Somewhere beyond the numbers lies the concept of Infinity. But what exactly does "infinity" mean? What rules does it obey? What interesting properties does it have?

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How to calculate the $n$-th member of sequence $a_{n+1}=\sqrt{y+a_{n}}$

I was searching for function that following: $a_{x+1}=\sqrt{y+a_{x}}$ and $a_{0}=0$ and I found only for $y=2$ or $y=0$. For $y=2$: $f(x,2)=2cos(\frac{\pi}{2^{x+1}})$. For $y=0$: $f(x,0)=t^{2^{-x}}$ ...
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After switching a lamp on and off infinitely many times in one minute, is it on or off? [duplicate]

So we have a lamp. It's switched on. let's represent its state of being switched on with associating it with $1$ and being off with $-1$. after half a minute passes, you turn it off, after another ...
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Is infinity an odd or even number?

My 6 year old wants to know if infinity is an odd or even number. His 38 year old father is keen to know too.
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1answer
39 views

The real projective line and $1/\infty$

so I came up with this idea: the real projective line defines that $\infty = - \infty$. What if I divide any value $x$ (not equal to $\infty$) by infinity? Would that be 0? or "something" between ...
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3answers
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Infinity indeterminate form that L'Hopital's Rule: $\lim_{x\to0^+}\frac{e^{-\frac{1}{x}}}{x^{2}}$

When I tried to find the limit of $$ \lim_{x\to0^+}\frac{e^{-\frac{1}{x}}}{x^{2}} $$ by applying L'Hopital's Rule the order of denominator would increase. What else can I do for it?
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Possible proof for the multiple sizes of infinity [on hold]

One can easily relate all regular polygons to the triangle: triangle = 1 triangle square = 2 triangles pentagon = 3 triangles hexagon = 4 triangles and so on and so forth… A circle is basically ...
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298 views

How big is the size of all infinities?

"Not only infinite - it's "so big" that there is no infinite set so large as the collection of all types of infinity..." What does exactly mean? How many infinities are there? I've heard there are ...
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What we get if we add 1/2 infinite times [on hold]

I want to know if this is correct We have this sums: $$S1=1-1+1-1+1-1+1-1+1-1...=\frac12$$ $$S2=1-2+3-4+5-6+7-8...=\frac14$$ $$S3=1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8...=-\frac{1}{12}$$ If we take ...
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1answer
451 views

Can a curve be an asymptote?

$f(x)=x^3+\frac{3}{x-1}$ This was the question given to me.I replied that $f(x)$ will have only a single vertical asymptote of $x=1$. My teacher told that there'll be be two asymptotes.One is the ...
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7answers
144 views

The meaning of the symbol $\infty$ in Spivak's calculus book

Spivak in "Calculus" writes ... symbols of $\infty$ and $- \infty$ are purely suggestive: there is no number $``\infty"$ which satisfies $\infty \geq a$ for all numbers $a$. What is the meaning ...
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96 views

How does Infinity really work, and the relation with ∞ and space [closed]

Here is my question. In math, everyone always says $∞$ is a number, but you can't count to it. Is infinity just continuous generation of numbers, or is it actually a number that means numbers just ...
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2answers
64 views

I am trying to find the limit of P(x)

When I am looking for a $\lim\limits_{x \to -1} P(x)$ where P(x)$= \sum \limits_{n=1}^\infty \left( \arctan \frac{1}{\sqrt{n+1}} - \arctan \frac{1}{\sqrt{n+x}}\right) $ do I have to ignore a ...
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697 views

Alternate method to calculate an infinite string of numbers that's not $\pi$, and contains any string

So, rather than using $\pi$, is there any way that isn't overly complicated, (and can be calculated on a computer without taking a year) in which I could generate an infinite string of numbers that ...
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1answer
45 views

How to show uniform convergence of series

Let $$f(t) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty ke^{-t\sqrt{k}}u_k$$ for $t \in (0,\infty)$, where the $u_k$ is such that $\sum \sqrt{k}u_k$ converges, but we know nothing about the convergence of $\sum ku_k$. How do ...
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How much information does learning this interval give you?

Let's say you have a number $x$, and a priori, you know that $x \in [0, 1)$ (each value from 0 to 1 is equally likely.) Then a wizard comes and tells you that $x \in [a, b) \subseteq [0, 1)$. How much ...
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Complex infinity when proving divergence

My calculus course book (Adams' Calculus) does not explain why $(-1)^n$ diverges (it just says "$(-1)^n$ simply diverges"), and I tried to see why it diverges by taking its limit as $n$ approaches ...
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48 views

Mandelbrot Set area

If there are an infinite amount of details that can be found in a Mandelbrot set, shouldn't the Mandelbrot Set have an infinite area? Supposedly the area of a Mandelbrot set is 1.5065918849 ± ...
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Are there fewer reals on $(0, 1)$ than on $(1,\infty)$?

