# Tagged Questions

An inner product space is a vector space equipped with an inner product. The inner product is a generalisation of the "dot" product often used in vector calculus.

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### In a finite dimensional inner product space with $T ∈ L(V)$, show that $\langle u,v\rangle = \langle T(u),T(v)\rangle$ implies $T$ is invertible.

Here is how I've tried to go about it, and I'm curious if it's true or if I'm way off base. T is invertible iff null$(T)=\{0\}$. Let $v∈V$ and suppose $T(v)=0$. If we can show that $v=0$, then $T$ is ...
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### Geometric interpretation of $x_1^2y_1^2+x_2^2y_2^2+x_3^2y_3^2+\dots$

Say $x$ and $y$ are two $L_2$ unit vectors of size $n$. In that case the inner product: $$x_1y_1+x_2y_2+x_3y_3+\dots+x_ny_n$$ Is the cosine of the angle between them. For an application I was ...
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### Progressed : Convergence problem in Hilbert Space and necessity of inner product

******** PROGRESS : so thanks to Ian's great comment I can get by the proof and that completeness is necessary but I need to know does this hold for general Banach spaces that are not Hilbert spaces? ...
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### An inner product on the dual space of a non-complete inner product space?

As is well known, for any Hilbert space $V$, there is a natural inner product on the continuous dual. (the space of all continuous linear functionals). Is there a way to endow an inner product on ...
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### Integral of a function with an exponentiated inner product

Let $f:\Bbb R^n\to \Bbb R^n$ be a continuous function such that $\int_{\Bbb R^n}|f(x)|dx\lt\infty$. Let $A$ be a real $n\times n$ invertible matrix and for $x,y\in\Bbb R^n$, let $\langle x,y\rangle$ ...
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### Prob. 10, Sec. 3.2 in Erwine Kreyszig's “Introductory functional analysis with applications”

Here is Prob. 10 in the Problems after Sec. 3.2 in Introductory Functional Analysis With Applications by Erwine Kreyszig: ... Let $T \colon X \to X$ be a bounded linear operator on a complex ...
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### Application of Cauchy-Schwarz with Sobolev norms

I'm working through the problems in the initial value formulation chapter in Wald's General Relativity. A short summary of the problem. I have to show that $$\sup_{x\in A}|f(x)|\le C||f||_{A,k}$$ ...
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### Gradient of inner product in Hilbert space

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a Hilbert space and \begin{align} f&\colon \mathcal{H} \to \mathbb{R}\\ f(x) &= ||x-c||_\mathcal{H} ^2 \end{align} from some constant $c \in \mathbb{H}$ Is the derivative ...
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### Distribution of $\langle A,x\rangle\langle A,y\rangle + \langle B,x\rangle\langle B,y\rangle$ given $\langle x, y\rangle$

Let $A$ and $B$ be independent, normal distributed $N(0,1)$ normalized unit vectors, and let $x$ and $y$ be unit vectors with given inner product $\langle x, y\rangle=u$. Can we write the ...
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### What's the advantage of using bra-ket notation over inner-product notation?

Both notations look pretty similar, and appear similar when undergo algebraic operations. Apart from personal taste (aesthetics) concerning commas ($\langle \phantom{\cdot},\phantom{\cdot} \rangle$) ...
### Extend $(\frac{1}{2}, \frac{i}{2} ,\frac{-1}{2},\frac{-i}{2} )$ to an orthonormal basis for $\mathbb{C}^4$.
Consider $\mathbb{C}^4$ with the standard inner-product$< , >$. Extend $(\frac{1}{2}, \frac{i}{2} ,\frac{-1}{2},\frac{-i}{2} )$ to an orthonormal basis for $\mathbb{C}^4$. How is this possible ...