) to determine if there is a point of $\mathbb{Z}^n$ in the interior of the simplex ...
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Automorphisms of a lattice and changing to a nicer $\mathbb{Z}$-base

Suppose I have an integral lattice $L$ with an arbitrary $\mathbb{Z}$-base, equipped with a positive-definite nondegenerate symmetric bilinear form $\langle\cdot,\cdot\rangle$, and an isometry $\nu$ ...
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Lattice Reduction Problem: Minimizing the “Longest” Basis Vector

Suppose we have a basis for an integer lattice formed by the vectors $\vec v_1, \vec v_2, \ldots,\vec v_n$. Then let $A$ be the augmented matrix $( \vec v_1| \space \vec v_2| \cdots |\space \vec ...
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Term for intersection of lattice and convex region?

Is there a special term or convenient phrase for the restriction of a convex region to points of a lattice? This is motivated by wanting to talk about the feasible points of a discrete problem. I'd ...
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Probability distribution of a self avoiding walk

Preliminary: Consider a walk on the lattice $\mathbb{Z}_d$ lattice of length $N$. In a normal random walk, if we let $N$ get large the end position has a probability distribution (PDF) that looks ...
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Bijection between $\operatorname{GL}_n(F)/\operatorname{GL}_n(O)$ and lattices in $F^n$

I've come across mention of a bijection between lattices in $F^n$ ($F$ a field, in my case $\mathbb{C}(\!(t)\!)$) and elements of $\operatorname{GL}_n(F)/\operatorname{GL}_n(O)$, where $O$ is the ring ...
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Construction of a symplectic basis for a lattice

Let $(T,E)$ be a polarized abelian variety ($T=V/L$, $\dim_\mathbb{C} V=g$, $E:V\times V\to\mathbb{R}$ a nondegenerate real alternating bilinear form, with $E(L\times L)\subseteq\mathbb{Z}$ and ...
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Lattice generated by vectors orthogonal to an integer vector

Given a non-zero vector $\boldsymbol{v}$ composed of integers, imagine the set of all non-zero integer vectors $\boldsymbol{u}$, such that $\boldsymbol{u} \cdot \boldsymbol{v} = 0$, i.e., the integer ...
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Line and distance to lattice points?

Consider the lattice $\mathbb{Z}^{n}\subset\mathbb{R}^{n}$ and a line (not necessarily through the origin). What conditions can be placed on the slope of the line that is necessary and sufficient so ...
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Lattices in $\mathbb C$ as modules of the ring of integers in an imaginary quadratic field

Let $K$ be an imaginary quadratic number field and let $O_K\subset K$ be the ring of algebraic integers in $K$. Let us call a lattice $\Lambda\subset\mathbb C$ normalized if the tori $\mathbb ...
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$\Delta$ vs. $\delta$ in Lattice Theory

I'm learning about lattices and I'd like to confirm the difference between the density $\Delta$ and another density $\delta$. I would greatly appreciate if someone could confirm, correct, or even ...
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Estimate for the co-volume of discs centered at lattice points in the plane?

Suppose I have a unimodular lattice $\Lambda = A \mathbb{Z^2}$ ($A\in SL(2,\mathbb{R})$) in the plane. I place a disc of fixed radius, $r$, around each point of $\Lambda$, so that I have a union of ...
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The number of lattice points in d-dimensional ball

The following paper states that the number of lattice points in a $d$-dimensional ball of radius $R$ is $V_d R^d + O(R^\alpha)$ where $\alpha = d - 2$ and $V_d$ is the volume of the unit ...
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Ehrhart Polynomials Modulo Prime Integers

Are there any results known about computing Ehrhart Polynomials modulo prime integers?
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moduli of lattices

Consider the set $M$ of all (rank $g$) lattices in $g$-dimensional complex affine space $C^g$. Does M identify in some way with Siegel upper half space $H_g$? Let's say a lattice has CM if it has ...
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Which lattices are ideals of a number field?

Let $K$ be a number field, then its ring of integers $\mathcal{O}_K$ in the Minkowski space of $K$ is a lattice $\Lambda$. Is there some geometric descrpition/intuition that describes sublattices of ...
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Non zero Unimodular matrices

I have a question about the lattice reduction algorithms like LLL algorithm. Lattice reduction algorithms like LLL generate a unimodular matrix which makes more orthogonal basises for a given matrix. ...
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Is the Voronoi region of a lattice symmetric around origion?

Assume an n-dimensional lattice. Is the Voronoi region of the lattice symmetric around origion? In other word, is the following statement true? "if $x\in \mathcal{V}$ then $-x\in \mathcal{V}$" where ...
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Closest vector problem

Given is a vector $v=\begin{pmatrix}2,&-1,&0,&1\end{pmatrix}$ as the shortest vector of the lattice $\Lambda (B)$, where $B$ is determined as $B=\begin{pmatrix}4 &-3 & 2 & 0\\ ...
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Which matrices generate the same lattices?

