1
vote
3answers
50 views

How to prove that a set is infinite iff it is Dedekind infinite?

I need to prove the following: A set $X$ is infinite if and only if it is equipotent to a proper subset of itself Here, $X$ is defined to be infinite if $|X|$ is not a non-negative integer or ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Method for computing limit of a sin function as x tends to zero

I have a question about computing $$ \lim_{x \to 0} \sin\left(\frac{\pi x}{4|x|}\right)$$ I found the limit of $\pi x$ and $4|x|$ seperately and ended with $\sin(\pi/4)$ which is equal to ...
0
votes
3answers
58 views

Method for computing limit of a function as $x$ tends to zero

I have a question about computing $$\lim_ {x \to 0} \dfrac{(2/x^3)+(1/x^2)+(1/x)+1}{(1/x^3)+1}.$$ I used a shortcut method of dividing by the highest power but I don't think that I can use this method ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

One set of functions larger than another set of functions?

This summer I've been slowly working through Halmos's Naive Set Theory. I'm not that far, but I know what lies ahead, which is proving that one infinite set is larger than another (the reals larger ...
2
votes
3answers
34 views

Search for two Real Valued functions.

Can we have two real valued functions $f_1$ and $f_2$ defined on $[a,b]$ such that $f_1(x)=f_2(x)$ for infinitely many points and $f_1(x)\neq f_2(x)$ for infinitely many points. ?
0
votes
0answers
20 views

How to properly clamp Beckmann Distribution

I am trying to implement the Cook-Torrance Microfacet BRDF shading model and I am having some trouble with the Beckmann Distribution: Beckmann Distribution with width parameter ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

A function that escapes to infinity with a finite input

I was wondering whether there exists a function that escapes to infinity with a finite input. For a specific example, how about $f(0)=0$ and as $x$ tends to $10$, $f(x)$ tends to infinity. The use of ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

A simple question on limits

Is it true that $$ \lim_{x\to+\infty} \mathbb{I}_{S=\{z\mid e^{-z}>0, z\in\mathbb{R}\}}(x) = 1,$$ where $\mathbb{I}_{S}(x)$ is an indicator function for $x\in S$?
0
votes
2answers
73 views

$f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be differentiable and $\lim\limits_{x\to\infty}f'(x)=1$, is $f(x)$ unbounded? [duplicate]

Suppose $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ is a differentiable function such that $\lim\limits_{x\to\infty}f'(x)=1$,then is it true necessarily true that $f(x)$ unbounded? I think that it will always ...
0
votes
2answers
59 views

Why does this limit work?

Let $h(x)= (1+1/x)^x$ and $g(x)$ be another function. Now suppose $\lim\limits_{x \to \infty} g(x)= \infty$. Then $\lim\limits_{x \to \infty} h(g(x))$ =$\lim\limits_{x \to \infty} h(x)=e$. I would ...
2
votes
2answers
329 views

Infinite sum of floor functions

I need to compute this (convergent) sum $$\sum_{j=0}^\infty\left(j-2^k\left\lfloor\frac{j}{2^k}\right\rfloor\right)(1-\alpha)^j\alpha$$ But I have no idea how to get rid of the floor thing. I thought ...
1
vote
1answer
256 views

Continuity and pushing a limit inside the function's domain

Consider some right-continuous function $f:\mathbb{R\cup\{-\infty,\infty\}}\to [0,1]$. I have to evaluate (i) $\lim_{b \to 0^+} f(\frac{a}{b})$, and (ii) $\lim_{b \to 0^-} f(\frac{a}{b})$ where $a \in ...
1
vote
4answers
180 views

why $\lim_{x\to-\infty}(\sin x+2)\ln(-x)=\infty$?

Why does $\lim_{x\to-\infty}(\sin x+2)\ln(-x)$ equal $\infty$? Breaking up the limit: $\lim_{x\to-\infty}(\sin x+2)$ DNE because it oscillates between 1 and 3 $\lim_{x\to-\infty}\ln(-x) = \infty$ ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Examples of continuous growth rates greater than exponential

I read on Wikipedia that growth rate of a function can sometimes be greater than exponential. Can you give me some examples of such functions (preferably continuous ones)? Obviously $x^x$ grows ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

The limit of a rational function

$$ \lim _{x \to -\infty} \frac{3x^2+3x}{2x^2+2}$$ Is a good practice to do this? Change the $ -\infty $ to $ \infty $, and change the sign of the $ x $ variables: $$ \lim _{x \to \infty} ...
7
votes
4answers
326 views

The leap to infinite dimensions

Extending this question, page 447 of Gilbert Strang's Algebra book says What does it mean for a vector to have infinitely many components? There are two different answers, both good: 1) The ...
2
votes
5answers
430 views

Prove the set of functions $f : \mathbb{Q} \rightarrow \{1,2,3\}$ uncountably infinite

Prove that the set of functions $f: \mathbb{Q} \rightarrow \{1,2,3\}$ is uncountably infinite. I'm totally stuck on this one. We have just been shown Georg Cantor's diagonalization argument in class ...