I know that the cardinality of the sets of real numbers $(0, 1)$ and $(1, \infty)$ are equal. So what is the fallacy in this argument? For every real on $(0, 1)$, we can add any integer $n$ to it ...
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Why ∞-∞ is unspecified value? and why ∞/∞ is unspecified value? [duplicate]

1- Why ∞-∞ is unspecified? The answer 2- Why ∞/∞ is unspecified? The answer
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6answers
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More numbers between $[0,1]$ or $[1,\infty)$?

There are infinitely many real numbers between any two real numbers, therefore there are infinitely many real numbers in the range $[0,1]$ as there are in $[1, \infty)$. In a mathematical sense, are ...
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1answer
25 views

If $\dim(V_F)$ is Infinite, Does It Follow $\dim(\operatorname{Hom}(V_F, W_F)) \ge |F|$?

Part of the proof that $\dim(V^*_F) > \dim(V_F)$ for an infinite dimensional space is that $\dim(\operatorname{Hom}(V_F, F)) \ge |F|$ (i.e $\dim(V^*_F) \ge |F|$). See for example Dual space ...
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Limit approaching infinity of sine function

I'd like to ask a question which I have been reflecting on for some time now. What is the limit of: $f(x) = \sin(x)$ as $x$ tends to infinity? As we know, the function has a definite value for each ...
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Improper integral: why $\int_0^1(x^2+ x^{1/3})^{-1}\,dx$ is convergent and not $\int \frac{1}{x^2}\,dx$ ???

How do I show that $\int_0^1(x^2+ x^{1/3})^{-1}\,dx$ converges? I assume you show it on $(0,1]$. Can't seem to get my head around why this would be true.
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For Vector Spaces V and W with one Infinite Dimensional , is Hom(V, W) Isomorphic to Hom(W, V)?

If V and W are both finite then clearly Dim (Hom(V, W)) = Dim(V).Dim(W) = Dim(Hom(W, V)) so they are isomorphic. I'm not so sure if one is infinite. An "infinite matrix" construction for a linear ...
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2answers
60 views

What are some good reasonably rigorous texts on the mathematics of infinity?

The Infinite Book is too light and not focused enough on the mathematics of infinity, and Everything and More: A Brief History of Infinity has too much focus on the history of infinity instead of the ...
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2answers
40 views

What is the correct mathematical notation for something comprised of the sum of constituents n where n is infinite?

I am trying to figure out what the correct mathematical notation would be for something like the following: I want to describe that the value V of a company is equal to sum of parameters P at any ...
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53 views

Is my argument correct to solve this textbook problem?

The problem is from M.Bona's "A Walk through Combinatorics", Ch1 Prob 13: There are infinitely many pieces of paper in a basket, and there is a positive integer written on each of them. We know ...
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59 views

Find a limit without using L'Hopitals rule 9

Can someone please show me how to do this without using L'Hopitals rule: $$\lim_{x \to \infty} \left(1 + \frac{a}{x}\right)^x$$ I know the limit is $e^a$, but I would like to know the steps taken to ...
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why does e raised to the power of negative infinity equal 0?

Why is it that e raised to the power of negative infinity would equal 0 instead of negative infinity? I am working on problems with regards to limits of integration, specifically improper integrals ...
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1answer
38 views

What is the limit of the below functions when n tends to inifinity?

What is the value for the functions in the image when limit n tends to infinity?. Also what is the asymptotic complexity (big $O$ notation) for all the four functions?. $$\begin{aligned}f_1(n) &= ...
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2answers
106 views

derivative of x^x^x… to infinity?

I am a 12th grade student, and I am afraid that in realistic terms this question might not even make sense because of the infinities that have to be dealt with. However, in my attempt to calculate ...
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1answer
144 views

determinant of infinitely large matrix by decomposition

Read the too long didnt read version in bold before going into the finer detail. The overall point is that when I decompose this matrix to try and find its determinant I get an answer that doesn't ...
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3answers
68 views

Why does $e^{\frac10}\neq e^{\frac1{-0}}$?