Given are the following matrices: $A_{1}=\begin{bmatrix} 4 & 7 &9 \\ 3 & 5 &3 \\ 1 &2 &0 \end{bmatrix}$ , $A_{2}=\begin{bmatrix} 10 & 9 &6 \\ 11 & 7 &2 \\ ...
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integer programming with bounded dimension

We know that integer programming with bounded dimension or fixed number of variables can be solved in polynomial time by Lenstra's result(from results of the LLL algorithm). After heavy foraging i ...
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Inclusion-minimality of a lattice basis

An integer lattice is a subgroup of $\mathbb{Z}^n$. Since $\mathbb{Z}$ is PID, each lattice has a well-defined rank and a generating set of rank many elements is a basis. I wonder if there is a way ...
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A lattice-theoretic question related to noncommutative tori

[NCG] So I'm trying to pin down a fairly well-known bit of noncommutative-geometric folklore that says that for $\Theta \in M_N(\mathbb{Q})$ skew-symmetric, the corresponding noncommutative $N$-torus ...
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Why the following observations regarding lattices hold?

The following is an excerpt of a recent paper on lattice cryptography: Let $n$ and $q$ be integers [...], and let $\beta > 0$ . Given a uniformly random matrix $A \in \mathbb Z^{n \times m}_q$ ...
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solution count of quadratic form congruences

Let $(L,q)$ be an even Lorentzian lattice of signature $(1,l-1)$, i.e., $q(\lambda) \in \Bbb Z$ for all $\lambda \in L$ and the (non-degenerate) quadratic form $q$ is of type $(1,l-1)$ (the ...
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Norm of the generators of a fractional ideal.

Let $\mathcal{O}_l=\mathbb{Z}[\frac{1+\sqrt{-l}}{2}]$ with $l$ a prime number congruent to 3 mod 4. Let $\mathfrak{a}$ be a non-principal fractional ideal of $\mathcal{O}_l$. My questions are: Why ...
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How many amplitude levels does a squared QAM constellation have?

In the above question, I choose terminology from communication engineering, but I will precisely define all the involved quantities below. It is a geometric question and I am not sure if it is ...
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A variant of the “closest vector problem” (CVP) in lattice-based cryptography

Consider a public-key scheme on lattices, such as GGH. The private key is a basis $\mathbf{B} \in \mathbb{Z}^{m \times n}$ of a lattice $\mathcal{L}$ with good properties (such as short nearly ...
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Number of *distinct* dot products of an integer vector by elements of a hyper-rectangle

Imagine a vector $\boldsymbol{v}$ composed of integers, and the set $S$ of all integer vectors within a hyper-rectange, with one corner at the origin and other at $\boldsymbol{m}$. In other words: $S ...
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Minkowsky Theorem

Theorem: Let $L$ be an $n$-dimensional lattice in $\mathbb R^n$ with fundamental domain $T$, and let $X$ be a bounded symmetric convex subset of $\mathbb R^n$. If $Vol(X)>2^nVol(T)$ then $X$ ...
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Faber-Krahn inequality for domain in Z^d with nearest-neighbor connections

In $\mathbb{R}^d$ there is a theorem that if you are looking for the first Dirichlet eigenvalue $\lambda_1$ of a domain $D \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ with a given volume $V$, then $\lambda_1$ will be ...
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Understanding the Cholesky decomposition

I'm attempting to understand the Cholesky decomposition via the following site: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cholesky_decomposition If I have a matrix, say $$A = \begin{bmatrix} 2 & -1 & ...
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Generic structure in $\mathbb{Z}^n$

As a quick definition, a subset of $A\subseteq\mathbb{Z}^n$ is generic if for every pair of elements $\alpha_1,\alpha_2\in A$ that have an equal coordinate, there is a third element $\gamma\in A$ that ...
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Why changing a vector in a basis for a lattice can lead to a new lattice if $gcd(a_{m+1}, \ldots, a_n) = 1$?

On the book "Lattice basis reduction" by M.R. Bremner published by Taylor & Francis Corollary 1.26. Let $L$ be an $n$-dimensional lattice in $\mathbb{R}^n$ with basis $x_1, x_2, \ldots , x_n$. ...
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Points of a lattice inside square of side $N$

Let $\Lambda\subseteq \mathbb Z^m$ be a full-rank lattice of index $h$. I would like to know an upper bound for the quantity $H_N=|\Lambda\cap [-N,N[^m|$ where $[-N,N[^m=\{(a_1,\dots,a_m)\in \mathbb ...
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Finding integer vectors in the column space of a matrix

Consider a given set $S \subset Z$. $S$ is a finite set. Matrix $A \in S^{N \times M}$ is also given. Does there exist an algorithm to find all the vectors belonging to the space Col$(A)\cap S^N$ ...
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smallest integer contained in sublattice $\Rightarrow$ $L'=[q,r\tau+s]$

Let $L'$ be a sublattice of the lattice $[1,\tau]$ in a imaginary quadratic field. Reminder: a lattice $L$ consists of the $\mathbb{Z}$-linear combinations of $1$ and $\tau$, with $\{1,\tau \}$ linear ...
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Automorphism group of torus fixing origin

I've got a short question: Suppose that you have some lattice $\Lambda$, say $\Lambda=\mathbb{Z}+\mathbb{Z}i$, and let $T$ be the torus $\mathbb{C}/\Lambda$, coming with the quotient map ...
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Upper bound on the product of norms of vectors in a lattice basis

The orthogonality defect of a lattice basis is the quotient of the product of the norms of the vectors in the basis and the determinant of the lattice. It is at least 1 by Hadamard's inequality. ...
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Integer Points on Circles

Let $r(n)$ denote the number of integral solutions to $a^2+b^2 = n$ where $a,b,n$ are integers. Furthermore, we count the pairs with regard to order and signs. (So if $(a,b)$ is a solution, so are ...