Somewhere beyond the numbers lies the concept of Infinity. But what exactly does "infinity" mean? What rules does it obey? What interesting properties does it have?

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
5answers
257 views

Is there an object in reality that is proven to be uncountable? [closed]

I've always wanted to come up with a fairly concrete example of an object or realistic set that could be uncountable. Most of the sets I can think about, even the hugest ones, are always countable. ...
1
vote
3answers
246 views

Why does Wolfram Alpha say that $n/0$ is complex infinity?

I typed a number divided by 0 on Wolfram Alpha and thought that it would say "undefined". However, when I pressed enter it told me that the answer is complex infinity. I have always been taught ...
1
vote
3answers
86 views

Trying to show that $\sum_{1}^{\infty} \frac{n^n}{n!} $ diverges.

I have been trying to prove this using the ratio test $|\frac{A_{n+1}}{A_n}|$ , which leads me to this expression: $$\left|\frac{(n+1)^{n+1}}{(n+1)!}\cdot ...
3
votes
1answer
64 views

Evaluate the limit $\lim_{n\to\infty} \frac{3^n}{2^n+3^n} $

It seems reasonable to assume that $$\lim_{n\to\infty} \frac{3^n}{2^n+3^n} $$ goes to zero but I can't figure out how to prove it.
7
votes
1answer
49 views

Infinite solutions for $(\frac{n+1}{n})^a\cdot (\frac{m+1}{m})^b = 2$

Given $(\frac{n+1}{n})^a\cdot (\frac{m+1}{m})^b = 2$ where a, b, n, and m are all positive integers, are there infinitely many solutions $(a,b,n,m)$?
1
vote
5answers
113 views

Evaluate $ \lim_{n\to\infty} \frac{(n!)^2}{(2n)!} $ [duplicate]

I'm completely stuck evaluating $ \lim_{n\to\infty} \frac{(n!)^2}{(2n)!} $ how would I go about solving this?
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Existence of infinite set and axiom schema of replacement imply axiom of infinity

I'm self-teaching an intro to set theory course, and came across this exercise: Show that the existence of an infinite set is equivalent to the existence of an inductive set. For the notion of ...
2
votes
5answers
94 views

To evaluate $\lim_{n\to\infty} \dfrac{10^n}{n!} .$

I am having a lot of trouble evaluating $$\lim_{n\to\infty} \dfrac{10^n}{n!} .$$ I know intuitively that $n!$ is much larger and this expression should go to zero but I just can't figure out how to ...
2
votes
2answers
37 views

recursive sequences bounded above and their limits at infinity

Define a sequence $\langle a(n)\rangle$ recursively by $a(1)=\sqrt{2}$ and $a(n+1)=\sqrt{2+a(n)}$ $(n>0)$. a)by induction or otherwise show that the sequence is increasing and bounded above 3. ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

bounded sequences and limits at infinity

Show that if ${a_n}$ and ${b_n}$ are sequences for which $\displaystyle\lim_{n\to\infty}a_n=0$ and ${b_n}$ is bounded, then $\displaystyle\lim_{n\to\infty}a_nb_n=0$ Sorry I'm on my phone and I'm not ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Probability over an infinite set. Of two numbers.

Suppose there is a man, who chooses two completely random numbers. So they can be equal too. And they can be only positive real numbers. One of them can even be $285294.38285967281$ or anything ...
0
votes
2answers
56 views

infinite series and proof of sum using induction.

Consider the series: $$ \sum_{i=1}^\infty \frac{i}{(i+1)!} $$ Make a guess for the value of the $n$-th partial sum and use induction to prove that your guess is correct. I understand the ...
4
votes
2answers
58 views

Infinity - infinity calculus

$$\lim_{x\to\infty} (x-1)e^{-1/x}-x$$ I know that this limit equals $-2$ but I don't know how to prove it. I can only get to $\infty-\infty=?$
0
votes
2answers
35 views

Are there any certainties of properties of infinity?

I have been considering the properties of infinity and applications to various areas of maths and was hoping to get some opinions of more seasoned mathematicians than myself. One geometric ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Limit of functions involving trigonometry as n approaches infinity

By graphing these functions, I know that P(n) approaches pi as n tends towards infinity. However, is there a mathematical way for proving this? I am doing a maths exploration on Archimedes' ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

limit as $x$ approaches infinity of $\frac{1}{x}$

How can I show $\lim_{x \to \infty} \frac{1}{x} = 0$ using epsilon delta proof. Its pretty obvious that the limit is zero, but I am still new at epsilon proofs.
1
vote
2answers
36 views

Find $\lim_{x\to \infty} \sin\left(\frac 1x\right) $

Show that $$\lim_{x\to \infty} \sin\left(\frac 1x\right) = 0$$ I don't even really know where to start on this question. I know that the limit definition at infinity is: for all $\epsilon>0$, ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

How does $\ln(x)$ blow up at $0$ and $\infty$.