I was unable to explain why this fails? I asked to it many peers and they too can't. I faced this situation when solving a kind of integration problem. Consider $x=-x$ Then $x=0$ That is, $0=-0$ ...
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Which has greater powers: $0$ or $\infty$? [duplicate]

Okay, I know that this may seem silly, but please try to clear my doubts. The question is, that which 'term' has more powers. If we multiply $\infty$ and $0$, what do we get. I know that infinity is ...
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221 views

Do different infinities have different base representations?

I've been wondering about different types of infinity; e.g., $\aleph_0,\aleph_1$, e.t.c.; where $\aleph_0$ represents the smallest infinity, the countable infinity (e.g., the cardinality of the ...
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Proof of $\sum_{x = 1}^\infty \frac{1}{x}$'s divergence by absurdity?

(From this site.) The following argument purports to show that the series $1 - \frac{1}{2} + \frac{1}{3} - \frac{1}{4} \dots = 0$. It begins with the harmonic series. $$ \begin{aligned} \sum ...
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Does an equation containing infinity not equal 0 or infinity exist?

Does an equation containing infinity which is not equal to 0 or infinity exist? My math education stopped at poorly understanding trig so don't kill me please. OK so the question I meant to ask was ...
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Teaching the Concept of Infinity to Children.

I was recently out with the family and we left it up to the children where we ate lunch (11 and 9 years old). They couldn't agree and were going back and forth calling each other names. This ...
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72 views

0's reciprocal (Theoretical) [closed]

Background: I am in 8th grade and I like to study around advanced mathematical subjects. However, I do not know enough to be sure in my conjectures. Therefore, I would like your help. I have a ...
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2answers
42 views

Difference between intersection of infinite sets having finite, and having infinite elements

I could find individual answers for both of these, but can someone compare how being a finite set or an infinite changes the final outcome? (a) If A1 ⊇ A2 ⊇ A3 ⊇ A4 · · · are all sets containing an ...
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Why is Infinity multiplied by Zero not an easy Zero answer?

I did a bit of math at school and it seems like an easy one - what am I missing? $$n\times m = \underbrace{n+n+\cdots +n}_{m\text{ times}}$$ $$\quad n\times 0 = \underbrace{0 + 0 + \cdots+ ...
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Infinite solutions for $(\frac{n+1}{n})^a\cdot (\frac{m+1}{m})^b = 2$

Given $(\frac{n+1}{n})^a\cdot (\frac{m+1}{m})^b = 2$ where a, b, n, and m are all positive integers, are there infinitely many solutions $(a,b,n,m)$?
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Rolling two dice, what is the probability that two consecutive $7$s happens earlier than a $12$?

Alice and Bob are playing a game involving two dice. If a sum of 12 appears, Alice wins and they stop playing. If a 7 appears twice in a row, Bob wins and they stop playing. What is the probability ...
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How many different sizes of infinity are there?

It's pretty straightforward to say that there is an infinite number of different sizes of infinity, but then I thought, "What size of infinity is that?" My thoughts are that the number of unique ...
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Trying to show that $\sum_{1}^{\infty} \frac{n^n}{n!} $ diverges.

I have been trying to prove this using the ratio test $|\frac{A_{n+1}}{A_n}|$ , which leads me to this expression: $$\left|\frac{(n+1)^{n+1}}{(n+1)!}\cdot ...
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Convergence of this alternating series: $\sum_{k=0}^\infty \frac{(-1)^k}{(k+1)C^k} = C \log \frac{C+1}{C}$

I "heard" the following formula for any $C \ge 1$: $\sum\limits_{k=0}^\infty \dfrac{(-1)^k}{(k+1)C^k} = C \log \dfrac{C+1}{C}$ Is it correct? What would be a proof?
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255 views

Is there an object in reality that is proven to be uncountable? [closed]

I've always wanted to come up with a fairly concrete example of an object or realistic set that could be uncountable. Most of the sets I can think about, even the hugest ones, are always countable. ...
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1answer
444 views

What is infinity in complex plane and what are operation with infinity extended to complex numbers?

For a real number $a$, $$\infty + a = \infty,$$ and if $a$ is positive, $$\infty \cdot a = \infty$$ What is $\infty + a$ and $\infty*a$ if $a$ is non-zero complex number, where $\infty$ is real ...
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1answer
85 views

Is the set of real numbers really uncountably infinite?

The proof that the set of real numbers is uncountably infinite is often concluded with a contradiction. In the following argument I use a similar proof by contradiction to show that the set of ...
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216 views

Why does Wolfram Alpha say that $n/0$ is complex infinity?

I typed a number divided by 0 on Wolfram Alpha and thought that it would say "undefined". However, when I pressed enter it told me that the answer is complex infinity. I have always been taught ...