Somewhere beyond the numbers lies the concept of Infinity. But what exactly does "infinity" mean? What rules does it obey? What interesting properties does it have?

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How does one prove that two sequences are equal at infinity?

I came up with $e = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac 1 {n!}$ (see here) I am now trying to prove that this is equivalent to $\lim_{n\to \infty} {(1+\frac1 n)}^n$ In general, how would one go about such a ...
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1answer
75 views

Infinity Paradox: Is $\infty + 1 > \infty$ [on hold]

For Instance: If I say a person has infinite number of oranges and by him, is a person who has infinite number of oranges also and assume that I provide one more orange to the first person. Can I say ...
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1answer
36 views

Is the number of points on a plane larger than the number of points on a line?

The number of points on a line is uncountably infinite. The number of lines on a plane is uncountably infinite. It seems like it follows that there would be an uncountably infinite number of points on ...
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1answer
22 views

limits as $x\rightarrow\pm\infty$ of indeterminate forms $\frac{a^x+b^x}{c^x+d^x}$, where $a,b,c,d\in\mathbb{R}$

Good day sirs would you kindly help me to find the limit of $\frac{a^x+b^x}{c^x+d^x}$ as $x\rightarrow\pm\infty$, where $a$,$b$,$c$ and $d$ are real numbers? I already know how to use the L' ...
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28 views

How many different random numbers can you generate between zero and infinity?

My theory is that you can't generate any random number between zero and infinity. But thats kind of unexpected because you can generate 100 different random numbers between 0 and 100 and 1000 ...
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0answers
44 views

Infinity Series [on hold]

Good afternoon. I'm brazilian, then sorry by my bad english. I have a problem with one question about Infinite Series. I searched for anyone method could help me. I have all constants values (w, y, ...
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2answers
64 views

Bijection between $\mathbb{Z} \longmapsto \mathbb{R}$ [duplicate]

I recently learned of Cantor's diagonal argument, and was thinking about why there can't be a bijection between any infinite set of integers and any infinite set of real numbers. I understood the ...
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2answers
71 views

Every II-finite set is III-finite

I need some help proving that if a set $X$ is II-finite then it is III-finite, i.e. if every non-empty family of subsets of $X$ which is linearly ordered by inclusion has a maximal element under ...
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1answer
24 views

Asymptotic behaviour of sequences

Could anyone explain in details how these approximations as $n \to \infty$ are found? ($a$ is a positive real number) ${x_n} = \frac{1}{n}\left( {\frac{a}{3} - \frac{3}{2}} \right) + O\left( ...
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1answer
34 views

Is the derivative of a exponential function a^x always greater than the derivative of a polynomial x^n as x approaches infinity

with n and a being any constants > than 1. I have tried taking the $\lim\limits_{x \to \infty} a^x / x^n$, and l'hopitals is telling me than $x^n$ can always be reduced to 1 with multiple iterations, ...
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2answers
253 views

Teaching the Concept of Infinity to Children.

I was recently out with the family and we left it up to the children where we ate lunch (11 and 9 years old). They couldn't agree and were going back and forth calling each other names. This ...
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1answer
372 views

Can a curve be an asymptote?

$f(x)=x^3+\frac{3}{x-1}$ This was the question given to me.I replied that $f(x)$ will have only a single vertical asymptote of $x=1$. My teacher told that there'll be be two asymptotes.One is the ...
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1answer
45 views

Problems with x/∞ [duplicate]

If $\dfrac {x} {\infty }=0,$ where $x$ is a finite number, than wouldn't $0\cdot \infty $ be equal to any number? Making this not work?
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2answers
33 views

Complex infinity ($1/0$) [duplicate]

I've learned that $$1/0$$ is postive and negative infinity, but if I ask wolfram mathematica to calculate $$1/0$$ it gives me: 'complex infinity' but how can we proof that that is true?
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1answer
97 views

What's the largest number

Originally this question started as 'what is the largest number' using $\aleph_0$ as a start, and continuing using concepts such as ${\aleph_0}^{\aleph_0}$, and Knuth's Tower notation $\uparrow$, so ...
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2answers
33 views

P vs NP and Countable vs Uncountable Decision Space

I have noticed that whenever the scope of a problem is pushed to infinity, problems in NP have an uncountably infinite decision space whereas problems in P seem to have a countably infinite decision ...
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1answer
42 views