In general: How do I figure out how fast a function blows up at a certain point or infinity? How fast does $\ln x$ blow up at $0$? Does it blow up as fast as $1/x$, $1/x^2$, or maybe faster than any ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Is the set of real numbers really uncountably infinite?

The proof that the set of real numbers is uncountably infinite is often concluded with a contradiction. In the following argument I use a similar proof by contradiction to show that the set of ...
5
votes
1answer
60 views

Perfectly Round Sphere on Perfectly Flat Floor

I know that in practice it may be practically impossible to create the following situation, but suppose I did place a perfectly round ball of radius r (not that I think radius r is relevant) on a ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Why is $y + 1$ infinite?

This is related to SO question : http://stackoverflow.com/questions/30150877/why-does-this-cause-ghci-to-hang but I'm having difficulty understanding why Haskell enters an infinite loop but since ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

Evaluate the following improper integral.

$$ \int^{+\infty}_{-\infty} \frac{x\sin 4x}{x^2-4x+8}dx \, $$ My Thoughts: I know that I should start by changing the integral to: $$ \int^{+\infty}_{-\infty} ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Another flavour of Hilbert's Hotel

Many of you have probably heard about Hilbert's Hotel problem. Mr Hilbert owns a hotel with countably infinite amount of one-bed rooms. All the rooms are, of course, taken. A (finite or infinite) ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Laplace transform and “imaginary infinity”

I was recently studying Laplace transform for the first time, and I'd like to ask the following thing: there was an integral with limit of integration, something like that: a+j×infinity, j the ...
2
votes
3answers
45 views

Construct a non-linear function that shows that the intervals $[2,4]$ and $[10,22]$ have the same cardinality

Using something other than a linear function, show the intervals $[2,4]$ and $[10,22]$ have the same cardinality. I don't quite know where to start with this problem, or what key factor is necessary ...
1
vote
4answers
64 views

Need assistance solving a limit question without applying l'hopital's rule

This is the question: $$\lim_{x \rightarrow-\infty} \frac{|2x+5|}{2x+5}$$ I know the answer is $-1$, but can someone go through the steps and explaining it to me?
0
votes
0answers
38 views

find the supremum

Hi I'm trying to figure out for which values of $w$ of $u(x,t)$ the absolute value of the supremum of $u(x,t)$ is infinity. The function $u(x,t)$ is the following. According to my calculation is ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

If $A$, $B$, $C$ are any infinite sets then is $|A|=|B|$ and $|A|=|C|$ $\Longleftrightarrow |A|=|B\cup{}C|$?

Suppose we have three sets $A$, $B$, and $C$ that we know are infinite sets, but we do not know anything else about the cardinality of $A$, $B$, and $C$. Is $|A|=|B|$ and $|A|=|C|$ ...
1
vote
3answers
66 views

Uncountable infinity

The "number" of real numbers in $[0,1]$ is uncountably infinite, just as the "number" of real numbers in $[0,10]$ is uncountably infinite. However, my intuition would tell me the second interval has ...
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Compute a sum with finite and infinite elements

I would like to compute the following summation: $$ s = \sum_{i=1}^n a_i \, \Phi^{-1}(u_i) $$ where $\Phi^{-1}$ is the inverse of the standard Gaussian distribution function, $a_i$ are some real ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Question about infinity

That might be a silly question, but here goes: I see a lot of "big numbers" in physics, such as the size of the state space of all the particles in the visible Universe, and those numbers can be ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

Infinite averages

If you wanted to find the average of infinite items, what would it be? Would an estimate of the first x averaged be a good estimate? Or would the value be nearly zero because you are dividing by ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

How does one prove that two sequences are equal at infinity?

I came up with $e = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac 1 {n!}$ (see here) I am now trying to prove that this is equivalent to $\lim_{n\to \infty} {(1+\frac1 n)}^n$ In general, how would one go about such a ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Is the number of points on a plane larger than the number of points on a line?

The number of points on a line is uncountably infinite. The number of lines on a plane is uncountably infinite. It seems like it follows that there would be an uncountably infinite number of points on ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

limits as $x\rightarrow\pm\infty$ of indeterminate forms $\frac{a^x+b^x}{c^x+d^x}$, where $a,b,c,d\in\mathbb{R}$

Good day sirs would you kindly help me to find the limit of $\frac{a^x+b^x}{c^x+d^x}$ as $x\rightarrow\pm\infty$, where $a$,$b$,$c$ and $d$ are real numbers? I already know how to use the L' ...
0
votes
2answers
81 views

Bijection between $\mathbb{Z} \longmapsto \mathbb{R}$ [duplicate]

I recently learned of Cantor's diagonal argument, and was thinking about why there can't be a bijection between any infinite set of integers and any infinite set of real numbers. I understood the ...
1
vote
2answers
88 views

Every II-finite set is III-finite

I need some help proving that if a set $X$ is II-finite then it is III-finite, i.e. if every non-empty family of subsets of $X$ which is linearly ordered by inclusion has a maximal element under ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Asymptotic behaviour of sequences

Could anyone explain in details how these approximations as $n \to \infty$ are found? ($a$ is a positive real number) ${x_n} = \frac{1}{n}\left( {\frac{a}{3} - \frac{3}{2}} \right) + O\left( ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Is the derivative of a exponential function a^x always greater than the derivative of a polynomial x^n as x approaches infinity

with n and a being any constants > than 1. I have tried taking the $\lim\limits_{x \to \infty} a^x / x^n$, and l'hopitals is telling me than $x^n$ can always be reduced to 1 with multiple iterations, ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

Problems with x/∞ [duplicate]

If $\dfrac {x} {\infty }=0,$ where $x$ is a finite number, than wouldn't $0\cdot \infty $ be equal to any number? Making this not work?
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Complex infinity ($1/0$) [duplicate]

I've learned that $$1/0$$ is postive and negative infinity, but if I ask wolfram mathematica to calculate $$1/0$$ it gives me: 'complex infinity' but how can we proof that that is true?
1
vote
2answers
69 views

Prove or disprove : if $a_n$ has a limit and $b_n$ doesn't have a limit then $a_n + b_n$ doesn't have a limit

I think it's wrong but I couldn't find an example that disproves this. If this is true I need to prove it and if it's wrong I have to give an example to disprove it.
0
votes
2answers
58 views

P vs NP and Countable vs Uncountable Decision Space

I have noticed that whenever the scope of a problem is pushed to infinity, problems in NP have an uncountably infinite decision space whereas problems in P seem to have a countably infinite decision ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Number of paths in a graph with infinite nodes

Does a graph with infinite nodes that is not fully connected have a countably infinite or a uncountably infinite number of paths originating from a single node? We are only concerned with paths that ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Doubt related to the extended real line and distance/metric

I am studying real analysis and I am being introduced to functions that take values on the extended real line, I have a fundamental doubt about this so I'll give an example to illustrate my confusion: ...
0
votes
3answers
128 views

All sets of rational numbers are bigger than the set containing infinite integers - or are they?

Intro This started with me learning the different types of infinity. I like to call them types instead of sizes due to the fact, that infinite is defined by being endless or "not-finite" - meaning ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Extend ${\bigl(1+\frac1x\bigr)}^{{x}}$ to $\overline{\mathbb R}$

We can extend these functions to $\overline{\mathbb R}$ by taking limits says here. \begin{align} \mathrm e^{-\infty} &= 0 \\ \mathrm e^{+\infty} &= \infty \\ \ln{\left|0\right|} &= ...
1
vote
1answer
20 views

Limit at $\infty$ of a polynomial multiplied by a negative exponential

I am trying to show $\int_0^{\infty} x^2 e^{-2 x} dx = 1/4 $ Integration by parts gets the indefinite integral $$\int x^2 e^{-2 x} dx = \frac{-1}{4} e^{-2 x} (2 x^2+2 x+1)+constant$$ In order to ...
4
votes
3answers
439 views

infinite monkey problem - probability of an infinite sequence containing an infinite sequence [duplicate]

Note: This question is specifically about when the infinite monkey theorem is extended to reproducing an infinite sequence (as oppose to a finite one) I was browsing wikipedia, and came across the ...
0
votes
2answers
32 views

Showing that $\log(\log(n))^{\log(n)}$ is $O(7^{\sqrt n})$

What's a straightforward way to prove that $\log(\log(n))^{\log(n)}$ is $O(7^{\sqrt n})$? (I'm dealing with Big O Notation)