Number of paths in a graph with infinite nodes

Does a graph with infinite nodes that is not fully connected have a countably infinite or a uncountably infinite number of paths originating from a single node? We are only concerned with paths that ...
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2answers
59 views

Prove or disprove : if $a_n$ has a limit and $b_n$ doesn't have a limit then $a_n + b_n$ doesn't have a limit

I think it's wrong but I couldn't find an example that disproves this. If this is true I need to prove it and if it's wrong I have to give an example to disprove it.
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1answer
30 views

Doubt related to the extended real line and distance/metric

I am studying real analysis and I am being introduced to functions that take values on the extended real line, I have a fundamental doubt about this so I'll give an example to illustrate my confusion: ...
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4answers
101 views

Proof of 1+1+1+1+… = 0 [on hold]

I have thought that 1+1+1+1+... is equal to -1/2. However I found this proof based on the assumption of 1+2+3+4+5+... = -1/12 and -1+(-2)+(-3)+(-4)(-5)+... = +1/12 1+1+1+1+1+1+... is equal to ...
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3answers
108 views

All sets of rational numbers are bigger than the set containing infinite integers - or are they?

Intro This started with me learning the different types of infinity. I like to call them types instead of sizes due to the fact, that infinite is defined by being endless or "not-finite" - meaning ...
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1answer
85 views

Extend ${\bigl(1+\frac1x\bigr)}^{{x}}$ to $\overline{\mathbb R}$

We can extend these functions to $\overline{\mathbb R}$ by taking limits says here. \begin{align} \mathrm e^{-\infty} &= 0 \\ \mathrm e^{+\infty} &= \infty \\ \ln{\left|0\right|} &= ...
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1answer
344 views

What is infinity in complex plane and what are operation with infinity extended to complex numbers?

For a real number $a$, $$\infty + a = \infty,$$ and if $a$ is positive, $$\infty \cdot a = \infty$$ What is $\infty + a$ and $\infty*a$ if $a$ is non-zero complex number, where $\infty$ is real ...
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1answer
17 views

Limit at $\infty$ of a polynomial multiplied by a negative exponential

I am trying to show $\int_0^{\infty} x^2 e^{-2 x} dx = 1/4 $ Integration by parts gets the indefinite integral $$\int x^2 e^{-2 x} dx = \frac{-1}{4} e^{-2 x} (2 x^2+2 x+1)+constant$$ In order to ...
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3answers
420 views

infinite monkey problem - probability of an infinite sequence containing an infinite sequence [duplicate]

Note: This question is specifically about when the infinite monkey theorem is extended to reproducing an infinite sequence (as oppose to a finite one) I was browsing wikipedia, and came across the ...
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2answers
31 views

Showing that $\log(\log(n))^{\log(n)}$ is $O(7^{\sqrt n})$

What's a straightforward way to prove that $\log(\log(n))^{\log(n)}$ is $O(7^{\sqrt n})$? (I'm dealing with Big O Notation)
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4answers
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What is limit of $\lim_{x\to\infty}((\frac{a^x+b^x}{2})^{1/x})$?

How I can calculate limite of this equation?! It can be solved using a famous theorem but I forgot it, may someone help me to calculate and prove it or even remind me the theorem? $$ ...
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6answers
560 views

Book/article/tutorial as an introduction to Cardinality

I study CS, but on the first semester I have a lot of mathematics. Of course, there is an introduction to set theory and logic. Recently, we had lectures about cardinality, different kinds of ...
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3answers
114 views

Is it correct to say that $\lim_{x\to\infty}e^x=\infty$?

I saw $$\lim_{x\to\infty}e^x=\infty$$ in a textbook, but I think the limit of the left part doesn't exist. So left part doesn't equal right part. Am I right?
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6answers
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Proof of sum results

I was going through some of my notes when I found both these sums with their results $$ x^0+x^1+x^2+x^3+... = \frac{1}{1-x}, |x|<1 $$ $$ 0+1+2x+3x^2+4x^3+... = \frac{1}{(1-x)^2} $$ I tried but I ...
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Maclaurin series not giving right answers when manually deriving?

Apologies about any formatting issues, I am new. I have to find the first four terms of the Maclaurin series for $$f(x) = \frac{1}{1-x}$$ So first I plug in: 1st term is 1 Then derive $$(1-x)^{-1} ...
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3answers
81 views

Convergence of an infinite series involving conjugates

I have the infinite series $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty \left(1-\cos\frac{1}{n}\right) $$ I have to find if it converges or not, and I know I have to use the conjugate find it. So I get ...
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2answers
56 views

Integral of $\frac{\sin x}{1+\sin^2x}$ from 0 to $\pi/2$

I am trying yo find $\int_0^{\pi/2}\frac{\sin x}{1+\sin^2x}dx$. So far I have tried using the substitution $\tan u=\sin x$ which led me to $$\int_{u=0}^{u=\pi/4}\frac{\sin x}{\cos x}du$$ ...
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3answers
101 views

Can I deduce ZFC Standard from “ZFC Dedekind”?

ZFC Standard: Infinity, Extensionality, Specification, Pairing, Union, Replacement, Power Set, Choice and Regularity. ZFC Dedekind: Infinity replaced bij Dedekind Inifinity, other 8 axioms the same as ...
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5answers
865 views

Repeating digits in $\pi$

As $\pi$ has infinite digits in its decimal expansion, one could argue that its digits will repeat after a finite number of digits. If so, it is a rational number. What's wrong with this argument?
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1answer
50 views

Infinity figure of eight

I'm trying to build some jewellery in a 3D cad package. I found this: The function that draws a figure eight But I don't understand the equation (I only got to A' level :) Is there a way of ...
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1answer
52 views

Integral of $\frac{4}{x+1}$ from $4$ to $\infty$.

I want to calculate the integral $$\int_4^\infty\frac{4}{x+1}dx.$$ I know that the result is $$\lim_{x\to\infty}(4 \ln (x + 1)- 4 \ln (5)),$$ then I get $\infty - \ln (625)$. Is it still ...
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8answers
3k views

Sum of all integers

No, I'm not talking about $-\frac{1}{12}$. I was talking with someone the other day, and they said that the sum of all integers, positive and negative, is zero because they all cancel each other out. ...
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4answers
895 views

infinity times infinitesimal - what happens?

So what happens if we multiply infinite number by. Infinitesimal number? Like $dx \times \infty$ where $dx$ is treated as in one-dimensional integration. Also, can we divide infinite number by ...
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1answer
32 views

limt of the function as $\mu\rightarrow\infty$ or $\mu\rightarrow-\infty$ .

$\lim_{\mu\rightarrow\infty}\frac{\exp(\bar x-\mu)^2}{(\bar x-\mu)}=? $ Also, $\lim_{\mu\rightarrow-\infty}\frac{\exp(\bar x-\mu)^2}{(\bar x-\mu)}=? $ I know, ...
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1answer
33 views

Negative infinity to square equals positive infinity?

Is $$ -\infty^2 $$ always positive just like for ex. $$ (-2)^2 $$ is always positive?
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proving that the set of all english words is countble. [duplicate]

This is the question : Prove that the set of all the words in the English language is countble (the set's cardinality is אo) A word is defined as a finite sequence of letters in the English language. ...
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1answer
52 views

Limit of $\frac {1}{x^2(x+7)}$ as x approaches $-7^-$

$\displaystyle \lim_{ x \rightarrow -7^{-}} \; \frac{1}{x^{2}(x+7)}$ My manual computation yields a different answer to that of Wolfram's. And I don't understand, why isn't the correct answer: the ...
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Limit of a sequence question

I have the following question in my assignment which I couldn't solve: Let $({a_n})$ and $({b_n})$ be two sequences, such that $\lim\limits_{n \to \infty}({a_n}{b_n}) =0 $ I have to prove if the ...
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1answer
63 views

Given that there are infinities of different sizes, what is the biggest infinity? [closed]

Does it even make sense to talk about the biggest infinity? I have already seen this similar question's responses on the numbers of infinities (which I note has no accepted answer): How many ...
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4answers
35 views

Limit Equals Infinity for a Sequence

I have to solve the following question in my assignment: Prove that: $\lim\limits_{n \to \infty} \frac{n^2-n}{n+2}$ = $\infty$. I have to prove this with the following definition: "A series ...
187
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13answers
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Given an infinite number of monkeys and an infinite amount of time, would one of them write Hamlet?

Of course, we've all heard the colloquialism "If a bunch of monkeys pound on a typewriter, eventually one of them will write Hamlet." I have a (not very mathematically intelligent) friend who ...
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253 views

why does e raised to the power of negative infinity equal 0?

Why is it that e raised to the power of negative infinity would equal 0 instead of negative infinity? I am working on problems with regards to limits of integration, specifically improper integrals ...
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a question of infinity [closed]

If infinity or infinities cannot be physically proved ie actually counted, how do we know they really exist